Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 _ THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, July 17, Norman Webster Liberated Chinese women work hard Meany backs controls Support for the imposition wage and price controls in the U.S. has come from a surprising source George F. Meany, the sturdy, out- spoken president of the immensely powerful AFL-C10. Mr. Meany says he's not really advocating controls but "he would not oppose them it they were imposed evenly. Ine Labor leader has evidently come to the conclusion that of the two evils, unemployment and inflation, inflation is the lesser. He pointed out m a TV broadcast "Meet the Press that since 1968 both unemployment and in- flation have been skyrocketing, and with the prospect of an end to U.b. participation in the Vietnam war, there is little likelihood improve- ment _ that is, unless the govern- ment takes more drastic and more unpopular measures than il is doing Mr Meany is a down-to-earth prac- tical'man, who has always upheld the rights and privileges of unionism. He is also a vigorous opponent ot ideological Communism. Firm in his belief that the democracy and capit- alism can work hand in hand, he has told a conference of AFL-CIO leaders that lie believes the American sys- tem can reach and maintain full em- ployment in peace-time, and anyone like Treasury secretary John B. Con- nally who believes otherwise, is in effect accepting Communist propa- ganda The sixty four dollar question is whether Mr Meany could persuade the membership of his union to go along with his views if the govern- ment were persuaded to put them in to effect. Export expansion Prime Minister Heath stated re- cently that he does not believe Bri- tain's entry into the European Com- mon Market will drive Canada deep- er into the United States orbit and he is probably right. While British economists estimate that half of Canada's exports to Bri- tain will be somewhat affected by Britain's entry into the Common Market they admit that it would be minor since the percentage of Cana- dian exports to that country has dropped from 17 in 1960 to 9 in chiefly because Canada, in spite ot the tariffs, has been expanding its exports to Europe. Economists suggest that with Bri- tain in the Common Market Canada would likely be in line for fringe benefits because it is certain that the Heath government would work tor lower tariffs. Less exporting to Britain will also encourage Canada to look for mark- ets elsewhere as it is doing now in both Russia and China and thus de- velop larger international trade. What- ever Britain does insofar as entry into the ECM is concerned it is not likely to hurt Canada's export trade very seriously. PEKING The truck is 1 parked beside a construc- tion site waiting for a load of fill. The driver is sitting in the We look closer' and see that the driver is doing something. The truck driver is knitting knitting a sweater for a baby. Well, why shouldn't she? "Whatever men comrades can accomplish, women com- rades can, Mao Tse-tung has said. It's not quite Annie Oakley's claim, but it should allow the Chairman to escape accusations of male chauvinism from women's lib. More important, perhaps, is that Mao's declaration is ac- tually translated into practice here. Women work alongside men in a wide range of jobs, and.they are, by law, guaran- teed equat pay for equal work (although they don't always get For a North American, sights can be startling. Women drive heavy trucks and bulldozers, run mineral drilling rigs, set explosives underground, wield picks on road gangs and fly planes in the air force. You can see them sweating, sometimes in harness, pulling heavily- laden carts. They run lathes, work on pro- duction lines and represent 60 per cent of the labor force in the textile industry. They prob- ably are a majority of the na- tion's school teachers. They work in coal mines. They represent an estimated 30 to 40 per cent of the rural work force, toiling in the rice, wheat and cotton fields, the pig- pens and small commune indus- tries. "China's women are a vast reserve of labot Mao Tse-tung has also said. "This reserve should be tapped in the struggle to build.a great social- ist country." Tapped it is. Chinese women have been freed from tradition- al shackles by the Communists, but they pay for their liberation with hard work. In some cases it means separation from their husbands for all but a few weeks each year. An official press that sounds like Betty Friedan gets after homebodies and other slackers. Deplored are women who "stay at home all day long and gos- sip and think of nothing but their families and household chores." The cashiered head of state Liu Shao-chi is attacked for say- ing that as long as women took cai'e of their homes and hus- bands they would be serving the people in the best possible way. Criticized too are other feminine failings. A nationally known activist in the living study and application of Mao Tse-tung thought put it succinctly: "A revoluntonary should care about new ideas but not new clothes." Too much care for one's appearance is bourgeois. With few exceptions Chinese women today do not wear lip- stick or nail polish, wedding rings or jewelry. Most married women wear their hair straight and severely short. Girls have pigtails. All customarily conceal their shapes under baggy pants and jackets that are virtually the same as those men wear. In the heat of summer some wo- men don skirts, but they are long and roomy. There are no high heels, no changing fash- ions, and the only hot pants you see are" on female rifle- toters in The Red Detachment of Women, a revolutionary ballet. A Western woman might con- clude that liberation was hard- ly worth it. She would be wrong, for in China the past was some- thing of a horror. There have been women hi Chinese history who exercised sway over the course of events. Indeed, the country was run by a woman the Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi during the last half century of China's The Libyan goof It may be a very long lime before the entire truth about the Moroccan insurrection is known, particularly since summary justice, Moroccan style, lias eliminated the ring-lead- ers. But one tiling is clear. The com- paratively new and self-styled revol- utionary government of Libya, which is in reality a tough military dicta- torship, has made a clumsy attempt to interfere in the affairs of another Arab country. It backfired The 31- vear-old Col Kazafuy, head of Lib- ya's Revolutionary Command Coun- cil has been made to look slightly ridiculous in the eyes of the rest of the world. The Libyans themselves will probably take a different view, the Libyan press being what it is. The regime, having started oil Dy trumpeting the success, has b e en forced to make lame excuses for the coup that didn't come-off, and is now urging Moroccan army officers to have another try. Tunisia, Algeria and Jordan have expressed support for King Hassan and Premier Sadat of Egypt is trying to keep the lid on the kettle. He has ssnt his trouble shooters to Morocco and to Libya for this purpose, because he knows that further fragmentation of the North African Arab world, is a blow to his hopes for a united front. If either Morocco or Libya should refuse to sit at the conference table at the scheduled Arab summit conference this Fall, it would be a bitter blow to Premier Sadat and to other moderate nations in the Arab-Israeli conflict. f'ARMEN Martinez was 72 years old, suffering from a fatal blood disorder, and she did not want the surgical transfusions that would have prolonged a life she described as "torture So the United States courts were asked last week to allow1 her to go in peace and they ruled that she could. Twenty-four hours after Judge David Popper instructed her doctor to refrain from any actions that would Martinez, choosing to do so, died quietly with her relatives at her bed- side. Perhaps death can never become an honorable estate, perhaps it will never be the final celebration, but Mrs. Martinez and the U.S. courts have brought us all closer to the day when it can be accepted with dignity. Weekend Meditation Zest for life final dynasty. But these were the exceptions. In general a Chinese woman was fortunate if she could con- sider herself a second class citizen. She received little or no education, was forced to marry her parents' choice and owed her husband total obedience and large numbers of sons. Many suffered the agony of foot binding, and you still see elderly ladies in Peking stump- ing along on their mutilated feet. Female infanticide, sale of young girls, concubinage and prostitution were common in hard times. These practises have been rigorously suppress- ed. Reforms began under the Kuomintang, but most progress has occurred since 1950. Today women are officially equal to men, free to choose their mates and expected to labor1 as hard as men in building the new China. With collectivization, men can no longer use their control of property against their wo- men. Equal access to education and cash incomes for working females have further establish- is the term spouses use for each other. Gone are the words husband and wife. Each now calls the other "airen" loved one. Chinese girls may marry at age 18, but there is strong pres- sure for them to wait. In the cities, 26 is considered the right age for matrimony; for men, it is 28 to 30. In a country without religion, weddings usu- ally consist of registration with the appropriate officials and simple family receptions. Divorce is possible but frown- ed on socially. It may be diffi- cult to obtain when there are children. Late marriage, birth control and cramped accommodations have combined to reduce the size of the urban Chinese fam- ily, thus freeing more women for productive labor. Two or three children are considered enough these days. (My wife and I, who would be considered just of ripe mar- riageable age, regularly draw startled comments from Chi- nese who learn we already have three children. When they learn all are boys, they invariably marwl at our good fortune old traditions are a long time dying.) Working women get 56 days off for childbirth 72 for twins. (I have not heard a quote for triplets.) When a woman returns to work, she may leave the child with an elderly family member or at a day-care fa- cility. These are often run right in factories. She gets time off during the day to nurse the baby. For older, but preschool, chil- dren there are daily and weekly nurseries as well as the older- relative option. Female factory workers may retire on pension at 50, women office employees at 55. These are city patterns. Tilings are still somewhat differ- ent in the vast countryside in which 80 per cent of the Chinese live. For one, judging from the vehemence of the periodic cam- paigns against the practice, It is clear that arranged marri- ages, sometimes for commer- cial considerations, still occur. So do extravagant wedding feasts. Other fulminations in the press indicate that in many sec- tions of peasant society the sta- tus of women is still not what it should be. Rural girls marry earlier and have larger families, although birth control is apparently having an impact among them too. It is being pushed as both a health and productivity mea- sure, part of an expanded medi- cal care package for rural wo- men. China's "barefoot with their basic medical skills, are playing an important role here. Many are women and can be effective propagandists for smaller families as well as dis- pensers of contraceptives. The importance of women In Chinese governing structures is hard to assess. Women often hold important positions on low- er level bodies, and 8 per cent of the 279 full and alternate members elected to the Com- munist Party Central Commit- tee in 1969 were women. However, no woman sits on the country's chief governing body, the Party politbureau's five-man standing committee. Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Dr. S'un Yat-sen, is a vice-chair- man of the People's Republic, but this is a ceremonial post. The most powerful woman in China today is Mao's wife, Chiang Ching, 57, the former movie actress who has borne the Chairman two daughters. She was a prime mover during the Cultural Revolution of the late 1960s, a champion of the roving Red Guards, but seems less influential now that the country has returned to more workaday concerns. Her influence is still very great in the cultural field, how- ever. She will long be remem- bered for her ruthless cleanout of Chinese literature, art and theatre. She rarely appears in public these days. When she does she sometimes wears an unflatter- ing army uniform and cap. Other times as at a recent state banquet for Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu she turns up chic in a well tailored light grey carry- ing a white purse and with her short hair slightly waved. She is an animated conversational- ist. Chiang Ching was one of only two women elected to the Party's 21-member politbureau in 1909. The other was Yeh Chun, wife of Mao's heir appar- ent Lin Piao, who emerged as an important figure during the Cultural Revolution. She ap- pears more frequently in pub- lic, a small woman always dressed in army fatigues. Also influential is Teng Ying- chao, 68, wife of Premier Chou En-lai. She met Chou while still a schoolgirl, married him in 1925 and was an important figure in the quarter century of struggle that preceded final vic- tory in China. She is a short, round-faced lady with a beam- ing smile. (The Globe and Mail) IT WAS SAID of a certain public man 1 when he died that "he disappeared from view, still rising." Quite an achieve- ment, to keep that zest for life alive and increasing to the end. Emily Dickenson recognized the danger when she prayed that, whatever might be taken from her, ecstacy would remain. St. Paul had the same idea and his life was a long record of the hunger and thirst for righteousness which Jesus urged in the Sermon on the Mount. "Covet earnestly the best he told the Corinthians. They were not hkely to listen to him, since Corinth was a greedy, wealthy, and corrupt city, much like New York, filled with noisy business by day and hideous immorality at night. Charles Dickens in "Dombcy and Son" describes Uie limitations of many a man's zest for life. "Dombey and Son those three words conveyed the one idea of Mr. Dombey's life. The earth was made for Dombey and son to trade in, the sun and the moon were trade to give light. Rivers and seas were formed to float their ships, rainbows to give them promise of fair weather, winds to blow for or against their enterprises, and planets circled in their or- bits to preserve inviolate a system of which they were the centre. A.D. had no concern with Anno Domini, but stood for Anno Dombey and Son." Zest for life has nothing to do with such a temper. Thorcau who found peace in the seclusion of Waldcn and despised material- ism wrote, "I love to live I know the enterprise is worthy." That is what a man must know to have a zest for life, that the enterprise is worthy. Thoreau thought the California gold rush and the slave trade demonstration of all that was base in American character. The hog that roots his own living and so makes manure would be ashamed of such company Thorcau maintained. Wasn't California, if one reach- ed it, only "three thousand miles nearer to Zest for life is to be at heart n little child, filled with the enchantment and wnn- dcr of all things, to find delight in the spring new-born kittens or ling colt, and a Brahms melody. Zest for life is to disdain pleasure and comfort, to keep air in the lungs and hope in the head. Zest for life is to read and think on great matters, to refuse to be sucked into the social frivolity and trifling waste of time, but to cultivate the high and golden moments, to avoid the idolatry of "success which costs the soul and blots out God. Zest for life is both enjoyment and gen- erosity, receiving and sharing. Zest for life is the curiosity of the scientist, the inspira- tion of the artist, and the devotion of the saint. Zest for life is the mortal enemy of mediocrity, materialism, and selfishness. It puts pessimism to flight and fills the skies with strange stars. Zest for life is the matrix of all true morality, lifting it above trivial social conventions and self-satisfied smugness. Zest for life sends Marco Polo to China, inspires Charlemagne to found the Holy Roman Empire, sends Francis of Assisi to convert Saladin, enables Beethoven to conquer his deafness and Milton his b'indness, and make a war-time leader out of Winston Churchill. Such men are the sworn enemy of convention and conform- ity. They are very dangerous men, often uncomfortable to have about. Florence Nightingale tells how she had no zest in life. "Everything has been tried; foreign travel, kind friends, everything. My God! What is to become of She saw no happy prospect in marriage. "In my thirty-first she notes in her diary, "I see nothing desirable but death." Then in her waiting and bitterness she discov- ered something that took all her time, en- ergies, and enthusiasm. She frightened gen- erals and politicians more than the Russian Army. ,.___ Florence Nightingale, St. Paul, and Tho- rcau had something in common. Thorcau wrote from his little cabin at Walden, "I did not wish to live for what was not life. Living is so dear." PRAYER: Deliver me, 0 God, from gripping vice of dullness and indolence Hint my life share in the vitality ami animation of the world. F. S. M. Irene Beeson Unfortunate conditions in the Gaza Strip At the end of four years of occupation, the tiny Gaza Strip is still Israel's biggest security problem. Crowded into a thin slice of land, 25 miles in length and about six miles in width, about Palestinians have kept the Israeli forces of occupa- tion on the alert without re- spite since June 1967. While in the rest of the occupied terri- tories _ East Jerusalem and the West Bank of tive resistance and reprisal have abated, the tempo of arm- ed rebellion in the Gaza Strip has been maintained and that of repression intensified. The Strip is scaled off from, the outside world. A foreign visitor to the area is a straw at which the inhabitants clutch in the hope that their case will be heard beyond the borders of their "restricted area." "Do people 'outside' know about our they ask anxiously. "Will there he a settlement soon? What will happen to us if there is a peace Alarmed by deteriorating conditions in the Strip, Arab women's societies, student bo- dies and various organizations, in the Middle East and else- where, named June fi "World Gaza Day" to try to enlist help and support for the people of the area. I visited Craa recently. The inhabitants had not yet fully recovered from a crack down that followed a hand grenade attack on an Israeli car on January 2, in which Iwo Is- raeli children were killed and their mother serious'.y wound- ed. Army and border police re- inforcements were rushed the area. Total curfews were ordered in some of the ref- ugee camp areas and Gaza streets from January 2 to Feb- ruary 14. Arab residents told me that soldiers and border po- lice armed with whips and clubs went through the streets beating men, women and chil- dren. Brigadier General Mena- hem Aviram, in charge of mili- tary administration, admitted that about had been deported to a detention camp in Sinai, and after the Israeli Human Rights League 'Crazy Capers' It's not girls I don't you! held anti Government demon si rations in Jerusalem Israeli Chief-of-Staff Haim Barlev or- dered an inquiry. On February 9 the Israeli Press announced that Barlev had imposed "ad- nanistrative repri m a n d s" on three officers and that her of soldiers would face dis- ciplinary courts." When I reached the Strip, life had gone back to (he normal daily routine of the last four years: steel helmeted patrols armed with sub machine guns in the streets; an atmosphere of smouldering hatred; the oc- casional sound of an explosion followed by fte wail of sirens as security rushed to the scene of an "incident." Then empty streets, the "normal cur- the waiting, hoping, des- pairing. The refugees are the basic cause of the Strip's 23 years of misery, rebellion and vio- lence. Out of inhabitants (1907 figure) about arc "refugees." They are Palestin- ians from Jaffa, Acre, villages of the coastal plain of Pales- tine, from Beersheba and areas ttmth and cast of Gaza, all of which were Arab and included hi the "Arab State" under tho proposed UN Partition of Pal- estine Plan. They fled to GMA when the .lews took those areas in May 1948. In 1956, Israel annexed the Strip, but withdrew five months later under U.S. pressure. The present occupation began with1 tho June win- of 1SKI7. In Hie first six months of this occupa- tion between and refugees left to escape from repressive measures. The flight was halted when Jordan re- fused to allow any more Gaza residents to cross to the East Bank of the river Jordan. Since June 1967, about houses are reported to have been destroyed in the Strip in acts of individual and collec- tive punishment. This means that several thousand inhabi- tants are homeless. They are not allowed to rebuild their homes. More than people are said t> have been tried and to have served prisor sentences for alleged acts of resistance, for membership of, or connec- tion with a resistance group. Several thousands more are in jails, in concentration camps in detention" awaiting trial, and more are being rounded up ev- ery day. Before the six day war, tour- ist trade, the export of foreign goods to Egypt, the presence of United Naiton forces and of the Egyptian administration, brought prosperity to Hie area. Today no tourist ventures near the Strip. Thousands of office workers are unemployed .There are few jobs for boys leaving school. Shops are practically empty of stock, and their own- ers pack up hours before clos- ing time. Arab who go to work in Is- rael are the targets of the fe- dayeen. Owing to a deficit in funds, UNRWA basic dry rations, which provided a daily intake of calories in refugee camps, were reduced six months ago to cal- ories. The soap ration of one bar per person per month has also been cut. Doctors and school authori- ties claim that thousands of the Strip's children are suffering from under nourishment. The most urgent need is for food for the children and help for the families of men who are in detention or serving prison sen- tences. (Written tot- The Herald and The Observer In London) The LcthbmUje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1805-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Scconfl Class Mali Registration No. 0011 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspnpflf Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. 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