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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, July 17, 1970 Maurice Western Heath Confronts Labor The'immediate effects of the dock strike in Britain are self-evident. Fear of food shortages', postal dis- ruption, unemployment and general domestic chaos are but a few of the serious problems. The Heath gov- ernment has moved quickly to deal with these by unhesitatingly de- claring a state of emergency. The long range results of the strike could very well be even more devastating. Serious talks con- cerning Britain's entry into the Common Market are about to com- mence. To get the best deal it can Great Britain must demonstrate that it is economically and finan- cially solvent and that British labor is willing to accept a certain degree of discipline. Prime Minster Heath must get his country into the market because it Jitters In South Korea South Korea has the message. There will be a large scale Ameri- can troop withdrawal next year in accordance with the Nixon doctrine. There are about American military men in Korea now; some time next year there will be only about The South Korean President says he and his entire cabinet will resign if the Nixon ad- ministration carries out its an- nounced policy. (A report by a former South Korean deputy defence minister saying that an agreement exists between the U.S. and South Korea, that no American troops will be withdrawn from South Korea as long as the latter forces are fighting in Vietnam, has been denied by the State department. No such saw-off arrangement exists it The U.S. Secretary of State Mel- vin Laird wants more money for the military assistance program which, he says must be increased in a sub- stantial way if the Nixon doctrine is to be a success. In other words when U.S. troops pull out they must be replaced by trained Korean troops. It will cust a great deal of money and the Secretary would like to double the amount available at present. He faces a stiff fight in Congress to get what he wants; first because Congress wants to cut down on military appropriations and second because of political opposi- tion. The South Korean defence minis- ter will meet with the U.S. deputy defence minister in Honolulu to dis- cuss the withdrawals July 21-22, but there can be no doubt that a firm decision has been made by the U.S. to carry out its plans. Naturally South Korea is resisting. It wants modernization first, troop withdraw- als later. It's a bitter blow to South -Korea which now looks more apprehen- sively than ever at the threat from the North. The bitter reality is there. The fear is justified. Strong To United Nations Maurice Strong, it has been re- ported, is going to the United Na- tions to head up the international fight against pollution. It had been hoped in Ottawa that he would head the Canada Development Corpora- tion for which he seemed to have a strong commitment. Ottawa insiders say that Mr. Strong found the challenge of work- ing with the UN In the field of pollu- tion just too exciting to turn down. This fits with the image of the man. While he has undoubtedly a concern for the future of Canada he has an even greater concern for the future of mankind. It is reassuring to know.that the United Nations is gearing for the fight against pollution. Pollution is not something that confines itself to the territories in which it is perpe- trated. Nature takes no notice of man's political boundaries. If there is to be a successful salvaging of the environment it will require a coor- dinated international effort. Mr. Strong has the qualifications for this important world position. His experince in- the business field and latterly as head of Canada's in- ternational aid program should stand him in good stead. But it is his driving concern for the well- being of mankind that is of greatest importance. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON The most important thing to remember this year is not to look back: because Big Brother is catching up to you. The latest Orwellian news to hit the American public is that Treasury Depart- ment agents representing the IRS are visiting public libraries to check on what books readers are taking out. The investigators are interested in any- one who has borrwed books on explosives, but their interest also includes anyone who might be checking out "militant and sub- versive" publications as well. The checks have been confirmed by the IRS, and a spokesman, when asked .about it, said, "As far as I know it's just rou- tine. The only thing special is some librar- ian complained about it." It's good to know the IRS is concerned with the rights of its citizens. But at the same time it's going to make those of us who use the public libraries think twice before we take out a book. I can imagine a scene at the Maplewood County Public Library. "Miss Philpott, my name is Spangle and I'm a treasury agent with the Internal Revenue Service. Have you noticed any- thing suspicious around here "Anyone taking out any funny "Let met see. Someone borrowed Rob- ert Benchley's collection yesterday." "I don't mean that kind of funny. I mean books about explosions, stuff like that." "Come to think of it, Harold Fleming- heiraer took out 'Chilly Chitty Bang Bang' and hasn't returned it yet." 'Chitty Chilly Bang Bang', huh: What does this Harold look like: Does he have long "Oh yes." "Sloppy "I should say so. He comes in here with- out shoes on." "You don't have a duplicate of his lib- rary card do you, Miss "Yes, I do. He lost his and we had to issue him a new one. We found the old one. Here it is." "Hmmnn, very interesting. He took out "The Little Red Fire Engine' on May 6, 'Three Little Pigs' on May 20, and 'Joan of Arc' on June 12. Has he ever talked politics wilh "Not really. He's only 9 years old." "Well, keep an eye on him. Do you mind if I go through your files? Who is this Philip Crestwood who took out 'The Guns of Navarcne' on April "He goes to Columbia University." "He does, does he? I notice on July 1 he took out 'Gone With the Wind.'" "Is there something wrong with 'Gone With the "Don't you recall the burning of Atlan- "Of course. I never did like Philip Crest- wood. He forgot to return 'Thunder Out of China' last winter and he was fined 14 cents." "Well, Mr. Crestwood is going lo go inlo our little computer. These people always make tiny mistakes lhat trip them up. Being a member of the public library might result in Mr. Crestwood's downfall." 'Are you going to go through all the "If you don'l mind, Miss Philpott. Un- believable as it may sound to you, Trotsky learned everything he knew from the Odes- sa Public Library Branch No. 2." (Toronto Telegram News Service) B And B Commission Scorns .Taxpayers is the only market capable of keep- uig his country operating at a suf- ficiently high industrial level to sus- tain its present and prospective pop- ulation. Former protected markets which accepted British goods at low tariff rates are gone. Competition is keener than ever before and Ameri- can industry and labor are beating the drums for higher tariffs and im- port quotas. British U.S. trade figures are unencouraging. The government's eyeball-to-eye- ball confrontation with the trade unions has come. The way in which the dock strike is solved and how soon a degree of peace with labor is achieved is vital to Britain's future as a great industrial nation. Mr. Heath knows it. -The great hope is that he can get the message across. If he can't British labor could well strike off the hand that feeds it. B and B com- mission has been distin- guished from the outset (seven long years by an Olym- pian concept of its own role and total disregard for Canadian taxpayers. Recently two more documents were handed down from the mount. The taxpayer, who made them possible, can obtain both, if he is hard-pressed for reading matter, for the sum of Whether, fr'om considera- tions of patriotism, he ought to do so is in some doubt since each document is prefaced with the usual caution: "Although published under the auspices of the commission, it does not nec- express the commis- sion's views." The two volumes, written by competent men in their fields, will undoubtedly be of interest to specialists in political sci- ence and related disciplines. Both, however, are so dated that they have little relevance to present problems. So wide were the terms of Reference accorded the commis1- sion in 1963 that, as Parliament afterwards learned to its own surprise, practically anything was possible. Most Quebecers speak French; Quebec is a province of the Canadian fed- eration; therefore anything hav- ing to do with federalism (in- cluding Parliament) is evident- ly the proper concern of this godlike commission. Thus in 1964 Professor Don- ald Smiley was commissioned to write a report on constitution- al adaptation and Canadian fed- eralism since 1945. Mr: Smiley, according to his preface, ran into difficulties because of the pace of adaptation. He complet- ed a first draft in 1965, only to be forced, by events, into a reassessment. The body of the present study was sub- mitteu in April 1966 but a short appendix analyses further de- velopments, to'mid-1967. In this we read; "Perhaps the most significant single development in the stif- fening resistance of the federal government to Quebec autono- raism was the appointment of Pierre Elliott Trudeau as min- ister of justice in the spring of 1967. Trudeau has been for more than a decade a forth- right conservative in constitu- tional matters in his defence of the distribution of legislative powers between Parliament and the provinces as contained in the British North America Act As minister of justice he will obviously play a cru- cial role in future constitutional discussions with the provinces and it is reasonable to suppose that he would not have been appointed to the portfolio un- less the prime minister was ba- sically in sympathy with Tru- deau's well known views on constitutional matters." These obs e r v a t i o n s, one would suppose, would have had more impact if the commission had brought them to our atten- tion three years ago. Despite the difficulties, Mr. Smiley addressed himself to the subject of federal provincial relations in scholarly fashion. He may, in fact, have been too scholarly for the commiss i o n since the B and B staff, in their resume, fail to relate the argu- ment by a single phrase (un- less it be "the contracting out to bilingualism and biculturalism. What may have baffled them is the author's im- partial emphasis, on such di- verse matters as the white pa- per on employment and in- come, the federal spending power, equalization and medi- care, as he moves soberly from the new national policy of 1835 to the adventures and misad- ventures in co-operative feder- alism during the 1960s. Such an approach is entirely proper. But surely it was never the understanding that the com- mission would spend public money on such general in- quiries, as if it had a sort of doctor's mandate to examine all our political and constitutional ills. The study of bilingualism and bicullui'alism in the Canad i a n House of Commons (David Hoff- man and Norman Ward) is even more out of date. To the extent that the surveys are meaningful, they apply to the Parliament of 1963 to 1965; we have had two elections and great, changes since then. It might have been expected that, after such a delay, Olym- pus would at least have check- ed its tables. On Page 16 is what purports to be a tabula- tion of the average, number of questions asked by MPs in the first two'sessions, by party and language group. (Whether oral or written, we can only sur- For the Conservatives the numbers given are French 30.9; English 16.3. As the Con- servatives had 96 members in that Parliament of whom only eight and not the most vo- cal _ .were from Quebec, this is manifestly ridiculous. This study revolves around a questionnaire for which Mr. Hoffman is given chief credit in the preface. It aroused a mi- nor storm in Parliament and Mr. Pearson himself conceded that, in his opinion, "many of the questions (were) irrelevant and some highly inappropriate." This caused Olympus to bristle angrily; the joint chairmen put out a statement which referred to dangerous precedents and complained of much misunder- standing. .While some questions, taken separately, might appear irrelevant, "taken together the responses can be highly rele- vant in discovering patterns of differences or similarities in at- titudes of members of different language groups towards vari- ous aspects of the working of the parliamentary system." The more the questions in Part B (the controversial sec- tion) are taken together, the more irrelevant they look. There are 30 of thsni, of which only seven appear to have any- thing to do with B and B. In fact the only patterns leading to conclusions which the com- mission thinks worthy of men- tion in its resume are manifest- ly constructed from responses to questions in the non-contro- versial parts of the question- naire. In any case the document- not the last from the B and B cornucopia proves nothing about attitudes in the present Parliament. The findings are so much water under the bridge. 'Why must we go on meeting the water bills of a commis- sion which has clearly exhaust- ed its usefulness? (Herald Ottawa Bureau) and you're the logical man to fill a vacuum currently opening up in my part of the world." Nora Beloff Sir Alec's Views Reveal Imperial Nostalgia T ONDON The row over arms for South Africa looks like being the first major break in Britain's post-election "honeymoon" period, during. which the two big parties traditionally hold back from violent strife while they get used to reversing Government and Opposition roles. Former Prime Minister Harold Wilson is himself leading the attack on the Conservative decision to lift the arms embargo, which his Labor Government imposed on coming to power in 1964. Not that the man in the mid- dle of the storm, newly-ap- pointed Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home, wanted this collision to celebrate his return to the Foreign Office after a seven-year absence. Although he had helped shape Conservative policy on the sub- ject and always wanted to pro- mote good relations with South Africa he knew the Afro-Asian world too well to ignore the re- sentment and retaliation which could follow if the lifting of the arms embargo seemed to be the new Government's first priority. The pledge to lift the ban had, however been made he- fore last month's election and it was the South African Gov- ernment who sent their For- eign Minister, Dr. Hilgard Mul- ler, to London, to see it promptly fulfilled. Sir Alec is arguing that the equipment South Africa wants to buy will not be of a kind which could reasonably be used to repress internal disorders, and thus up- hold the South African policy of apartheid. The weapons could of course be used against at- tacks from outside South Afri- ca, on behalf of the disfran- chised blacks. The fact that Sir Alec is pre- pared to carry this policy through, and thinks it worth the rumpus at home and the diplomatic disturbances in the Commonwealth l and the UN, re- veals a good deal about the in- strinsically old-time and na- tionalist outlook of the new Foreign Secretary. For al- though Prime Minister Edward Heath is eager to show that, in the domestic field, this is a "new-style" Government, there is nothing "new-style" about Sir Alec. Indeed, in a sense, Sir Alec's appointment is a re- assurance to the Conservative Right Wing that the Heath team will not go too far. The 67-year-old Scottish who sacrificed his earldom to become Prime Minister in 1963, is the darling of the party rank and file. They feel a particu- larly guilt-ridden affection, af- ter throwing him out as party leader after his Government was defeated by Mr. Wilson and then seeing with what im- peccable loyalty he has subse- quently behaved to Mr. Heath, who had once been his junior Minister at. the Foreign Office. Why the dispute on South Africa? In Sir Alec's view there are two reasons; Firstly, the Conservatives want to end the dispute with Rhodesia and believe this can only be done through active South African support. Sir Alec recognizes that, for international reasons, he cannot unconditionally sur- render to the white suprema- cists in Rhodesia and that there can be no deal with So They Say We cannot have peace in the streets and on the campus until we have peace also in South- east Asia. Richard Cardinal Cushing, Roman Catholic arch- bisbqp ot Boston, Smith unless he introduces into a new constitution some provi- sions for an ultimate transfer of power to the black majority. This can only be done through pressure from the South Afri- cans, who have consistently helped the Rhodesians to defy the United Nations sanctions. The second reason is mili- tary: it revolves around con- flicting views about the value and uses of the Simonstown naval base. The Labor Govern- ment had reckoned that for Britain the base was a mili- tary convenience rather than a necessity, and that Britain's presence there was more pre- cious to the South Africans than to themselves. Sir Alec on the other hand, believes that the Simonstown base makes a vital contribution to the "defence of miles of vulnerable sea passage" and foresees circum- stances in which South Africa and Britain might be fighting side by side against the Soviet navy, whose submarine power has now alarmingly increased. To the former Labor Govern- ment, and indeed to many young Conservatives who have come of age since the Second World War, it is inconceivable that Britain take on the Communist world without the support of its NATO allies, par- ticularly the United States. A bilateral arrangement between the United Kingdom and South Africa would be meaningless. But Sir Alec, who started his public life in the 1930s still sees Britain as a great Power with worldwide responsibilities which it should be in a position to carry out alone. This was one of the persistent themes in his first House of Commons speech in the new Parliament this week. It was because he still be- lieved in Britain's role as world Power that Sir Alec was able to defend the new Conser- vative decision to keep "a mod- est military presence" East of Suez. This, he said, "could create a confidence which nothing else would do." Sir Alec seemed to think there was nothing odd hi suggesting that a small country at the other end of the world could de- cisively contribute to resisting a challenge likeliest to come from Communist China. For the same reason he as- sumed that Britain had a special role to play in pre- serving stability in the Persian Gulf. But though he criticized Labor in planning to pre- cipitate a withdrawl of Britsih troops, he did not commit the new Government to postponing their departure: "We do not want to force our way where we are not wanted." After the disastrous Suez ac- tion in 1956, when Britain and France found it impossible to act outside the 'Western al- liance, it seemed as if the last relic of imperial nostalgia had disappeared. Sir Alec's ap- proach suggests otherwise. (Written for The-Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 The government has decided that the present Wheat Board will not function insofar as the wheat crop of 1920 is concerned. The marketing of this crop will revert to the usual methods of pre-war times. 1930 gross agricultural weallli of Canada for 1929 is esli- maled at approximately in a summary published by Ihe national revenue depart- menl. 10 Construction is being rushed on the Lethbridge Air Training school to be used for elementary training scheduled to slart July 22. 1950 By a margin of 81 votes burgesses of Lethbridge approved the proposed Leth- bridge Municipal hospital dis- trict board's plan for a hospitalizalion. 1360 Rising admission prices set back attendance at the 1960 Calgary Stampede as it fell behind 1959 figures on each of Ihe six days. The stam- pede ended off last year's mark. flte Letltbtidge Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class MaO Registration Number 0012 Hetnbcr of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily NewrptMt Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Circuiationi CLEO W. MOWEK3. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROV F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKS! AdvertUinl Manager Editorial Puff Edlkr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;