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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, July 17, 1970 THI UTH8SIDGE HERALD It "WE will soon need a program to keep track of the various groups involved with the marketing problems of grain in Canada." This was the view taken by an official of a Canadian grain handling firm, followng a recent Canada wheat board appointment of yet another marketing study group. Thus far we have, the Canada Grains Council, the Canada Grains Group, The'Task Force on Agriculture and other groups in the national capital, all trying, in the words of the Canadian wheat board's chief commissioner, "to be sure they are doing the best possible marketing job for the Prairie producer." If this means that the wheat board has at long last realized it is not infallible, then it is a step in the right direction. A case in point, would be its action in sticking to minimum prices of the late and unlamented International Grains Ar- rangement, when all other exporting countries were cutting prices and making sales. Another example was the unrealistic offering of barley on international markets during the last crop year. When criticized for its inflexibilty the usual answer was, flexibility only means lower prices and little increased sales. This theory has been knocked into a cocked hat since tte lowering of export prices has made Canadian grain at- tractive to importers of feed grains, and established record sales as far ahead as July 1971. Holding prices stable is fine only if you are the sole supplier of any given commodity, and at the present time, buyers are attracted by one means or another, price being the overriding consideration. Tests Indicate Chemical Pollution Is Negligible A water monitoring program for the presence of herbicides and insecticides in subsurface water in the irrigation districts of southern Alberta has shown virtually no pollution problems. According to R.'E. Bailey, di- rector of the provincial Water Resources Division, only 80 analyses out of about have shown positive results. In these cases only small amounts of various chemicals were de- tected in a few scattered sites. There is no evidence of any build-up, says Mr. Bailey. De- tection has not been repetitive in time or place. The present water monitor- ing program was initiated four years ago with 36 locations being sampled three times a year. In 1967 and 1968 when 864 separate analyses were done on subsurface water sam- ples taken from these sites, no herbicides or insecticides what- soever were found. The 36 locations comprise 14 shallow observation wells, seven deep farm wells, four "river sites, two irrigation "canal sites, six irrigation reservoirs and three drains. Twelve to 36 separate analysis for the pre- ,sence of herbicides and insect- icides have been carried out on each water sample. Since the area being moni- tored under the present pro- gram represents the largest in- tensively farmed geographical region in Alberta, it should re- flect the effects that agricul- tural chemicals may have on soil and water to a greater de- gree than any other area in the province. Mr. Bailey says that despite the lack of evidence to indicate dangerous consequences from the use of insecticides and herbicides, the Water Re- sources Division will continue its monitoring program and the department of Health's Envir- onmental Health Services will continue their analysis of water samples. IRONIC Why is it that a crowd has to be very quiet while a golfer addresses a stationary ball but is allowed to yell like crazy at a batter who is having one thrown at him at 90 miles an hour? Calendar Of Farm Events July 20 Lacombe Certified Seed Grower's Day Re- search Station July 20 25 Lethbridge Exhibition Week (Water Won- derland theme featuring irrigated agriculture) July 23 24 Wetaskiwin Agricultural Fieldmen's Tour and Weed Tour July 24 25 Manyberries American Society of Range Management Tour July 27 Medicine Hat Exhibition Week and Agricultural Fair and 4-II Beef Show and Sale July 27 Cardston Specialty Oops Field Day (Buckwheat, Rapeseed, Canary Seed, Safflower, and Sunflower Production) Aug. 6 Champion Combine Field Day Aug. 12 Vauxhall Agricultural Fair Aug. 15 Taber Agricultural Fair Aug. 22 Claresholm Agricultural Fair Tired of Horses Chewing your fences? A Liberal Coat of "CRIBBER" will minimize wood chew- ing in fact results are so amazing horses are known lo place their teeth over the boards to chew and then back off in disgust! "Cribber" wai formulated using high grade exterior white paint as the base. A liberal coat of "Cribber" will minimize wood chewing and having a can and brush avail- able to readily touch up exposed areas should prove cheaper than labour and material to replace chewed boards. As a suggestion, some of the horse breeders install an un- painted board, at the top of two posts adjacent to where their horses gather Tn the field. The chewers work on thii and leave the painted fe'nce alone, even where some of the "Cr.ibber" paint has been rubbed off. For Complete Details Call 328-4595 MM PAINT CENTRE 318 7th St. S., lethbridge HAYING This is a typical sight this time of year in amount of hay and forage is expected this year, as a southern Alberta, as farmers mow and bale hay for fall result of "Operation and land taken out of wheat and winter livestock provisions. More than the usual production being put into livestock feed crops.__________ Magnetism Influences Plant Growth Eight years ago, U. J. Pitt- man of the Canada Agriculture Research Station here, found that magnetism influences plant growth. Today, new evidence is emerging to indicate that magnetism has a complex and far-reaching effect on plants. In his most recent experi- ments, Mr. Pittman has dis- covered that seeds of Kharkov whiter wheat, magnetially treated before germination, use oxygen slower, release less heat energy, but grow faster than untreated seeds. The first experiments in 1962 indicated that the lateral roots of winter wheat grow in a magnetic north-south, direction. Since then, Mr. Pittman demonstrated that plants may respond to the magnetism of the earth or to introduced mag- netic fields in many ways. In his more recent experi- ments, Mr. Pittman discovered magnetic treatment of the seed also affects the seeds', enzyme systems, increasing the rate at which carbohydrates are con- verted to sugars. Sugars are used by the plants as a source of energy for growth. In addition, many germinat- ing seeds and young seedlings produce gases which may be toxic (poisonous) to adjacent seeds or seedlings of other plants, says Air. Pittman. "Treating winter wheat seeds magnetically before they ger- minate affects the rate at which certain toxic gases are formed and released during germination." Mr. Pittman also found that pregermination magnetic treat- ments can influence the soil content of seeds. Treated wheat and oat seeds contain more ex- tractable oil than untreated seeds. The hanges occur in some seeds after they are treated for specific periods in an intro- duced magnetic field of rela- tively low says Mr. Pittman. "More research is needed be- fore the full significance of this discovery will be he adds. Morris Blasts Canadian Agriculture "Farmers have had enough subsidy applied, enough brain washing, enough snake oil and hot air-." This was the_ message of George F. Morris, a farmer from Merlin, Ontario, to dele- gates at the Agricultural Insti- tute of Canada's 50th annual convention held recently in Ot- tawa. G. F. MORRIS "Farmers In general were not ready for the last revolu- tion in Mr. Mor- ris told the meeting. "-It is common knowledge it was pow- er that eliminated two-thirds of the farmers and over-produced milk and wheat. Can we change rapidly enough to be ready for fusion power in this decade? Are you men ready to extend a hand and lift us to the next rung in the he asked the agrologists. There is today an opportuni- ty crying for attention, he told the meeting one-third of all the beef in the world is con- sumed on this continent, yet we import. By 1980, predictions are that we will need 50 per- cent more beef. "I say it should be produced in Canada. We have the widest base in the world on which to he said. We should disperse cattle and other livestock over the total farming area and base the industry on farmers feed- ing cattle, not on large feed lots. By keeping cattle and sheep in their natural environ- ment, we will have healthier and cheaper meat in the long run. better use of land re- sources, better use of transpor- tation resources, less pressure on cities because towns and farmers will prosper, and we won't pollute or have to recycle waste. "I envision a viable opera- tion based on home-grown whole plant feeds, not subsi- dized, with a tax credit for pol- lution control." But don't wait for the gov- ernment to lead. Mr. Morris warned, for government is "in- clined by design to be a pro- tective institution rather than a creative one." "This idea could and should grow into a North American free area The largesl market in the world is just a wire fence away to the south." Mr. Morris also took issue with the "marketing board "Mr. Olson said he will create the atmosphere and give us a free rein, but in the next breath he promises stifling na- tional marketing boards, boards we have already, like my dog has fleas." But fann- ers have real power without boards, he pointed out cal and "more power than any other segment of so- ciety. Thirty-five per cent of all the jobs in Canada are tied to it with a bread and butter stake. If our ship sinks, so goes the community and so goes your job." For too long, Mr. Morris said, fanners have been forced "by government design and deceit and our own stupidity and ignorance to produce food for the nation at world prices. We buy our services and inputs at more than protected mar- ket prices. "We can compete in the world market if men are al- lowed to use their imagination. Just turn them loose. "You taught us to grow two blades of grass or corn where one grew ha told the agrologists. "Now, government directs no blades of grass. This WATER ANALYSIS and visit BOOTH and see MYSTERY FAUCET during Whoop- up Days (under If you hove any water probltmi bring a sample of your water in for a ME I WATER ANALYSIS Call and Call and Say WATtX CONDITIONING (Uth.) LTD. 1200 Ntrth M.M. Prfvl Pfl. JJ7-7M7 not all. We would pay people not to work, not to produce anything in Canada. We pro- vide an opporutnity to avoid work, and even go further with a negative income tax. We are that stupid .to make men be physically and mentally dead. "Let us get on with resource adjustment and within that set ting give farmers a wider range in decision making. Canadian agriculture, to many, lies in cold storage Frozen lives have no flex ibility. vmrtWc.i.X Winter Wheat DR. M. N. GRANT, Winter Wheat Breeder Many fanners in southern Al- berta seed a part of their acre- age each year to winter wheat. For those who have in- creased their summerfallow acreage and are concerned now about wind of water ero- sion, winter wheat has special advantages. Among the most important of these is erosion control during the winter months. Date of seeding of winter wheat is very important and a good stand can be expected if the crop is seeded during the first two weeks of September. Winter wheat seeded later than September 15 may not make sufficient fail growth for ero- sion control or for maximum yield. On the other hand, crops seeded in early August are much more subject to winter- killing and to infection by the wheat streak mosaic virus and root-rot organisms. Date of seeding is particularly impor- tant in the control of wheat streak mosaic. Research at Lethbridge has shown that wheat sown in Aug- ust is much more severely damaged by this disease than that sown after September 1. The streak mosaic virus is transmitted from plant to plaBt by a tiny mite, the main source of which is diseased spring or winter wheat or vol- unteer wheat growing on sum- merfallow. Therefore, in addi- tion to choosing the proper seeding date, it is important to destroy any infected volunteer wheat before the new crop is sown, and to avoid seeding ad- jacent to an infected crop at spring or winter wheat. The most winterhardy varie- ties of winter wheat are Win- alta, Kharkov 22 MC, and Yogo. Winalta is Hie most widely grown winter wheat in southern Alberta, due to its good quality, early maturity, and resistance to shattering. The soft white, winter wheats, Nugaines and Gaines, are less hardy and are grown mainly as feed wheats in British Co- lumbia. A revised bulletin "Winter Wheat Production in Western describiig all phases of winter wheat production and problems, is available from the Lethbridge Research Station of your District Agri- culturist. CHERRIES Bumper crop will be ripe in Creston Valley Orchards an No. 3 Highway from JULY 18th AND ON Plan to itoy o ftw pick your own, momy MflKE 'I fl BOCK HOW DO YOU LIKE BM1POGGW6 FRflNWY, NOT BMUSED.1 THCHW LOOPS 1913 Calgary Stampede The Stampede. Rip-roaringest rodeo of them all. It cama bucking out of the chute In 1912 and hit full stride In the same rugged, robust era that launched Lethbridge both of them complete with a crazy cast of characters. They're part of a proud heritage, an unchanging tradition: Alberta's original rodeo and Alberta's original Pilsner, full of good old-fashioned flavour that's still going strong. So call for a beer with real beer taste: Lethbridge Pil. It's made for Great Moments. TRADITION YOU CAN TASTE FROM THE HOUSE OF UIHBRIDQE ;