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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 17, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Southern Alberta's Big Amalgamated Stampede and Fair, Lethbridge, July 22nd to 27th VOLUME XI. LETHBRID.GE, ALBERTA, WI-:DXHSnAV, JULY 17, 1918 NUiN*BER 183 GERMAN LOSS IN RUSSIA' MAY BREAK WITH BRITAIN AND THE U S LENNEWILL Food Conditions in Empire Are Not Yet Satisfactory t-enine Threatens to Break Off; Relations With Britain and the U. S. FOR LANDING TROOPS ON THE MURMAN COAST i TO PROTECT STORES London, July 17.-Reports received In Toklo state that the Bol-shevlkl leaders In the Irkutsk ro* glon have taken alarm and are preparing to flee toward Mongolia, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Tien Tsin. WILL SEVER RELATIONS / Amsterdam, July 17.-Premier Lonlnt is about to break off diplomatic relations with Great Britain and nny other Entente power connected with the landing of rarmecf'toFceson the Murmnii Const, accordino -to news said to have been received fron Moscow by the Berlin newspapers. The allied troops on the Mur-man Coast are there at the express request of the Russian citizens there. Local Inhabitants have been aiding the troops In de-' fending Ihe Ice free harbors and the railway running south toward Petrograd. The- German and Finnish forces have been reported to be threatening the Murman railway near Kem. TAKE TOWN Peklh, July 17.-The town of Klutshevsk, in the southwestern extremity of the Trans-aa'kal region, has been occupied by the C^^cho-Slovak forces following their capture of Irkutsk. Ths Bol-shevikl are reported concentrating at Verhenudinsk. Occupy Town � Fekin, July 17.-A dispatch from M.lnchuria announces that General Somenoff, the antJ-Bolshevikl leader, hns occujiietl Sharasun, with his forces. Ottawa, .Tuly 17.-The sea-son of anxiety witli regard to the food supply of the United Kingdom and the nlllefl nations Is not yet over. A conference (it the food controllers of Groat Britain, France and Italy with Herbert Hoover, United States food administrator, will be held July 22 In London, when tlio siituatlon will bo fully discussed.^' Unfavorable weather has been causing serious ^concern about the British home grown crops and early estimates will have to bo modified. The labor shortage overseas also is acute. Soiuo of the ditticulties and problems are indicated In the following cable received last night by the Canada Food Doard, from John R. Clynes, the new British food controller: Drought. "Brltieh agriculturists have been ."ier-lously concerned about drought which has checked file growHi of wheat here for six weeks, particularly on. light soli. Barley and oats have also suffered along with root crops, and even potatoes have been retarded by cold weather and lack of rain, l^ucklly the spell of unfavorable weather now has broken and rain Is plentiful, but nevertheless it looks as If the .early optimism about possibilities of the wheat crop in the United Kingdom will have to bo nimllflml, owing to the diC-tlcultlns oC newly broken ground and lack of labor. It Is true that women and children are being rapidly recruited for the forthcoming harvest, but oven with the help of urban holiday workers and Gorman prisoners, farmers here are skeptical whether they will bo able to get in that which they have raised. "Owing to early frosts and* Insect attacks on fruit, the food controller is now hattljng with an utterly unforseen shortage of jam for our armies and civilian population. . "There la still a shortage of cheese, and lard has just been formally ra-tlone'i, "Hoge, too, have not been raised as rapidly on this side- of the Atlantic as wa.s hoped, owing to the abnormally high prices demanded tor breeding sows and pigs. Such is the situation despite the groat outburst of municipal enterprise in connection with hog raising. "Generally, the food situation in the United Kingdom is improved, but the season of anxiety is not yet over. The food controllers of all the allied countries will meet Mr. Ifoovcr in contsrence here on the situation on July 22." BULLETINS Baron Burian Tells Austrians AHied Method of War Prevents Peace SAYS AUSTRIANS TO BE IN CLOSER ALLIANCE WITH GERMANY NOW ADiT BELGiyWl ISTBEFREED German Professor Says World Will Demand Belgium's Freedom First HEAD GERMANOPHILE PAPER iS EXECUTED GE London, July 17.-German newspapers give prominence to on interesting statement of the situaHon in Belgium by Prof. Hans DelbVueck in the Nues Weiner Journal, says an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Amsterdam. TJhe statement roads: "G_ermany now will lose nothing by declaring her readiness to evacuate Belgium without conditions and to reinstate her in inilopendence and in-tregity. Germany has other safeguards. Belgium is not only a German question; it is a world question. "No peace is possible in the world unless Belgium is as free as before the war. JSven America has the greatest interest-in Belgium. Until. Belgium becomes free the world cannot accept even the indirect rule of Germany over her." S CONMNED Another Evidence That This Drive is Not All Huns l Expected London, July 17.-(VTa neuters 01-tawi Agency.)-It there was no other evidence, tho restrained tone of the German communication alone would show what little success the enemy has achieved. Indeed, no groat otton-sive hitherto litis been so barren of Initial results. It cannot yet ho said that the enemy has failed but his def Inite failure la more probable and tlie i\ogonil of "irresistible" force of Hho first German onslaught already has toeen destroyed. It Is clear that tho allies have pro fitted by their experience, notably hy grbatly extending the area of the covering defense zone. Tho unity of com jnand is proving decidedly effective. How -well tho French have tho situ ation in hand Is proved by tho fact that east of Rheims, they retired to their lines witliout losing a- gun, �while west oMlhelma, tho progress of tho Germans was so limited that their positions, -With tho river immediately ibehlnd, was incessantly bomhod. Newspapers emphasize as a momen loua feature of the battle, the con duct of tho Americana, who more than fulfilled the brilliant promise of previous minor engagements, shattering the belief, fostered by the enemy peo-iples that tho war would be over he-fore tb,e American factor became realltjr. ENTERTAINED SAMMIES Paris, July 17.-M. Duval, director of the Germanophlle newspaper Bonnet Rouge, was execut- ' ed early toiajr for treasonable action against the government. The execution was carried out' promptly at five o'clock in tTie forest of VIncennes. The condemned man died almost Instant-ly with the command "of fire. In Raid on French Prison Camp -74 Germans^ Wounded m PEIITIONS OF; HABEAS CORPUS Toronto, July 17-When Gordon Waldron appears before Justice Sutherland here today he will have ready to present 100 petitions for writs of habeas corpus. Mr. Waldron is of the opinion that these cases cannot rightly Vie referred tp the supreme court of Canada. Paris,. July 17.-(Havas Agency) -Ninety-four Germans were klll-and 74 Germans were wounded on the night of July 15-16, when five German aviators bombed a, prisoners' camp In the region of Troyes, 30 , miles behind the French battle front. ~ The aerial bombardment lasted � for two hours. Two French soldiers of the camp guard were wounded. 15 KILLED. Paris, July ,17.-(Havas Agency.)-Fifteen persons were killed and about fifty others were wounded, twenty seriously, when a passenger train was derailed near Verzon twenty miles northeast of Bourges. ' 10 SPANISH GOVT. Athens, July 17.-It is announced from a Spanish source that a ..Spanish steamship on which Mln-, ister Lopez De Vega was return-"'Ing-to Spain,I'has been'torpedoed by a German submarine. The steamship flew the minister's flag. The diplomat and his family have been rescued. The German government had been notified of the mir\leter'8 departure a week In advance. - Am. Federation Urges Ry. Men Not to Walk Out Amsterdam, July 17.-Tho Austro-Hungarian governmcnl regards the war as "senseless and purposeless bloodshed" and believus it might be ended at the moment when the allies^ again manifest feeliuB.'; of humanity. Barorl BGrian, the Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, made this .=itatement in the concluding portion of his address to tho Austrian .inrt Hungarian premiers Tuesday, according to dispatches from Vienna. After declaring that (he allies would not succeed in their purpose of sowing discord among tho i;ationalities in tho dual monarchy the foreign minister said; "It is unnecessary further to characterize this method ot fighting. Our races indignantly di.savow it. The resolute battle ot defense must now he carried on to a ;.;uod end until it brings us the scciuiiy necessary for our future peaceful existence." Against a Windmill "In-so-far as the enemy are not aiming at the acquisition of territory they are fighting against a windmill. They are exhausting their strength and ours in order lo build on the ruins ot civilization a new arm ot the world whereas the idc.ns underlying such an arrangement which are capable of realization and' which also are warmly approved by us, might be realized much more eubily and much more completely by tho peaceable co-operation ot ciur peoples. "In spite of all, we look ever more hopefully toward the people no\-r at war with us to see whether at last they have been delivered from the blindness, which, after fearful affile tion in four years of war, is driving the^ world ever f.irther into that des truction which they can avert if they only will." The foreign minister said that his confidence was based on the war al liances, particularly 'the old alliances with Germany. He said that Austria and Hungary would seek means of extending the alliance so that it will be sidequate for all the requirements ot new times. The foreign minister said that Au tria expected after the war to remain in closer relations with Turkey and Bulgaria. . , ' After declaring 'that "the continu ance dt the war ia due exclusively to the one-sided and destructive aims ot the enemy which can only be attained over the ruins ot the world," tho foreign minister concluded by quoting the final words of the reply ot Emperor Charles to'the Pope's peace note. ^ roosIltsjn killed in fighi Pt^rl8, Ju�y 17.-Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of the former .president; has been killed in. an air fight, the semi-official Havas News Agency announces. His machine fell Into the enemy lines. . BOMB HUN TOWNS. London, July 17.-British aviators again have attacked Offen-burg, near Karlsruhe and Thion-ville, _near Metz, says the official' statement from the air ministry 'issued last midnight. Good bursts were observed at Offenburg and a fire, followed by explosions, was started at Thionville. BAD TYPHOON. Osaka, Japan, July 17.-A violent typhoon struck southwestern Japan and the Luchu Islands on the night of July 11. Much damage was done to railway lines and telegraphic communication has been interrupted. Floods occurred In Kobe and Osaka. Manchester, Eng., July 17.- A lartfe body of American troops came to,Manchester yesterday In order that the people of the Cottonopolis might have an opportunity to welcome them. The Americans were greeted with the great-tit enthtislaim. Montreal, \hjly '17.-The delegates of the Federated Shopmen's Brotherhood who are considering whether they will accept the Mc-Adoo award offered by the railway board on behalf of the roads or strike, were In secret session again this morning. It was stated by Charlits Dickie', . Winnipeg, secretary of the committee, that the session may last all day. Reasons for Delay. Montreal, July 17.-Tho, fact that they cannot look for support from the other I'ailwny unions is ndt, the sole reason tliat the shopmen liavo been holding hack so tar. "The i)ther rail-Wdjr unions have nover. stood by the shopmen anyway,'!/ said one member ot the cpmn^ittoe today. "Look at what happenea in Winnipeg in 1908." There is another and mpre vital reason for delay, according to. outside dispatches, although no labor man In tho city would admit the fact today. That is, that the American Federation ot Labor has taken a hand and brought the strongest kind of pressure to bear on tho Federated Trades in order to keep thfem from striking. Today it -was said unoftlclally that tho membership of the railway aliop unions In all parts off the Dominhm are ondeiivoring to force tho haada of tiie committoo. Nlnoty-elght per cent ot the ehopmen ore domandlng a strike. ., 'v. Paris, July 17.-Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt of the American Air Servlpe, youngest son of the former president, is missing. His machine,, was seen to fall within the German lines. It was not In flames when it fell. Lieut. Roosevelt; the dispatch says, was returning from a patrol fllgfit when he was attacked by a German squadron. . It was seen that Roosevelt suddenly lost control of his machine, probably having received a mortal wound. A REDUCTION Ottawa, July/' 17.-During the last week there has^ beeifta marked reduction . In 'the-number of, cars of fOdd stuffy ;repbrted to the' Canada Food Board'� being under load longer than the apKified t\m9. ^ ALL QUIET NOW. Montreal, .July 17.-Lt. Colonel Piche, acting district officer commanding Military District No. 4, Montreal, states that from reports received from the military and police 'operating in the Vaudreuil district everything is now quiet there and the Military Service Act is being successfully carried out. Germans Make Only Slight Gains with Losses Said To Total Over 100,000 London, July 17.-:Casualties suffered by the German troops in the offensive up to the present are estimated to number 100,000, according to news received in London today from the battlefront in France. HUNS IN PERIL NOW On the French Front in France, July 17.-Forty-eighl hours have sufficed for the holding of the German masses launched in the crovm prince's j^reat offensive on Monday. The enemy units which were turned back from the direction of Paris and are endeavoring to ascend the Marne are being held in check by the French troops. The positions of the_ German columns which had gained a footing on the south barik of the Marne has become perilous, while to the east of Rheims the German efforts to advance have each time been foiled. . STRANGE COINCIDENCE. New York, July 17.-Madame Marie De VIctorica, a German subject indicted with Jeremiah O'-Leary and several other defendants on chargesiof conspiracy to commit treason ' and espionage, was reported last night as being critically ill with pneumonia In the army base hospital on Ellis Island. It was regarded as a curious coincidence that Despina Davldo-vitch Stoch, said by the government to have been an agent of the Imperial German government, died suddenly of pneumonia on Ellis Island, March 30, before being brought to trial, Her death was made the subject of a secret investigation, t SOLOIER BY PROXY Frederic City, Md., July 17.-A most unique ceremony was performed last evening when IVIiss Goldle Anita Black, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. G. Black of Thurmont, became the bride of Guy V. Lewis, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Hooker Lewis,, of Thurmont, end who is "Somewhere In France." J ' The ceremony In this country was performed at the home of the bride's parents by Rev. 0. E. Pritchatt, While Lieut. Warren, an army chaplain, officiated across the sea. The ceremony was arranged after considerable preparation and cable communication and everything was carried out simultaneously in the two countries. London, July 17.-Forces of the German crown prince advanced another three miles down the Marne Valley yesterday. Thie makes a total penetration of tho^ French line of about Six miles at Festigny, the most southerly point reached by the Invaders. The six miles penetration of the GermAns to Festigny, noted In the foregoing dispatch does not mean a German advance of that distance south of the Marne as Festigny is only about two and three-quarters miles south of the river, at Its nearest point. The penetration is calculated from the nearest point of departure at the beginning of the offensive. NEW DEVICE FOR RECOVERING StS New York, July 17.-An electrically driven diving machine, devised to make possible the recovery of steel vessels sunk by German submarines was given a successful private test in Long Island Sound^yesterday. The machine, wrich carries a crew of two men, 'is equipped with propellers capable of driving it directly to the side of a submerg--ed vessel, to which It clings by means of magnets. Power Is generated on a surface barge and transmitted by a cable. A rivet-ting attachment Is Intended to fasten pontoons to the vessel. In the test the machine^ went down In 98 feet of waier and brought to the surface a heavy steel plate. NO NEW APPROPRIATION NEEDED FOR 9 MONTHS London, July 17.-(Via Reuters' , Ottawa Agency)-When the war loan bill was taken In committee In the commons yesterday, Mr. Bonar Law said that no new appropriations were necessary for the next nine months, as the war bonds organization had succeeded to a greater extent than ever anticipated. THE WEATHER High ,..................... Low....................... Forjca�t-~Flne and warm. 85 56 Paris, July 17.-'The Germans last night threw new forces Into the battle on the front south of tho Marne and attacked the:allied lines north of St. Agnan, the war 0 office announced today. The enemy succeeded in penetrating Into Bourdonnerie. The battle Is continuing in the woods immediately to the south of this point. BRITISH RAIDS. London, July ,17.-Raids carried out last night by the British In the Amiens area west of Vlllers-Bretonneux and In the neighborhood of Hulluch on the front to the north, resulted In the taking of prisoners, the war office announced today. In the Somme and Ancre sectors, to the northeast of .Amiens and In the Arras region, north of the Scarpe the enemy artillery was active last night. Similar activity was displayed by the German guns In Flanders, In the district northeast of Beth-une and to the north of Ballleul. STOP ATTACK. With the / French Arniy In France, Tuesday, July 16-The stoppage of the German general attack appears to have been the feature of today's fighting. The enemy Is resorting, mom'entarlly at least to local actions, supported by strong artillery. South of the Marn^^ the Germans were turned out of St. Agnan and Chapelle Mont Hoden by a counter attack which enabled the French and Americans to regain heights overlooking a portion of the course of the Marne. 500 PRISONERS Washington, July 17.-Qeneraf Pershing's communication for Monday reaching the war department today, reported that 300 prisoners were taken by the Americans In their counter-attack which drove the Qtrmans back to the Marne east of Chatenu-Thlerry. WAIT FOR MAIN DRIVE The view here Is that the ajlied positions thus far have beer) endangered at no point and that the future may be awaited \k/ith considerable confidence. The tendency now Is to discard the suggestion that the enemy's, present attack was possibly a prelude to a more serious assault elsevyhsro or a feint for the purpose of drawing off the allied reserves from other arsas. The view Is widely taken that what tKe world is watching Is Germany's.main offensive, which, according to statements of prisoners,. had been dubbed beforehand "the Frleded-' strum" or "peace attack" Its object being to force a German peace upon the allies. BRIDGES UNDER FIRE. London, July. 17.-French counter attacks have brought the German bridges over the Marne under the fire of \he French artillery of medium calibre. "INOFFENSIVE." Paris,* July 17.-"The German Inoffensive offenalve," is how a ..... - � -  U witty writer, Qustav Thery, Ides-crlbes the latest^attenjnt of Gen- eral Ludendorff and advices from the front seem to justify this paradox. If the fighting has'not resulted in a French victory. It Is held here, It has at least been a serious failure for the Germans. LOSSES SMALL. London, July 17.-The posltlor of the alMcs at the present stagci of the German offensive In France Is said to be distinctly satisfactory. In advices recel\�d today. The French losses are stated to have been very small. They have , lost none of their guns, the reports ' declare. LINES INTACT. Paris, July 17.-On the front further to the east, the French held the> enemy In the southern outskirts of the Bouquiny Wood and at the village of Nesles. A powerful attack was made by the Germans In the direction of Monvo Isin but they were driven from this locality by a French counter attack. On the front between the Marne and Rheims the fighting developed violently In the Courlon Wood. The Germans attacked In the Vrlgny region on this front but their assault Hire broke down completely. Along the line' to the east of Rheims the Germans delivered local attacks notably In the Pru-nay region. These efforts by the enemy were fruitless. In renewed assaults upon Beaumont the enemy suffered a sanguinary repulse. The French positions throughout the region to the aast- of Rheims were maintained Intact. ALL REPULSED. London, July 17.-General Von Elnem's army, which now has been definitely engaged on the German left wfng In the Champagne, yesterday delivered five attacks between Sulppe and Mas-slges. All the attacks were repulsed with heavy losses. , OBJECTIVE CHALONS. Paris, July 17.-The objective of the enemy was Chalons, against which he directed a con- -verging attack from the south by way of Souain, and from the northwest by way of the Prunay see-tor. The action on his right was more or less secondary In character while the centre marked time, awaiting the successes on the two wings. It was the right wApg of ths Germans which achieved the only gain which was a tactical one merely and was gained more by luck than by any good manage-, ment. ^ ' , ' The converging attack of ths Germans was smashed by ths brilliant leadership of General H. J. Egourard, who, according ts Henri BIdou, military critic of .thii , Journal des Debate, leaving his first line slightly held and putting the line of resistance well to th* roar, allowed the German blow to expend itself on empty spaof. After this false stroke, the enemy was obliged to cross a deadly zona, where he was shot to pieces, hi^ fore reaching the real French lln'^ The French losses were quits Insignificant. Enemy Loss Frightful Londrfn, July 17.-(By Reuters',Ot-, tawa Agency)-A semj-ofBclal report from Paris reads: "Wbilo the mtaty losses wore friglittul, ours were quite light, especially east ot Rheims. Jt we were allowed to state the flgUfd'Sv it would be most reassuring. 'Wherd as during the previous offenslv*. wc. : had to send tor reinforcements~troin other parts ot tho front, this time those, on the spot suHlcod to sustalq tt)e ahoclc. This is partly due to the con.; Btant arrival ot Americans every day, ' which reducos the uneven proyerUoa:! or forces." ' ' '  78 3470 46202806 ;