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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, July 16, 1971 Anthony Westell What friends? Pop show stresses Canada's nationalism "We Ml not forget our friends, said President Nixon in his brief dramatic speech announcing his in- tention lo visit Peking in May, 1972. The question of who those friends are is speculative at this point, but one must express the fervent hope that they include Hie people of Tai- wan, anil not the militaristic regime of Chiang Kai-shek. These peopie are not pure defendants of the Chinese. They have a long history of their own, and because their strategic posi- tion their island has been overrun by greater powers in the last several hundred years. Portuguese, Japan- ese, Chinese have coveted their ter- ritory, taken over the government and run their affairs. In the last 32 years they have been governed by the Chinese Nationalists with strong U S support But the Taiwanese did not welcome Chiang's army, and though they have benefited tremen- dously through American military protection and investment, they have not betn granted the franchise, ex- cept in local affairs. Is it too much to expect now, that the Peoples' Re- public ivill allow the islanders to de- cide their own fate to join China as an autonomous province, or to be- come an independent Republic? The perpetuation of Chiang Kai-shek's government is an absurdity. His pre- tentions in claiming to represent 800 million Chinese people living on the mainland are chimerical. Yet the is- land cannot be abandoned, faced with vet another invasion, another take- over this time the Communists in Peking. The Taiwanese, who outnum- ber the Chinese by a ratio of about 10 to one, should be given some voice in their own future. If Mr. Kissinger and Mr. Chou En-lai can come to a face saving arrangement, in which the Peoples' Republic were recog- nized as the legitimate representa- tives of the Chinese people with a seat in the U.N. and in the Security Council, would it not be possible for Taiwan to have a seat in the U.N. as an independent nation? This would avoid the "Two China" policy which Peking bitterly opposes. It would be a face-saving device with a very practical which might he acceptable to Peking and the U.S. even if it were bitterly opposed by Chiang Kai-shek and his dwindling supporters in Taiwan. Russia wont like it Reports crediting President Nocolai Ceausescu of Romania with bringing back "more normal" relations be- tween tiie U.S. and China by initiat- ing secret contacts between Peking and Washington may, then again may not, be exaggerated. There is some circumstantial evidence that they are true. For instance, it was very shortly after the Ceausescu visit to Peking that easing of the 21-year- old trade embargo between China and He U.S. was announced. The Romanians have been prophesying that President Nixon will soon an- nounce a revision of American objec- tions to Peking's entry into the U.N. Although this has not been forth- coming, no one is discounting the possibility. The Romanians definitely expect that Premier Chou En-lai will make an extensive tour of Europe this Fall. He will probably visit East European countries known to be sym- pathetic to China, i.e., Albania, Yug- oslavia and Romania, as well as those West European nations which have recently recognized China. Whether Mr. Ceausescu deserves all the credit for this warm up in friendly relations with Peking, as well as a significant role in strength- ening hopes for peace in Vietnam claimed by the Romanian press, is open to question. But that winch is not open to question is that the com- in" Chinese diplomatic offensive in Europe will he viewed with distaste in Moscow. THE front of the Na- tional Gallery this tourist season there flutters a banner with the legend true patriot love, and inside, (he ground floor is taken up with a curious art exhibiton of that name. The recorded cry of the loon echoes through the halls, geese cluck In an improvised pen, while be- mused visitors, examine a col- lection of works paintings, embroidered quilts, amateur snapshots, sculptures, cartoons with mispelled captions, mont- ages of plastic cushions etc. by Joyce Wieland, allegedly in praise of Canada. The Canadian Forum, the magazine of nationalist intellec- tuals, reports that every piece is a "cathedral hymn to Can- ada" and establishes the artist as a laureate of Canadian na- tionalism, standing right there with Walter Gordon and Mel Watkins. (U.S. owned Time Magazine, seemingly a little uncertain how to react to such brackish Cana- dianism, suggests that the re- deeming feature of all the cot- tage industry artifacts is hu- mor, implying that perhaps the whole exhibition is not to be taken seriously.) Well, Joyce Wieland is ap- parently at her best as a film maker, and her other forms of artistic expression are best left to the art critics. But as a poli- tical statement, which her show at the gallery is ob- viously intended to be, it is depressing reminder of all that is least attractive about Cana- dian nationalism; hatred of U.S. values rather than any statement of Canadian pur- pose, cheap patriotic daptrap expressed in indifferent work- manship, and falsily en several levels. This artist who chants the praises of Canada over the United States, in fact lives in New York, and when she is not complaining about U.S. exploi- tation of Canada, in her exhi- bits she offers Sweet Beaver Perfume for sale at a bottle. Throughout the exhibition, Canadianism is represented by such obvious symbols as hand- knitted versions of the Maple Leaf flag, snapshots of smiling ladies in maple leaf dresses, a series of lips forming the sound of '0 Canada, and a quilt "from the collection of the Right Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau" em- broidered with the great man's w. r cry La Raison Avant La Passion. The real political message comes through in the cartoons, in which for example Canada is being raped by an American with a rude name and a ma- chir 5 tool in place of sexual or- gans, and in slogans: "Death to U.S. technological imperial- ism." "Free Canada "Down with the U.S. industrial and so on. The Forum's critic. Harry Malcomson, explains Wieland's view in a sentence which illu- minates so much of our na- tionalism: "Canada exists as a of fantasy for what life in the United States would be like, if it wasn't what it is." In o''ier words, Wieland and others are not so much prais- ing Canada for its mm sake i.j expressing hostility uv the United States betraying their hopes. It is worth recalling, for -xample, that Watkins, the leader of the left-wing waffle group, was a pro-American, li- beral continentalist until he was radicallized mainly by revul- sion against tne Vietnam war. Even Energy Minister Joe Greene says that Canadians have become nationalists, and caused him to alter his poli- cies, because they have looked upon U.S. society and become disillusioned. The same factors probably explain the current success of the Committee for an Canada com- pared with the unpopularity of similar policies when advo- cated by Gordon and the Liber- al party in the early sixties. This has been an easy period in which to despair of the United States, in which admira- tion could swiftly become re- vulsion. Racism, political assas- sinations, urban anarchism and pollution, the drawnout tra- gedy of the Vietnam war, com- pose a dismaying picture of a decaying society. It is a simple assumption that there is some- thing fundamentally wrong and rotten about U.S. values and in- stitutions. Tl e next step is the com- fortable belief that, while we cannot quite define, them, Ca- values ..nd institutions are superior. The Prime Minister assures us in his Dominion Day mes- sage t.at we are more tolerant than others (although it does always seem to extend to the United States) and splendidly reasonable (although we don't seem able to work out a rea- sonable accommodation, be- tween English and French citi- But until we are able to define just what is special about Canada, we can at least abuse the United States. The Foreign Affairs ana- lysts -ho were once, and not long ago enthusiastic warriors of the cold war can now pom- scorn on U.S. involvement in Vietnam which began in those times of containing Commu- nism. Having been great sup- porters of British imperialism at one time, we Canadians can now denounce U.S. imperialism. And when we are not being jealous of U.S. wealth and ar- guing for parity with U.S. wages, we can point out the evils of greed and uncontrolled growth in the United States. It's a great game, an easy style of Canadian nationalism. But it is also rather danger- ous, for what happens if the United States emerges from its present difficulties: Suppose Summer at last Sunier is icumen in Lhuie sing cucu! The 13th century poet who shaped those poignant lines was probably just as fed up with the laggardly summer season as people in southern Alberta have been to date this year. Usually July and most of August can be counted on to provide local vaca- tioneis and tourists with some of the best heather in all Canada, but for reasons not even clear to weather- men the sun for weeks now has just sulkej behind clouds, refusing to be- slow its benefits on the earthly crea- tures looking to a game of golf or a day at the beach. Perhaps Albertans are spoiled. There is so much sun most of the year round. But to people who wait for those two weeks holidays in mid- summer only to spend them shut-in at some gloomy campground this summer is disappointing indeed. And there's not a bit of use in writing protest letters to the Chamber of Commerce or the Tourist Bureau. The weather is still one area of life we must accept with a measure of grace All we can do is grumble. Now however the predictions are for slightly rising temperatures and clear skies, so everybody out, out, while the getting is good! Brrrl An important conference concern- ing man's impact on the climate is currently going on in Stockholm. One of ths papers, signed by a top atmos- pheric scientist and a co-worker, has reacted a grim conclusion. Dr. S. K. Rasool of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and a faculty member of Columbia University, says that the world could be as little as 50 or 60 years away from a disastrous new. ice age be- cause fuel burning could screen out so much sunlight that the average temperature could drop by six de- grees in the next 50 years." Dr. Rasool's conclusions are sup- ported by at least one of the U.S. administration's Council on Environ- mental Quality. Maybe all atmospher- ic scientists won't agree with this dire prediction, hut the very fact that anyone of Dr. Rasool's qualification should go out so far on a limb, is an indication of the urgent need for in- ternational co-operation is studying the problem. CHARTER (ORTHAT WAV REALLY A man for all rodeos By T. R the cm-rent high crest of the Vave of communication between our primt minister and the prairie's populace this is not a story about Pierre Tnidcau. It is about another man whose sponsorship by a horse was a real, not an incidental, factor when his exploits, his romantic fi- gure, his descriptive pen and his humani- tarian obsession brought him a seat in Parliament and the title Don Roberto was bestowed in token of the love of an inter- national following. Dil Pierre Trudeau lake a real part in any rodeo? With all his training in the ronnntic art of fencing (the rapier, not barb-wire) did he ever conduct a school of this in Mexico City? Did he offer to raise and lead a troop of cavalry in any British Emtiire war? Did he ever mount his horse eaci morning and ride to Parliament? Did he ever ranch in Texas and see the Indians raid and' destroy his homestead? Did his impatience ever cause him to shock the House of Commons? (This question is with- c'ravii.) Wtll Don Roberto did all llic.se tilings. He started doing them when lie .was in in 1870 nnd he kept on till he died of pneu- monia in in Buenos Aires. List year was the centenary of Don Roberto's first trip to the western contin- ents. Surviving friends and a now public enjtyed celebrating the revival of the his- torij incidents that bad sold cowboyism to the Scots youth and provided an escapism for the adults of those years. Both genera- tion were suspicious of the authenticity of the penny Bloods or their message when suddenly there gallops upon the scene, this Don Quixote-liko figure, wearing a sorn- Rodie brero, spurs and a gaucho's belt with a message that was firsl-hand, fresh from a camp-fire talk with Buffalo Bill in Texas. A man who had thrown the bolas at Argen- tine rodeos, hunted ostriches, led republi- can cavalry into action and escorted covered wagons over pampas trails. Don Roberto was in his fifties when this writer saw him and the charisma was still there. As we know now, age has no effect on the activities or romance of those whom fate has selected. Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham was raised in the heathered isle of Lake Menteith, by the rums of Graham Castle, in the estate of his soldier father, who had married the daughter of Admiral Fleeming whose wife was an arislocral of Spain. It followed that Robert's father's plans for his son were tactfully outmanoeuvred by wife and mother-in-law. And so, after Har- row schooling, Robert added Spanish to his skill in French and in fencing and departed for the Argentina. Most libraries contain well circulated books written by Don Roberto as his fans called him. All who are interested will be- come fans if they make Ihe reading test. lie wrote as R. Routine Cunninghame Grahamn. Here is a dedication from one book: "To Pampa my black Argentine whom I rode for twenty years without a fall. May the earth lie on him as lightly as he once trod upon its face." If you Iwcome a reader of the stories of this "horseman, patriotic Scot and citizen of the world" you may agree with his view that "the cinema has made puppets of Ihe cowboy." And if you like short stories will like his book "Rodeo." "I know passengers have to endure 'stacking' at other airports, but really INSIDE the terminal Nixon follows Johnson into the discard of unpopular presidents and a new, charismatic Roose- velt or Kennedy take over in Washington? It's not impossible in fact, all those who believe in a free and open society had better hope that the U.S. rather than de- stroying itself, is struggling to- ward a vital re-birth. Racism, after all, was exposed mainly by the internal crusade for civ- il rights. Assassinations were answered not by repression but by the confident assumption that freedom is stronger than fanaticism. The American war in Viet- nam is opposed mainly by Americans in a manner surely unparalleled in modern history. And the right of the press to expose the secret history of government policy is upheld by a branch of government, The Supreme Court, with a spirit which any democracy should envy. Have we in Canada a better record of exposing the racism of the English majority toward the French -.minority; of pre- serving in face of poli- tical terror: --J opening the east block files to public scrutiny? To try to build Canadian na- tionalism and identity on criti- cism of the United States is herefore an unfair and unwise tactic. To suggest true pa- triotism in Canada consists, even in part, in hating the United States is not only ob- jectionable but also shortsight- ed. The real challenge is to de- fine a positive Canadian na- tionalism, a statement of goals and ideals which can unite the nation. Joyce Wieland docs not at- tempt it with True Patriot Love, the waffle group, with which she seems to be allied, has least a vision of a so- cialist Canada, but camot con- vince the New Democratic par- ty, let alone the country. The Committee For An Independent Canada, in its recent brief to the Prime Minister, had the question but not the answer when it noted that "thousands of young people are asking how to build in to this motion of independence a genuine so- cial concern and the possibility of a revilalizalion of Ihe poli- tical, economic and life of Ihis country u might properly be called 'i na- tionalism of discovers." One of the most serious criti- cisms of Trudeau is that hav- ing been elected as the quint- essential Canadian, he lias yet to rise above banality in arti- culating Canadianism. He does not seem to realize that there are moments in the political life of a nation when reason needs at least to be reinforced by passion by the passion of a cause with which a nation can identify itself. National salvation through new definition of Canada, hope- fully, lies neither with pop ar- tists nor pop politicians, but with the thousands of young people hitching across the country, (and, for a different pei pective across other coun- Iries) and gaining probably a better appreciation of Canada than any generation before them. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Robert Stephens King Hassan of Morocco has many troubles 17 ING Hassan II of Morocco, who has re-established his po-ver after successfully thwarting a military coup at the weekend, has ruled his country for 10 years. His father, Mohammed V was Sultan, and then King, when Morocco gained her inde- pendence from French protec- torate rule at the end of 1955. He had won popularity and prestige in Morocco by identi- fying himself with the move- ment for national indepen- dence. Hassan continued his father's policy of personal rule com- bined with manipulation of the political parties. But, lacking his father's prestige, he even- tually fell back on more abso- lute rule and straightforward suppression of political opposi- tion through the powerful Min- istry of the Interior. In July 1963 he arrested all the mosl important leaders of the left-wing opposition party, the UNFP (National Union of Popular for an alleged plot against him. Several were tried and sentenced to death or heavy prison terms but were later pardoned. The leading figure of the UNFP. the bril- liant intellectual Mchdi ben Barka, disappeared in Paris in October 19fn, kidnapped nnd IHicvcd murdered by the Mo- roccan secret police. The other two main political forces in Morocco, the Isliqlal or Inde- pendence Party, a conserva- tive, traditionally nationalist group, and the UMT or trades union confederation, have alter- nated between collaboration with the Palace and opposition to it. In March 1965, after an eco- nomic crisis led to serious riot- ing in Casablanca, the King suspended Parliament, took over the premiership himself and since then maintained close personal rule over the country. His chief instrument was the Ministry of Ihe Inter- ior, headed since 1964 by the formidable General Mohamed Oufkir. who came to be con- sidered the strong man of the royal regime. Apart from Gen- eral Oufkir's Ministry, the King's rule relied for support on a hand-picked army officer corps and local government, especially in the countryside. What has so far been report- ed of the attempted coup sug- gests a possible parallel with the revolution in Libya in Sep- Ouches on the way out 'yilE myth of painless den- tistry is going to become fact, says Capt. Seymour Hoff- man, depuly chief of the U.S'. aiir.ed forces dental services. All those currently screwing up their courage to face an- other session in the dental chair can lake heart at 'the good news even if Capl. Hoff- man warns lire great day may be 10 to 20 years off. This coming dental demi-par- adisc, we're told, will he real- ized through use of an elec- tron microscope scanner per- mitting magnification of loolh surfaces up In limes. This will enable lire dentist to spot colonies of busy mi- crobes and expunge thorn by chcmothcrapcutic means be- fore Ihey bore holes in lire loolh enamel. No holes to fill, no drills, no pain. It's as simple as thai. A wonderful process, leaving only the pain of paying Ihe den- tal bills, an agony that seems likely lei persist forever. So They Say The Church of England is tlio putative father of the permis- sive society. Professor 0. R. McGregor of London University. lember 1989 in which 'a group of young radical nationalist army officers overthrew the aged King Idris Scnussi. Cer- tainly the Libyan Governmenl, in an over-hasty reaction, ex- pressed support for the rebels. The Moroccan army has a model nearer at hand in Al- geria, where the President, Colonel Houari Boumcdienne, is the former army chief of staff who seized power from his civilian political rival, Ben Bella, in a military coup in in 1965. However, President Boume- dicnne has expressed his sup- port for Hassan. The King has been criticized by radicals at home and else- where in the Arab world for his foreign, as well as his external, policies. Although Morocco re- tained close links with France, Hassan has, like President Bourguiba of Tunisia, lurned more to Ihe United States as a source of aid and political sup- port, while officially remaining non-aligned. He has tried to keep clear of close involvement in inter-Arab politics, and with- in the Arab League has op- posed the more radical Stales Egypt, Algeria, Syria, Iraq, Sudan and Libya who are repubican, socialist and le'sa more on Russia than America for aid. If Hassan was replaced by a revolutionary regime of the Al- gerian of Egyplian lype, it could mean a further extension of Soviet political influence along the southern shore of the Mediterranean, leaving Tunisia, Ihe smallest of the former French North African Stales, committed to a pro- Western form of non-alignment. (Written for Tlic Herald and The Observer in London) The passion of young people for social justice puts us older people lo shame. III. Rev. Culhberl, Bnrdslcy, Bishop of Coventry. I enjoy seeing my own films. They're so good. Charlie Chaplin, Die LethbricicK Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprielors and Publishers Published 1903 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001} Member ot Tne Canadian Press the Canadian Daily Ncwuiiw Publishers' Association Ihe Audit Bureau ol Clrculltloni Cl EO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mannner JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY M.-marilncj Editor Associate Eclllor ROY F MILES DpUSLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manaiier Editorial Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;