Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THI lETHBRIDOt HIKALD _ Thundoy, July 16, 1970 Norman Webster An Interview With Norodom Sihanouk Wanted: An Irish Miracle The anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne when the Catholic Forces of James II met defeat by the Prot- estant army of William III is over. Orangemen in full regalia have marched in the annual parade along the narrow streets of Belfast and Lon- donderry not without incident, but without the predicted bloodshed. The reason the parade did not explode into wild violence was the presence of armed British troops. There were of them, a formidable force to maintain order in a country so small. In Belfast, a city of about seven thousand armed British troops were on duty. Peace keeping by force cannot go on forever. What can be done to re- store calm, in a country rent by re- ligious and social turmoil, plagued by hatred, torn by the volatile pas- sions of a highly emotional people? Nothing very much for the present except to continue existing measures until new political forces and new leaders emerge who might gain the confidence of both sides in the bitter confrontation. There can be no mis- taking that Ireland's troubles are in danger of developing into civil war, one which could be as bad or even worse than the one which 50 years ago resulted in the partition of the predominantly Protestant North from the Roman Catholic South. One step which might help to allay the fears of Northern Irish Protes- tants would be a declaration by the Republic that it will seek no change in the constitutional position of the North without the consent of the ma- jority, and that it will not foment or assist armed rebellion there. The visit of Dr. Patrick Hillery, Minister of External Affairs 'of the Irish Republic to the Roman Catholic Falls Road district of Belfast re- cently would seem to negate such a possibility. But if the Prime Minister of the Republic, Jack Lynch, were to make a public statement that his gov- ernment has no intention of aiding and abetting the Roman Catholics in the North, that he is firm in his in- tention of making no claim whatever to jurisdiction of the whole island, it might help to calm things the North that is. By such a move he would risk opposition in Dublin and cause an uproar on his own home ground. No one is counting on Mr. Lynch to make such a move, least of all the new Conservative government in Great Britain. The Conservative par- ty's full name is "the Conservative and Unionist Party" and the Union- ist party is the ruling party of Ul- ster, passionately dedicated to the union of Northern Ireland with the United Kingdom, and widely held to be anti-labor. Northern Irish Catho- lics are by and large Republicans and Nationalists in their loyalties and predominantly socialist in their poli- tics. If Mr. Lynch, Mr. Chichester-Clark and Mr. Heath between them can bring peace to troubled Ireland it will be the political miracle of the century. And who believes in mir- acles any more? Banzhaf s Boys Ralph Nader has a rival. His name is John Banzhaf III. Like Nader he's a young lawyer, and like Nader he is on a consumer crusade. Banzhaf teaches law at the University of Washington, and he has interested his students in legal activism which has resulted, for in- stance, in making available 75 mil- lion dollars of free time for anti- smoking messages on U.S. televi- sion. Now he heads a small non- profit group called Action on Smoking and Health, which intends to bring the fight to magazines and newspapers- and. to push for non- smoking separate compartments on buses, aircraft, public buildings and restaurants. He doesn't confine his efforts to the non-smoking campaign. Groups of Banzhaf students organize to prod all kinds of evils, from collection agency abuses to unfair pricing policies in food chains. Now Mr. Banzhaf is working to develop a federation of student legal action organizations to provide a means of coordinating and contin- uing the groups with a small staff. One group of Banzhaf students, called SOUP (Students Opposing Unfair Practices) had an astonish- ing impact on the Federal Commu-. nications Commission when it inves- tigated an advertisement, oddly enough carried by the Campbell Soup Company, and brought its ob- jections before the Commission. It argues that the company should be forced to admit wrongdoing on every ad it carried. It lost its case, but it did establish the right of a consumer organization to partici- pate in FTC decisions. Mr. Banzhaf considers this a great victory in principle. This kind of clinical experience is invaluable for lawyer s-in-the- making, but even more important, it demonstrates what student acti- vism can accomplish through hard work, determined effort, and enthu- siasm. "Free" Speech By, Don Oakley, NEA Service TN 1948, Norman Mailer's war novel "The Naked and the Dead" achieved fame not only on the merits of the story but for its use of a word that sounded like, but was not quite, the arch obscenity in the English language. (Today, "The Fugs" is a rock music group.) The real breakthrough came a few years latter when James Jones freely used the correct spelling of the word in "Fronj Here to which also dealt with Army life. The publisher trembled, but the censor's sword proved to be a paper dag- ger. This smashing of Victorian taboos was overdue and, on the whole, a good thing. But how far we have come since then. Today "honesty" prevails and is pre- vailing more and more. Words once seen only on walls where snickering little boys scrawled them have been elevated into literature by authors continuing to cash in on the crusade to "tell it like it and Billinsgate once heard only in the barracks now passes for "meaningful" dialogue in films and on the stage. Among the youthful left, beginning with the "Dirty Words" movement at Berkeley in 1964, obscenity has been embraced not only as a symbol of their new freedom but as a weapon, a rallying cry and a sub- stitute for rational discourse. The speeches of some radicals and the word count of the underground press would be cut next to nothing with the elimination of a few universal, all-purpose adjectives. This compulsive, tedious use of profanity resembles a mental disorder well known to medical science. About the last remaining bastion against the tide is the daily and even here old standards are being called into question. "Stories (about college eruptions) are sterile to the extent that they do not give the whole says G! W. McCoy, publisher of the Wapakoneta, Ohio, Daily News "the obscenity, the weapons fashioned by radicals and the provocations that these people give to those guarding Such unpleasantries are not the camwis.1' from any ulterior motive, he says, but be- cause reporters are reporting in "good taste" and don't want to offend their read- ers. None of the nearly daily newspa- pers in the United States reported the ob- scenities tossed about at the time of the demonstrations in Chicago during the Democratic convention in 1968 and only two reprinted them from the later Walker Commission Report. This failure gave a false impression ol what was going on there, says Norman E. Isaacs, executive editor of the two the Louisville Courier-Journal and Louisville Times. He thinks that using the actual words would have produced such shock that the public would have been alerted and prepared for, and perhaps somehow have prevented, the physical violence that ensued. There are some who think that the grow- ing use of foul speech is a healthy thing, an indication of a more lionest and open so- ciety. Others disagree. "I think that unbridled use of obscenity means a tremendous deterioration in hu- man says semanticist Dr. S. I. Hayakawa, president of San Francisco State College. "With words, with language, we are creating social networks or de- stroying them, constantly, whether we want to or not." It is ironic, and immensely significant, that some of those who pretend to be fighting for humanitarian causes have de- scended to using one of the most dehu- manizing weapons of all. This is what is sad not just the dredging out of the linguistic gutter of cer- tain age-old words to perform functions they are incapable of performing, with the resultant inpoverishment and blunting of one of the richest languages in the world but the deterioration of thought and irt- tellectual discipline and respect for others which the deliberate and indiscriminate misuse of obscenity or profanity both signi- fies and encourages. Such is not the mark of the he-man or the free man. It betrays rather a want of intelligence and a sickness in the soul. p EKING Cambodia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk said recently he felt greatly tempted to call in North Kore- an troops to help liberate his country. He said North Korean Premier Kim II Sung had urged him recently to accept the In an interview here Prince Sihanouk said a majority of the members, of his national united front for the liberation of Cam- bodia felt the job couH still be done by Cambodian resistance fighters from North Vietnam, the Vietcong and the Pathet Lao. But, he warned, should Thai and other outside troops inter- vene and the battle go badly for his side, it was very pos- sible this attitude would change. He portrayed the North Koreans as fairly itching for battle. The Prince said he did not think China would wish to send volunteers to Cambodia. Prince Sihanouk has made the Chinese capital his head- quarters since arriving here March 19, the day after a coup d'etat by Lon Nol removed him from power in Phnom Penh. Since then he has allied himself with the Indochinese Com- munist forces in the struggle against "U.S. imperialism." He said he wouldn't mind fighting on equal terms with his adversaries. But U.S. Pres- ident Nixon was, sending tanks, helicopters and planes to aid Lon Nol and pushing other countries to enter the fray. "That is not fair play. Why, then, should we not have the right to ask those who want to help Speaking in his guest house in the western part of Peking, he made these other points: Military materials sup- plied by the Chinese and North Koreans have already begun arriving in Cambodia. They move down through Vietnam and Laos in "a flow that never dries up." The materials range from rifles and other light wea- pons to antitank guns to mov- able antiaircraft artillery, from dried food to river crossing equipment (important in the current rainy season) from hats to shoes. The failure of the Soviet Union to recognize his new gov- ernment, unveiled here in May, is disappointing and difficult to understand. He hopes, however to persuade the Russians to come around. He has already sent a minis- ter to Moscow to put his case and plans to have his loreign minister follow, then his Prime Minister, Penn Noutli. If recog- nition comes, Sihanouk will visit also. Cutting off the northeast- ern half of his country with a line drawn on a National Geo- graphic map, he said this was already firmly controlled by forces loyal to him. They were strong, too, in many other parts of the county. Phnom Penh itself was still too strong to attack. His guerrillas are currently being trained by the Commu- nist Vietnamese in Cambodia call General Giap my chief They will strike hard in the next dry season, in November. A French magazine esti- mate of liberation fight- ers in Cambodia was pretty close. The Prince said North Vietnamese and Vietc o n g troops are a large component, but not a majority of the If Nixon had not invaded Cambodia on May first, Lon Nol would have fallen. If Nixon had let him fall, things would not have been so serious. We could have returned to the sta- tus quo in Cambodia." The Prince continues to oppose an international confer- ence on Indochina. To begin with, he cannot sit at the" same table with Lon Nol, whose re- gime he insists is illegal. Then, "at conferences, there is always partition." and any division of Cambodia is out of the question. Besides, his Vietnamese allies are opposed, after their experience in 1954: "The Viet- mlnh won the war on the battlefield in 1954 and lost 50 per cent around the green cloth in Geneva." The International Control Commission composed of India, Canada and Poland was expen- sive and useless during the time it functioned in Cambodia and would be no more effective were it reactivated. Its rnem- bers would fail once again to agree on anything. "Always it was Poland ver- sus Canada. When there was American aggression against us, Poland supported us and Canada was blind. When there SAIGON 1 AIRR "Excuse is the gale for the shuttle ta "01 count, John's work doesn't require that he wear a iust a Joseph Kraft Little Interest In Domino Theory WASHINGTON who don't believe in the domino theory haven't talked to the goes one of the sacred texts of the Viet- nam war lovers. But Secretary of State William Rogers has just been talking to the domi- noes in the course of an Asian tour. In country after country he has sought action that would make it easier for the United States to continue as1 protector of the Pacific. Not one govern- ment has even met him half- way. And if his trip has suc- ceeded in anything, it has been in exposing the domino theory once and for all as a pernicious self-delusion. Consider first the case of South Vietnam. The Secre- tary's hope was to get some sign of support from President Ngyuen Van Thieu for Presi- dent Nixon's new emphasis on a negotiated settlement of the war. But the TWeu government uttered no public word in sup- port of negotiations. Privately, Gen. Thieu's aides put it about that their president had given Mr. Rogers the wet mit- ten when he broached the sub- ject of new peace initiatives. Indeed, far from obliging the Secretary, the Thieu govern- ment used the occasion of his visit to jack up American aid commitments to South Viet- nam. The United States has agreed to increase aid to Sai- gon by another million, with special provision for sup- plying more food and more housing to South Vietnamese troops. And anybody who knows anything about Vietnam knows that no small part of those funds will be going into the pockets of the generals who rule the country. Then there is the case of Thailand. That country sits cheek-by-jowl with Cambodia; it is a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization; and it has received billions in Am- erican military aid over the past two decades. So there was some responsibility to meet Secretary Roger's plea for Thai military action to support the beleaguered Cambodian re- gime against Communist as- sault. But when the call came, the Thais developed a tin ear. Their forces were required to meet local Communist insur- gents not to mention trouble expected as a result of a large hike in food prices. Bangkok would be willing to trade some Cambodian units and to form others among Thais of Cam- bodian extraction. But that, of course, would require more money from the United States. Lastly, there's the case of Japan. Rightly or wrongly, the Nixon administration has been pressing Tokyo to limit volun- tarily sales of wool and syn- thetic textiles to the United States. The Japanese agreed to a year's limitation, but the talks broke down when the United States insisted on a long term understanding. In his Tokyo visit, Secretary Rogers reached agreem e n t Letter To The Edito-- Archaic? I just want to congratulate J. A. Spencer, of Magrath, on his letter to the Herald of 4th of July. Mr. Spencer has said Hie things a lot more Canadians would like to say, I think. Is the Oath of Allegiance ar- chaic? Perhaps the Herald should sponsor a "Get-together" along the lines of the "One Prairie Province" meeting, and find out the answer. Just what does Western Canada think about this question? Incidental- ly, the "Party Quebecois" mem- bers did take the Oath about time your editorial appeared. On July 7, in another editorial, vou say the Monarchy is ar- chaic. The definition of this is, I believe, "Something out of its proper Who are you to judge? This is a question for all Canada. G. KEN WATTS, Lethbridgc. EDITOR'S NOTE: The full reference in tlic July 7 edi- torial: "The monarchy may be politically anachronistic in the eyes of many Canndians hut with Prime Minister Eisaku Sato on the principle that the trade talks should not 'get in the way of larger relations between Japan and the United States. That amounts to giving the case away on textiles. In effect, having asked Tokyo for concessions and been refused, Washington is now -saying, "Let's kiss and make up." The pattern that emerges from these encounters is not one of Asian countries con- cerned about an external danger to the point of making accommodations for the pro- tecting power of the United States. On the contrary, the Asian countries involved are looking after their own in- terests in the narrowest sense. Instead of making spe- cial, efforts to help the United States shoulder the defence burden, they use each occasion to screw more out of Washing- ton in the way of money and diplomatic concessions. They can do this because, in fact, the domino theory is all wrong. The beleaguered coun- tries of Southeast Asia are not hard objects that push one against the other as in a row of dominoes. They are much more like swamps. They are soft and porous. They have a great capacity, as this country and the French and Japanese have found out, for absorbing a foreign presence without going under. Left to themselves with- out foreign protection against the Communists, they, would probably decompose into small pockets of rival tribal areas. 'Crazy Capers' Of course, the true purpose o! the domino theory was not to describe the situation in Asia but to rationalize the Vietna- mese war for American public opinion. The idea was that the American presence could be justified as a kind of proxy ac- tion on behalf of the Japanese, the Thais, the Malaysians and Indonesians. It was a case of trying to mitigate our own guilt by implicating others. The others, naturally, de- mand a price for easing the American conscience. That is why Secretary Rogers on his recent rounds found not offers of help but demands for more assistance. And the fact is that it will be impossible .for this country to deal straight with the Asians as long as American officials continue to delude themselves with the domino theory. (Field Enterprises Inc.) was North Vietnamese aggres- sion, it was the other way around." Each member of the Indo- Chinese Alliance is pledged to aid the cause of the other "right to the end of the fight." If Cambodia is liberated first, it will continue the battle against Saigon, even to sending Cambodian troops to fight in South Vietnam. U.S. bombing and the "atrocious conduct" of Sai- gon's Vietnamese troops are pushing the peasant population of Cambodia tocrcas i n g 1 y to active support of Sihanouk. The Prince quoted at length from Western reporters' dispatches about rape, robbery and de- struction by Saigon troops. The Prince does not en- visage grave Khmer-Vietna- mese racial problems in the fu- ture. He said his Khmer people had no hatred for Vietnamese as such, only for the "foreign gangsters" from Saigon. In contrast, the North Viet- namese and Vietcong had been models of. good behavior, he said again citing western press accounts. "If the Cambo- dians were hostile to the North Vietnamese and Vietcong, they could not operate in Cambo- dia." The Prince's partisans had occupied the ancient temples at Angkor Wat on their own hook, not at his' orders. They had withdrawn because world pub- lic opinion frowned on the ac- tion. The Prince has been told by his armed forces chief to wait at least some months be- fore returning to Cambodia. There are dangers of bombard- ment or a paratroop operation against a Sihanouk headquar- ters, and it is important for'the Cambodian, Indochinese and Third World causes that he not be killed or captured. "This is not a question of courage. General de Gaulle did not shoot rifles with the resis- tance in France, he directed it from London, and no one could say De Gaulle lacked cour- age." In a month and a half the Prince plans to visit Yugosla- via and Iraq, and perhaps oth- er countries." After liberation, Sihanouk will keep his promise to resign and will retire to France. There will certainly be strong Communist representation in the country's future, govern- ment, parliament, army and administration. Cambodia will be socialist but not communist. It will, for one thing, have s state religion, Buddhism. The Prince did not see much future for the Cambodian mon- archy after the death of his mother, the Queen. China is giving Sihanouk's cause political, diplomatic, fi- nancial and material help, and according to him first-rank im- portance, to strengthen its po- sition in Asia and the Third World. The awakening of the masses in Asia, stirred by the theories of Mao Tse-Tung, is ol tremendous significance. united front of the Indochinese, Chinese and North Koreans is not an alliance like SEATO, nor one in which China calls all the shots. "The Kore- ans and the Vietnamese will never accept to be satellites." The Prince said it was pos- sible the front might be en- larged. He noted the guerrilla movements in Thailand and Burma. "I was with Premier Chou En-Lai at a banquet re- cently and I said it was a big table we were sitting at, with Cambodians, Chinese, Koreans, Vietnamese and Laotians, and be said we would soon have to get a bigger table to accommo- date other Asians." (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 J. B. ShimeL's hay barn and prospective alfalfa mill at Coaldale was totally de- stroyed by fire, with a loss esti- mated at The IHC had between and worth of machinery in the building. 1930 Canadian passenger traffic by aeroplane is on the increase. Advance reservations are now necessary for the eight- hour Winnipeg-Calgary flight. Even night air trips are fully booked in the west. 1910 National registration in Canada is expected to start August 19. AH single men will be called up first for military training on the basis of lists o[ classes prepared by a judge. All men will be classed for either "immediate" or "post- poned" training by a district court judge. 1950 Britain's coal-mining industry, which 20 years ago tottered on the brink of collapse with thousands of miners unem- ployed, is now confronted with a new problem. This time it is a manpower shortage as young- er men are quitting the indus- try. i960 Hon. J. Donovan Ross, minister of health, officially opened the new Picture Butte hospital recently. GOOD! You remembered the chutney? flic Lcthbrulrjc Herald 504 7th 51. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishtn Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mat! RerittralloB Nimber 0012 of Tht Canadian Prcsi and tha Canadian Dally NewaMi PublMMTI1, Association Ihl Audit Bureau of ClrculitiOM CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor utd Publisher THOMAS a. ADAM1. GcHril Manager JOK BALM WILLIAM RAT Manafinf Editor Associate Editor ROY r. KIUU DOUGLAS K. WALKEI MnrUMnc Manager Editorial Edte "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"