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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Hor AND HUMID HIGH FORECAST FRIDAY 90 The Uthbridqe Herald VOL. LXIII No. 181 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JULY 16, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 18 PAGES State Of Emergency Declared In Britain Drastic Action In Port Strike Government Shaping Bill For Car Insurance Plan HOAX HAS SILVER UNING-Twenty-seven Canadian air cadeii from Athabasca, Altd., look over an- airplane model as they toUf the Lock- heed Aircraft plant in Burbank, Calif. The youths arrived in California this week as vic- tims of an elaborate hoax, which led them to believe they were to be taken on a tour of the U.S. Lockheed and other organizations offered tours and Hollywood entertainment upon ing of the hoax. Nuclear War Threat Hangs Over World By JOHN BLAND LONDON (Reuters) The nuclear age was born 25 years ago today with a blinding flash and a mush- room cloud hovering over Alamogordo in the New Mexico desert. Since that first atomic explosion on July 16, 1945, mankind has had to team to live with the possibility Of complete and total annihilation. Despite massive campaigns for nuclear disarm- ament in many Western countries in the 1950s and 1960s, now include thousands of hy- drogen bombs, each at least 50 times more powerful than the two original atom bombs. The original 20-kiloton atomic bombs, each equal tons' waste the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and .Nagasaki on Aug. 6 and1 Aug. 9, I 1945, less than.a month after the first blast. The nuclear dub has steadily grown since the j United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetbk Atoll in the Pacific in November, 1952. I Russia Came Next Russia exploded an H-bomb in August, 1953, and I was followed by Britain in May, 1957, China in June, j 1967, and France in August, 1968. I The threat of nuclear warfare hangs over human- ity but ironically that threat has almost certain- ly saved mankind from the ravages of an unimaginable Third World War. The last 25 years have seen East-West confronta- tion over Berlin, the Korean War, the Middle East conflict and the continuing Indochina war. But the nuclear powers have stopped short of the crucial point where missiles with H-bomb warheads might launched. The closest call occurred in October, 1962, when the United States challenged what it saw as a Soviet attempt to alter the world balance of power by install- ing ground-to-grounS missiles in Cuba. Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev and President John Kennedy convinced each other, while the world held its breath, that the issue was not worth waging nuclear war over. Russia withdrew the mis- siles from Cuban soil. Still To Be Realized If a world war has been prevented, the atomic age has still to produce those positive benefits for humanity which were eagerly predicted when scien- tists first spotted the potential power they were un- leashing from the atom. Atomic power stations are feeding appreciable quan- tities of electricity into the national grids of several countries, but the dream of cheap, unlimited power has yet to be realized. Nuclear reactors power aircraft carriers, submar- ines, a U.S. transport ship and a Soviet icebreaker but such engines are unlikely to be in general use whila fears linger of the contamination of harbors or even of an accidental nuclear blast. Several countries have built accelerators, huge atom-smashing machines as much as a mile in dia- meter. These seem to offer the best chance of har- nessing the power of controlled thermonuclear fusion, but they are still in the experimental stage. Space Age Benefits It is in space that the atomic age's future ap- pears brightest Engines of almost limitless capacity, using the power of the atom, may some day speed astronauts across the solar system or beyond it to other parts of the galaxy. Twenty-five years after the first mushroom cloud, nations are still conferring on ways of curbing the spread of nuclear arms. The Antarctic and outer space have been declared out of bounds for nuclear experiments; and the seabed jmay be the next area to be "denuciearized." Russia, the United States and Britain agreed in 1963 to limit nuclear tests to underground explosions. Postal Wages Hiked OTTAWA (CP) The govern- ment signed a contract with the Association of Postal Supervisors today grant- ing increases just under the six-per-cent wage guideline es- tablished by the government. Signing of the three-year con- tract was attended by Treasury Board President C. Mi Drury and Postmaster-General Eric Kierans. Congratulating the negotiating teams on both sides, Mr. Drury stressed that "clearly reason has prevailed." He expressed concern, how- ever, over the 11 months of bar- gaining required to reach an agreement. The talks with the association have run parallel to negotiations between the treasury board and the Council of Postal Unions which remain deadlocked. Mr. Kierans, referring to a settlement in April with the Ca- nadian Postmasters Association, commented that the new con- tract meant "two major groups in the post office dow- me to go." tern'1 The new contract crease pay for the supervises to a week from by April 1, 1971. Top pay for postal clerks, a rank below the supervisors in the post office hi- erarchy, now is a week and would go to by next April under terms of the con- tract offer the treasury board has made to the council. Postal workers in Edmonton and Saskatoon meanwhile went on strike today and, as a re- sult, post offices were closed in the Alberta communities of Grande Prairie, Peace River, Ponoka and Camrose. LONDON (CP) The British government declared a state of emergency today to deal with the effects of the national docks strike. The declaration approved by the Queen within a few minutes of her return from a visit to Canada, gives the government powers to take drastic action to keep essential services in opera- tion, including the use of troops, requisitioning of all vehicles and authority to fix maximum food prices. not automatic that the government will immediately use all the new authority but if the- strike endangers food, and other-vital supplies it can call on its emergency powers'at a minute's notice; The last time emergency pow-. ers were invoked was during a strike of ships 'crews in May, 1966, when 607 British ships were immobilized in ports here after seamen walked out. At that time the prime ter was Harold Wilson, whose Labor administration was de- feated by the present Conserva- tive government Only a month ago today. The state of emergency was declared in a message from the Queen read to a crowded House of Commons by Speaker Horace King. A few minutes earlier, Robert Carr, minister of labor and pro- ductivity, announced that he has set up a court of inquiry to in- vestigate the merits of a pay claim which started the first na- tional dock strike in 44 years the counter-offer by the employers. Carr appealed to the dockers to call off the potentially crip- pling strike while the inquiry is being held. Britain's 40 major ports and their longshoremen were idle today, shutting off 75 per cent of Britain's trade lines with the rest of the world. It is feared the strike could be a long one. S'ome experts were talking in terms of a month or five weeks. TROOPS ON STANDBY Plans were reported under way to bring troops back from Northern Ireland, though the official reason for their re- turn was that Ulster is quiet. Another troops are based in Britain, ready to move into the ports. Board Probed EDMONTON (CP) The Al- berta government currently is shaping legislation that will give residents a compulsory auto insurance plan with a minimum of government par- ticipation, Highways Minister Gordon Taylor said Wednes- day. Mr. Taylor said in an inter- view he has dropped the idea of a government run compen- sation board that would act as an intermediary between driv- ers and insurance awarding compensation for ac- cidents and collecting from the driver's insurance company. Government legislation to be brought in at next year's ses- sion of the legislature "will have to be pretty well what the committee be said. The committee was a biparti- san group of MLAs who studied auto insurance in 1969 and rec- omnrended that the prime focus of government control over a compulsory insurance plan be a watchdog committee of MLAs. The committee would be set up during each year's legislative session to hear any complaints against insurance company's service and take action where necessary. GORDON TAYLOK The 51-Per-Cent Ownership Proposed MONTREAL (CP) Star says the provincial justice department has been investigat- ing the six-mpnth-old Societe d'Exploitation des Courses Loteries du govern- ment's lottery administration board-since the end of last month.' Quoting government sources, It Says a full-scale far kept launched1 into all phases of the board's operations and activities. Judge Reginald Tormey re- signed June 30 as chairman of the lottery board. The newspaper says the inves- tigation apparently began as the result of a smaller inquiry, into a specific distributor, one of the largest lottery ticket sellers in the province. The distributor, a Montreal- based vending service, was be- lieved to have underworld connections and was involved in charges of Mafia controls over some concessions at Expo 67. Farmers Given Few Days' Grace TT JTUnSjer Striker Montreal-Born Author Dies CARMEL, Calif. (AP) Dr. Eric Berne, who wrote Games People Play in 1964 as a psy- chiatry textbook and saw it be- come a best-seller, is dead at 60. The Montreal-born psychia- trist author suffered a heart at- tack walking on the beach June 28. He died Wednesday in hospi- tal. Berne had lived here since 1946 and also maintained a home in San Francisco where he was a lecturer at the Univer- sity of California Medical Centre. OTTAWA (CP) A report drawn up by the Oommns ex- ternal affairs committee recom- mends the establishment of a Canadian government bureau to control takeovers of Caradian enterprises by foreign capital. The report also calls for a minimum 51-per-cent Canadian ownership in future enterprises. The report was hammered out Tf7" to three days of intensive sit- WUIS Warranty; flings by the committee, ending Wednesday. It may still not be in final form. The committee has sched- uled a further meeting July 27 to take a look at the contentious document before it is published. The commitee, under chair- man Ian Wata St. held a lengthy series of meetings on Camada-U.S. rela- tions during the winter and spring sitting of Parliament. OTTAWA (CP) Farmers enrolled in Operation Lift will be given a few more days to de- stroy cover crops- if they are caught, in wet weather, the de- partment of agriculture 'an-, nounced Wednesday. The wheat inventory reduc- tion program or Operation Lift requires that all cover crops be rendered unfit for h'aryst as grain before Wed However, due in some park tru4ie' Prairies, officials administering the pro- gram have been instructed to offer a few days' grace where necessary. Under the program, farmers were permitted to plant a cover crop of oats on potential fallow land to prevent erosion. But they had to "render, it unhar- vestable" by July 15 to" qualify harvesting it immaturely for feed, turning cattle loose to graze it or plowing it under. After Wednesday, farmers can plant another crop to pro- tect the soil, but it would only be useful as feed because it .would not ripen in time to make milling grain. Suffers Relapse LISBON (AP) Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, former ruler of Portugal, suffered a relapse and is critically ill, his doctor said today. Seeks Expense MEDICINE HAT (CP) Eric Giles, who had vowed he would go without solid food until he received a warranty caird for his car, won his case today after 192 hours, but he still refuses to eat. The 23-year-old Moose Jaw resident said he will continue his hunger strike until his ex- penses for the last 192 hours are paid. "They have agreed to give me a warranty, but I am wait- ing for them to offer to pay my expenses because it was un- necessary for me to starve for eight days to get something Giles said. PLANTINGS Best guess in" advance of firm acreage estimate, to be published by the Dominion Bu- reau of Statistics Thursday, is that western fanners have re- duced, milling-wheat .plantings by. half- from last year, when acres were sown and. bushels of wheat harvested. Farmers will be paid an acre for wheatland converted to fallow, or an acre as- signed to perennial forage. By July 8 between and applications had been re- ceived in the office of Otto Lang, minister responsible for wheat trade and administration of the wheat-reduction program. About or roughly half the applications had been proc- essed and they added up to a reduction. If the other half produces the same result, that would bring total wheat acreage down to about Allowing for late applications, plus estimates that about acres of former wheat- land has been switched to oil- seed crops, final Prairie .wheat acreage could be close to the acres that government officials predicted when they announced the program last Feb. 27. OTTAWA (CP) Unemploy- ment rose last month to from at mid-May, run- ning counter to the usual trend of lower unemployment in June, the manpower department and the Dominion Bureau of Statis- tics reported today. A big influx of students into the labor force looking for sum. mer work was mainly responsi- ble for the increase, though un- employment remained high among other workers as well, the report said. Unemployment totalled only in June last year. Because of the larger labor force, the number of unem- ployed as a percentage of the total work force remained un- changed in May and June at 6.1 per cent. But because unem- ployment rose contrary to the usual pattern, the rate of unem- ployment on a seasonally-ad- justed basis rose to 6.6 per cent, the highest since 1961. THE PICTURE The employment picture in brief at mid-July, with figures showing estimates in thousands: June May June 1970 1970 1969 Labor force Employed Unemployed 529 513 383 The report said there was an Increase of between May and June this year in the num- ber of jobs filled, bringing the total employed work force to But the labor force as a whole grew by There were more jobs in trade, construction, manufactur- ing, and public administration. But the increase in tns number of unemployed persons resulted from an increase of in young people, aged. 14 to 24, seeking work. This was mostly offset by small declines in other age groups, but the rate of unemployment among people 25 and older remained high. There was some improvement In the unemployment picture in the Atlantic provinces, Quebec and the Prairies. But it wors- ened in Ontario and British Col- umbia. Vfcfc 'I found it on the vt' The Great Frog-Jumping Contest By PETER MICHAELSON ST. PIERRE, Man. (CP) Roger, tire first contestant, struggled in his captor's hand at the starting gate, rolling his eyes skyward in agonized bewilderment. Freed sud- denly, he leaped boldly side- ways and dashed his littte body against the wire mesh fencing. A man with a boater hat and urgent expression wad- dled over and dropped his small leather-pouch marker beside the body of the flailing frog. The crowd of a thousand broke into cheers below the platform in the park and the St. Pierre frog-jumping contest was under way Wednesday. Poor Roger had done badly. was his first big Sghlight of St. Pierre's two- day centennial and his three frightened jumps had taken him just over a foot from, the starting gate.. The next contestant turned around at the starting line and kicked off in the opposite direction, followed across the platform by a rise of guffaws and squeals, from tie specta- tors. Next to the gate came Henri, who jumped about two feet into the air for his one foot forward. The judge with the tape measure, Mr. Justice Louis Deniset of the Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench, rushed to the spot where Henri had landed at the end of his third bounce and mea- sured the effort with the bright silver measure. Chariot now was on the line, ready to be released. Befort the contest, his owner, Ga- briel Girard of Emerson, Con- servative member of the Man- itoba legislature, had paraded through the frog stables an- nouncing to a reporter that his frog had papers to prove a pedigree. On top of that, he had said, there's a history of jumping in the family. Chariot came out of the chute with two unimpressive jumps and then just sat there. A disgruntled Judge Deniset measured the first two jumps, because time had run out on Chariot. It stretched less than four feet, hardly a pedigree's performance. And then George, the last contestant in the first heat was at the gate, a great black speckled frog with a wicked lizard sweep to his face. Out he sprang, great powerful the leap, and right away crowd sensed a winner. George just bounced down the track as if he was off home to Joubert Creek; six miles away, to see his girl- friend. The crowd oohed and aahed. Judge Deniset rushed up and confirmed it. George was out front with three bounds, total- ling a 1% inch over the sev- en-foot mark. Although seven frogs fol- lowed George to the post, none matched his champion- ship stride. Thirteen frogs had been scheduled to. jump in the event, but Dr. Jean-Louis Forgues, the house veteri- narian, pronounced the frog entered by St. Pierre Mayor Fernand LaVergne unfit for having too low a body temper- ature. Nixon Greets Prince WASHINGTON (Reuters) President Nixon welcomes Prince Charles and Princess Anne to the White House today with the ceremony and pagean- try usually reserved for visiting heads of state. Nixon will give a formal speech of welcome to which the 21-year-old Charles will reply, even though this is a private visit and Charles' and Anne are here as guests of the Nbton chil- dren and not the president him- self. CHOSE OWN PROGRAM The prince and princess, who chose most aspects of their crowded three-day program themselves, will be shown around Washington and enter- tained lavishly by the presi- dent's daughters, Tritia and Julie, and Julie's husband, David Eisenhower. Tlie invitation to visit Wash- ington came after Tricia at- tended Charles's investiture as Prince of Wales last year but did not get an opportunity to meet him- Vessel Stuck In Mud PORT HOOD, N.S. (CP) The Canadian destroyer-escort Saguenay, bound for Summer- side, P.E.I. for a courtesy visit, ran aground today off this for- mer' coal-mining tcwn on Cape Breton west coast. The ship was aground on mud and appeared to be in no diffi- culty. A tug was en route to the scene from Mulgrave, N.S., on the Strait of Canso, about 35 miles south of here. A navy spokesman in Halifax said the ship, in command of Cmdr. R. D. Yanow, was carry- ing out training exercises and had about 250 men aboard. She was reported undamaged. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN -YEAR-OLD Joanne Ellerman upset after ac- cidentally vacuuming her budgie along with the dirt in his cage budgie came out alive and okay, but in just as much shock as Joanne Art Williams comment- ing after his first chariot race that he hadn't eaten so much mud in years "It's just like coming down a mountain on skiis" Tom Band finally deciding he might just as well come out of his office and communi- cate personally after repeat- ed attempts to use a new intercom system at city hall ended in failure. Fort Saskatchewan Escapee Caught FORT SASKATCHEWAN (CP) RCMP recaptured Mar- tin Siefert, 21 hours after es- caped from Fort Saskatchewan jaiL ;