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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 16, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta FAGE FOUR I*. XcfcbbriDoe, aibcrta oailv ano wkkkly, V.- ; Proprietor* and Publ1�h�i� rHI LETHBRIOQK HERAUO PRINT* INQ COMPANY, UIMITBD Ml 6th Street South, Lethbrldge W. A. Buchanan' PreeMent and Mnnaffins Director fohn Torrance �  Buslneta Maaaser TULBPHONBi Bntisea* Ottlce .............. Wltortel OUtce ..............^ IIBS ubaerlptlon Rataoi DaUr, dellrercd, per week ....v .1* Dallr. dellverad. per year .�.,.|S.OO DftUy, by mall, per year ......1400 WceWy, by mall, per year .....Il-M Weekly, by moll per year to TT.a.fl.OJ 2>atea of eiplry of iubicrlptlona sp> pear dally on addreai label. Accept-�nca of papert lite.' explraUcndate U OBT authority to continue the �ub-BcrlpUoB. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR. The German drive alon^ the Mame has .'oooii practically halted. At only ono point did the Germans make any gain south ot the Marno, and �Vi-ilhln three hours the Americans, organizing a counter-attack had driven thorn hack Rcrosa the river again. During the first day of the G�rman offensive, the losses were all on their aide, the loss in prisoners alono being very heavy. Nowhere does the German lino show any appreciable,advance today. The American forces command the river front -where the Germans several times attempted a crossing hut failed. The Americana, practically for the tirat time acting as ehock troops against a German offensive, have proved their mettle, and_ no longer will they-be-contemptible in th� eyes of Germany. Their defence has been Buperb, and in keeping with the magnificent record of the British and French troops throughout {he entire wai". Tillage "wero discontinued would have produced the aamo results and tlio Red Cross vpould not have been victimized. However, the .declaration sliould servo to convince tl>a Dominion Police tliat their methods are not exactly suited to tlie occasion, and that tlio good-will of tho people of thla countrj- is necessary to keep up the production that will win tho war. THE LEniBRIDQE DAILY , HRRALD RICKED UP IN SSING(-=:i FOB THE BTTST MAN FEED SITUATION IS SOLVED. The announcement on Mon.lav pI tho prompt solution for Alberta's feed difficulties In which the pi-ovin-cial and Dominion governments and the weartarn lines of our railway�-systems porticlp&ted will ^e welcomed by the farmers of this province 11 means thit there should be no more worry about wintering stock, and therefore there should he no call for farmere to sell their stock at a sacrifice. With our millions ot acres of unused lands, especially in the north, there should be hay enough to 'feed five times the number ot stock owned In tho province. The question has been to connect stockowners up with tho hay and grazing ranges. The energetic manner in which this difficulty has been solved means a sav-' log of mlllioue of dollars in our live-Btock Industry. PROSECUTION AND PERSECUTION. In a letter appearing in another column, the Coalhurst Miners' Local makes a public grievance against the activities of the Dominion Police" in arresting 14 men, mostly miners, at that place after shift recently, and bringing them to Lethbrldge where they -were fined owing to the fact that they did not h^ve on their persons at the time of the arrest all the documents considered necessary to comply with the law. The' Herald had occasion recently to mention,the rather too energetic methods of the Dominion Police in this regard, and it the tacts as stated in tho letter from the Coalhurst Union are correct, it certainly appears to be a case where persecution has taken the place of prosecution. To ua It looks like just a taste of what we would have to put up -with in Canada should Germany win the war. But Juet at present we are not ready tor German methods. "We are glad to note the statement of Capt. Lindsay that the fuUest In-vestlgntlon la'to T)e inade. He Is not acting too.iooQ^ The H�nld74oes not condone t3xei bivaUiis of the new law , requiring that oeiitiln paper�.�i�oi�lnK proof ot ogo, marriage and natloaaJlty should be caxrled. But there is a^rlgfat way and 'Wrong way to enforce;tbe law, and to ua it appears a� it the wrpng way were bntaig- loUowed In this (lis-tflot. The i5ght,way-SeemB tobO'In me In other dtotrlcti and no com' plainta are 'betas wlced to-ilay, al thought there was eome little trouble In the north aom� weeks ago. Netther do we \Vt.a the attitude ol the Coalliurat miners la deciding to dedijot the am'ount of tho recent fines from Ota CTosa donation for the mou|^hi.TJie Jilan inay ibe effective, hut B fli>ol�patlon'that the udlon a whoIiB iivoul^ nQt test,until uncalled for arrestB oa such grounds In the EVOLVING THE LIGHT TANK. Tho French recently -won another notable success by tlie use ot the light, mobile tanks in which the\-havo specialized, say tho Toronto Globe. FoUoAWng quickly upon the very complete victory ot tho Australians at Vaux In co-operation with the now type of British tank, which moves more quickly and is mora easily guided than tho larger tanks used in the Somme offensive In 191C, and with profit in tho Cambrai operations last autumn, tho French success points tho way for tho organization of the Allied offensive that must he undertaken before Germany can bo brought to her knees. The tank was a British invention and WHS first used at the battle of tho Somme in 1916. In eome of the most-fiercoly contested stiugglcs that campaign the tanks were ot great value in sheltering the attacking British infantrj' and In dealing with the German machine gun posts, whici, even at that early period, were scattered about in front ot tho main enemy trench line in shell holes and in carefully concealed redoubts. The tanks ceased to be of much value as the season advanced and the shell holes in the area of operations were filled by the autumn rains which transformed the' battlefields into morasses. While the Germans have been constructing movable forts, heavy and difficult to manoeuvre, the Allies have been evolving a tank that can be used on the battlefield to attack machine gun positions either by guntire or by crushing them to the earth. These new armored cara probably have not weight enough to smash o concrete "pill-box" of the Flanders type, but in a war of movejnent there is no time for construction ot machine gun emplacements. The new British tanks are easily steered and have much greater speed than the original tanks, which weighed from 'thirteen to fifteen tons and took a cur\'e very slowly. They appear to have solved the problem ot attacking lightly-entrenched forces, depending for protection largely on machine-gun outposts located in shell holes and concealed earthworks. The loss of life In the capture ot Vaux and the Wood of Valre by the Australians is reported to have been aatonishingly small because of the service rendered by the taliks In silencing the enemy's ma chine guns in the forefield. In .the recent French attack the tanks appear to have, been equally .useful. As a weapon of offense In dry weather the landsblp is iproving its value. In the great advance-to which all the Allied people look forward with earnest expectation-Allied superiority in tanks may prove almost as valu able as anperlority in the air. We know some people think it -was a crime that the A.P.P. confiscated that $1400 worth ot booze en route to Lethbrldge lor stampede week. � DECREASE IN IHE TRADE OF CMDA Ottawa. July 15.-A decrease of $116,443,123 in the trade of the Dominion for -the fiscal year is shown by the monthly statement issued through the customs department. Oauada'8 trade - for the first three months of the present year^Hotalled $515,718,816, while last year the three-month period allowed a total ot fS31,-162,029. � ^ ' Importations. A de'cline ot .more than 140,000,000 in the total ..value of goods Imiwrted Into tho'Domlhlon during the three-month period,, when compared with the previous year, la shown by theij statement. For the first threeanohths of tlie present fiscal year ^tiablo goods -w-er^ imported to the value of $136,740;899, and free goodeto the value of.$114,050,660, making a total ot �2fil,39l,B59. Last year tho total Imports- fA dutiable goods ifor the .three months amounted to $163,027, 9'4S and'-free goods to $138,891,310, a total- of291,919,255. The duty collected'this-Vear'amounted to $42, 250,761 us'a^ainat $46,287,690 In 1917, The falllrig off in exports was much greater than that of Imports for the three-^months,-when-compared with 'iai7, totalling $71,Sl5,047.- � , .Thp..total .exports, (domestic) for thp..llr9t three, months, ot the last fiscal y.ew .were $330,'^88,526. Thle year they totalled $25S,6'73,470.' The decUno as ^hAWIt.niy the statement, was partly, in'tlie Expert of.'manufactured articles;"  � I>omeatlc manufactured articles, during the three months period last year were exported to the value of $132,830,441, while this year exports of,this aature totalled only $108,740,-251. The jchjef dfcUjjo,; however, -was la the export of agricultural products the totals Jjoing $141,105,007 in 1917 against ' $81,502,062 this yenr, * faU-'.Ing off of 159,603,545, Stratford, Ont., Is to have a civic wood yard. Dr. Harry C. K. Walkor, of Wptaa-kiwln, is dead. The Kt. Rov. Tlionine F. Cusack, bishop of tho fcatholic dioceso ot Al-littny, is dead. Capt., W'm. Halo, ot Gananoque, medical officer ot tho 42na Battalion, C. K.F., in Franco, died of wounds. *^ _ Westminster Ladles' Collogo, Toronto, after an >9xlstence of -.fourteen years, will not re-open Its doors this fall. Wainwrlght Abbott, son of Jlr.^and Jtrs. W. L. Abbott ot Cohourg, Ont, who is with the Flying Gorps ot the French army has been awarded the military cross. Mrs. Hicks, a Kova Scotlan, has sent a jewel to the Red Cross Pearl Necklace, London, saying that it comes from one whose forbears fought for King and Country. Included in a list ot prisoners held In an unknown camp in Germany are Mrs. Sarah Cotfrey, 116 Hughson St. north, flamilton, Out.,, and Charles B. Reese, Spring Hill, Nova Scotia. The British Home Office Departmental Committee has discovered a procces which destroys anthj-ax germs in raw wool, goats' and "camels' hair. Formaldehyde is the chemical used. At Brantford First Baptist Church Rev. Llewellyn Brown, for nine years pastor ot that church, announced his resignation to accept the pastorate ot the Grand River Avenue Baptist Church, Detroit. Very strong Influences are being brought to hear in London to induce Sir Robert Borden to lengthen hlfi stay, It being felt his continued presence on the war cabinet is desirable during the critical weeks ahead. Private George Fletcher of the Port Arthur military guards was accidentally killed at the Port Arthur General Hospital. His head was caught by a moving elevator and crushed be yond recognition. His parents reside in EJnglanO. Ten thousand persons In San Juan have been ill of a three day fever dnr ing the last two weeke, according to doctors of the sanitary service.' In some instances business houses have been forced to close because of illness among their employes. A Mennonite colony from the United States, has purchased the big farm at Bernard, Man.. 30 miles west of Winnipeg, on the Canadian Northern Railway, formerly owned by Senator Aime Bernard. The colony will include "froia 1,500 to 2,000 people. An early deadlock in the arbitration proceedings toetween the Toronto civic employes' -union and-the city was avoided 'by the unanimous selection ot County Judge Eimerson Coates-worth as the fifth man and chairman ot the arbitration board. At a special meeting of the County Councn at St. Catharines, D. H. -Moyer of Clinton township, former Warden of Isfticoln, -was appdinted to the vacancy on the S(iburban Area Commission, caused hy the resignation recently of ex-Warden C. H. Claus. Senator Joseph Shehyn. president ot the wholesale dry goods firm ot McCall Shehyn, Son, Ltd., Montreal, is dead at the ago ot 89 years. He was a mtember ot the legislative aa-semhly of the province from ISast Quebec from 1875 to 1900, vvhen he was called to the senate. Vilhjlmur Stefansson, the Arctic explorer, stricken with fever last April at Herschel Island, and taken to Fort Yukon on a dog sledge, will spend tho summer In New York in order fo recover his gtrength, according to a letter Irom him received'by'the F,x-plorers' Club. � TUESDAY, JULY 16.181^ Albert Mackie, a: CN.R. engineer, residing at Battl.eford, appeared before t\ 'loss of not Ibbh than 7,120,000 Doteiftlal lives', 'because of tltb decrease Jn.birth resulting from the 'war, qay�,'01r JDernard J^Mlot, registrar general of Great Britain. This country, he. asserts, Jiaii-lost, :in the�o potential lives 050,000 cjiildren." Ho bolieveB that other beViigeronts havq^ Buttered ,in' this--respect more than ha^ Groat Britain. Sir Bernard, estimated -that-every- dtty of war 'moans a loss of 7,000 potential llv^s ot child-. rnn 'to tho United Kingdom, Franco, lltaly and tho Central Powers, Consolidated Fiitancial Statement of the V National. Countil, Y.M.C.A. of Canada. (CANADA , ENGLAND/.. FRANCE) 1 The National Council of the Y.M.C.A. herewith presents a complete itatement of its finanou for die i year 1917, covering its entire service Overseas and in Canada. ' ' ^ The Executive Committee ot the Covaeil arraB(ed last NoTcmbet to have a complete itatement lor the year 1917 ready for pnbUeatieii before the recent Red Triangle Fend Campaign, but owing to conditions ariilnl out of MiUtwy operation* in Fraace, this has been uhareidablr delayed. It ia piesented new at the eatUut date that aeristlBg conditions have permitted. The portioo ol the fellewing statement wMch concern* England and France his already been tubmitted to the Cvarteas MiUlary authorities. Audited statements of the fnnd* handled have been submitted to the MiUtia Department at Ottawa and for the past two years regular xccoantlng has been made ai well to the authorities in England aad in France. In addition to the regular audit in France, the canteen business is cheeked evary month by the Military Field cashiers, to determine the amennt which ia paid to MiUtafT units a* indicated in the Expenditures. Printed-copies of the andlted statements are posted up in the huts for the information of the sotdlsrs. The General Operatloa Account shews on the one hand the entire receipts ot the National ConaeU; first, from the gross sales of it* Military canteens in Canada, England and France, aad second, from subscriptions received during the year. On the other hand, there is shown the entire expenditures for the year, lacluding, first, the oe^t of the goods sold in the canteens snd, second^ the expenditures connected with the entire serrice which is carried on under the dlrectioti of the ,^aUonal Council. TbW Balance repTcscnts the eacess of receipts over eapeBdiliires. Of this the sum of $118,351.43 was the balance at the National Head-quartc/s at Toronto, and the remainder was Overseas. This.bUence at the end of (be calendar year represents the amennt available to ^arry on operations until the time of the campaign In 191i. 'While the finaadat statement is drawn up on the basis of the calendar year the receipts from the campaign of one year have to scrve^ahtil (he campaign ot the next year. The above "balance-, at the Ifational Headquarters was by April 3(Mb, just before the new campaign, not only used up but changed to a deadt of $337,910.13. This {deficit # >^s, however, oflset by the balance overseas, which has to be maintained there ss a working balance to carry on o^rations. The item ot $2M,S24.M is a special amonat'which bad to be expended for the purchase of canteen and other supplies in Canada lor shipment to France. Beginning with June, 1917, on account of the scarcity of supplies in Great Britain, ranch of the purchasing formerly done (here had to be transferred to:Canada. The long period of time required for the shipment of these supplies to Franoe involves the continuous employment ot a large st^. The amount expended for (his purpose, as at December 31st, has had to be treated as an expenditure and placed in a Reserve Account' against the merchandise .in hand. It is, however, a pos�ble asset and will, when ^realized upon, be devoted to other forms of service to the soldiers, whea (t is no longer required to maintain the caa(een serW'ce ia France.,'.'. It was possible to provide for this expenditure only because (he amount asked by the NatlonsI Council in 1917 was oversubscribed by more than the amount required just at the time the Canadian Purchasing'had to be undertaken. But for this it would have been necessary 1 either to bo^ow (bis large amount or greatly curtail the service in France. ,/ It is to be remembered that the gooda^at the front in France, where the greater part of the stock is carried, arc subject to enormous Hsks. Thb English Y.K.C.A. In the Oeracn offeiuira W Naick aad April snffcrcd lasses in huts and canteen snppUa* af �Mtar One Milliott Dollar*. In the more recent oflenslve the Ameiiekn Y.H.C.A. has enflered losses nsarly a* Itrg*, and the National Kaaeatbre hava deemed It a matter ol pmdence to be prepared to meet m itsMlar loss if it heitld faU on the Caaadlan Y.M.C.A. ' / The NaUonal CouncU has from the first declared Ihp foHfT * devoting to the service of the soldiers whatever btlu*� mtaiaa In the MiUtaty Fund ! the dose of the war. TIU* policy khfi torn msde known to aad accepted by the Overseas NIUtarjr-AiMkoHttu. The need for the Y.M.C.A. aervice will continue all �hro�|k Uie Milea of demobilUatien' and the plan of the National Cennctt 1* tie ti�e whatever balance then exists to keep ap tb* cfllclCMy � teres can reveal them, are indicated in the follovring statement. Signed on behalf of the National Council of the Y.M.C.A.' G. H. WOOD, Chairaao. F. L. RATCLIFF. Chairman of Finance Committee.^ CHAS. W. BISHOP, General Secretary. General Operations for the Year ended 31st December, 1917 Operating Balances brought forward from 1916:- (a) At National H^dquarters............... (b) In England and France^............... RECEIPTS SiTM.M 6�,8et.43 158,M4:0t 594,M8.jr 2,233,990. OS Remittances, from Canada in 1916 received Overseas in 1917.................f...�............................, Gross Canteen Sales; > InChrtaditi................................................>.................................................t In England................................'...........'...................................................... In I-'rance................................................................................................. Subscriptions received in Canada: Ontario and Quebec............................................r.............................................I 765,227.85 Western Prbvmces.............^..................................................................>......... 226,828. IS Maritime Provinces........................................................................................., 134,736,4S Interest earhed.............................................................................................. 4,601.42 ' Subscriptions received Overseas: France,...............................,.................................................................. England........................................................'.......................................... Interest earned............................................................................................ I M,MI.�S 193,806.87 2,081,797.33 - ^i,iii-��t.6i -----...... i 14,32tfW 3,82r.�t �,887.r� Adjustment of Exchange between Canada, F.ngland and France. EXPENDITURES Canada 'Cost of Goods sold in Canteens....................................................... t 103,683.67 Transportation and Transport Equipment for Canteen Goods............................ ...... Loss from Damaged Goods, Fire, Shell'Fire and Submarines.............................. ...... Canteen Equipment................................................................. 2,131.25 Administration of Canteen Ser\'ice, including Warehouse expenses.................,.,..... 7,214.45 Huts, Hut Equipment, Tents and Decorations.......................................... 18,313. SO Percentage of Canteen Sales given in Cash to Military Units for K.\tra Rations, Comforts, etc .. ...... Free Distribution of Drinks, etc., including Service to Wounded.......................... ...... Free Distribution of Athletic Supplies and IVizes......................................... Free Distribution of Stationery, Magazines, Religious and other Literature................. Frre Cinemas, Concerts, Lectures, Pianos, Music and Gramophones........................ Automobile and Transport Equipment and Maintenance......u........................ Supervision of Military Camps (Canadian figures include Salaries)........................ Administration Headquarters, including Office Expenses (Canadian figyrea include Salaries)... P3y and allowances of Overseas Secretaries, not on Government pay; extra pay and rations of non-commissioned oflRcers and men on Y.M.C.A. staff Overseas; wages and board oi civilian help Overetas, and salaries of Secretaries in Military branches iij Canada................. Rents, R44 103,418.29 9,009.45 5,100.36 1,925.85 14,456.66 14,106.52 40,976.68 5,766.82 12,179.31 24,103.02 35,019.24 8,700.35 4,043.20 8,777.40 47,640.03 10,469.43 3,204.27 7,383:03 *"874!41 7,533.69 973.33 FlANCI ...8o,.m.� nm 83,888.01 14,160,95 8,068.13 121,081.11 71,587.� 84,807. OB 39,500. W 37,061.81 60,354.33 23,189.34 3t.iM.41 17.�1S.0I Mli7�3 90| Km.sx * 70.175.18 100,871; 81 4,84�.8t 33,509.84 16,828.14 V3i:�5 i H8.W / 35,707.80 ^40,ft34.M 83,I1S.M 18.4fa.08 37.438.74 123,198.3S 33,084 59 3,304.37 'J:K:8� 9IO.0M.88 ^ Amount paid to theJBritish Y.M.C.A. for work among Canadian Soldiers.................... ...... 35,797.60 For Tvork among troops in Mesopotamia.....,......................................... 6,400.00 ...... Cash paid to Catiada for Purchases of Canteen and other supplies for France, still in transit.. .....V ...... For work in Military Barracks, Hospiuls, Discharge Depots, on Troop Trains, etc.:-- ^ In Ontario and Quebec....................................................... 28,535.18 ...... In Western.Provinces. ..'...................j................................... , 27,350.31 ....... In Maritime Provinces........................................................ 16,753.62 For work'on Trangnorts, in Munitions Plants and Internment Camps..................... 14,463.25 ...... Naval work at HaiUax.............................................................. 9,640,04 ...... For work with Boys on Farm'.Service.....,,,...........,.....,................ .i. 0,573.01 ...... Advertisihgj Printing, Organimtion and Collection Expenses in connection with Financial For cfe^eraf^ork of Natjonal Council,j)art of which is Military Administration and the remainder National supervision of Territories, Boys' Work, Student, Industrial and Railroad Departments, fund* (or which were subscribed in conjunction with Military Fund* by agreement of resuUr contributors........................................ ...... ...... Balance of Receipts and Expenditures carried forward to 1918, of which 8118,361.43 was at National Headquarters, Toronto...................................... ...... ...... AUDITOR'S CERTIFICATE Wc have audited the books, vouciiers and accounts of the National Council Headquarters at T . - 80 S,7M.�M.tO ;