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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LCI n great debate U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger recently issued an invitation to a great debate on nuclear arms agree- ment asking the in the name of God is strategic There is a sense in which the question itself suggests the impossibility of a meaningful debate. Nuclear weaponry has become so complicated that only the experts can discuss it intelligibly. In ad- there is so much secrecy sur- rounding what has been developed and how much of it that even the experts would be to some in the dark. If Mr. Kissinger had been thinking of a debate only in technological terms he would not have suggested a public debate. The limited kind of debate has presumably been going on behind closed doors. Mr. Kissinger must surely have been proposing a more philosophical kind of having to do with priorities. Even the person who cannot pronounce some of the terms relating to nuclear technology is capable of comprehending some of the assumptions that have prevailed. He appreciates that terror has had a mutually deterring effect which may have prevented a major war. But now that a Third World has demonstrated its nuclear capability and presaged the proliferation of nuclear weaponry the notion of deterrence through balanced arsenals seems ob- solete. This is surely something that needs much more discussion than it has receiv- ed to date. It must have a bearing on the kinds of nuclear arms agreements that might be reached in the future. Mr. Kissinger doubtless had this in the back of his mind when he proposed his debate. Not very far back in the mind has to be another that of devoting so much money and intelligence to a con- tinuing arms race when they are needed in a concerted effort to. deal with the massive threat to human existence through the mounting pressure of popula- tion on available resources. Discussion of technical issues relating to nuclear arms almost seems trifling with the spectre of mass starvation looming on the horizon. Fishing folly The decisions reached at the mam- moth and marathon United Nations Conference on Law of the Sea meeting in Venezuela could have far reaching effects. Few nations sense this more than Japan. Should the proposal for a 200 mile territorial waters limit or economic supported by be agreed upon Japan faces the prospect of a 40 per cent reduction in its annual catch of fish. Half of Japan's animal protein consump- tion is that of fish so the issue of the ex- tended territorial limit is of great con- cern to the Japanese. There is a real sense in which Japan has contributed to the on the part of Canada at least to extend territorial limits. Japanese fishermen have shown themselves to be diligent and proficient in their trade too diligent and too proficient in fact. Dwindling stocks of fish are causing legitimate alarm to those who look ahead In his speech at the conference early in Canada's then minister of environ- ment and the Hon. Jack argued that the extended jurisdiction was necessary in order to maintain better control over pollution and to prevent depletion of fish stocks. Experience has prompted this position. The Japanese have an interest in see- ing that the oceans are properly husband- ed and too. It is extremely foolish to over fish. this seems to be what has been despite the protestations of the Japanese to the contrary. Japan's defiance of world opinion in regard to the need for a ban on whaling doesn't give assurance that fishing limits on other kinds of marine life would be voluntarily respected. The Japanese Whaling Association argues that its whaling is not irresponsible but most naturalists see it otherwise. Food shortages cannot be allowed to sanction the depletion of reproductive fish stock for short term ends at the ex- pense of long range needs. This issue points up the urgent necessity of slowing the population explosion and accelerating the production of both matters which are scheduled for explora- tion at other major conferences in the near future. ERIC NICOL Canada's bomb Canada has carried out its first nuclear bomb test. The underground somewhere in the far north was detected by a Siberian yak herder who happened to have his ear to the ground while romping with the milk maid. felt the ground he my whole dog team jumped into the A spokesman for the federal government in Ottawa refused to confirm that an atomic bomb has been exploded. not he the test was being con- ducted under an LIP grant. Sometimes the reports are delayed if the weather is suitable for Strength of Canada's nuclear blast was es- timated to be 10 or an explosive equivalent to three bottles of Arctic homebrew. According to the testing of the Canadian atom bomb was approved after In- dia had tested her bomb underground and Bri- tain had tested her bomb underground. didn't want to be the last member of the Com- monwealth to go into the he said. Noting that Britain's governing Labor par- ty has blamed its bomb on the previous Conservative government lit a very long the Ottawa spokesman said that Canada's bomb was the responsibility of R. B. Bennett. B. was further ahead of his time than most people realized. He started excavating the underground site in 1933. He didn't know what it might be used but he had the gut Feeling that Canada should have Once the government had dug the without finding anything of it was inevitable that Canada would have to test an atomic bomb in it. Like the British bomb site in the hole was too deep for a barbecue pit and too narrow for a garbage dump. Scientists reluctantly decided to put a bomb into it. Like the British and the Indian atom Canada's nuclear weapon will be used for peaceful projects. India's bomb will be used for the peaceful purpose of excavating a through about five hundred miles wide. The peaceful use of Britain's atomic bomb is to improve letter delivery to members of the IRA. What is peaceful about Canada's bomb is that it provides an excuse for exporting no more plutonium to other countries that want to build peaceful bombs. peaceful bombs proliferating all over the said the is a real danger that peace will become muscle-bound. By developing our own we are conserving Canada's plutonium for future But the major advantage of Canada's test of a nuclear bomb is that it eliminates the need to protest every time some other nation tests a bomb. It has been particularly em- barrassing to protest about the bomb tested by Britain. When Britannia waives the Canada swallows the whistle. With both the parent countries engaged in testing nuclear it is simpler for Canada to test her own bomb than to risk con- tinued pollution of the atmosphere by Mitchell Sharp blowing his stack. Canada has given assurance that no further nuclear tests are due to take place in the near or next whichever comes first. Economic problems By Dian syndicated commentator we won't use them on each but we won't disappoint our Nuclear security debate By Tom New York Times commentator Senator Henry Jackson is home from and is quot- ed by United Press Inter- national as favorably compar- ing detente with that country to the Nixon Kissinger detente with the Soviet Union. The Chinese keep their he but the Russians had broken treaties and agreements and real issue with is and con- tinues to be whether they will adhere to Jackson and that kind of view were no doubt what Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had most in mind when he told reporters on his plane the other day that the country needed a major debate on the question of security in the nuclear age. Such a debate is not necessarily to propagate his view or or any but because the primary issues involved are both intellectually and morally difficult to judge. And there is no established American concensus on them. First among those issues is nuclear arms on the necessity for which almost everyone but beyond that necessity there are almost limitless possibilities for disagreement among honest men holding honest points of for clashes of interest between diplomatic and military es- tablishments for technical disputes among scientists and and for political debate in presidential and Congressional campaigns. As Kissinger pointed numbers of missiles on each side is an oversimplified measure of the matter. But so rrsay be the left wing idea that since the American nuclear stockpile is sufficient to destroy the Soviet the United States needs no more nuclear armaments. Halting an arms race can hardly be a unilateral matter. But more than just the technical intricacies of strik- ing a balance that protects both sides needs to be debated and illuminated. Those who maintain that the United States must always maintain strategic superiority over the Soviet or any other will have to answer some other questions Kissinger raised in Moscow. in the name of God is strategic he asked. What is the significance of What do you do with Those who feel as Jackson Lhat the Soviet Union can't be trusted to keep quickly respond that American security lies only in hard military superiority. This is an argu- ment that has been persuasive with many Americans for decades. It may still par- ticularly if an arms limitation agreement should appear to be deficient in detection and policing devices. But arms limitation is not the only difficult question in- volved. The so called Jackson Amendment to trade_ denying trade equality to any nation that restricts the emigration ot is even more wrenching. It is tempting to make the easing or elimina- tion of Soviet tactics of repression a condition for detente since those tactics are repugnant to most Americans and to the spirit of humanity. But it is hardly immoral or inhumane to argue that arms limitation should not be made to wait upon changes in inter- nal Soviet society par- ticularly when the tactics urg- ed to speed such changes would outrage Americans if practiced by another nation upon them. this is a question on which there can be honest differences of opi- nion upon there is no single valid answer. So the kind of national debate Kissinger is calling for obviously is needed. Or- a president might touch it off with a thoughtful speech or a series of or in highly publicized meetings with Congressional leaders and influential private citizens. A national committee of prominent com- mitted to improving Soviet American relations with par- ticular emphasis on arms is about to be an- nounced in Washington. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee apparently will hearings. The Democrats could not only as the opposition but as the party controlling Congress. the Democrats have let Henry Jackson's view become their most prominent contribution to this while letting detente seem ex- clusively to be Nixon's policy. In it was Adlai Stevenson in the fifties who first called for an end to nuclear testing and John Kennedy in the six- ties who achieved the limited test ban and today's party should be building on that tradition. MONTREAL Canada's economic problems are not going to disappear when the new government takes over. The economic challenge fac- ing the Liberal party will make winning the election seem like child's play. The occupant of the prime minister's office faces the heroic task of reversing a trend toward higher higher and increasing government spending that has been gather- ing momentum for the past several years. It in been almost 10 years since Canada last ex- perienced both full employ- ment and price in the jobless rate was about 3Vz per cent of the labor the consumer price index rose 2Vz per cent. One of the most damaging changes in the economy since then has been the growth of the government sector. In a quarter of Canada's economic activity was direct- ly attributable to governments. govern- ment activity represents almost 40 per cent of the whole economy. Ten years government spending at all levels was ris- ing at thej-ate of about three per cent a year. In it jumped by 10 per cent. Since provincial and federal spending has been ris- ing by a minimum of 15 per cent a year. How is this spending Mostly by the private sector. As people and corporations make more they are taxed at progressively higher rates. But a big problem has been that the private sector has not been allowed to grow as ii st as government. Industrial growth has been only a quar- ter as fast as government spending. Even the new government is on record as wanting to curb business profitability. As long as the private sector is prevented from growing at least as fast as the public the threat of higher taxes will be with us. And as taxes go ul- do prices. Ottawa's past failure to recognize its own role in inflationary prices is one fac- tor in the present inflation. It is still not clear how the new government will encourage greater production of goods in short dis- courage consumer demand which is in excess of what can be produced in this country. To few of the policies advertised to encourage supp- ly will in fact do it. More they will encourage de- mand in the new housing or encourage inef- ficiency in the new farm and transportation As for curbing consumer the last time credit controls were applied successfully in Canada was 23 years ago. The chartered banks' prime lending rate has gone from seven to 11 per cent in the past and will almost certainly rise again soon. But consumer credit rates are virtually unchanged from a year they have moved from 12 to 13 Vz per cent. Four years former finance minister Edgar Benson announced a program to restrict credit buying. It was never implemented because the government couldn't find a workable for- mula short of outlawing credit cards altogether. Neither is it clear how the government intends to deal with unemployment. It is clear that not many Canadians are extraordinarily upset by a five per cent jobless rate. But even in these the Unemployment Insurance Act runs at a multi million liollar loss. What will be government strategy if times get worse and the jobless payout to the Given this rather bleak pic- one cannot envy the men who find themselves in charge of Canada's economic future. they will do better than what has gone before them. I'm being held captive on Watergate grand jury A tyrannous American law that should be repealed By William New York Times commentator WASHINGTON The most tyrannous law on the U.S. statute books today is section 1001 of title 18 of the U.S. which makes it a crime for a person to lie to any federal official. is not a of for a federal official to lie to any While most civil liber- tarians have shyly averted their this newly dis- covered prosecutorial treasure has been used in many Watergate at John Ehrlichman's Judge Gerhard Gesell found section 1001 so distasteful he said that if it is the only count upon which Ehrlichman is the conviction would be set aside. Under section any citizen not under not informed of the danger who as much as looks cross-eyed at any petty federal bureaucrat or investigator can be hauled before a grand jury and in- dicted for an offense that carries a jail term of five years. Since the best way to repeal a bad law is to insist on its equal application to all those who break let us consider a couple of recent probable violations of section 1001 by eminent guardians of the public trust. On March 10 of this a startling story was filed out of Cleveland by United Press International reporter Pete evidence was fc Watergate hearings to support impeachment of President Watergate Committee Chairman Senator Sam said The story was based on remarks made to several reporters after a speech at Case Western in which Ervin agreed with Nixon that an impeachable offense had to be a federal crime. No evidence to support im- according to Er- Even in that was an important and the senator's surprising exoneration of the president was confirmed by another reporter Bud Weidenthal of the Cleveland who wrote that Ervin said that he learned nothing during the long investigation that indicated to him that Nixon had com- mitted an impeachable When panic stricken aides of Ervin pointed out to him the cold-print accounts of what he had said in the senator realized the magnitude of his gaffe. Although the heavens would not have fallen if he had ad- mitted a or that he had second thoughts about his he did what most politicians do to cover up a he claimed he never said it. On the Senate he told 99 federal hereby categorically state that I did nnt malrA anv atatAmanf But at least two ex- perienced writing independent accounts of what he reported just the op- posite. Somebody was not tell- ing the truth. If the person not telling the truth were the only one of the three who had any motives for then the august chairman of the Senate Watergate Committee is in violation of section 1001 and should be prosecuted. Another On June House Judiciary Com- mittee Chairman Peter Rodino told Jack Nelson and Paul Huston of the Los Angeles and Sam Donaxson of that he believed all 21 Democratic members of the committee would vote to recommend the president's impeachment. Since that was a boneheaded thing for a man trying to strike an impartial pose to Chairman Rodino's reac- tion when he read Nelson's story was predictable. He took to the floor of the House of Representatives and did knowingly and willfully say to 434 federal want to state unequivocally and categorically that this state- ment is not true. There is no basis in fact for none what- If what Rodino says is three respected Washington newsmen are lying in their teeth and filing false reports to their readers and listeners. people involved who has a motive to lie has indeed deliberately misled his fellow federal then he is in clear violation of section 18 U.S. code. In both cases Ervin's pre- judgment of Nixon as innocent and Rodino's prejudgment of him as guilty the main focus was on the news in the and not on the matter that goes to the heart of the apparent willingness of when caught in embarrassing situations to cover up their blunders with lies. We had best rid ourselves of section 1001 before we are forced into the irony of prosecuting those who lie to cover up their blunders as they pursue those who lied to cover up their blunders. After no men not even chairmen should be the Letters are welcome and will be published identification is included and address are re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a they are sensible and not they are of manageable length or can be shortened letters should not exceed 300 they are decipherable greatly helps if letters are dou- ble spaced and with writers do not submit letters too frequently. The Lethbrukjc Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDQE HERALD CO LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager if sinlir sinA fit HERALD SERVES THE ;