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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, July 13, 1972 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD _ 5 Jiook review A gifted woman's struggle for success Books by Emily Cnrr, pub- lished by Clarke Irwin and Compnny Lid. "Ilumlrcds and T h o ii s n n d n" (S10I; "Klee Wyck (SI.7S "flic Hook of Small (S1.50 (m- "The House ol All Sorts" p a p pi1 "Growing Pains" (12.25 pa- rpKERE are few Canadian women of distinction who have bequeathed our society as rich a heritage as Emily Carr. Yet it wasn't until last year that the federal government got around to bestowing honors on her, albeit belatedly, when the centenary of her birth was commemorated through the is- suance of an Emily Carr stamp. Her publishers also brought out anniversary ed- itions of her books, including a hitherto unpublished volume of notes and chronicles sifted from diaries which she had kept over the years. I have to admit my apprecia- tion for Emily Carr's prodi- gious talents was typical. I had heard of her, of course, and knew that she was an admired artist, it somewhat eccentric. Tims it was when I received her books this spring I let them sit on my table for some weeks before I finally dug into Hun- dreds and Thousands, the titlo of the excerpts from her diaries. Within half a page I realized that if Emily was anything near as talented an artist as she was a she was un- usually gifted indeed. I gobbled up all the books in short gulps until I had finished them. Now, when I'm tired or discouraged, which I am frequently, I haul out one of her books and read and read, and ultimately I feel better and somehow uplifted. Emily Can- was the comfort- able type of woman housewives can identify with. An un- married housewife herself (if that's not a contradiction in terms) her mundane daily chores had lo be done out of sheer necessity, which left her few hours to spend with her first love, developing her paint- ing techniques. She didn't re- ceive any recognition for her work until late in life, then the accolades which came lo her embarrassed her. She didn't seek fame or honor, rather, she relentlessly went after excel- lence in both her writing and her painting, never completely content with any work when it was finished. Emily's background is inter- esting. Her parents were fright- fully English, but emigrated to North America as a young cou- ple in the mid eighteen hun- dreds. For a time thsy settled in California, but both wanted to live again under the British flag so moved to Victoria which was the most English area they could find on this continent. Mr. Carr built a typical En- glish home for his family in the James Bay district which was the first part of the town to be settled after Victoria ceased to be a fort. He was es- sentially a farmer, but on the side developed a small store. e The life of early Victoria was generally bourgeois, but a cer- tain gentility was injected by upper-middle class families like the C a r r s. Emily was rather far down the large family line and when her parents died when she was still a teenager there wasn't much money to go around. Nevertheless she did have the opportunity of devel- oping her expanding interest in art at schools in London and Paris. Eventually she had to return to Victoria to face the hard realities of her slim pock- et book. She couldn't look lo her married sisters or brothers to assist her so she put what lit- tle funds she had into building a type of roominghouse on land which had been part of her father's estate. For years rev- enue from renting the rooms and apartments was her only s o u r c e of income and it was small pckings. In her house she kept a well lighted studio for herself so that when the chores of tho day left her alone for a lime she could get back to her easels. But her first paintings made her, if anything unhappy. She w a s looking for something, Borne indefinable expression, which constantly eluded her. "I want my things to rock and sway willi the hrosllis and fluids of life, but there they sit, weak and still, just pair! with- out vitality, without reality, shotting that I myself have not swayed and rocked with expe- riencing when I confronted them oil Ihcsc mountains! They won't bulk up. They are thin and papery, unperturbed, slarinR, guarding their precious secrets till something happens. Al 'cm jisttin. old pirl, they're worth the bin sl.ru.Mlc.'1 (From Hundred.- and A n experience she shares with us Is beautifully portray- ed in her book Klcc Wyck v.iiicli years lulcr won Ihe (lov. Generals award in This is a rich accounting of the visits she made lo Indian settlement] on the northern part of Van- couver Island. She managed lo win the confidence of the In- dians who were intrigued at the scenes of their life she created on canvas. Recently in the Win- nipeg Art Gallery I saw the Corner of Kitwancool Village and several other of her most famous works, among which her paintings of Indian life are so real you can almost walk inside them. As Emily improved her tech- nique, and when she was well into middle life, she began re- ceiving a little recognition. A couple of her works were shown in Toronto in 1927 and while Ihere she mel one or Iwo members of Ihe auspicious Group of Seven. Lawren Harris took a particular interesl in her and her work, encouraging, advising, criticizing. After she relurned lo Victoria they cor- responded and he was later to say "you are one of us." In time even Victoria ceased to think of Emily as a silly old woman who lived with an odd assortment of pets in a room- ing house full of "all sorts" of people. "Tomorrow there is lo be a fool fuss presenting my picture Kispiax to the govern- ment. I'm not going to the af- fair in the buildings but have to appear at a pink tea at the Empress. Why can't those who collected and got the thing say, and the government say "Thanks" and the janitor hang it on the wall? And why must one drink tea at the Em- press on the occasion? I got 51C5 for my Kisplax Village and fell very wealthy. So that's that." (Hundreds and Thou- To relieve the monotony of her landlady existence Emily bought herself a van an ear- ly trailer of sorts I expect and had it hauled to isolated areas out of the city where she lived in retreat with her dogs, her monkey Woo, her rat, and her notebooks. She tried her hand at short stories, writing and re-writing them, listening to Ihe advice and criti- cisms of her sisters when they read them over. But alas, they bounced back from publishers with discouraging regularity. Eventually in her sixties she took acoursein short story writing which she felt gave her a few skills and a little more confidence. Frankly I don't think she needed one scrap ol help her earlier slories show her lo be masterful with words. In her senior years she was unable to give as much time either to writing or painting as she would have liked as her ail- ing sisters needed her help. But long last her paintings -were being noticed in some quarters and she was getting up to and for some of her ma- jor works. Her slim books on her life The Book of Small, (on her The House of All Sorts (on her roomers) and Growing Pains (on her girlhood and adult also brought in a little extra. The money was sorely needed not only for the medical care for her aged sisters but also for herself, as she was gelling on and had suffered several heart attacks. But she was still poor and relatively unknown when she died in 1945 at the age of 73. I have heard that Emily was crotchety and difficult to get along with. There doesn't seem to have been any romance in her life and perhaps she did like animals more than people as critics like lo claim. But I disagree with the publisher's blurb that her life was not a happy one. It was not easy, but my opinion of her is t h a t she would say that it had been happy (Jisrc's a marked difference. Her daily jottings show her lo be a warm, loving woman, fond of her family and her few close friends. She was religious, and some of her notes sound almost like pray- ers. What Impressed me most about her personality however was her innate humilily. She was never sure whether she had any t a 1 e n t all either for painting or writing and sought always to improve both by re- doing and re-working. She could be tremendous inspira- lion to artists today who have a small talent and are unsure how to develop it. It's likely she would advise "jusl keep working al it." Tiie first exhibition of her paintings since 191G is current- ly louring Canada. T doubt if anyone will like all thai are be- ing displayed, but they do de- pict her efforts to capture the life thai she attests exists in trees, mountains, even old roots. She was a prolific painler, and no catalogue has ever been made of her works. Undoubted- ly there are still many hun- dreds of undiscovered Cnrr's in B.C.'and Alberta. On some of Ihem Ihe price lags would range in Ihe range. And lo think that one day, disgusted with her lack of achievement she cleared out her studio and shoved picture after picture into Ihe wood slovc! MARGARET LUCKHURST Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND "Corner of Kitwoncool Village" A painting by Emily Carr laken from the book Hundreds and Thousands Armstrongism ably refuted .Plain .Trulh .About. .Armstrongism" by Roger R.. Chambers (Baker Book House, 51.30, paperback, 146 pages, distributed hy G. R. Welch Company, DOMING on the market so soon after the rift between Herbert Armstrong, the father, and Gamer Ted Armstrong, the son, (his book is bound to have a better sale than it might otherwise have had. However, those who might hope lo find an expose of scandal will be disappointed. The object of the author is to argue the error of the Armstrong teaching an amalgam of Brilish Israelism, Sabbatarianism, dispensalional- ism and other Ihings. Mr. Chambers uses the Bible effectively lo demonstrate the inadequacy of these central po- sitions appropriated by the Armstrongs in their Worldwide Church o[ God. His contention is that the Bible Is lo be taken literally, thai is, Ihe plain sense is lo be sought and a wooden- ness that docs not recognize figurative language or fanciful- ness thr.t lakes no account of context is lo be eschewed. Un- fortunately Mr. Chambers isn't consistent (who in his fol- lowing of this principle of inter- pretation. The historical crit- ical approach which is dis- missed, in a footnote on the dis- cussion of the book of Daniel, is essentially an< attempt to be faithful to the contextual prin- ciple of interprelation. Is it not fanciful to insist thai Ihe book of Daniel contains predictions made in the 6th Century B.C. when the Aramaic language in which much of it was written only developed at a later time? To argue for the Lost Tribes (of Israel) theory which sees them turn up as Anglo-Saxons is to make certain unwarranl- cd assumptions, according lo Chambers. One of liiem is lo presuppose the t o I a 1 deporla- Lion and national or racial sur- vival of Ihe northern kingdom of Hoshea during Ihe time of the Assyrian conquest in the 8th century B.C. I wouldn't have thought this would be ne- cessary to the Brilish-Israelile theory since Ihe wandering of Ihe descendant of an aristo- cratic minority o[ the northern people would suffice. Bui ap- First explorer of Canada "Samuel De Cliamplaln" by Samuel Eliot Morison (Little, Brown and Company (Can- ada) Limited, 290 JJERE is a fine tribute to the first of the great ex- plorers of Canada. Champlain spent most of his adult life, more than 30 years, exploring Canada hoping to es- tablish the first major French setllcmenl in Ihc wcsl and also wilh Ihc hope of finding Iho long-sought route to China. Diplomacy was one of his strong points he was prob- ably the first explorer who saw the native people as human be- ings and he treated them as such. However, tills did not prevent numerous run-ins wilh somo Iribes, notably the Iroquois, An a c c o u n I of several battles is contained in this book but the author lends lo sidestep the more gruesome dclails. As expected, Champlain's life In Canada was filled wilh frus- tration. He survived hardship heaped upon hardship lo estab- lish a colony in Quebec only lo lose it to the opportunistic En- glish because Ihc French gov- ennncnl failed lo supply him wilh enough settlers and ade- quate proteclion for Iho few lhat were Lhcre. Chnmphln got Quebec back eventually only lo have it lost forever to Ihc English on the Plains of Abraham more than 100 years later. Ironically, Ihe Plains of Abrnhnm had been cleared by one of Ihe settlers brought to Canada by Cham- plain. If Ihe kings of France, dur- ing Chrunplnin's life, had the vi- sion and foresight of Uieir greatest explorer, Canada to- day might have been the largest French speaking nation in the world. In fact, the Canadian nation could have included the eastern United States as far south as New York if only Champlain had been able to convince Ihcm of the potential that lay untapped along the eastern seaboard. Morison's w c 11-resewchcd account of Champlain's ex- ploits provides Ihe reader vilh a clear, close-up view of early Canadian history. One of the world's greatest writers of slo- ries of Ihe sen, Morison trans- fers his enthusiasm for Cham- plain into the pages of his book. Numerous maps and draw- ings sketched by Champlnin during his voyages are a valu- able contribution lo Ihc book, RON CALDWELL parently Armstrongism Insists on the total view because of biblical references lo "all Is- rael" being deported. Cham- bers docs a good job of dem- onstrating from the Bible that this is a figure of speech and thai all Ihe people were not de- ported. Thus Armstrongism at least is given a bad jolt. The disposing of the nolion lhat observance of the Sabbath is a moral law binding for all time is convincingly done in a lot less space than was re- quired lo deal wilh the Lost Tribes. Chambers contends that the Sabbath like circumci- sion was an everlasting cov- enant made with Israel only. Christians have been released from obligation lo observe the Jewish Law and they worship on Sunday in lestimony to the resurrection on the first day of the week. Dispensa lionalism is too complex a subjecl to try to cope v.ilh in a paragraph. A quotation will have to suffice to give the flavor of Chamber's al- titude toward it. "Twenty fig- ures of speech appear in chap- ters 19 and 20 of Revelation alone. T h e dispensationalist preacher understands all or nearly all the twenty figures in a symbolic way. He then looks up from his Bible and wilhout even blinking asserts thai Iho 'thousand years' means literal- ly that On the whole (his is a good refutation of the main lenels of Armstrongism. U labors the Losl Tribes issue in compari- son lo Ihe other mailers dealt with; there are occasional lapses into harsh language; and Ihe paucity of infonnalion alwul the Armstrongs and their church may he. assuming loo great an acquairlance on Ihe part of readers. Twice Ihe author makes Ihe romnic.nl lh.il people will be- lieve certain things because Ihcy went lo believe Ihcm. Peo- ple who reject all religions sus- pect thai 'the will lo believe' characterizes adherents of any failh. If Irue il makes Ihe writ- ing of redil.ilions an exorcise in futility. DOUG WALKER That time of year again ALTHOUGH this space has been used on occasion to reflect on the use-mis- use-overuse of certain kinds of cliches, it is as the litle says that time of year again This weekend is Ihe eve of the annual "Whoop-Up Days" festivities and the associated conglomerate of functions wet and dry all part of southern Alberta's extravaganza. The word cliche usually Implies a kind of assumed regularity of usage but this year I find, insofar as the University of Lelhbridge is concerned, the summer of 1972 is the forerunner of some very excit- ing happenings. Specifically, in preparing for the university's display in the Youth- arama building and the nearly vis- itors expected, it soon became a matter of priorities in deciding what aspect of the university's activity would provide Ihe best focal point for our efforts. However, and without too much dif- ficulty, Ihe Official Opening-72 Iheme, which is lo be formally introduced next week, was the winner and a good deal of lime has been spenl preparing pholo pan- els and brochures lhat will give Ihe people of soulhern Alberta an understanindg about the significance of 00-72, now just two months away. Secondly. In considering the very encour- aging enrolment increases experienced dur- ing the spring semester and the first two summer sessions (the third begins July it will be a prime objective to make available quanlilies of infonnalion about the university's programs. Visitors to our display will be able to pick up copies of Ihe 1972-73 calendar, awards and scholar- ships brochures, on-campus residence in- formation, and a specially-prepared contin- uing education brochure. The latter indi- cates what the university will be doing in terms of on and off campus (15 towns) programs for the 1972-73 term. Suffice it to say all these items provide the kind of information of value to prospective and continuing students about the interest- ing variety of academic study offerings available from to p.m. each day of the week during the fall and spring sem- esters. A good deal of interest was shown In tho evening degree programs introduced this past spring semester and details aboul this offering will also be available. Third. In response lo a continuing num- ber of requests for photographs of the. new campus, Ihe "Whoop-Up Dsy.s" special bul- letin features an excellent assortment of photographs and stories about the campus and its people. These will be good mailing pieces for friends and relatives and, ac- companied wilh a special insert "You Were Asking should salisfy many of the interested-interesting inquiries received daily. Fourth. Obviously the university will have people on hand lo distribute materials no charge, and with no (nlipalinn as you might hesr elsewhere (in il.e grounds) and to answer questions and pro- vide Lhe details about 00 72, Ihs complete campus, courses, admission, etc. All Ihis will be enclosed in an interesting and extremely attractive color and pholo- dominaled booth prepared by the produc- tion services division of Ihe university-, and located on Ihe besl pedestrian-traffic loca- tion on the grounds, right inside the south doors of the Youtharama building. We hope the many people who appear to he very interested in the university viil drop in, pick up some materials and ask some questions. After all, the campus is now complete, the financial situation is looking better and tho official opening and its many community-oriented events is set for September 22, 23, and 24 although the cliche about lhat time of year has been applied here, it certainly doesn't describe adequately this juncture in the university's development and the ex- citing "first year" on the now fully-com- pleted campus. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The menace of superficiality A correspondent for Canadian papers resident in London contrasts England and Canada. Some tilings he likes, some he doesn't like in both countries. The en- tire article deals with the superficial and trivial. One of his most important objec- tions to Canadian life, for example, has lo do with the difficulty of getting liquor. In England it is necessary to join a club on Eome occasions. So it goes. What of the English educa- tional system which has been and is being radically changed? What effect will entry into the Common Market have? How does English cultural life compare to Canada's? What is the British opinion on the Com- monwealth of Nations? Who are the new British writers? What are the effects of floating the pound? Has Communism ser- iously penetrated the unions? Is England now a pagan counlry? There are hundreds of serious questions to which people in this country would like an answer. The writer calls to mind Ihe Mother Goose rhyme about a cat who went lo London to see the Queen: Pussypcat, pussy-cat, what did you there? I frightened a lillle mouse under Ihe chair. Shallowness and superficiality are major factors in our modern society leading lo insanity. People come to the same condi- tion thai Wordsworth did after the French Revolution disillusioned him, "I losl all feeling of conviclion, and, in fine, sick, wearied oul with contrarieties, yielded up moral questions in despair." Great numb patches develop in the life of the spirit and sensitivity is losl. Men and women are ir- ritated by trifles, but Ihe capacity for great, noble feeling is lost. In the course of a conversation with John D. Rockefeller, Sanlayana mentioned Spain's population. After a pause the mil- lionaire murmured, "I must tell them at the office they don't sell enough oil to Spain." So Santayana saw leering in lhat one sentence Ihe ugliness and barrenness of Ihe modern age. All things were judged by their utilitarian value, by the price they fetched in the market, and by the consump- tion of material goods. So between Man and Rockefeller there was a grim similar- ity of spirit, the attitude which led to mass atheism and the depersonah'zation of man with an ultimate allegiance to the material ar.d the secular. A writer on Spring remarked, "To snatch the passing moment and examine it for signs of eternity is the noblest of occupa- tions." There is very little engagement in lhat occupation today. The contemporary sickness and disintegration of Wrestern civ- ilization consists in the same source de- cribed by Paul in his day, mankind is living "wilhout hope and without God in the world." Like the Roman world, con- temporary society is growing falling into despair and superstition, Eban- doning its faith in rationality, with a loss of the great dimensions of life. Surely there is a certain religiosity, what has been described as "religion-in-general." It Is a fake, lacking genuineness and sincerity, and would not save a dor, lei alone a hu- man soul. A man advised his son when he set out for college: "If you do not learn to think and to read and meditate on great matters, your mind will become like a child's bank, inlo which nothing but small .-jiar.se, nick- els and dimes, will go." Just so! Plans for Expo develop The Spokane Spokesman Review TPROM now until May, 1974, rievelop- menls of Expo '74 will increase in tempo and excitement. The recent annoucement lhat the Rus- sians intend lo participate, however, has to be labbed as among Ihe mosl exciling events (o dale. While Soviet representative previously had expressed interest in staging an ex- hibit and so participating in Spokane's ecol- ogical exposition, Ihe fir.il decision un- doubtedly was helped by Ihe fact that Philadelphia's plans lor a 1976 World's Fair collapsed. This may spark Spokane partici- pation from other nations which also wcro evaluating which place lo exhibit. Because time is important in determin- ing location on Ihc site of Expo, Ihe Phila- delphia fnde-oul will bring Spokane, morn exhibitors nt an earlier dale. Wishing good locations for Ihcir exhibit buildings, for- eign Datloni as well as domestic exhibi- tors no doubt will hurry their notificalions of intention lo be Expo participants. Spokaniles will have a chance lo undor- sland many foreign cultures durini: Kxpo, as well as to see outstanding entertain- ment and ecological advances. Russia can include sonic surprises we can'l anticipate. Most Americans have had litlle or no chance lo sec examples of Russia's scientific or cultural advances. Russia is 3 land most Americans have not seen; its people are strangers lo us. Al Expo, Spokaniles will have a chance to observe Ihe Russian exhibit and the peo- ple who staff it for six monlhs. We may he fortunate In becoming acquainted wilh Russian officials who come lo make ar- rangement for the exhibit, as well. Tho same will he truo for people of all nalions which participate. Spoknnites, be- cause we live on Ihc site of Expo, so to speak, have a grondsland coat for learn- Ing. ;