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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 _ THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, July IS, 1970 David Humphreys Pressure Required Anyone who thinks that citizen anti-pollution groups are unnecessary should ponder recent news stories about the messes made by oil drillers in the Swan Hills area. If that does not prove convincing nothing will. The Kinuso Fish and Game Asso- ciation brought the pollution to the attention of the government through documentation. This resulted in prompt action against the oil com- panies. The government is to be com- mended for its firmness in dealing with the offenders. But then it was revealed by Dr. J. Donovan Ross, Minister of Lands and Forests, that the negligence of the oil companies has been known to his department officials for three years. Although orders to clean up were issued they were largely ig- nored by the polluters. It is clear, then, that until the pub- lic became aroused over pollution, the government did not feel it had the sort of. backing required to shut down oil operations. Apparently, also, the oil companies felt they had little to fear in being defiant of govern- ment orders. Now the situation has changed. The people of this province are not going to stand for continued flagrant de- spoilation of the environment. Defi- ance of government orders is not apt to be expressed in the near future at least, Complacency on the part .of citi- zens is apt, however, to allow the previous carelessness to creep back. Pressure must be the fight to keep a tolerably liveable en- vironment is to be won. The Poppy Crop Illegal drugs are pouring into the United States like water through a sieve, in spite of desperate efforts to stop traffickers. Last year when the U.S. initiated Operation Inter- cept motorists going to the U.S. from Mexico were stopped and sub- jected to intensive search. It didn't work. Plainly, traffickers who knew what to expect, were not going to walk into the trap. Operation Inter- cept has now become Operation Co- operation, with the U.S. and Mexi- can governments working together in an attempt to halt the flow. But the difficulties are immense and au- thorities report that so far there has been no appreciable slowdown. Marijuana, cocaine, heroin continue to come in in huge quantities. Some of the narcotics are home grown in Mexico, some are grown in Europe, particularly Turkey, processed in France, smuggled to Mexican points for shipment to the U.S. It is esti- mated that 80 per cent of heroin smuggled into the United States, starts out as opium grown in Tur- key. Other countries where opium is grown include Afghanistan, Yugo- slavia, and Iran. In a determined effort to slow down the flow of drugs, 109 mem- bers of the U.S. Congress are spon- soring a bill aimed at destroying the vicious threat to American so- ciety. It authorizes the President to cut off economic aid to any coun- try which does not act to stop the growing and processing of the nar- cotics that pour into America clan- destinely. One of the co-sponsors of the bill remarks that he is "tired of half-hearted gestures of concern while officials abroad wink at what is going on right under their noses. The threat of terminating all eco- nomic and military assistance should be a language they under- stand." The bill could help to diminish the availability of illegal drugs hi the U.S. in time. One can only hope fervently that it does for the sake of Americans as well as Canadians who are becoming increasingly aware that the amount of narcotics smuggled from the U.S. into this country has become a national prob- lem. In the end, however, the use of drugs must be attacked as a human problem involving psychologists, so- cial workers, psychiatrists, profes- sional men and women and parents. Massive propaganda war against the use of cigarettes is beginning to show that it is working. An even more determined national effort to reveal the horrors in store for drug users would be effective particular- ly if it engaged the attention of young people who have the most to lose by copping out via the narco- tics trail. Merciful Neglect The new Canadian Medical Asso- ciation code of ethics rules that doc- tors need hot go to great lengths to prolong the life of a patient whose mind is dead. There will be general approval of this change in official stand. Doctors as well as the public have long been troubled by efforts to post- pone death when it often appeared that it would be merciful to practise neglect and permit the patient to die. When life continues as only a techni- cality it is senseless to invoke the re- sources of modern medical science to sustain it. As a consequence of the pleadings of families, the bizarre practise of hooking up mechanical aids to keep bodies functioning for a few more days was being quietly abandoned by many doctors. The new code simply recognizes what has become accepted thinking if not practise. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON "Daddy, what does n the Vice-President of the United States "What do you mean, what does he "I mean what does he "Well, he ah uh he raises money for his party." "How does he do "Well, he goes to a large fund raising dinner or a lunch, and he speaks to people in his own party who give or to bear him attack the other party." "But what does he do as "I told you what he does. He also dis- sents with people who dissent." "I don't understand what dissent means." "Well, there are a lot of people in this country who don't agree with what Presi- dent Nixon is doing, and they say so. Now Vice-President Agnew doesn't agree with what they're saying. So the Vice-President dissents with them and calls them names. Then they dissent and call him names. So be gets madder and calls them more names and so on ad infinitum." "Doesn't he do anything else besides dis- "There's so much dissent in the country that dissenting can be a full-time job." "Does he help President Nixon run the "Of course not. How could he do that and still fly around raising money for the party? Oh, he sits in the Senate every once in a while just in case he has to break a tie vote, but governing the country isn't Mr. Agnew's bag. Besides, the Constitution is pretty loose about what a Vice-President has to do. Seme play golf, others play ten- nis, but Agncw prefers to stay out on tho road calling a spade a spade." "Doesn't the President get mad that the Vice-President isn't "The President's delighted. Most presi- dents of ;he United States never knew what to do with their vice-presidents. The fact that Mr. Agnew has1 found a way of keep- ing busy pleases President Nixon no end." "Does the Vice-President get "Very well." "You mean just for calling people names? "He doesn't just call people names, dum- my. You see, in this country there are good apples and bad apples. The bad apples have to be separated from the good apples. No one knows who the bad apples are except the Vice-President. His job is lo go to Re- publican fund raising dinners and say 'How about these apples "What does that "It gets him a standing ovation." "Who are the bad "Who aren't is a better question. Averell Harriman for one, Cyrus Vance for an- other, Sens. Fulbright, Church, Hatfield, Mc- Govern; James Reston, Herb Block, effete intellectuals, the eastern establish m e n t press, network commentators and rotten kids and people on welfare and peaceniks. God knows bow many bad apples are still in his barrel." "If all the Vice-President does is sepa- rate the good apples from the bad apples, why doesn't the Republican Party pay him instead of the American "Because if anything happens to the Pres- ident, the Vice-President takes over the country." "What v.'culd happen "Dammit son, you ask too many ques- tions." (Toronto Telegram News Scrvics) Only The Worst Appears Inevitable TJELFAST: What hope is there for Northern Ire- land? Even the most optimistic now look forlornly beyond the tragic folly of the present vic- tory for sectarian ignorance. The old passions have been aroused. Lives have been lost. Property has been extensively damaged and livelihoods placed in jeopardy. Depressingly, only the worst appears to be inevitable. Gov- ernments worry and wring their hands. The marches take place and the trouble runs its course. The few instances of the tri- umph of moderation are wel- comed like fresh wind blowing away the tear gas. The community searches for hope in the heroics of a band of Ballymiirphy housewives who formed a human barrier across streets to prevent youths from throwing stones at troops. And the home secretary, Reginald Maudling, declares that there is indeed hope, that a solution is possible even though, he ad- mits, it is not particularly ap- parent. What tliis troubled province needs and lacks most of all is courageous leadership of a liigh order. There is a thankless task ahead for a great leader able to pick his way through the rubble. He must be able to keep the confidence of the Protestant majority and earn the confi- dence of the Roman Catholic minority. This leader is not Major James Chichester Clark, the present prime minister. It is doubtful whether he has the confidence of either side now. There is no leader in Northern Ireland of the required calibre obviously waiting a call. One can hope that the axiom about the times producing the leader may apply. Mr. Maudling did not win the confidence of the minority dur- ing Ins initial fact finding visit. He spent too little time talking to Catholics, too much with what they consider to be his Unionist colleagues at Stor- mont. And he made the faux pas of laying a wreath to commem- orate the Battle of the Somme which practice has fashioned into a Protestant occasion here. Mr. M a u d 1 i n g has the add- ed burden of the deep seated suspicions of the Tories which have grown out of the attitudes of previous British Tory gov- ernments toward Ireland. Giv- en the Heath government's firm commitment lo reform and Mr. Handling's tribute to his much- respected predecessor James Callaghan, there is every rea- son to hope that present doubts will in time be overcome. The real problem, as the Heath government sees it, lies in Northern Ireland. In one of his first public speeches, Prime Minister Edward Heath said, "In the end it is for the people of Ulster to decide if they want to listen to those who preach hate and destruction and to those who seek to plunge North- ern Ireland back into the trou- bles of the past or whether they will work together in hope and in peace and will make the most of skills, resources and beauty of their country and find an important place in the mod- ern world." Which brings us back to lead- ership, lack of. Nobody who has listened to the insults of mu- tual disrespect can doubt that it is a formidable problem. The province is not crying out for leadership, at least not leader- ship of the right quality. It hails its Paisleys and its Devlins when a Laurier is needed. There is no point in looking into Irish history for a precedent be- cause there isn't one. The objective of leadership must be to break out of the vi- cious cycle of distrust and rec- rimination. The prevailing mod- erate attitude at. Stormont is that the reforms, so loudly de- manded by the civil rights ad- vocates last year, are now ei- ther law or very close to law, yet the trouble continues. Therefore, according to this view, the reforms were not real- ly the cause of the discontent which they proceed to attribute to forces more sinister. This at- titude was clearly expressed in the statement of the gov- ernment following the rioting of June 27. "In the activities of the gun- The harp that once through Tara's halls the sound of music shed Anthony Westell Voluntary Wage Guidelines Dead Prices and Incomes Commission will probably have to advise the Cabinet within the next couple of weeks that the voluntary wage guide- lines is a failure. A month after the commis- sion puts its plan for a 6 per cent ceiling before finance ministers at the Winnipeg con- ference, it is clear that few of the provinces are ready to use muscle to impose restraint. While the finance ministers gave support to the guideline at Winnipeg, their only formal undertaKng was to .go home and seek the co-operation of their governments in making the ceiling stick. But when the Canadian Labor Congress declared war on the guideline, most of the provincial cabinets quickly de- cided that discretion was much the better part of political valor, and that if anything was going to get into a battle with Big Labor, it had better be Ot- tawa. Commission chairman John Young has since talked several times to Ontario Premier John Robarts to try to persuade him to use his political prestige and economic influence of his gov- ernment to back the guideline, but with no success. Ottawa can impose the 6 per cent ceiling on the post office and on its other em- ployees, and put pressure on employers in industries under federal jurisdiction, but without the cooperation of the prov- inces, there is little it can do short of emergency legisla- tion to impose mandatory con- trols over wide areas of the economy. Young himself is in almost daily contact with Deputy Fi- nance Minister Simon Reisman and former deputy Bob Bryce, now an advisor to the prime minister, and the three often lunch together. Commissioner George Free- man, from the Bank of Can- ada, keeps in touch with Gov- ernor Louis Rasminsky. Com- missioner George Haythorne, former deputy Minister of Labor, has contacts high in labor movement, and Commis- sioner Bertram Barrow moves regularly between Ottawa, Tor- onto and Montreal talking to business tycoons. After checking with these and other sources over the next week or so, the commis- sion will probably be forced to the conclusion it is hard to see any alternative that the guideline, is dead. .The tougher question will be what action, if any, to recom- mend to the government. Young sometimes gives the impression of being a naive crusader for unrealistic causes, but he has never privately been under any deep illusions about the efficacy of voluntary con- trols. When the commission was set up last year, the terms of reference were vague enough to allow Young to choose be- tween theoretical research into the causes and control of infla- tion, and an active part in the current struggle against rising prices. He decided, with some misgivings and against a good deal of private advice, to have at least a college try at getting governments, business and labor to agree on a package of restraints. Almost from the outset of the private discussions last fall, labor leaders made clear they did not believe voluntary con- trols could work, and that, in any event, they could not sup- 'Crazy Capers' port them on behalf of their members who were intent on wage increases. Young almost gave up at that point, but he had had some success in discussions with pro- vincial governments and with business leaders. It is probably true also that in trying to con- vince others that voluntary re- straints could be made to work, he had weakened his own ini- tial skepticism and persuaded himself that success was near. At the February conference with businessmen he negot- iated a one year agreement to hold price increases below cost increases. Although it is now fashionable to scoff at that for- mula, it seems to have worked reasonably well. The commission's early battles to force the copper and aluminum producers to roll back price increases persuaded other businessmen that it was easier to abide by the rules in private than to get involved in a messy bad-for-the-image fight iu public. Part of the commission's problem, in fact, is that it can- not prove its credibility by pub- licizing cases in which it catches businessmen raising prices without proper justifica- tion and then, by the threat of publicity, persuades them to reconsider. Young and his colleagues were less successful in enlist- ing the support of the provinces in February. Although the pre- miers agreed in general lo do what they could to hold down incomes, rents and other eco- nomic pressures under their jurisdiction, little has been done. Provincial leaders have been no more anxious to impose un- popular restraints on landlords and professional people than they now are to get tough with labor. With his dream of a compre- hensive system of voluntary re- straints rapidly crumbling, Young now has to decide whether to retreat into theo- retical research or to give new battle advice to the Federal government. The advice would have to be a choice between mandatory controls on wages, profits and prices, and continued reliance on the economic squeeze on profits and employment to work its own painful cure. Neither course is attractive to the government, while there is great concern about unemploy- ment, there is also strong op- position to legal controls, with all the constitutional, admini- strative and economic difficul- ties they threaten. The Cabinet's solution, as the prime minister has been hint- ing, may well be to postpone again the hard decision by call- ing a summit conference of business and labor for Septem- ber, for one more try at vol- untary restraint. (Toronto Star Syndicate) men and the carefully planned incendiarism there is clear evi- dence that thpre are people in- volved in tliis rioting who want to destroy Northern Ireland." The government appealed to all decent people to let the forces of law and order get oh with the job of "stamping out the destructive elements in our midst." Without discounting the gov- ernment's point undoubtedly the enemies of Ulster have been at work the solution is not so simple. Rounding up the ter- rorists and trouble makers would be a hopeful develop- ment, as is the government's prompt action lo pass legisla- tion providing jail sentences of from six months to five years for those convicted of various riot offences. But this is not Quebec. It's not just a case of rounding up die troublemakers. Nor is it a matter of passing legislation about social justice. The government of the day must have the strength to see the legislation through in the spirit of reform. As a beginning an act of mag- nanimity by the ruling major- ity seems to be an independent observer. But Mr. Maudling tried that ploy unsuccessfully when he attempt- ed to have the Orange marches cancelled voluntarily. The trend is just the other way, a back- ward looking obsession with old grievances and selective his- tory. Lord O'Neill, who as Captain Terrence O'Neill, was the for- mer prime minister of North- ern Ireland, said on British tel- evision that he doubted wheth- er the moderates at Stormont would be re-elected. Rather, he was afraid they would lose the next election to hard-line right- wingers. To the south, the pasture of the government of Premier Jack Lynch in Dublin is watch- ed nervously from both Belfast and London. Since last October the Lynch government has preached reason and modera- tion. Without abandoning its ob- jective ultimately of a reunited Ireland, it has emphasized dip- lomatic and political methods rather than force. But Mr. Lynch, too, has his hard-liners. He has maintained his policy at the cost of firing two prominent ministers from his cabinet, risking a party split. An opinion poll has re- ported that two thirds of the Irish people support Mr. Lynch. The alternative to the Lynch approach is a slide to the right in the South, bringing with it a more belligerent policy toward the North, beside which a min- ister's private visit to Catho- lics in Belfast would be a sim- ple discourtesy. The Heath gov- ernment has been content to treat the visit of Dr. Patrick H i 11 e r y, the external affairs minister, as coolly as possible, hoping it will pass at Stormont. In present circumstances the best hope of the British gov- ernment is that both Mr. Lynch and Major Chichester- Clark will survive. They are really similar in their methods and in some objectives. They are beset by similar political problems. If they do survive, there is some hope, even if it is based on the belief that the sit- uation cannot get much worse. During the Easter troubles moderates warned that the sit- uation would get worse before it got better. They predicted the Paisley victories. They also forecast that better sense would prevail after the people had pounded and burned each other. Only in the knowledge that their judgment has proven par- tially right can there be optim- ism for a happier time within the province and for more nor- mal relations with Dublin and London. (Herald London Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Lethbridge at the pres- ent time is a mecca for the un- employed and the government employment bureau is having difficulty finding men to fill the demands for labor received daily. Alberta needs har- vesters, according to the bu- reau. 1030 The present heat wave in tlie west has taken a toll of 16 lives, most of them in drown- ings. The death toll continues to rise in the United States as temperatures of 100 or higher still continue in much of the mid-west. in ministry of infor- mation in London has announc- ed "postponement" of the eva- cuation of children to Canada and the United States. The rea- son given was that not enough warships are available to con- vey evacuee vessels. 1JI50 Secretary General Trygve Lie urgently appealed to 52 United Nations members for ground forces and other as- 'sistance for the UN Korean war effort. F. Kennedy scor- ed a smashing first ballot vic- tory to become the Democra- tic party's first Roman Catho- lic presidential candidate in 32 years. the Letlibndge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRrDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and. tho Canadian Daily Ncwrpapv Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W, MOWERS. .Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General .Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM !WY Mailing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKEH Advertlsinn Editorial Pan Editar "THE HERALD SSRVES THE SOUTH' ;