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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 TH! LETH3RIDCI HERALD Wednosday, July IS, 1970 Pressures Threaten To Disrupt Cloistered Life Of Hutterites By JIM OSBORNE Canadian Press Staff Direct and subtle pressures are threatening to disrupt UK near-cloistered life of the 000-member Hutterile sect of Canada. The direct pressure comes from opponents of the about of the Hutterites live in claim the 450-year-old life style of the quiet and humble people will ruin the economies of rural communities. More subtle are the prob- lems of inbreeding and the growing influence of the out- side world on the Hutterite young. Hutterite elders concede there are pockets of dissen- sion, but they dismiss recur- ring predictions that internal strife, mating difficulties and Ask About The NEW INVISIBLE MULTIFOCAL LENS (MULTILUX) fOPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. social pressures from tlic out- side will stamp out their tra- ditional way of communal life. They say the II u 11 e r i t e Brethren Church is far from breaking up, and their growth during 52 years in Canada lends support to this conten- tion. From two original colonies in Alberta in 1918, they have spread to 74 others in the provir.ee and expanded on to 25 parcels of land in Saskat- chewan and Manitoba. SUBJECT TO APPROVAL E. F. Breach, chairman of the Alberta Communal Prop- erties Board, which must ap- prove all Hutterite land ac- quisitions, estimates that 116 colonies have grown from the original two. This growth has prompted vocal critics to demand more-stringent controls. Al- berta law now prohibits any- new colony being established within 15 miles of another and limits the size of-new colonies. All land purchases by Hut- terites mist be approved by the board. Hutterite leaders say they are outgrowing the productive capacity of the acres of farm land they now occupy ill Alberta, and a few colonies are in financial trouble. Mr. Breach said Hutterites are "true farmers in every sense of the word." They are so efficient that il growth and development is n o t controlled, "eventually they would own a large part of our best farm land." The incentive for farmers tc sell out to Hutterites is hard to resist. Most transactions .are cash and the credit.rating of most colonies is A-l. SEE BUSINESS THREAT Criticism that Hutterite col- onies hurt local business is supported by a study for the properties board which showed that the sect patron- izes only four types' of busi- ness: medical, lumber, ma- chinery and bulk fuel oil. The study said that if three colonies were located close to- gether they would ruin the economy of a nearby town. Hutterite financial leaders are astute businessmen and are elected from among each colony for life, as are the heads, or over other functions on their farms. Many colonies market some produce, such as eggs and chickens, door-to-door and often at prices well below the SAVE Up to 3.50 1.38 PER GALLON QUART Reg. Wooleo Price 8.99 to 11.47 Reg. Wooico Price 2.74 to 3.97 7.97 9-59 Per GALLON Per QUART INTERIOR LATEX LATEX SEMI-GLOSS OIL BASE HOUSEPAINT LATEX HOUSEPAINT ALKYD SEMI-GLOSS HIGH-GLOSS ENAMEL (1500 COLOURS TINTED FREE) T.P.V. INTERIOR LATEX WHITE SPECIAL GALLON 3.99 WHITE SEMI-GLOSS ENAMEL WHITE HOUSE PAINT OIL BASE WHITE LATEX HOUSE PAINT 'Super Summer Sale' a a totol Woolco effort fo bring you a month of out- standing values. Specially picked, specially priced to suit your family budget. Monday and Tutlday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Wednesday 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.; Thursday and Friday a.m. to i 9 p.m.; Saturday 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive level at which local mer- chants can compete. Merchants interviewed in a recent survey tended to be philosophical about this kind of competition. Those in some of the smaller centres in southern Alb.erta said, how- ever, that if there were many more colonies selling in this manner it would disable their businesses. Economics was the basis of most early, criticism, some at times threatening, prior to the Communal Properties Act. Now, relations with neighbor- ing town residents and farm- ers are generally amiable, al- Religious Freedom In Soviet TOKYO (AP) Soviet dsle- gates at the Baptist World Con- gress defended their nation Tuesday on questions of reli- gious freedom and a guest from Thailand questioned the pro- priety of moon missions when much of the world is hungry Ilia G. Ivanof, pastor of Mos cow Baptist Church, replied t< questions in a symposium on re ligious freedom by saying free- dom exists in the Soviet Union. 'Only one condition exists for these freedoms and that is tha we obey the Ivanof said "We acknowledge and rcspec ;he laws of our country." A British Baptist pastor Roger Hayden, said there are varying degrees of denial of re igious freedom in such coun Ties as China and other Com munist Spain, Colom )ia and South Africa. In white- ruled South Africa, he said, the racial separation imposed on churches is an abridgement o: freedom. In an address to the congress which opened Sunday with Baptists from 77 nations J Kyaw Than, general secre- tary of the East Asian Christian Conference in Bangkok, said the hree main issues Christians should tackle are peace, hunger and reconciliation between peo- )le and nations. 'While two-thirds of the world is begging for Than said, "the wealth of the nation hat could provide bread is spent on a space venture to ring back a rock from the moon." Birth Control Assistance Bill Passed WASHINGTON (AP) The Jnited States Senate, approved Tuesday a five-year federal pro- ram of birth-control assistance .nd research with a projected rice tag of nearly 300. The bill was passed without ebate or dissent and sent to IB House of Representatives. It authorizes a system of grants and contracts to be ad- linistered by a new office of opulation affairs. The declared goal is to make vailable family-planning serv- ces and information to all mericans who want them. During the current budget ear the bill would authorize pending of up to with the ceiling increasing over ach of the next four years. President Nixon has said that dcquate family-planning serv- es should be made available ithin five years to all Ameri- ans who want them but cannot (ford them. ALMOST THE TALLEST Mount Whitney, rising eet, is the highest mountain in le United States outside of laska.' though pockets of overt criti- cism continue. The weekly Vulcan Advo- cate, in an editorial las March, decried an economic impact from cohtin nous growth of colonies: "This problem of concentra lion of Hutterite colonies in the southern part of the prov ince is going to be with us as long as the Communal Prop ertics Control Board continues to cater to tha wishes of the Hutterites, ar.d as long as our elected representatives take the attitude that it is a matter of small concern." Mr. Breach's answer: N( more than one colony is al lowed in a town's rural trad ing area, and Hutterites even now occupy less than 1% pei cent of Alberta's total 'farm able land. He said that any doubl about the board's authority to plan Hutterite expansion was dispelled when tha Supreme Court of Canada, deciding a suit brought by a group of Hutterites, last January up- held board jurisdiction. In areas where they have settled, their presence would go unnoticed except for their regular visits to some towns. Their black clothing imme- diately sets them apart: the married men, with full beards and black cloth work suits; the women in ankle-length skirts and polka-dot head scarfs. They seek no social contact outside tha colonies, but. most leaders are willing and cour- teous hosts for anyone who visits a colony, whether on business or out of curiosity. Mr. Breach said there is ev- idence of growing social influ- ences from outside, especially on more recently established colonies. Young members see more of the outside world now, he said, and when sent to estab- lish new colonies they tend to be more liberal. "Young Hutterites'are strictly controlled. When they get away from the influence of the older ones, some of them tend to run wild a bit. It's probably just human na- ture." Hutterile teaching prohits as sinful anything that is un- necessary to sustain a life de- voted to preparing for eternal life. This applies to gambling, any form of entertainment, modern appliances, radios, television, magazines and newspapers, and1 luxury items such as cameras and jewelry. One of the few types of so- cial occasions is wedding par- ties. "We all get together after- says Hev. John Werz, church leader at nearby Wil- son colony. "We have a little beer." Intermarriage Is an ac- knowledged problem. Every- one is related in, some way or another. .And courting is al- ways under' the watchful eyes of older members. Divorce is unknown. Despite their instruction, some younger Hutterites are known to purchase luxury goods secretively with money saved from various sources. Each year, an unknown number leave the colonies. A few return. Although there are no accurate records, the number of reports about those leaving have increased in re- cent years. Two southern Alberta colo- nies have broken away from the strict rules that only the INSURANCE LIABILITY BONDS AUTO FIRE ROSSITER AGENCIES tTD. ESTABLISHED 1911 Lower Floor 5174th Ave.S. Phone 327-1541 Kinsmen Club of Lethbridge 2 OAR AWARD TICKETS 1970 CAMERO 1970 MUSTANG Cars will be on display at College Mall until Ex- hibition Week, and then en display each day at the fair grounds. Tickets available new at College Mall Cars will be drawn for Saturday, July 25 Proceeds to minor sports and Kinsmen Youth Charities church can own material goods and that children attend school only on colonies. Both breakaway groups, near Lethbridgfi, allow' their children to attend public school in urban centres, and some private ownership of luxury now is permitted. To an outsider their life ap- pears little different from that of other colonies. But as Jacob Waiter, a spokesman for Ihe Standoff colony, 50 miles s o n t h w c s t of Leth- bridge, said: "They have no fellowship with us." WATCHBAND CALENDAR OFFER! 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