Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
CLEAR. HIGH FORECAST THURSDAY 90 The letbbridge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 180 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1970 I'KICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO PAGES Park Business Down Except BANFF of major Rocky Mountain resort hotels in Alberta report a decline in tour business this summer and blame the nervous economy for keep- ing some tourists at home. But while tour cancellations have risen and the number of organized tours has dropped by about 15 per cent senior officials at the Banff Springs Hotel, Cha- teau Lake Louise and Jasper Park Lodge are finding the situation offset by a jump in individual bookings. _ "I think people are shopping around a Cliff Watson of the Banff Springs said in an interview. He said the person who once took the 21-day, 14-stop tour is buying the 10-stop trip this year and the man who used to purchase the tour has looked at the stock market quotations and bought the package. Mr. Watson said tour operators' cancellations this year are running "somewhat higher" than last year but individual bookings are picking up the slack. Lloyd Margeson, manager of the Chateau Lake Lou- ise, estimated a lag of "at least 15 per cent" in tour bookings this summer but said "business is good." Herb Pickering, from the 360-room Jasper Park Lodge, agreed with the other two managers that the flagging economy, stock market and even labor unrest are taking their toll of the tour business. He described the revenue picture at the lodge as "good" in May and June. Mr. Pickering said one reason tour cancellations have risen this year is the fact that the lodge encour- aged tour operators to book for the months of May and June. When the tours moved their dates ahead they some- times cancelled their July and August bookings. Indivi- dual tour operators seemed to be running the same number of tours this year but the number of people taking them had dropped slightly. All three managers agreed it is difficult to give a specific estimate of how over-all business is doing at their hotels this early in the season. Mr. Watson said it is possible there has been a shift in business to Osaka for Expo 70, but if this is so the factor has been offset by a heavy increase in the number of Japanese booked into the Banff Springs this Waterton Figures Up At Waterton Lakes National Park southwest of Lethbridge, officials state attendance is up over the same period last year. According to the management of both the Prince of Wales Hotel and Emerald Bay Motel as well as other facilities, reservations are on a par with former years, after a slow start. Emanuel Cohen, president of the Waterton Park Chamber of Commerce, stated that businessmen gen- erally are satisfied with the tourist trade so far. "We did have a slow June Mr. Cohen said, "and last week when it rained a couple of days the tourist traffic dropped right off. However we are in the midst of our busiest time and generally we can't complain. Prison System Overhaul Set SYDNEY, Australia (Reuters) Weekend prison sentences for first offenders may soon be introduced in the Australian state of New South Wales. The state cabinet has authorized legislation and a bill will be introduced in the next session of the state Parliament. The law will provide for the jailing of offenders between 7 p.m. Friday and p.m. Sunday for per- iods of three to 12 months. This will enable the offend- ers to continue working and supporting their families, and to avoid the stigma normally attached to ex- prisoners. The decision to authorize the new legislation re- veals important changes in the concepts of justice and punishment here, and follows New Zealand's intro- duction of the system some years ago. Similar legislation will come into force soon in the Australian state of Queensland. Reform Not Punish It is a move founded on a belief held by stats Premier Robin Askin and Justice Minister John Mad- dison that the concept and purpose of punishment is to reform the offender. They hold that the basic aim of punishment is to make the criminal aware that he has done wrong, and to bring this about where possible with the least suffering to the offender and his family. Another sign of the move away from old punish- ment concepts is a new minimum security prison, Silverwaler House, opened recently outside Sydney. Prisoners at Silverwalcr go to work each day, travel on public transport and have a beer with fellow employees en the way home. Families and friends visit on weekends, and week- ends leaves for prisoners will become a regular fea- ture. At the prison each man pays for his board. Framed prints hang from white walls, and there is comfortable furniture. How do the inmates feel? "You get your of humor back one said. Massacre Flight Recorder Gives Partial Reason Cover-Up Alleged WASHINGTON (AP) The alleged massacre of South Viet- namese civilians at My Lai was deliberately covered up under an agreement by military and state department officers in the field, a special subcommittee of the United States House of Rep- resentatives has charged. Reports of atrocities by U.S. soldiers promptly spread through 13 different command levels in the Americal Division, support units and U.S. adviser groups, the subcommittee said in a report released Tuesday. But there is no evidence they ever reached headquarters in Saigon, the report added. "The subcommittee believes the explanation lies in a con- certed action among military and state department officers to suppress ail evidence of the al- legation and its the report said. The the report said, "was unable to determine when, and by whom, that decision was made, and consequently is unable to de- scribe the scope of the agree- ment." The report, based on still-se- cret testimony by 152 witnesses, was released by a special four- man House armed services in- vestigating subcommittee headed by Representative F. Edward Hebert (Dem. OTTAWA (CP) The flight recorder on the Air Canada jet- liner that crashed at Toronto July 5 showed that premature deployment of a braking device led to the damage-inflicting abortive landing minutes before the tragedy, Transport Minister Jamieson disclosed Tuesday. In a statement reporting on the preliminary investigation into the crash of the stretched DC-8, Mr. Jamieson also said the flight recorder indicated im- proper procedure for operation of the braking device during the land approach. The statement gave no indica- tion whether the improperly- used braking device or the pro- cedural malfunction arose from pilot or mechanical error. Indian Sit-In Begins ST. PAUL (CP) Indians from nearby northern Alberta reserves began a sit in early today at a federally operated school saying they will remain until Indian Affairs Minister Jean Chretien or. top depart- ment officials agree to meet them. Spokesmen said they repre- sent Indians from the surrounding area who want an all-Indian board of trustees to operate the, 200 student school, scheduled to be phased out this fall by Ottawa. Harold Cardinal, president o! the Indian Association of Al- berta, was among several leaders that said federal' re- fusal to discuss the takeovers without provincial involvement was an attempt by Ottawa to implement its federal white paper on Indian affairs. He said the white paper is "a stupid and ignorant policy." Leroy Littlebear of Cardston, a band education committee member on the influential Blood Indian reserve of south- ern Alberta, 'said department attempts to implement the white paper contradict prom- ises by Prime Minister Tru- deau. Stanfield. At. Bonn BONN (AP) Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield of Can- ada met for half an hour today with Chancellor Willy Brandt of West Germany. Stanfield is on an information tour of six Euro- pean countries, including the So- viet Union. RE-ELECTED A 1 c x c i Kosygin won unanimous re- election today as premier at a joint session ot the two- h o n s e Soviet parliament. President Nikolai Podgorny also was unanimously reject- ed to Us post. During the approach, the min- ister said, the approved proce- dure for arming the braking de- ground for automatic 'deployment fol- lowing touchdown was not fol- lowed. Ground spoilers are aerodyn- amic devices which deflect the air flowing over the wings to cut down whig lift action and slow the plane down on the run- way. DROPPED HARD, FAST "Subsequently, the ground spoilers were prematurely de- ployed, momentarily, at an alti- tude of from 40 to 60 feet above ground level, resulting in a rapid descent and heavy impact with the runway which caused critical structural damage to the he said. After the heavy impact, an engine dropped off as the plane took off again for another land- ing attempt. However, another engine fell off and the crash oc- curred in a field north of the airport. All 109 aboard were killed. Mr. Jamieson said the investi- gation into the tragedy of Flight 621 has not yet been completed. It may yet reveal other contrib- utory factors to the crash, "but there is no evidence which would justify restriction" of the operation of the stretched DC- 8s, which carry the designation DC-8-63. At the same time, Mr. Jamie- son said "appropriate notice" has been sent to the Interna- tional Civil Aviation Organiza- tion and Canadian operators of stretched DC-8s "in order that precautionary safety measures may be taken immediately to insure non-recurrence of a simi- lar accident." RECORDER STUDIED Meanwhile, transport depart- ment investigators are examin- ing the data extracted from the flight recorder and the tape re- corder which recorded voices of the crew in the cockpit to corre- late this information with other evidence. The ministerial statement im- mediately touched off specula- tion on whether pilot error was largely responsible for the crash and just why the spoilers were deployed in the air when they weren't supposed to operate until the wheels touched down. In Toronto, Bill Howes, who a in charge of the transport de- partment's accident investiga- tion branch, said he would not want to say whether somebody at the controls deployed the spoilers because there are more facts yet to be gathered. However, he said it is possible on the DC-8 model that crashed to deploy the spoiler in the air. He also said it is still possible that a mechanical malfunction could have contributed to the crash. Discussing the flight recorder on which Mr. Jamieson's find- ings were based, Mr. Howes said it is extremely accurate "and we can't argue with it. It is the most advanced type in ex- istence." Strike At Wron DOCK TIE-UP IN BRITAlN-Passengers of the Cunard line's Queen Elizabeth II look for their luggage on a Southampton, England, dock, Wednesday, after that na- tion's dock workers rejected a pay raise and half of them went on strike. A spokesman for the Port of London Authority said the strike would mean "total stoppage" at the docks by Wednesday night. Crop Permit Books Deadline Extended WINNIPEG (CP) The Ca- nadian Wheat Board announced Tuesday the July 15 deadline for applications for 1970-71 crop year permit books is being ex- tended. The extension was indefinite, with no new date announced. A board spokesman said the move was taken because only 120JXW applications have been received to date compared with permit books issued last year. Permit books are required each crop year, beginning Aug. 1, for delivery of all grains un- der jurisdiction of the wheat board. One reason for the delay is be- lieved to be the complexity of the new application form under, the federal government's acre- age withdrawal program for wheat. A farmer this year must not only declare all his seeded, fal- low and forage acreage but must assign his delivery plans for specific grains under the ra'dically revised quota system. Another reason is believed to be that farmers taking land out. of wheat production were late making up their minds whether to put in to other crops or into summer fallow or forage, which would qualify them for incen- live payments. 'When you taking your holidays, Major Docks Idle LONDON (CP) Representa- tives of Britain's long- shoremen rejected today a pay offer from their employers, sig- nalling the start of the first na- tional port strike since 1926. The vote against the manage- ment offer was 48 to 32. More than half of Britain's dockers were on strike before the vote was taken. A spokesman for the Port of London Authority said the deci- sion would mean "total stop- page at the docks." The walkout was scheduled to start Tuesday, but was post- poned while delegates consi- dered a new offer. Militant stevedores in the thousands stayed off the job anyway. The employers' new offer Monday brought a last-minute postponement of the walkout, which had been called for mid- night Monday night. But despite televised appeals from Jack Jones, boss of the Transport and General Workers' Union, of Britain's long- shoremen stayed away from work Tuesday. The docks in London, South- ampton, Glasgow, Liverpool and Hull were mainly idle, with dockers working only a handful of 159 ships waiting in those ports. This partial stoppage was estimated to have cost more than in delayed ex- ports, and it was estimated the figure would be nearly a day for a national strike. IS WRONG TIME The gravity of the situation has heightened by the announce- ment Tuesday that Britain's for- eign trade deficit in June was the biggest in 17 months, This brought the deficit for the last three months to more than wip- ing out a surplus of about for the first quarter of the year. Without a sizable surplus for a cushion, a pro- longed dock strike would be cat- astrophic for Britain. The longshoremen have been demanding a hike in their basic pay rate to a week from Management originally offered a guaranteed weekly minimum, including overtime, of and was reported to have increased this another in the offer Monday. Alberta Cadets Victims Of Apparent Tour Hoax LOS ANGELES (AP) Twenty-seven teen-age Al- berta air cadets and 10 adult leaders paid their way here to accept an invitation to tour the United States. But there was no invitation. The apparent hoax left the group, mostly from Atha- baska near Edmonton, stranded Monday night at Los Angeles International Airport. When the visitors arrived, they called Lockheed Aircraft Corp., with the impression that the company was giving them a two-week tour of U.S. aircraft and aerospace instal- lations. But a spokesman at Lock- heed said no invitation had been given and the firm had no one by the name of the person who had "arranged" the tour by mail and tele- phone. But the youths, aged 14 to 18, were not stranded long. Lockheed entertained the cadets Tuesday at its Burbank plant and members of the Civil Air Patrol took them for a cookout and a swim at a beach. "It's our said D. V. M o o n e y, an adult leader, "that we didn't check with any official at Lockheed. We just took this man at faith." He said the tour had been planned for eight months as an exchange visit with the Los Angeles air patrol which sent a group of cadets to Calgary last Friday. CAP members here are providing housing for the group. 500-Ton Blast At Suffield CALGARY (CP) A 500-ton TNT explosive trial, called Event Dial Pack, will be car- ried out at Defence Research Establishment Suffield near Medicine Hat July 23, the da- fence research board an- nounced today. It will be the third 500 ton trial in a co-operative program between Canada, the United States and Britain to determine the response of targets of civilian and military interest to blast waves of long duration and to measure and under- stand the basic scientific phe- nomena. 27-FOOT SPHERE The explosive charge will be a 27 foot' diameter sphere sitting on the ground. The Canadian program in the trial includes projects for the Canadian forces, emer- gency measures organization, universities and various seis- mic groups. Eaten By Hyenas NAIROBI, Kenya (Reuters) A one-year-old baby and a 10-year-old boy have been eaten alive by hyenas near Moyale on Kenya's border with Ethiopia, the Kenya news agency said. Among the targets will be scale models of various sec- tions of a new helicopter-carry- ing destroyer being construct- ed for the Canadian Navy. Geophysicists from Flag- staff, Ariz., will be present to measure the crater formed by the explosion to supplement and confirm data obtained in a 500 ton explosion in 1968. The information will be fed into the U.S. Apollo moon landing program to assist astronauts in examination of moon craters and to help determine how moon craters were formed. Canada Protests U.S. Trade Moves OTTAWA Cana- dian government is expressing its concern formally to the United States about U.S. moves towards protectionist trade poli- cies, particularly current im- portTquota legislation. The formal representation is understood to express concern that the U.S. action could seri- ously reverse a trend towards more liberal trade patterns that reached a lu'gh point in 1967. That year, most non-Commun- 1st trading countries to broad reductionsin tariffs under the Kennedy Round nego- tiations, named for tte late U.S. president. Almost immediately after the Kennedy Hound agreement, protectionist reaction began to build up in some sections of the U.S. Congress. Canada and trading partners of the United States have formally expressed con- cern about the trend several limes since then. Canada is particularly con- cerned on this occasion, how- ever, because the current im- port-quota legislation is the first among several hundred protec- tionist bills circulated in Con- gress during the last three years that has been accorded support by the U.S. administra- tion. The current bill, expected to go before the House of Repre- sentatives before the end of this week, would impose mandatory quotas on imports of woollens, man-made-fibre textiles and shoes. The legislation also would give the president wide discre- tionary powers to put import quotas on other products found to be damaging U.S. industry. Canadian trade officials see the U.S. trend arising from a mixture of motives, including UK political push of U.S. indus- tries and labor concerned about markets and unemployment. MAY BE WARNING Experts also believe some support for protectionist ges- tures comes from U.S. policy- makers who believe the moves could serve as a warning to trading partners, notably Japan, that they also must dismantle trade barriers. Canada is officially opposed to import quotas imposed by the importing country. Canadian legislation does not permit Can- ada to impose quotas against imports. On the other hand, Canada has persuaded some Asian trad- ing partners to impose volun- tary quotas on their exports of textiles to Canada. It has also recently slapped tariff sur- charges on some low-priced shirt imports to protect Cana- dian manufacturers and has used surtax duties seasonally from time to time to protect do- mestic farm produce. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN MACLEOD Fish and Game concession booth attendant Harvey Dersch losing money on a hamburger sale when he poured a soft drink for a young man only to have the boy leave when he turned his back John Van Slnys claiming Andy DeKok got more stains on his chin than on his pail during a Saska- toon berry picking trip Gunner Crawford threaten- ing to trade his newly- acquired molorcyle. Plans To Use Natural Gas In Trucks MONTREAL (CP) Bell Canada plans to experiment with compressed natural gas as an anti-pollution replacement for gasoline in its trucks, it was announced Tuesday. Natural gas is a low-pollution fuel which, when burned, emits significantly less of the major air pollutants than gasoline.