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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHBRIPGE HERALD Saturday, July 14, 1973 EDITORIALS Inflation paralyses working poor Pleas ignored Farmers are an unusually indepen- dent breed; they resist being herded around. That alone would account for the ignoring of government pleas in both Canada and the United States to fanners to go all-out in planting cereal crops this year. In the U.S., administration officials freed 45 million acres of agricultural land from controls before seeding time. Only half that land was plant- ed. Now Statistics Canada has re- ported that grain fanners here have not needed pleas for maximum pro- duction. Instead of holding only 20 million acres in summerfallow they have kept 25.5-million acres out of production. Stubbornness alone would not ac- count for what has happened. Local conditions could have had something to do with it. In areas such as'South- ern Alberta where moisture condi- tions were poor in the spring and have continued that way it could have had an influence on farmers' decisions of what to plant and how much. The major reason, no doubt, for toe hesitancy to go heavily into pro- duction has been the experience of recent years of not being able to sell grain. Skepticism that last year's re- cord sales would be repeated can be understood. Understandable as fanners' position may be it is nonetheless re- grettable that more grain 'wasn't planted. It is becoming more and more apparent that food is scarce throughout the world and that all the grain that could be grown will be needed this year, next year, and far into the future. Coaldale on the map Southern Alberta residents have reason to be both proud and grateful. They can be proud of their two form- er Kate Andrew's High School stud- ents who were the first two Cana- dians, among 47 students from around the world, chosen to attend the initial year at the new Dag Hammerskjold aniversity in Columbia, Maryland, and grateful because such an exposure is sure to bring to this area unpar- ralled worldwide publicity. The more than 40 students will never forget Alberta, or even Coaldale and Mc- Nally the 'hometowns of their fellow- students TCen and Phil. Ken Slemko, 20, of Coaldale and Phillip Malkas, 19, of McNally, both Kate Andrew's graduates enrolled in business administration and biology ,at the University of Chicago were the fortunate Canadians chosen for this year's exposure in "learning to live with one the prime pur- pose of the new university. Based on the three-fold conviction that all men are alike, some men are alike and each man is different, the university offers the students a unique exper- ience m living and aspires to the type of internationalism the late sec- retary-general of the United "Nations represented. It will eventually include students representing nationali- ties from every country in the world. As well as spending one month at the United Nations and several studying urban affairs and international econo- mics Ken and Phil had opportunity to travel to Ethiopia, Kenya, Nairobi, Switzerland and Austria before re- turning to Lethbridge for summer work. The.publicity brought to Coaldale, although secondary, is a tremendous boost to this thriving Southern Alber- ta community. The Coaldale Little Theatre group put the town on the map nationally when they partici- pated in the Dominion Drama festival in HaHfax but Phil and Ken have now brought worldwide publicity to their town through rubbing shoulders with fellow classmen who were sure to have asked, "Where is Merchandising air Attractive packaging something to catch the eye is the hallmark of slick merchandising and the en- closure of a supposedly "free" gift is known to entice milady. Bulk buying (always cheaper) is a thing of yesteryear, .with consumers ignor- ing drab, unattractive (and less ex- pensive) packages for those of rain- bow hues many of them bulging with air. A "slack survey completed by the U.S. Food and Drug Admin- istration in 11 states revealed air makes up a large part of packaged goods. Packaged mints, vermicelli and spaghetti products, for instance, are 29 per cent .air; filled or iced cookies, 26 per cent; cake and cook- ie mixes, 18 per cent and corn and oats breakfast foods, 12 and seven per cent. Anyone watching a child carefully open a large, attractive Easter egg box, all decked out with daffodils and chicks, to discover a small chocolate egg tucked inside realiz- es, how deceitful packaging can be. Weekend Meditation It explains why so many packages are pried open by inquisitive custom- ers; they want to see whether the contents even comes close to. match- ing the container But why all this "slack Need a package be twice the size of what's inside? Is ah- necessary to allow for settling in transport or is "slack fill" simply to fool the consumer? It is to be hoped the FDA investi- gation will result in the development of a code of enforceable regulations that will put an end to such decep- tion, just as the current Canadian crackdown on cosmetic packaging is expected to drastically reduce the assortment of container sizes (43 sizes of liquid shampoos are present- ly being sold) available at cosmetic counters. Much of the merchandise on local shelves comes from the U.S., and very often their regulatory practic- es are adopted in Canada, if this kind of deceptive merchandising is stopped across the line, Canadians will likely benefit. What virtue do you seek? Jesus urged men to seek "the pearl of great and to sell everything thsy had in order to get that pearl. "Hie king- dom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls, who, on finding one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had and bought it." What was that pearl? A grateful heart, perhaps. Shakespeare thought gratitude the greatest of the vir- tues. Be repeatedly expresses his contempt for ingratitude. Samuel Johnson thought gratitude to be the proof of the possession of other virtues. Paul also made thanks- giving the continuous necessity of a good fife. Shakespeare, however, valued honesty highly. Mariana in "All's WeH That Ends WelT states that legacy is so rich as honesty-" His contemporary, John Lyiy, odd that, "He who loses his honesty, has noMag else to Sir James Barrie beSeved that courage was the highest virtue. His address to the students at St. Andrews College on cour- age is a classic and nothing finer has been .written about it. His countryman, Robert Louis Stevenson, himself a magnificent ex- ample of the virtue. beW that "courage is the footstool of the virtues, upon which they stand." FJaalus said that "courage com- prises all things. A man with courage has every blessing.'' It is much more than a physical thing. Courage must be spiritual, a 'quality cf heart and soul and mind, a willingness to stand by unpopular causes when one is sure that they are true causes. "Then to side with truth is noWe. While we share her wretched crust, Ere her cause brings fame aad profit, And 'tis pros- perous to be just; Then it is the brave man chooses while the coward stands aside, doubting in his evfl spirit while his Lord is crucified." Some men hold that loyalty is a su- preme virtue, the only trouble being that to be loyal to one you must appear to be disloyal to another. For example, "You cannot serve God and mammon." Gals- worthy's study on "Loyalties" shows that loyalties can be in conflict Can one not, then, be "loyal to the royal in But what is royal in yourself? It is said ihat there is honor among thieves and that is hardly good enough for a life dedi- cation. How far it is below the dynamic concentration of John Wesley's life in which he sought perfection, the perfection that is in God alone. A panel of television representatives of different faiths appeared to agree that un- selfishness was the supreme virtue and selfishness the essence of sin. Henry Martyn, that wonderful 19th century Eng- lish missionary to India and the Middle East, exclaimed as he set out, "Now let me burn out for God." Adam Clarke took as his motto, "in living for cithers I am burned away." The key to the good life is complete self- forgetfulness, complete dedication to the will of God. To find the will of God and do it with your whole heart, this is purity, this is unity, this is the secret of eternal life. This is why a man is on earth. This is the pear! of great price. PRAYER: Lord, what wouMsl Thou have me to dc? F.S.M. By Maurice Westcfn, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The argument that a little inflation is good for us has certainly been effective. We are now inflating at an an- nual rate of 10.8 per cent. What began with a little nip is turning into a national drunk. The government, determined to live with inflation, moves inter- mittently to sustain the more conspicuous victims but the cas- ualties obviously are multiply- ing faster than the means of dealing with them. Parliament, at the present session, increased basic old age pensions and provided for yearly adjustments reflecting increased costs as measured by Statistics Canada. This took about a year to achieve. It ap- pears that something will be done next year about Canada Pension Plan payments. Un- fortunately, the market works a great deal faster than legisla- tors and unlike Parliament it works universally. The government, when har- ried about this by crit- ics, insists that controls would be monstrously difficult to ad- minister. It seems to be as- sumed that the policy of non- controls is administratively sim- ple. Mr. Lalonde's current plans suggest the contrary. Unfortunately the vast sums paid out for welfare do nothing for the so-called "working poor" who may very well take less home to their families than those drawing state aid. In ef- fect, they are penalized for self- reliance; with the penalty .in- creasing daily as uncontrolled inflation steadily worsens their plight. Thus it is now proposed that .the federal and provincial gov- ernments, in co operation, should subsidize the whole group. Mr. Lalonde has found that the scheme developed in British Columbia, is generally consonant with his Orange Pap- er although some differences remain to be settled. Generally, however, the working poor will be guaranteed as much as wel- see that recipe again, John." Russians know seeing is believing By F. S. Manor, in the Winnipeg Free Press UNITED NATIONS, New York The Canadian public may not be aware of the tug of war being waged with a sort of gentlemanly vigor in the deep recesses of the United Nations basement and at UNESCO in Paris over a matter that seems both remote and highly technical and yet is of vital im- portance to our institutions. It is the arcane question of broadcasting from satellites in orbit, an enigma wrapped in the incomprehensSjle jargon of space scientists which, when un- ravelled, reveals a simple ker- nel: freedom of expression mili- tating against censorship. Between these simple or simplistic as some would have it principles there are many shades of grey that concern economics, nationalism, reli- gion and other aspects of the human spirit that stubbornly persists in confounding the great eternal values which, de- tached from the humdrum af- fairs of the market place, should guide our statesmen. Moving about uneasily in these grey areas are the Canadians and Swedes, the new combina- tion of welt-meaning neutrals who, oblivious of the Vansittart dictum that there are not two sides to as many questions as we like to believe, are trying to bridge the chasm between ab- solute freedom and absolute subjugation. It aD began at UNESCO, where, as Eugene lonesco has described it, it has long been established that "culture" is an object somewhat difficult to handle, ambiguous and danger- ous, somewhat suspect, rattier multi -directional, something which must be guided and kept under control." No nation is more determined to have all culture or "culture" carefully guided and controlled than is the Soviet Union, espec- ially now, when the western powers are demanding from her that she subscribe to the principles of freedom of move- ment and of free exchange of ideas across ideological bor- ders. Of course, the Russians have no intention of agreeing to any- thing of this sort. Nor, however, do they wish to torpedo the conference. Instead, they are preparing to turn the tables on the West and, in an uncon- scious parody of Orwell, re- verse the meaning of the West- em resolution: The freedom of ideas and of movement would then resolve itself Mo a brazen extension of Soviet censorship into toe free world. In a preliminary skirmish, the Russians have succeeded in pushing through a resolution at UNESCO that would keep culture, artists and free ex- pression emanating from satel- lite broadcasts under strict su- pervision. "But for the time be- ing, let us be on our wrote Mr. lonesco last Decem- ber. "UNESCO 'has ambitions, and its pride makes other de- mands. Let us reject all so- called cultural policies from all our governments." BoMy, stop baggm' me. If yooVe insecure abort Hank Aaron getting dote to Babe Roth's reconJ, thafs your Unfortunately, UNESCO did not heed the warning, and the Soviet Union, having scored there her first victory, has moved on to the United Nations, anxious obtain an interna- tional convention on principles governing the use by states of artificial earth satellites for di- rect television broadcasting. The first paragraph of the draft convention submitted by the Soviet foreign minister, Andrei Gromyko, reads: "States must have an opportunity to make certain demands concerning the content of programs transrr't- ted to their territory or to take action to stop transmission which they may consider un- desirable." In other words, if the image displeases the censor, thelstate can shoot down the satellite. The state alone is the arbiter of what is to the maintenance of international peace and security; what rep- resents interference in intra- state conflicts of any kind; which broadcasts involve en- croachment on fundamental hu- man rights or which propagan- dize violence, and undermine the foundations of local civiliza- tion, culture, way of life, tra- ditions or language. Above all which broadcasts "misinform the public on these and other matters." The technical issues are fas- cinating and can be briefly sum- marized as follows: Facilities now exist to broadcast from satellites to huge communal receiving stations that then re- broadcast the material either to individual receivers or to community receivers. Such sa- tellite broadcasts have a limit- ed range, and although there is an "unavoidable spill over" to areas adjacent to those to which the boradcast is beamed, the "spiOed-over" image could be viewed only with the help of huge aerials that could not es- cape the notice of vigilant authorities. Therefore, say the Americans, the Soviet demand is premature, especially since nobody is working on a satellite that could broadcast direct to a contemporary individual televi- sion receiver. Moreover, the Americans ar- C'Jf. pny measure that would limit the freedom of informa- tion, as enshrined in the Uni- ted Nations Charter, would be a regressive step that would put censorship on the international statute book. Where today it operates shamefacedly and by stealth, it would, by such a UN action, receive the sanction of the international community and become respectable. The problem is bow remote in time is direct boradcasting and how right are the Russians some of the Third World nations in considering it as an immediate danger. The Americans say that NASA is not working on it and has left the field to private enterprise, which shown any great interest in the subject. This is easily explicable: About, four- fifths of the United States is cov- ered by commercial television networks, and broadcasting by satellite would undercut the networks' viability. There is thus no incentive to work on a problem that, apart from limit- ed commercial prospects, ap- pears to pose considerable tech- nological difficulties. The Russians for their part argue that technological break- throughs are extremely rapid and that one should anticipate problems rather than wait until they catch up with us. How wonderful it would have been had we bad international regu- lations for automobiles before they had developed into the pest they are. But behind all this legal and humanitarian concern there is the dread of a night- marish situation in which a So- viet citizen turns the knob of his television set and sees, pro- jected on his screen, a com- mercial for a GM car, com- plete with price; or for an ap- pliance or any other facet of the Western consumer society. An aparatchik's mind cannot conceive of a more pernicious subversion, one that effective- ly breaches the wall so care- fully erected around Soviet pub- lic opinion. Radio has not the same impact It can be jam- med, and anyhow the word may be disbelieved, or discredited as yet another kind of propa- ganda. Bat a television picture is hard to disprove, as the Viet- nam war has shown. The Rus- sians, fearful of the looming threat, want to lay this unplea- sant ghost that disturbs the cozy dreams of facile detente abroad and sharp repressiou at home. fare recipients, with an ance (up to a month) for what such recipients are: per- mitted to earn without a re- duction in benefits. By all past standards this is a very strange scheme. It blurs the distinction between working and non-working since both groups, in differing degrees, will become state dependents. In a way it .pushes people wards dependency for if they are to accept why not or What is the difference in principle? Why not work a bit less and draw on the gov- ernment for a bit more? On the other hand, it does ac- cord with the principle of living with inflation. The worse in- flation gets the more first aid stations the government will necessarily have to set up. Unhappily, the standard rem- edy of adjusting incomes at various intervals to a cost-of-liv- ing index may not even avert injury to those groups who are theoretically covered. A wage- earner now counted among the working poor may in his more fortunate days have acquired some sayings, perhaps m the form of insurance. This is the more likely since he now clings to work despite the inducements of welfare. These savings are being stolen from him at an alarming and increasing rate and the policy of living with in- flation rules out any interfer- ence with this continuing theft- The daily interrogations in Parliament leave the impress- ion that ministers are determin- ed to stick to their shell hole. Anything outside must be worse. It is plainly an unhappy busi- ness, .however, because the market week by week is re- pealing or nullifying the efforts which ministers did make earl- ier in the year. Food prices are by no means the full measure of inflation. But there must have been an ex- pectation that the Food Prices Review Board would dp some- thing to improve the situation. Instead, it has grown steadily worse and no one can draw much consolation from assur- ances that the board, some months from now, will enlighten the country with its first quar- terly report. Again the government took the desirable action of reducing some tariff rates. The results were to be monitored to insure that savings were passed on to consumers. Monitoring must present a 'difficult problem. For white benefits may well have been passed on, many have been swallowed long since by the ris- ing cost of imports from most countries. The government continues to argue, almost ritualistically, that the housing legislation now on the parliamenttry agenda is the best answer to the bousing crisis. But it seems to be in no hurry to push to- completion measures which are not very controversial at least in so far as the Conservative Opposition is concerned. If the govern- ment has much faith in its own assurances, it is difficult to ex- plain this apparent lack of a sense of urgency. The housing index, up 6.7 per cent in a year, is obviously under new pressure with the ominous advance la mortgage rates. Beyond the working poor are the bard-pressed. In the govern- ment's view, they have been helped by Mr. Turner's tax cuts. But inflation is swallowing those too. It would require a very large cut in the tax bin of a wage-earner to offset a three- quarter per cent increase in the mortgage rate on fantastically inflated bousing combined with all the other advances recorded in the Consumer Price Index. No one denies that a policy involving controls would be dif- ficult and fan short of perfect results. But the no controls'pol- icy is also becoming greatly complicted as the government is pressured into ever larger and more diversified subsidies to suffering groups. Pessimists feared that the inflation rate by would reach 10 per cent; it passed that rate at mid- summer. As a policy for limit- ing inflation, freedom from con- trols is a disaster. What ft does ensure, as was demonstrated in the House of Commons, is a miseraWe life for the minis- ters. Not to mention the gen- eral public. The Uthbridge Herald _____ sw 7th SL S., tcCUxidge, Alberta LETflBRlDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Pa PrtAisbed 1905-1164, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Strand ClMt ttogMrMtan No, Mil Tw Pmt tut IM AnocMNon 9ttt flv AjrtH Bvrwo cf 1 THOMAS H. AOAMS, PON PILLJNC WILLIAM MAT r AMOCWW DOUCVAi 1C. WALKVt EtflW WILES "IWMMID ;