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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Fridoy, July K 1972 Maurice Western Back to square one A few years ago the National Km- ployment Service was a reasonably effective government department un- der whose umbrella the Unemploy- ment Insurance Commission ami a job placement agency workeil ham! in hand. Partly because il was working ef- ficiently there was increased ambi- tion at the unper eschelon level to make it more so. Consequently the department was divided in two. out of which evolved the UIC and Can- ada Manpower. Eacli department then had to have more personnel and larger offices which, in larger cities, often were not even in the same building. Now after six years of jogging along out of step with one another, Manpower Minister Bryce Mackasey recently announced that once again the two services will merge all across Canada. This at last is a return lo reason. These services are closely related, especially since one of. the conditions of obtaining unemployment insur- ance, at least in theory, is availabil- ity for work. But one of (he big complaints about both these opera- tions is that there has been little effective liaison between them. Fur- ther, it doesn't make sense to pro- cess the unemployed through two government agencies when there seems no reason why one couldn't do the job. There have always been complaints on the whole effectiveness of Can- ada Manpower as a job placement agency, 'ilie unemployed who have had to deal Ihrough Manpower have slated time and time again that not only is it unaware of what goes on in the UIC, but also it isn't up to date on the job front what's going on in industry. Furthermore, job- seekers are too often merely coun- selled to dealh not sent out lo work, and prefer, after a few unpleasant encounters, lo deal with private, more resourceful placement agen- cies While they are undergoing this massive change, Mr. Mackasey and his officials might consider the prac- ticalities of reopening in the smaller centres, the UIC and Manpower of- fices which were closed in a "cen- move a few years ago. The huge offices in Calgary and other major cities have proved to be a headache and heartache to claim- ants who have had to wait long periods for their files to the checked and claims processed. Decentralizing the big operations might see a return to efficiency. It could even make dealing with these governmental ivory towers a more humane experience and thus remove some of the thick tarnish from their image. Hands across the Pacific Canadians in Toronto next nionlh will have a first time ever oppor- tunity to see what China has to offer In industrial goods, in art and in science and related fields. At the same time, the Chinese are going to see what kind of a show the Cana- dians can put on. It's an exciting de- velopment in the Sino-Canadian warm-up, even if, as John Bums, the Globe and Mail's Peking corre- spondent, points out in an article on this page, no large increase in mu- tual trade is to be immediately ex- pected. There is a great repository of mu- tual good will between Canada and China. Dr. Norman Bethune was the forerunner of il all. His work among the Maoist forces before the Com- munist takeover is legendary; his heroism less recognized in his home- land than in China itself. But most of all, this nation is known as the one which stood firm against earlier American objections to recognition of China and took an independent stand. There can be little doubt that Can- ada enjoys a special relationship with Peking. The Chinese have ac- cepted our friendship and our sin- cerity, and have extended their own to us. It is going to do both nations nothing but good in the long run, even though the immediate cash re- wards are small. Beware fragmentation The threatened breakup of the Al- berta Indian Association cannot be viewed with anything but regret. Strength lies in unification rather than fragmentation. There may be value in the forma- tion area groups sharing a com- mon language and mutual interests but these do not need to spell the end of an umbrella association. They might even suggest the way to re- solve the aggravation of dispropor- tionate representation on the execu- tive of the Alberta association. A con- stitutional change providing for ap- pointments from area groups could be the solution. Advice from the white community has not been sought and the impres- sion has been given latterly that it is not particularly welcome. Indians in- creasingly want to make their deci- sions without interference. This is un- derstandable and lo be respected. Nevertheless it would be a n un- fortunate development if the white community ceased to take any inter- est in the affairs and aspirations of the Indian people. An expression of regret over a possible breakup of a potenlial instrument of power for good need not be resented. It can be taken as a factor in the considera- tions leading to the ultimale decision. L Medicare's spokesman HTHE image of the family doctor lias crumbled badly, corroded by medicare and the additive to the Hippocralic oath only 6.5 per His bedside manner has fallen off, his stethoscope is warped lo the wallet, and behind his old fashioned spectacles twinkle a pair of This, the physician fears, is how he comes across lo the public as the result of negotiations for a schedule of higher fees. Al least one medical association is ac- tively seeking a cure for this sick image. A researcher took me Hirough the experi- mental lab where they are reconstructing, with painstaking care, the doctor who will act as Official Spokesman for the asso- ciation, Aside from the bolt protruding from Ihc side of his neck, the elderly physician who raised himself from the assembly (able wa.s the picture of the c-onnlry cloclor, circa lilO-l. His uhile hair gently curled, lii.s kind- ly gaze b c a in i i> g from I lie laugh lines etched on h i s checks, tie re- sembled the late Charles Rugglcs, wilh a touch of St. Nicholas. His wrist tag horo the identification "Dr. Robin "Call me he said, nodding and ab-cnlly cleaning his glasses wilh my shirt. "Hot water! Get. rnc lols of hoi water." The researcher adjusted a dial hidden in the Official Spokesman's qoM walch fob, muttering: "Still a leu linji-s in Ilie wir- ing." me (lie nld physician. "I'll hnrnrss Ibe and we'll ride out together lo the McPoorly farm in my cul- ler." "Your cutter" I said. "It's summer. There's no snow on he ground." "Thai doesn't slop Old Doc Coodfellow from reachin" Maude McPoorly who's time has come." The Official Spokesman picked up his wrinkled hag of instruments and emptied them on Ihe floor. After the researcher had returned the contents lo his bag, the Official Spokes- man shock his hand and chortled: "Con- gratulations. H's a fine, bouncing baby rjoy. Someone help vou planl the south forty." "What about Ihe doctors' schedule of fees asked Ihe Official Spokesman. "Say, Ihat's a nasty-looking cut you've got he said, slicking his finger into my moulh. "Rut we'll sew you up and you'll be as gdod as lie was surprisingly slninfi, (or an aging practitioner, and I hail trouble gelling his ui'-.e old hands nut of my face. "Your fee 1 said. "What about }0lir fee -slructureV" "Lie down, lie said, tears welling from his nose. I lay down, nnd old Doc (ioodfelluw placed two coins (in my eye.s, murmuring: "We did everything we could. Now he's in the bands of lhal great. GP in Ihe sky." Afler Ihe Official Spokesman had been switched (iff and relumed lo his drawer, I a.sked the researcher if llii.s the only miwlrl they ui'i'c In- .vml, bau- ar. nrdi.T fur another fine, lor Ilie li-arhers." (V.incnlher 1'rovinro I-'rnlnrcl Family income security plan defeated OTTAWA The great FISP anticlimax will have surprised many people because the cli- max was invisible. It is now apparent (and was apparent on June 20) that the FISP Bill was priority legisla- tion. On that day the Govern- ment foresaw additional parlia- mentary lime, need having arisen for emergency SI. Law- rence ports legislation. Mr. MacEachen indicated thai FISP headed his legislative list and the day was given over to that subject- It the proceedings of the last week had been televised, the country would have had diffi- culty in keeping track of the plot. On Tuesday the House dealt witli foreign takeovers and a private Bill to amend the Im- migration Appeal Board Act. On Wednesday it again dealt with takeovers; then moved to sec- ond reading of the ports Bill. On Thursday, it completed the ports Bill and devoted an hour to Food Aid. Only in late evening would the cameras have picked up FISP; two critical speeches on an amendment moved by Stanley Knowles. Friday ought to have been the climax; if so, it passed unrecognized before the mea- sure suffered a possibly mortal wound. There will also be some sur- prise that many government members bore the loss in a very philosophic spirit. Evidently they were impressed with the force of various criticisms, many of wliich had become ob- scured over time and especially in final weeks governed by hop, skip and jump procedures. The redirection of family al- lowances through FISP legisla- tion took into account criticism by Uie Economic Council. A uni- versal program was to be re- placed with one specifically and more powerfully directed to low income groups. This had certain obvious implications. One was that a heavier bur- den would have to be borne by the middle group of taxpayers. This was a principal criticism levelled by Opposition groups. Mr. Munro argued in reply that taxes must come from where the money is and that the pro- posals of the Opposition parties would involve even higher taxa- tion. But the middle group is highly sensitive in present circum- stances. The three per cent lax increase was extended in the re- cent Budget. Mr. Munro talks much of the controversial guar- anteed income technique which, he said, was to be applied to family allowance He has hinled in speeches at further programs to come. The reaction suggests that FISP is not one of the government's more popular measures. Secondly, the new system has been attacked from all sides as an administrative nightmare, involving a doubling of staff and an additional million in costs. Dr. Rynard, for the Con- servatives, took particular aim at the new tax sheets: "People must fill in these forms every time their income goes up or down. It is like a yoyo." David Lewis called the system a "maze and mess administra- tively only an invilation to abuse." Mrs. Grace Maclnnis complained that "we are getling into a Saint Vltus dance of ad- ministrative complexities." Paul Hellyer, who was finally I'm becoming a bit confused about who the real liberators Americans liberated my arm and the North liberated my to block passage of the Bill, termed It "stupid, Idiotic, mi- serable, impossible" and a "new highwaler mark for bu- reaucralic bungling." His gen- eral argument was that it repre- sented the wrong way to fight poverty. In fact, the problem of admin- istration has resulted in lengthy delay's. Two target dates have already been missed; had Mr. Munro obtained passage, the system would not have come into operation until June 1973. Concern extended to groups with some claim to speak for Ihe beneficiaries. Mr. Munro has conceded lhal in some prov- inces welfare and minimum wage rales are very close, espe- cially when account is taken of other social service benefits. His case was lhal the new pay- ments would he incentives for Ihc working poor. Fears wore expressed, however, thai per- sons on social assistance might lose from the rales what they gained through FISP. Mrs. Maclnnis ashed if there had been discussions with the provinces on Ihis poinl. To this the Minister replied; "There have been discussions to Ihe degree that I have ex- pressed to the provinces when we have lallied about this prin- ciple of selectivity and getting larger benefits lo those in the lower income groups the hope that it would not be deducted dollar for dollar from social as- sistance levels Oiat arc now being paid to families in Can- ada. If seemed to me that I received protestations from many social welfare ministers that Ihis would not be the case." Pressed on (he mailer. Mr. Munro said: "Thai is the only way you can do il. You can hope that that will not ba Uia case. Provinces, as you know, have jurisdiction in this field in terms of the administration oE social assistance and we cannot tell them what to do." In brief, Ihe FISP measure, whatever its other merits or de- merits, appeared to have aroused more apprehension among middle-income tax-pay- ers than was perhaps expected, while at the same lime kindling less support in other groups than may have been antici- pated. Its failure is a blow to the responsible minister and no credit lo Ihe government's par- liamentary management. It will doubtless be borne with forti- tude by numbers of privale members who would have pre- ferred a different set of priori- ties at the end of session. (The Herald Ollawa Bureau) John Burns Canada's million sales pitch to the Chinese pEKING A little more than six weeks from now more than GOO Canadians will descend on Peking for what promises lo be the grand- est show thai foreigners have mounted in China since the bad old days in Shanghai. At a cost to the taxpayer that will probably run over million, the Canadians will lay on a mini-Expo that will com- bine a massive trade fair with film shows, basketball match- es and figure-skaling on plas- tic ice. Presiding over it all will be External Affairs Minister Jlitchell Sharp, who will Iravel to China on a ministerial ex- change that will see the Chi- nese trade minister, Pai Jlsiang-kuo, journeying lo To- ronto to open a Chinese exhibit at this year's Canadian Nation- al Exhibition. Mr. Pai, a lithe, crcwcul ,'nan with a face Ihat looks as though it were cut from Mount. Hushmore, will be Ihe first Chi- nese minister ever lo visit Can- ada. Mr. Sharp, who was pre- ceded to China last year by Trade and Commerce Minister Joan-Luc Pepin, will nonethe- less be Ihe highest Canadian official ever to visit Peking. The external affairs minister will open the 13-day trade fair in a grand ceremony al the Russian-style exhibition hall in Peking's northern suburbs on Aug. 21. Other details of his have not yet been dcler- miiiMl hul il is considered ccr- l.iii] lhal. lie will hold talks v.'illi lenders including Pre- mier Clmu Kn-lai. The fair will bo a bonanza for the Canadian news media, loo. with the Chinese: admit- ting the largest pnrly ever lo come here from Can- ada. Final numbers have not yet been sell-led but I hoy arc certain to exceed the or so who cninc hero last year xvilh Mr. Pepin. Despile continuing dnnhls among Western diplomats hcie us lo Ihe value of mv- coiinlry I r a d e fairs in China, Ihfl Cmwlian effort will ho easily the biggest, as well as the mosl expensive, lhal any country has ever organized here. More than 599 Canadian busi- nessmen and technicians will be on hand to man the ex- hibits of Ihe 225 firms which have signed up for the fair. Each of the firms will receive some financial assistance from the federal governmenl, which is putting more money into the fair than it has ever before put into a trade display overseas. By comparison the exisluig record holders for Peking fairs, the Swedes, had about 499 men and 147 firms at their display in April. Privately, diplomats eslimate the cosl of Ihat fair lo have been in the neghbor- hood if million. The Swedes were less successful lhan Ihcy had hoped, meaning lhal Ihey lied up fewer orders and sold less cf Ih2 cquipmcnl display- ed than Ihey had hoped. Bui no- body here would say lhal Iheir display was a failure, because fair organizers whether Swedish, Canadian or Ruman- ian refuse to accept imme- diate sales as a fair Lesl of suc- cess. Rather they regard the fairs as an opportunity lo impress the, Chinese with the range and quality of their country's prod- ucts in the hope thai the Chi- nese will turn to them when Ihc. time to plnce substantial orders comes. This is neces- sarily a long-term process. Some misgivings were ex- So They Say do not believe it right for one group lo impose its vision of moralily on an cnlire soci- ety. Neither is it just or prac- tical for Ihc slate to attempt to dictalo Ihc innermost per- sonal beliefs nnd conduct of its -New York Oov. Nelson Rockefeller, vcloing a hill lhal. would have repealed abortion Inn'. pressed al Ihe highest level in Otlawa before the decision to mount such a major effort was taken. But those who argued the long-run benefits eventual- ly prevailed over those who suggested lhal Ihe money could be better spent else- where or in a different fash- ion. Undoubtedly political consid- erations played a major part. As the beneficiary of a decade of gigantic trade surpluses with China and as a newly-ac- credited country anxious to create good will among the de- cision-makers in Peking, Can- ada fell it had an obligation lo match Ihc efforls of olher Western countries lhal had planned major exhibitions. The lure of Ihe Chinese mar- ket also played its part, al- though most Canadians with experience in the China trade r.rc coming around to the view that sales of manufactured goods will remain relalively modest for some years to come, Given the conlinuing Cliinese insistence on self-reliance and t h e concomitant determination to keep the nation's foreign trade account within strict lim- ils, the outlook now is for con- .sidcrahly slower growth in Ihe China trade than some of Hie experts were forecasting only last year. For Canada the ob- ]cclive now is nol so much Ihe massive breakthrough con- jured up by Ihe optimists of yesteryear as Ihc .steady ex- pansion of Ihal small fraction of Canadian sales lo China Ihat is now accounted for by manu- factured goods. Until now the story of Cana- dian trade with China has been almost all wheat, with wheat accounting for nearly 00 par cent of last year's sales total of approximately million. At Ihe IrarJo fair Canadian manufacturers will he trying to persuade the Chinese to think of Canada ns n innrkcl for in- dustrial products, loo. (in display will be mid electronic products, min- ing machinery and textile fibres, trucks and a host of oth- er products. There will be vir- tually no consumer goods be- cause China is simply nol in the market for them. One potential hazard was cleared away earlier this year when the Chinese informed the Canadians that any company judged to be truly Canadian by the authorities in Ottawa would be free to participate in the fair. Earlier it had been feared that the Chinese would exclude wholly-owned U.S. subsidiaries operating in Canada. Left to themselves to decide, Canadian officials have gener- ally accepted as Canadian any company that operates under Canadian law. But for Ihe pur- poses of the fair they are tak- ing care lo sec that all exhibi- tors display products manufac- tured in Canada as well. The fair will bo open to the public, although in Ihe Chinese fashion Ihe public will first have lo obtain Invitations. Tn practice these will lie handed out lo groups of students, workers, peasants and soldiers will travel lo the fair by bus and truckload. The masses will give Ihc fair its atmosphere bul Ihey will be strictly extras as far as the ex- hibilors arc concerned. For them the name of the game is to attract the interest of His handful of experts who in- fluence Ihe purchasing deci- sions of Ihc state trading cor- porations. The masses will also get their chance lo watch Cana- dian sportsmen in action. Two basketball teams and one ure-skaling troupe are sched- uled, hill plans to bring a prc- WPC hockey (com had lo be scrubbed when Ihc Chinese in- dic.ilcd lhal their hockey play- ers are net yet up to Cana- dian standards, even at the peewce level. (The Toronlo Globe and Mail) Looking backward Through the Herald Jack Dempscy, the champion is billed for an ex- hibition bout wilh Lcs D'arcy in Chicago tonight. 1932 According to the lat- est census bolh Calgary and Edmonton are more than five limes as large as Lclhbridge hut yet their number of jobless men is only four limes as large as the city's. Mill! Milk sold in holds and rcslaiiranLs as a beverage must he in scaled hollies was refused lo he repealed by city council. The by-law slill slamis and Ihe milk is sold al 5 cents. 19.'.2 The Canadian dollar, moving closer lo ils all-lime high, loday was quoted at Sl.OJ'i ill Icrms of Unilcd Slates currenev. The Lethbridge Herald 5W 7lh St. S., Lethbrirtgc, Alberta LETIIRIIIDGE HERALD Projiriclors nnd Publisher! Published IWi-195-1, by linn. W. A. IH1CMANAN Second Clflsi Mail Rctuslrniion No. OrJl3 Assoclnllon And the Audit Burcnu of Clrculailoai CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor nnrt Puhllrhor THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manner DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY ROY -VMLES DOIIOI AS K WAIKCR fcdvfftlMncj LdiU.nnl Piirm "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;