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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta W.dn.iday, July M, IITHBRIDGI HIKALD 5 Fraser Hodgson ___ A eisure y auto trip (or two F isn't very many years ago that a trip to Ontario or the eastern provinces, was a major undertaking. The rail- road was about the only means of getting there, unless you were adventurous enough to go by car. Also people thought ot easterners as being a little dif- ferent from us here in the west, and their ways and actions and thoughts were set at a slightly different angle from ours. Ive been told that they thought of us too as being somewhat queer to be satisfied with living in the raw uncouth untamed west, and undertaking a tap of such length was a once in a lifetime feat. They introduced their visitors to their fnends and relatives as being from "The like it was a for- eign country. And out here we think easterners are a bit green and uneducated to what we call the ordinary way of life There has always been the feeling they were inhospitable, sour of disposition, and tight-fisted and tight-lipped. The past twenty years has seen a great change in the thoughts of one to the other be- tween the east and the west. I'm sure this has been brought about because of ease and plea- sure of present day travel ac- commodations. A few hours on a plane lands you fresh and not even hungry at any eastern city, and several leisurely days in an air-conditioned comfort- able automobile on a smooth paved highway, marked all the way on a fi'ee road map, will land you at the same place. So the east and west have got mixed togelher pretty well, and we no longer talk of each other as complete strangers. My wife and I discovered this is true on a five-week car trip to the lower Ontario peninusla this spring. We have talked to many peo- ple that have been on a trip to visit some faraway place, and some of them complain about the monotony of the country they have to travel through. We have never experienced this trouble, and every trip we have always been interested in the surrounding country. This jaunt to the east started May 3rd, and took us south to Shelby Montana, then east on highway 2 through North Dakota. Minne- sota, Wisconsin, and Michigan to cross back into Canada at Sarnia, Ontario. The prairie of Montana and Dakota is much the same as ours as far east as R e g i n a, Saskatchewan. Some produces well because of irrigation, and some needs over a thousand acres to feed one cow. We see something in all the country we travel through, and Hie variation between desert and high producing districls holds our interest every day. The wildlife along the way var- ies w'ner'ever you go, and this time it seemed very scarce, or we didn't happen along at the right time. Just south across the line we saw a dozen ante- lope grazing among the skele- tons of a dried-up oilfield. They were close to the road, but hardly looked up at passing motorists. Maybe they knew they would get their pasture back sometime, and now they had it they weren't going to be scared out again by any pass- ing distraction. Another lone- some antelope was wandering about in the huge game reserve in eastern Montana, and that's all the wildlife we saw there. My wife suggested he was lost from his family, but I didn't think you could lose an ante- lope in his own yard. A groundhog scooted across the road just ahead of our wheels in an irrigated strip near Havre, and a six-foot bull- snake didn't make it. Sorry to end his career like that, but we couldn't dodge him because of an oncoming car. There is quite a contrast between the irri- gated part and the dry land, and all the towns along the way show it. So many in the semi-destrt have gone down- hill to be almost ghost towns, just a few buildings and maybe the grain elevators left. Of course we see Ihat here at home, and so many forioni looking graveyards overgrown with grass and weeds, and three or four tilted headstones corraled behind a barbwire fence. Every little town start- ed a good-sized cemetery, thinking they would need it someday, but either most peo- ple movefi nway before dying, or they went into unmarked graves till those left got a crop so they could buy a slonc. And that day never came. We got a nice motel room at Minot. North Dakota, had sup- per at a and settled in early to watch the second play-off game between Mon- treal and Chicago. It was a brand new color set, perfectly adjusted, but instead of the game we watched a third-time rerun of Green Acres and Bev- ciicy Hillbillies. And the samo thing again in Mnrqudtc, Mich- igan, two nights Inter. They don't carry the hockey games in Ihat country. With most ol the teams in Ihe U.S. we couldn't understand it. And even the radio announcers next day barely mentioned the score. We stayed wilh an aunt of mine ten days, and a cousin of my wife's for another ten, and visited what seemed like hundreds of relatives on both sides of the house. We weren't wined very much, but were dined till almost sick. A cou- sin invited us for noon lunch, and served huge platters of steak smothered in mushrooms, along with two vegetables, sal- ads, and pie with ice cream. Everywhere we went including Windsor, Sarnia, Chatham, Kitchener, Wheatley, and For- est, we were royally treated, and the "Eastern Reserve" I mentioned before just wasn't there. We weren't introduced as being from "The but from Left bridge, and most knew where that is, proving that travel has really changed the east and west attitude to one another. We drove 700 miles around there, and I don't think the altitude changed twenty feet the whole distance. Sure is a flat country. Most has to be ditched and tiled every 50 to 100 feet or so, to keep it from going sour or turning back to a They raise some crops quite a bit different from ours'in this country. Tobacco and tomatoes and field-ripened corn, are a common every year crop around Leamington. A relative showed us a hothouse with 114 million tomato plants ready fof the transplanting machine, for local cannery use. The corn is stripped off the stalk with a mechanical picker, and stored till sold in a narrow slatted crib, some a couple of hundred feet long. I wondered why wind-driven rain and snow didn't soak these cribs all the way through, but I guess it didn't do any damage. There was a constant war on rats, as they destroyed more than the wea'bcr. Nobody seems to have a farm truck bigger than a three-quarter ton, bul every- body has two or three pull-be- hind rubber-tired wagons. Each holds about sixty bushels, and are called "gravity wagons because the bottom is sloped to one side, with a sliding shut-off opening for unloading in the elevator, or into a grain auger or com-on-the-cob elevator. As many as three wagons are al- lowed lo be towed behind a tractor on the road, and often cause a lot of accidents in the fall after dark. Though they are lit up with clearance lights like a h i g h w a y truck, they are a slow moving rig, and some mo- torists forget that till too late to slow down. A move to have them carry a flashing blue light seems very slow in com- ing. We saw oil wells still being pumped at Oil Springs, that were drilled in 1957. And the farm buildings and town houses took our attention, because I think the same man designed them all, and he was a brick- layer. I suppose frequent fires started the brick trend, but surely they didn't need to be all nearly the same plan. Huge and T-shaped, narrow v.inuows, with 10-foot ceilings, and a chimney for almost every down stairs room. The lower part of most bams are built of stone or cement blocks, and the up- per loft part of wide boards put up vertically, not horizontally as we do here in the west. The inner maple and oak timbers are still holding these buildings in good shape, and most are nearly a hundred years old. This type of structure must have been best for the frequent barn raising "bees" held in those days. A cousin had a pic- ture of a completed frame, with1 sixty men ready to sit down to lunch spread nearby. We drove out on a concession road then onto the Lake Road, to visit another cousin, and was presented with a photostat copy of my great-grandfather's deed to his farm. This deed was dated 1851, and described as a 105-acre lot number on Lake- shore Road, Bosanquet Town- ship, Lanibton County, Ontario. We also saw the buildings built by my grandfather in about 1885, and the one-room brick school my father attended. Our cousin told us a story handed down from father, about moving the old buildings soon after they were finished. When his land was cleared of trees there was no windbreak left, so grandfather moved everything to the west side of the farm to get the protection of a friendly neighbor's woodlot. A couple of years later they had a quarrel, "so the neighbor got revenge by cuffing down his woodlot trees, and so the old man had to start a shelterbelt on his own land. We took a short run to lake Huron and visited the world famous Kettle Point. The Ket- tles or large rocks were slick- ing up out of the water m varying sizes, from as big as a football to nearly three feet in diameter. There are only two or three known places in the world where they occur, and oldtimers claim they grow. They are almost perfectly round, and until slopped, peo- ple lugged hundreds away for gatepost and doorstep decora- tions. Some imitations are made of cement. The time finally came to start the 2000-mile trek home, and we stopped a minute at the Sarnia County Gaol to visit a cousin. He was inside that crowbar motel alright, and we got locked in behind three doors with him. As he is the governor the stopping house, he got us out again without any mugshots. We went back over the beautiful Mackinaw bridge and then the other one at Sault St. Marie back into Canada. Saw some ore boats and oil tankers going through the locks, while we sal nearby on a coffee break. The north Superior shore drive is very scenic with lakes and rocks and bush and something lo see all the way, including two cow moose feeding in a marsh. We slopped for supper with a friend at Thunder Bay, and were told something about the uproar during name-changing negotia- tions. It seems Tort Arthur put up such an objection, that some wag suggested it should be call- ed Thunder Arthur. Anyway it was finally all settled without bloodshed. We stayed in ten motels al- together, and have no serious complaint on any. One had a bathroom ventilating fan that roared like a plane propeller, and came on with Ihe light and never stopped till the light was shut off. It had enough power to almost lift your hair, so the bathroom was used mostly m the dark. The fireball was just a half block from one, and there were two fires somewhere that night. Whoever turned on the alarm siren left it hooting up and down for ten minutes each time. I think we followed the railroad track for two full days and never saw a train, but at least a dozen went roaring by when we were trying to sleep. Another had a traffic light close by that we hadn't noticed, till trucks started hunting all their gears in the night. It was a wonderful trip, and it would take pages to tell you all we saw. We had no flats, no wrecks and no gates to open. We visited friends in several places from Winnipeg to Swift Current, and drove the last 400 miles in one day. The car acted like a horse nearing home, and rolled along sort of anxious to get there. We hope all of you have as good a holiday as we enjoyed. Please drive defen- sively, take your time, see all the sights, and a safe return home. Summer shadoivs Waller Kerbe Skyjacker; just a Momma's boy' Help for ike addicted Tlie Washington I'osl President's TVHE salient, feature ot the promised major attack on the drug problem among American servicemen overseas is that the government's hand is held out not to strike the victims but to help and sustain them. White House spokesmen promised that servicemen who are found to be on drugs or who volun- tarily apply for treatment will not be pro- secuted or punished. These are sick people, victims of a kind of epidemic. The public responsibility for their plight, because they became addicted while serving in the armed forces, is merly more apparent, al- though not a great deal more direct, than the public responsibility for victims of the same epidemic in civilian life. In either case, anyway, the public interest is much more likely to be served by cure than by punishment. There was a recognition of this in the President's message to Congress last week on drug-abuse control. "The threat of nar- cotics among our he said, is a problem which demands compassion, and not simply condemnation, for those who become the victims of narcotics and dan- gerous drugs." Moreover, the President has put at the head of the proposed new special-action Office of Drug Abuse Pre- vention an admirably compassionate psy- chiatrist, Dr. Jerome Jaffe, whose ap- proach to the problem in Illinois, where he headed a program for Gov. Otto Kerner, was primarily one of treatment, not retri- bution. Mr. Nixon's message also laid stress, however, on "increased enforcement, and vigorous application of the fullest pen- alties provided by law." No wonder Rep. James H. Scheuer, who has been trying for nearly a year to get an office of drug-abuse control established in the White House and who congratulated Presi- dent Nixon on last week's action, said that his major reservation about the Presi- dent's new agency "concerned its lack o{ jurisdiction over law-enforcement pro- grams run by the Federal Bureau of Nar? colics and Dangerous Drugs." The harsh fact that has suddenly ntade the drug addiction in our armed forces a matter of urgent national concern is an acknowledgement by the provost marshal's office in Saigon that something like to American troops in Vietnam are on hard drugs. The country drafted those young men and sent them to fight in cir- cumstances under which narcotics easily and cheaply obtainable afforded an easy and welcome escape from the realities of life. Responsibility for their illness is loo obvious to be evaded. But is the causation of domestic addiction really so very dif- ferent? It, too, is a method of seeking es- cape from reality. The problem is more likely to be solved by exterminating its causes than by attack- ing its symptoms. The aid must be to bring ail these unfortunates, soldiers and civilians alike, back into the community. Distorted history Hamilton Spectator A study of 125 textbooks by two re- searchers for the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education are perpetuating pre- judices by presenting certain peoples as stereotypes. Among examples given are Indians de- scribed as savages, Negroes as primitive and Moslems as infidels. Before anyone goes off screaming preju- dice and recommending that pages be ripped out of history books and as peo- ple wilh a little foresight well know opening the door to censorship and brain- washing, it would be as well to get things into perspective. Writers of textbooks should not use them as vehicles for personal opinions and pre- judices, but neither where history is con- cerned, should facts "have liieir faces washed and their hair parted down the middle" to make them acceptable to pre- sent social attitudes. If this is done, how will anyone be able to understand the mental attitudes of our forefathers and their motivations? One thing our educaton system must teach is that historical events must be set in the context of their times. No rational individual today considers a Moslem "an though long ago this is how Christians referred to them. In the same period, it was considered virtuous for a Moslem to kill an unbeliever. Today, Moslems are not referred to as infidels nor do they slaughter unbelievers. Yet, if his- tory is to be written, this, and other dis- graceful behavior by both parties must be told. Only 'the unintelligent would transfer attitudes from centuries ago to modern limes if the textotA were objectively writ- ten. How many nationalities in Canada have derogatory nicknames. They are often heard on the lips of small "1" liberals when Ciey lose their tempers and the mask falls off. Who to check this pre- judice? Few people have had more jokes made about them than the Scots and the Jews. Both, in fact, are great inventors of these jokes and laugh the loudest at them. This is maturity, a sign of inner confidence. It was a Scotsman who invented the pictura of "Aberdeen on a tag day" showing all city streets deserted; and llie sporran with clouds of molhs flying out of it. There is virture in learning lo laugh at oneself; it is the way to sanity. The other way is the one taken by Soviet Union, where history changes like the weather. It is rewritten to conform with the contemporary party line. Stalin, for example, changes from hero to villian ac- cording to the politics of the party bosses. But the facts of history remain. They should not be distorted either to conform with the personal attitudes of Ihe writer or the at- titudes of contemporary society. It is a spuriously "healthy" sign that everywhere these days groups and indivi- duals are trying to ferret out what they con- sider to be prejudices and noise them abroad. One is reminded of what the cele- brated Dr. Samuel Johnson said to tha lady who accused him of deliberately put- ting "dirty" words in his first English dic- tionary. "Madam, you were looking for Traffic laws confusing The Hamilton Spectator PANADA'S National Council of Women ligence. Other Important laws involving fnr roast-to-coast uniform traffic safety, including motor vehicle By Don Oakley, NKA Service WHAT THE AIRLINES really need lo stop skyjacking are not electronic deteclion de- vices al airports or guards rid- ing shotgun on plans but tough stewardesses. Skyjackers are just "mom- ma's boys" who are afraid of women, says Dr. David Hub- bard, a consulting psychiatrist for federal prisons. Hubbard makes the state- Longees get the jobs DISCRIMINATION is much more subtle thin a Ihing than anyone realizes, if the find- ings of a University of Pitts- burgh researcher are valid. "I think I have put my finger on a says Leland P. Deck, director ot labor rela- tions in Ihe university's per- sonnel department. "And that is that part of the so-called sex discrimination and racial dis- crimination of corporation ex- ecutives is in (act height dis- crimination." He reports that a survey of Pitt Business School grad- uates found that men over six feet tall received a 4 per cent higher starting salary thfm men under six feet. In n survey of 1070 graduates, the differen- tial1 was up to 10 per cent. The tallest graduate in the survey last year had the lowest grade point average, yet he got the highest starting salary. Company recruiters "are not examining the brain, com- plains Deck. "They are just hiring on the basis of the length of the spine." He says there arc too many variables, such as looks and shape, lo extend his theory completely lo women, but he docs claim that in general wo- men receive salaries compar- able to men of (he same height in the same job. His advice lo job seekers, both female and male: "Tease your lwir a litllo, but not so it's obvious, and add n hnlf inch lo your heels." ment on the basis of his exami- nation of 20 imprisoned airline hijackers. He found several commonly shared personality traits among them. All nf them, for inslance, are neurotically involved in space flights. All of Ihem have dreamed about floating in space like astronauts. It is significant that skyjacking has always gone up in the wake of space spactaculars, notes Hubbard. Only one of the 20 had a job at the time of his crime. The others were longtime unem- ployed, recently fired, AWOL or hiding from the law. All said Ihcy became skyjackers after an acute personal failure or a period of deep depression. Most of them really wanted l.o be commercial pilots. Twelve had laken flying or parachute training. Taking momentary command of an airliner gave them a feeling of "bigness.1 As children, they were gen- erally slow in learning to walk, were poor in athletics and did not get along wilh other chil- dren. They were usually raised by violent, alcoholic fathers and fantastically religious mothers, with both parents fighting for the child's allegiance. says Hub- bard, "they direct pilots to fly them to a hoslile country, as they turn their backs on their fatherland. It's running behind momma's skirts, an adult re- turn to a childhood event." When they pointed s gun at a stewardess, it may have been the first sexually aggressive act of their lives. None of them ever physically molested a stewardess because, he claims, they still stand in awe ot "mom." In fact, three of the men ac- tually put down their guns when stewardesses ordered them to do 10. Because politics aren't in- volved, such skyjackers should not be granted asylum, Hub- bard recommends. Nor are death penalties or long prison sentences advisable. "Such a possibility tends In excite these he says. "It a government ever executes one of them, Ihe rate of sky- jnddng will double. Skyjackers wanl lo be punished. They all eventually return home to sur- render." has asked for coast-to-coast uniform traffic rules, a most sensible proposal which would take much of the confusion consequently, danger out of driving. Though the federal government hasn't shown noticeable zip in the realm of traffic safety since maharajah Paul Hellyer's long-ago departure from the transport min- istry, the need and course of action are so obvious that Ottawa can't duck its respon- sibility to bring discordant provincial regu- lations together. Most of Ihe traffic rules, including traf- fic signs, arc provincial. Therefore they change from one province to another, al- though most basics are the same. Munici- pal traffic bylaws legislative parents of the parking ticket compound the confu- sion. Thus, in one country, the laws may vary as much as in a dozen independent Euro- pean countries and the signs vary more than they do from one European nation to another. National law has worked satisfactorily in regulating such traffic offences as drunken driving, impaired driving and criminal neg traffic safety, including motor safety, could be made uniform, through federal or provincial legislation. Governments also could give a strong push to the efforts of traffic engineers, police and other officials concerned with safety in coming to international agree- ment on uniform traffic signs. It is unnecessary, dangeous and some- what absurd to regulate a person travelling through four or five jurisdictions in a week with a different set of signs for each state or province. If Europeans can work out a system ot uniform international traffic signs, surely the technologically-advanced, progress- proud North Americans (with only two countries to deal with) can do as much. Driving this continent's jam-packed streets and highways is enough of a sur- vival test. When the ordeal is needlessly exaggerated by driving rules and control signs that change each time a motorist crosses a boundary and millions just that daily in these highly mobile times governments ought to adminster a small bul clarifying dose of common sense. High-rise on ivheels The Economist "iviOBlLE home" is a rather misleading -1'1 name for the factory built trailers which have become the fastest growing type of new housing. They are designed to spend most of their lives firmly rooted in trailer parks, where water, sewage, elec- tricity and gas are laid on, although they can be moved to another site. Now mobile housing may he on the verge of a new dimension. Early this year the. first multi-storey mobile housing development was dedicated in Vadnais, a suburb of St. Paul, Minne- sota. Vadnais amended its zoning law to permit the three-level, nine-unit concrete structure. Essentially it consists of n set ot platforms, like an overgrown chest of drawers; the M feet wide by 70 feet long, sit on these platforms. Once the apparatus is provided with services by the town, it becomes a kind of bastard block of low-rent flats. Up to naw encampments of mobile homes have appeared mostly on the edges of cities and in rural areas where land is cheap. If they can be piled on top of each other, it will become economic In use more expensive land. The first project cost 000, including the land. The promoter, the Mobile Americana Corporation, now IMS plans for an 84-unit Skyerise, piled seven storeys high. Arguing that it IMS found a way of using urban space more economic- ally, the company is trying to convinco officials that (hero is a solution to the problem of housing Ihe poor. ;