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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta _. WfdnMdoy, July 14, 1971 WE IETHBRIDGE HERAID 3 Miracle needed to save shipping trade anrf ttv> varcl into which Brown was Pier Angeli. By CAROL KI5NNKOV LONDON (CP) .lohn Brown's shipyard may soon be mouldering in the grave as a result of the latest crisis in the British shipbuilding indus- try. That, at any rate, is the fear along the Clyde, where men are desperately seeking a last-ditch miracle to keep it marching on. Shipping experts predict that when the accountants have finished reconstructing the shell of the near-bankrupt Upper Clyde Shipbuilders, the historic but now outdated yard that once sent forth transatlantic speed queens is likely to be lopped from the ailing consortium. Whatever its ultimate fate. Brown's, once the greatest name on the Clyde, has been torpedoed by modern eco- nomic pressures as surely as one of its most famous prod- ucts, the Cunard liner Lusi- tania, was sent to the bottom by a German U-boat in the First World war. The 73-year-old Clydebank yard, which also built Cun- ard's Aquitania, Queen Mary, the .two Queen Elizabeths and the 1931 Canadian Pacific Em- press of Britain, has -faced First railway trip west recalled _f "Rynrftss arrived in Po By FRANK GRAY MONTREAL (CP) On Monday evening, June 28, 1886 crowds of nearly thronged into the CPH's tiny Dalhousie Square station. The occasion was the sched- uled 8 p.m. departure of Can- ada's first transcontinental passenger train, the Pacific Express, bound for Port Moody, B.C.. miles away. The festive gathering in- cluded the elite of the city. Exactly on schedule, engine No. 371, followed by five cars, including the stately dining car Holyrood and sleeping car Yokohama, coughed and wheezed out of the station, spitting sparks and cinders. As the train headed towards its first stop, Ottawa, 120 miles west, a 15-gun salute thundered. Eighty-five years later. Omer Lavallee, a company historian, recalled some fea- tures of the first trip west. "William C. Van Horne, then general manager with the railway, felt that the first scheduled voyage across the country should be for the pub- ESSENTIAL COMFORTS "As a consequence, there were no senior company offi- cials on the Pacific (Express about 40 passengers, or about 70 to 80 per cent of ca- pacity." Mr Lavallee, who is pre- paring an official illustrated volume of some 150 pages on the early days of the CPR for later this year, said the pas- sengers were grouped into ei- ther a colonist car or the plush first-class carriage. Colonist cars on the early trains generally were for im- migrants and had only the es- Clubs amalgamate TABEH (HNS) The Taber Golf Club and the Taber Curl- ing Club are now one. The new organization is known as the Taber Golf and Curling Club. The merger of the two clubs are required by the Alberta Liquor Control Board as a pre- requisite to the granting of a beer license for the curling arena upstairs lounge.________ Shower held The former curling club wil operate as The Winter Club and will issue proxies each yea to those joining in curling a club members. Former president, "f the form er Golf Club, Ronald A. Co leaux, is president of Tabe Golf and Curling Club. The amalgamation was ap- proved by town council along witli renewal of agreements vith the new association. NATAL, B.C. (HNS) A well attended miscellaneous shower was held in St. Mi- chael's Hall in Natal recently in honor of Miss Irene Singlyak (Androlic) of Spar- wood. The bride-to-be was escorted into the hall by Miss Judy Krall of Sparwood, Miss Flor- ence Singleton of Fcrme and Miss Debbie Mannion of Spar- wood, who later assisted opening the many gifts. The-evening was spent with guests playing games of whist and bingo. DRIVE OFF SHARKS ITHACA, N.Y. (AP) To- morrow's divers may have por- poises swimming guard around them to drive off sharks. Perry W. Gilbert, professor of neuro- biology and behavior at Cornell University, says that he has completed a program for the U.S. Navy in which a porpoise was trained to repel sharks re- peatedly on command. The re- search was conducted at the Mote Marine Laboratory in Sar- asota, Fla. sential comforts of wooden seats and fold-down bunks. Fares, on the average, were about to little differ- ent from the basic i'aies the CNR and CPR charge today to cross the country, although the travel time of the Pacific Express was 139 hours, nearly double the current Montreal- Vancouver timetable. "Van Horne, in addition to being the CPR's second presi- dent between 1889 and 1899, also was the company's first public relations Lavallee said. ORIENTAL NAMES "He designed posters, wrote slogans and also devised the system of names for the early CPR dining and sleeping cars." The diners were named after the royal houses of Bnt- ain-hence the Holyrood while the s'eepers took the names, either of various stops across the continent, or of ori- ental locations to which the CPR shipping division hoped to carry mail. Thus, travellers found them- selves riding on cars such as the Peterboro or CEnmore or the Tokio, Yokohama, Corea and the Sydney. The Pacific Express pushed on to North Bay, Ont., without major mishap, around the northern shores of the unper Great Lakes to Port Arthur, Thunder then out across the Prairies. The train arrived on sched- ule in Winnipeg on Dominion Day, July 1. Thirty-six hours later en- gine No. 371 began the long eastern ascent of the Rockies. On July 4, at noon, the Pa- cific Express arrived in Port Moody, completing the jour- ney exactly on time and giv- ing Canada, for a few years at least, the distinction of op- crating the longest single rail- way line in the world. "It was a distinction the CPR held until the 1890s when Russia opened the Trans-Sibe- rian railway, linking Moscow with Vladivostok, miles Mr. Lavallee recalled. SPECIAL TRAIN The arrival at Port Moody set in motion a six-day-a-week transcontinental service. Each night except Sunday at 8 p.m a Pacific Express train left Montreal for the West, while each day except Monday, ar Atlantic Express train lef Port Moody lor Montreal. The first east-bound journey began July 6. Although the June 28 joui ney officially inaugurated th service, the first transcont nental trip actually was com pleted Nov. 8, 1885, when special train carrying Va Horne, Donald Smith, then senior CPR director, and ot ers, arrived at the British Co umbia part over basically th same roadbeds now used b the CPR's Canadian transco tinental train. Mr. Lavallee said that tl opening of the railway inac vertently brought the CPI into the hotel business. Small stations, with food and lodg- ings, were established at sce- nic locations along the route, obvious stopping points for the trains. These, such as the Banff Springs Hotel in the Rockies, later grew into profitable tourist centres. economic disaster before but managed to survive. CRISIS RESOLVED During the depression years of the early 1930s, lack of cap- ital left the unfinished Queen Mary rusting on the stocks for three years, and thousands were thrown out of work. That particular crisis was resolved by a government loan and the cost-saving merger of Britain's two lead- ing transatlantic steamship companies, Cunurd and White Star. But Brown's in the 1970s has been crippled by fixed- price contracts in a time of mounting inflation. The original John Brown, bora in 1816, was a self-made lad from Sheffield who be- came a pioneering steelmas- ter. He built a large chunk of his fortune supplying armor- plate to the ironclads then the pride of the British navy. In 1898 the John Brown company, seeking a new out- let for its steel forgings, ac- quired a shipbuilding works at Clydebank, just downriver from Glasgow, which had been building ocean liners for unard since the 1850s. ASTEST LINER In those days, Clydebank ad a reputation for always maintaining its delivery dates improving upon hem. By 1900, in a furious burst f activity, the new combine lad completed the Cunard ner Saxonia, a Japanese bat- leship and five destroyers for he Royal Navy. Seven years later, there lipped out of Brown's east ard the largest and fastest ocean liner the world had yet seen-the Lusitania, a painting of which still hangs n Brown's board-room. Her revolutionary turbine engines made her the most advanced vessel on the North Atlantic. Torpedoed off Ireland in 1S15, her death-roll of in- cluded hundreds of Canadian and American civilians anc ranked as history's secont worst merchant ship disaste.- after the Titanic. Brown's yard turned ou many famous warships in eluding the battle cruisers In flexible and Repulse and th giant Hood, which became on of Britain's major naval cas ualties of the Second Worl War. Between the wars, Brown's men built several Canadian Pacific Duchess liners and in 1931 the yard launched thf second Empress of Britain, a 42350-ton three-stacker. She was bombed and sunk in 1940. The Bl ,000-ton Queen Mary undoubtedly brought Brown's finest hour. After all the ago- nies of her building, she be- came a triumphant symbol of Britain's recovery from the depression. With the postwar decline in passenger shipping, Brown's fortunes faded and the yard was left with a lot of old-fash- ioned capital equipmet. The Queen Elizabeth II whose debut was shadowed by de- lays, unfinished workmanship and faulty turbines, was the last great passenger liner to be built at Clydebank Cunard subsequently or- dered two smaller liners from a Rotterdam yard and slapped a million lawsuit for delays to the QE II on Upper Clyde Shipbuilders, into which Brown was merged in 1968. Today, Brown's yard em- ploys about men, turning out'vessels markedly different from the Atlantic giants of the ferries, small cargo ships and oil-drilling rigs. But the pride in the ship- wright's trade is strong as memories of the dark depression years. There will be enormous pressure on the government and its advis- ers to save the soul of John Brown. Comforts ivill be missing on new Arctic coast road By GEHRY SIJTTON CALGARY (CP) The com- ts of a southern highway are issing along Canada's first ad to the Arctic coast, a 735- ile venture expected to be mpleted early next year. There are no motels or ser- ce stations for hundreds of lies and often the tempera- ui'e is 30 to 40 degrees below ero. It's called a winter toll road nd it stretches 480 miles from ort Simpson, N.W.T. The road, under the supervi- lon and ownership of Pancana idustries Ltd. of Calgary, for- merly Western Electronics and Engineering Ltd., means little o the average traveller who an drive on it free of charge 1ELPS OTHER COMPANIES For exploration companies rowever, it's a quick, cheap am easy entrance to difficult area n the North. Commercial vehi cles are charged four cents z ton for each mile travelled. Pancana, a diversified com pany with interests in construe .ion, seismic and geophysica surveys and petroleum drilling got interested in r'oad-buildin last summer because of North ern Canada's bright resourc future. Bain Brothers, Pane ana construction division from E monton, will begin work on th final 255 miles fi'om Fort Goo Hope to Inuvik, N.W.T., whe freeze-up hits the northern gions. Pancana officials won't how much the road costs, b last vear when the companj participation was first an- nounced, executives said a r road open five months of e year would cost between .5 and million, exclusive of ridges and culverts. The road was an apparent uccess after its first season, a hree month session which nded in mid-April this year. Dale E. Fickinger, executive nee president of Pancana, aid commercial vehicles eighing a total of tons used the road from Jan. 2 to toril 16. OLLOWS RIVER VALLEY The road generally follows he Mackenzie River Valley, ae same route being consider- ed in plans for proposed crude- il and gas pipelines from Prud- loe Bay in Alaska. Fred Brechtcl, vice-president )f Pancana, said in an inter- view: "We can build the road with- out the pipelines but the pipe- ines can't be built without the road." Geophysical and drilling con- tractors were the road's main users last season. Also hauled in were equipment for testing ecology effects of laying pipe- line down the Mackenzie Val- ley and supplies for commun- ities along the route, including prefabricated houses and ma- terials to build a new school. There are many ice bridges along the route, some more than two miles long. They are constructed by pumping water through holes in the ice onto the surface of the lake or river where the road is to run. Enough thickness is built up to hold the vehicles and with- stand occasional thaws. Ice bridges are built because they are cheaper, says Mr. Fickinger, who estimated that they cost about S5.000 to It would cost about million to build a regular bridge in some areas. When traffic increases on the winter road, it will mean look- ing into the possibility of a year round road in the same area. 4-11 foundation laimclies appeal OTTAWA (CP) The presi- dent of the Canadian 4-H Foun- dation, C. Les Usher of Edmon- ton, says the organization will launch an appeal to raise in five years. He said the farm youth organ- ization needs funds for seminars and conferences, training and development programs, re- search of existing 4-H programs for disadvantaged youth and staff training and development programs. The foundation was estab- lished in 1969 to handle funds for the 4-H Club membership of GROWTH RATE The population of Pakistan grows at least three per cent annually. F SHOES jSjy SUMMER CLEARANCE SALE ALL CLOGS Reg. to 24.00 ,99 NOW ONLY 9 All WHITE and BEIGE PUMPS and DRESS SHOES Regular lo 30.00. PAIR.....I 14 SPECIAl SELECTION DRESS SHOES Reg. to 30.00 7.99 BALANCE OF SHOES 10% Oft WORLD OF SHOES 317A SIXTH STREET SOUTH SOFA BED GROUP TRANSCONTINENTAL PASSENGER TRAIN The first transcontinental passenger Irain, the Pacific Express, loft Montreal June 28, 1886, bound for Port Moody, B.C. 3000 miles away. Top photo shows the interior of the posh Canadian Pacific first class sleeping cor. The colon- ist cars (boltom photo) wero generally for imm.granls and had only essential comforts of wooden seats and fold- dawn bunks. Open Till 9 p.m. Thursday and Friday Nights for your Shopping Convenience! SOFA. OPENS TO SUEEP TWO. Deep foam eusMonTug ant expanded rinyl plastic for long lasting attract tirencss and cosy cleaning. sturdy construction yet stunningly styled et o price to fit yourl SOFA metes bed LARGE ROCKER. COFFEE TABLE TWO END TABLES Convenient Budget Terms Available or use your Chargex Cnrdl 326 5th Street South Downtown lethbridge Phone 327-8578 ;