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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, July 14, 1970 Anthony Westell Supporting Saigon u The fires of criticism of U.S. sup- port of the Saigon government have been fueled afresh by the revelation that political prisoners are being kept under inhuman conditions in cages in an island prison. Such a rev- elation keeps wide open the basic question of whether the Saigon gov- ernment is worth supporting. There is serious doubt about wheth- er the government of South Vietnam has ever had the trust of the people. Elections were not allowed for many years because of the legitimate fear that the results would be unfavorable to the ruling clique. Apparently even now support is so shaky that poli- tical opposition cannot be tolerated. Exposures of the corruption in South Vietnam have been ignored by U.S. officials for years. Despite the fact that much of the aid military as well as otherwise poured into South Vietnam makes its way into the hands of racketeers it continues to Making Prison Reformers Twenty three Judges from all over the United States recently volunteer- ed to "do time" in the Nevada state prison near Carson City. It was part of their course in the National Col- lege of State Trial Judges held at the University of Nevada. Most of the judges were shaken by their experience of spending a night in prison. Some of them emerged vowing to work for prison reform. The judges were processed as or- dinary prisoners so that they would not receive deference from either the guards or the prisoners. Five of the judges spent their night in maximum security in solitary confinement. The rest stayed in dormitories in the minimum security section. Those who spent the night in soli- tary confinement found if. appalling. They couldn't sleep because of the profane shouting of the inmates and because of the noise of automatic toilets in their cells flushing every seven minutes with a "long, deep roar." In the dormitories the other judges were also bothered by the noise. They were more disturbed, however, by the homosexuality that was in evidence. Doubtless the judges were not un- aware of some of the unlovely as- pects of prison life. But the actual ex- perience of those conditions is differ- ent from merely reading or hearing; about them. It was the experience that had the effect of making reform- ers out of some of the judges. In, Canada and likely in the United States as well lawyers and judges are among the most active prison reformers. Their ranks might very well swell to become an irresis- tible force if more of them were to have the experience of the judges in Nevada. Bank War New York banks are engaged in a silly war. As a result of the tight money situation and a relaxation of federal and state laws, banks have been offering gifts for every new de- positor. The result as might be expect- ed is that very few really new savings accounts are being accounts are merely being trans- ferred from one bank to another. This means that no bank is likely to have gained very much. All no doubt have experienced losses as a result of the cost of the gifts and the expense of administering the shifting of ac- counts in and out. Few people will feel sorry for the banks. The colossal profits reported by banks in recent times indicates that they can afford to suffer a little from, their own stupidity. It is.somewhat disconcerting, how- ever, to observe the banking business departing from dependable to dubious practises. The March Of The Charlatans By Richard J. Needham, in the Globe and Mail, Toronto TJO young people of this tune (or any other) want guidance from older peo- ple? It's my strong impression that they don't; they want to find their own way, live their own lives, make their 'own mistakes. And even if the kids do want guidance, are the adults in a position to provide it? I'm led into these thoughts by a report in this newspaper the other day. Dr. Mar- tin Symonds, a New York psychiatrist, was quoted as saying that if young people to- day are bewildered, it's because the adults themselves are bewildered. "They have lost confidence and hope; they openly express their confusion and anxiety. Part of the dramatic and even chaotic behavior of the present day adolescent is a result of the open expression of hopelessness and de- spair from adults about the present day world." If this is the case, why? Why have adults today lost confidence and hope, why do they despair of the world? Because, I think, they have expected too much from it. And why have they expected too much from it? Because, I think, they have been deceived by so many phony doctrines, so many fake messiahs. The period through which older men and women have lived has been one of massive delusions; it's been one of charlatans who contrived to fool most of the people most of the time, then let them down with a thud. What a rogues' gallery they present! You could begin (as I began in iny time) with the insanities of the First World War Woodrow Wilson blathering that it was go- ing to make the world safe for demo- cracy, and Lloyd George blathering that when it was over, Britain would become a land fit for heroes to live in. You could go on from there to the League of Na- tions, to Mussolini who made the trains run on time, to Hitler who didn't have any further territorial demands, to Neville Chamberlain, blathering about peace in our time, to bloody handed merchants of "pro- gress" like Stalin. You could go on to the in- sanities of the Second World War, with Franklin Roosevelt blathering about his Foui' Freedoms. You couW go on to the United Nations, with its various charters worth slightly less than the paper they're written on. It's been an age of ideology commu- nism, socialism, fascism, nazism, Social Credit each promising cosmic salva- tion, the solution of all human problems. It's been an age of slogans the Four- teen Points, the New Frontier, every man a king, One World, the New Deal, the More Abundant Life, poverty in the midst of plenty, the Century of the Common Man, the Just Society, a chicken in every pot, the Vision, the Great Leap Forward, strength through joy, workers of the world unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains. Promises, promises! All the way through, people were told that if they obeyed this particular man, followed this particular ideology, or fought this particular war, they would soon find themselves in paradise. They believed, they obeyed, they fought. But the paradise never came. They'd been duped; or, to put it more accurately, they'd allowed themselves to be dupe d. They were (some still are) the victims of their own expectations. There are things the world cannot .give, and things it can. It cannot give peace, or- der, justice, contentment, stability the things that have been promised by the messiahs, prophets and charlatans of this century. The world can give such things as change, struggle, upheaval, excitement, glory, disaster and moon landings. These are the only things we have a right to ex- pect from it. Camus said it: "lie who despairs of the human lot is a coward, but .he who has hopes for it is a fool." A wise man will neither despair of the world nor hope for it. He will sec it for what it is a con- tinuous and colorful brawl, a spectacular sequence of knaves, clowns and fools; of crimes, follies and misfortunes. He will see it as a show, the greatest ever, but still a show. Reality lies elsewhere, and we might get around to figuring that one out a day or so from now. Birth Control Policy Only Delayed ou be authorized. Indeed, an additional S100 million was recently approved. A Vietnamization program that merely builds up the fighting forces of South Vietnam without also im- proving the civilian morale is hope- less. South Vietnam could collapse as soon as the U.S. troop withdrawal is complete. Judging by the high rate of army desertion in the past, the strengthening of the military in South Vietnam is no assurance that collapse would not occur. Fighting for freedom is in vain un- less there is a freedom in evidence that convinces people it is worth the effort and the cost. If the United States cannot put pressure on the Saigon government to forswear sucli practises as locking people up in cages, the long years of war will prove to have been futile. There is, of course, a strong suspicion that nothing can save them from such a judgment! yrTAWA An alarming ommission from the pum- phlet on the future of the for- eign aid program included in (lie recent foreign policy package is any substantial reference to population control. It appears at first reading as if the cabinet has again avert- ed its eyes from the delicate subject of birth control in def- erence to t'he Roman Catholic minister's in the cabinet. Canada, it seems, will con- tinue to spend its growing bud- get for economic development in countries where the number of mouths may increase as fast as the food supply, and without regard to the mounting threat of the world population explo- sion. On inquiry, it turns out that' the cabinet has not decided to ignore population control; it just has not decided. The issue before the minis- ters again this month, is a new paper from the Depart- ment of National Health and Welfare proposing federal sup- port for voluntary agencies of- fering birth control advice and assistance in Canada. With the domestic policy settled, there should be no excuse for post- poning a decision on draft plans to include population con tr'ol measures in the foreign aid pro- gram. Canadian cabinets have been ducking the question for years. For a long time, Ihe excuse was that we could not advocate birth control programs abroad while they continued to be illegal un- der the Criminal Code at home. When the law was reformed a year ago to make it legal to distribute birth control inform- ation and contraceptive mater- ials, (he reactionaries switched to the argument that it was one thing to declare actions to be legal and quite another to ad- vocate them. After all, they said, the re- form of the Code had made it legal for consenting adults to practice homo sexuality in pri- vate, but the government was not encouraging such behavior. So just because birth control had been made legal, it did not follow that tlie federal govern- "Until You Showed Up, I Thought I Had It Tough" mcnt should encourage the idea at home or abroad. Certainly, ran the argument, the Canadian government should not odvocale abroad what it was not prepared to practise at home, and so do- mestic policy had to be settled before the foreign policy ques- tion could be resolved. Health and Welfare Minister John Kunro submitted a posi- tion paper to the cabinet early tin's year proposing a grant to the Family Planning Feder- ation of Canada, funds for re- search, and talks with the prov- inces to discover how far they wanted'to go in direct action to make birlh control informa- tion and advise available to Ca- nadians. The paper was sent back to Munro for revision and has now besn neld up for several months. The natural suspicion is that the Roman Catholic lob- by has been at work behind the scenes to oppose the pro- posed program. But, in fact, there seems to be almost no organized pressure, and what- ever moral or political concern is felt by ministers arises from personal convictions or private' information. Most experts in the Eovern- ment remain confident that there would be no serious ad- verse reaction to a modest birth control program. The delay has been due al- most entirely to the fact that Munro has been preoccupied with other issues, such as anti- smoking legislation and the Le- Dain report on drugs, and is only now preparing to go back to cabinet with his revised pa- per or. support for family plan- ning in Canada. Meantime, the booklet on in- ternational development aid had been in draft for months, and finally had to he printed, with the remainder of the paper on foreign policy, without refer- ence to the proposed program of aid to population planning abroad. The first step in this pro- gram would be financial sup- port for international.agencies. The United Nations Fund for Population Activities has a bud- get this year of million, and hop.ed for about from Canada roughly in line with contributions from Britain and West Germany, for example, but much less than the 000 put uf by the United States. The 75 nation International Planned Parenthood Federation would also receive a grant from Canada. The delay at cabinet level, of course, means that no Canadian government dollars have yet gone to either agency. The next stage in the foreign aid program would be funding some .research in Canada to de- velop'expertise in the area of population control. The third step would be di- rect Canadian assistance to de- veloping countries wanting help with population control pro- grams as part of then- econo- mic assistance from Canada. With Parliament adjourned, the cabinet has a month to clear up outstanding business be- fore ministers go on holiday hi August. There should be no ex- cuse for any further evasion of the birth control question. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Richard Purser Rene Levesque Returns To His Old Trade TyVONTREAL: Rene Le- vesque, journalist, is back at work again. The leader of the Parti Quebecpis began mak- ing a living at his old trade on June 29, exactly two months to the day after voters in his Mon- treal Laurier constituency de- cided to put at least a tempor- ary halt to his political career as member of the national as- sembly. Mr. Levesque now writes six times weekly in the six year- old and increasingly popular morning tabloid, Journal de Montreal, where he has at his disposal a two column spread the full length of the political opinion page. The remainder of the page is split between a politi- cal cartoon and a rotating se- ries of columnists including, once a week each, Premier Ro- bert Bourassa, Creditiste Lead- er Camil Samson, and former education minister Jean Guy Letters To The Editor Cardinal for the National Union opposition. With his first six columns in, some idea can be developed of what to expect from the sepa- ratist leader's facile typewrit- er. Two of the columns deal with health insurance, a matter current local interest in Que- bec, but the other four concern the issues of nationalism that are his reasons for political be- ing. In his first column, ending a ten year absence from the writer's side of the keyboard, Mr. Levesque stated his convic- tion that the accession to politi- cal independence of the Quebec people appeared to him each day more necessary and more urgent. Like others of his generation, he wrote, he came late and with difficulty to this conviction, but now everything reinforced it. He wavered between sadness, bit- terness and incomprehen s i o n over his fellow Quebecers1 fail- ure to realize this en masse, re- ferring to them as a "little peo- ple" stopping on the threshold of maturity to engage in labori- ous debate, remaining in short pants in prolonged adolescence under their traditional tutors. Mr. Levesque considers the Liberal party of Mr. Bourassa to be one of these traditional tutors. "I am frankly working against a regime which, to me, dangerously retards and steril- izes he wrote, "and I will continue to do that here." Mr. Levesque, who for the last two months has upbraided the press for its alleged role in his and his party's electoral defeat, said that only the Journal de Mon- treal and its companion Jour- nal de Quebec in the capital "are open enough to new ideas" (i.e., his own) "and to the evol- ution of pur society" to create a true tribune of opinion. Over Exhibition Of Bad Manners As a recent resident of LetK- bridge, over the past two years, I have heard much of our local MLA, Mr. John Landeryou. However, I have not previously had tha privilege of seeing our democratic ally elected rep- resentative until the recent pub- lic meeting called by himself and the local Social Credit party to discuss the proposed aid pre- viously Provincial Government approved Public Day Care Cen- tre. It was indeed a revelation to see our community representa- tive rise at the beginning of the meeting to present a vehement attack with inferred icsult upon the proposed centre. Certainly a surprising example of democra- tic principals'. Admittedly he did sustain some heckling which in general seemed well founded and was no doubt an expected result of his rabble rousing ap- proach. However, following this exhibition of partisan politics worse was to follow in the as- tounding exhibition of bad man- ners. All appreciate that politi- cal debate can become heated, but one would expect a profes- sional politician to be less sus- ceptible than the general pub- lic. Heckling or interruption of a speaker is one thing, though not to be expected from a plat- form speaker, but spitting and the general exhibition of bad behavior to which we were sub- mitted should be kept to the farm yard and not a public meeting. I am informed that Mr. Lan- deryou is one of the longest standing members of the Legis- lature. Recently lie also at- tempted to enter into munici- pal politics but was soundly re- Need Courteous Officers It has come to my attention that the City of Lethbridge Parks and Recreation Depart- ment has hired a privately owned security service to pa- trol Indian Battle Park. While I agree that some supervision is necessary, I have two argu- ments against the present sys- tem. The first is in the area of misuse of public funds. In the past the park has been pa- trolled by the City of Leth- bridge Police. If this force is not sufficient, I suggest it would be wiser to hire add- itional trained police officers, for whose services we pay taxes. The crux of my argument is the lack of training in human relations given to the private security guards. The city po- lice arc courteous and careful of people's feelings, even if the encounter is one of reprimand or enforcement. However, my personal encounter with one security ngent left me feeling angry and resentful, because he was openly rude and belli- gerent. Moreover, he shouted his orders from an unmarked, privately owned car, from such a distance that until I investi- gated further, I did not know that he was in any official capacity whatsoever. Further, he stopped hah" a dozen groups of picnickers for what could only be minor of- fences, and he issued or- ders by shouting from his car, encouraging bad feelings. I feel very strongly that since we are in a tourist area, and that Indian Battle Park is heavily populated by tourists (to say nothing of tax-paying the City of Leth- bridge should be far more con- cerned with the quality of pa- trol rather than quantity, and should insist, that if minor of- fciitfs are to be vigilantly sought out and stomped on, the enforcement should at least be courteous and thoughtful, not heavy-handed and rude. (MRS.) GRACE BOGUSKY. Lethbridge, jectcd by the voters. No doubt the local party members can hardly have failed to take note of this fact. However, should they persist with this candidate for the next election the Pro- gressive Conservative party could hardly ask for more. I feel that some apologies are due to the Honorable Mr. Speak- er, who generously gave his hol- iday time to attend this meet- ing only to have to sit through this undignified display from the platform. I trust that his impressions of Lethbridge will not be based upon this incident. Lethbridge is a fast expand- ing and changing community. What may have served thirty- five years ago will not neces- sarily do for today. If this is the calibre cf representative the people of this city desire then they deserve tie results which they will assuredly receive. DISILLUSIONED TAXPAYER Lethbridge. Where Nexl? The pattern is row plain. Trudeau was ctfly something to get elected with. He does net sit in the House except when required, for the image. He has given an airplane and told to "get cut of here, Mitchell Sharp will do the necessary while you lour the world in the role cf goodwill ambassador, all your expenses will be charg- ed to (ho adoring people cf Canada." All of which the good man has been all tco willing to do. His boo-boos in Malaysia, Japan and here in Canada, his latest, "if the people of Can- ada don't like it they can lump it" are cf course embarrassing to the "establishment." Where next will he be kissing the girls and signing auto- graphs? Europe or Africa of course. Anywhere to get him cut of town. F. E. CASSEL Coutts. the province's other editorial columns hovers the massive shadow of a managerial class in French) no longer rooted in the people. (During the election campaign Mr. Samson flatly called the Journal de Montreal "separa- but now he writes for it If his opening column was not exactly vintage Levesque, his July 1 Dominion Day trib- ute certainly was. Canada has endured for 103 years, he wrote, and now maintains it- self by fear of change and by Trudolatry, "the LSD of feder- alism." The Canadian voyage has arrived at its term. "From B and B without end and white papers without issue, from Ben- son to Bourassa, from Hull to Ottawa, this country which has never taken hold is collapsing rapidly like a forgotten souf- fle." Economically, Canada is go- Ing to the devil to the funeral rhythm of a petty conservatism and an anti inflationism to make more jobless. Politically! it marries a 19th century colo- nial constitution with the diri- giste mentality of a pretentious little satellite of the 20th. Another column bitterly at- tacks as futile the efforts of both federal and provincial gov- ernments to encourage the use of French, but the most inter- esting to date as a revelation of the Levesque psyche was on "the roots of violence." Mr. Le- vesque, of course, does not ap- prove of bombs, "the poisoned fruit" of "sterile revolt." But he finds the revolt "terribly under- standable" at least, as un- derstandable as the drug re- volt each his Drugs are the way out for some of the alienated, dynamite is for others. If commentaries on the LeDain report can point out that society is largely respon- sible for increased drug use, "is not this same society largely responsible for Mr. Levesque said at a re- cent public meeting here that it was necessary to understand the outburst of bombings, and more than ever necessary to phannel the forces behind it to- ward positive action. He was roasted for the first part of his remarks by a writer in La Presse: "Mr. Levesque says he 'un- derstands the bomb planters.' It is no more difficult to under- stand violence ton to under- stand a cyclone. Only, one does not have to approve or dis- approve of a cyclone. But one must say clearly whether one approves of terrorism or not." So, after some expressions of exaspera lion, Mr. Levesque once again restates his position in response: "One can understand violence, but one must disapprove of it." Or, also putting it the other way around, "one must disap- prove of violence, but one can understand it." He is trying to say, he ex- plains, that the important thing is to find for youth who revolt through violence, just as for youth who revolt through drugs, a constructive road of hope. As he has frequently, he lists some, of the evils that, he feels de- stroy the hope of youth: his party winning a quarter of the vote but only a fifteenth of the seats in the assembly; the new liberal government's alleged lack of vision; its pandering to a "privileged" group (doctors) in medicare legislation; Liberal propaganda during the election campaign; so called "illegal" federal intervention in that cam- paign; a call in 3 local handout rag (which only he took seri- ously) for civil war hi the event of a separatist win. Despite his attempts at an un- equivocal response to the wri- ter in La Presse, one cannot help but feel that Mr. Levesque believes he is somehow explain- ing violence by providing his list of ills. It is a disturbing thought. (Herald Quebec Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 New regulations from Ottawa go a long way to con- serve wild birds. Ducks are lim- ited to 30 per day, geese 10 and brant 15, with the season's duck limit 270. new street f lusher is now in use in the city. It takes in the width of the widest street, or half the street and the boulevard and has a capa- city of 833 gallons of water. 1910 An o f f i c c has been openscl in the Marquis Hotel for the committee for the care of British children, for the dura- tion of the war. All persons making private arrangements to care for relatives or other children from the Old Country must notify the committee im- mediately. Trades and Labor Council went on record as favoring parking meters for the city. fathers in Paris, France, are determined to give the city a face scrubbing, de- spite pleas from traditionalists that the dirt is part of the city's historical charm. Die lethlmdge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PuhHsheri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Hccistration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Hie Crnadian Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS 11. ADAMS. General ilaaascr JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WAI.KEll Advertising Manager Editorial rage Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;