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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta A collection of brief book reviews University of Lethbridge Creative by the 52 This publication includes creative stories and poems written by Lethbridge and district residents and students with a few outside contributions. But of the 30 23 live here in the city. The university is to be congratulated on this publication which compares favorably with those of much older institutions. Middle-aged people might find it a little rough to read the modernistic lacking sentence punctuation and but it will be well worth their while to persevere. I was moved and excited by what I found. There is a definite Southern Alberta flavor to this compilation in its natural its wend and its people. Most readers will be very proud of the talent and promise shown by our young people and will get a vicarious thrill from their accomplishments. MARY HEINITZ by Evelyn Lampman 182 Evelyn Lampman writes with sympathy and understanding a boy who is a loner. Eleven year old Jamie finds it difficult to make friends with his schoolmates and so he is very pleased when he chums up with an Indian boy called Horse during a vacation on his aunt's ranch. The two boys have lots of fun together but the highlights of their friendship come when they repair some Indian pictographs and restore a 'ost medicine bag to its rightful owner. Through a series of dreams. Jamie is allowed to return to the past and relive some of the adventures of Horse's ancestors. An extremely well written story and an example of what good junior fiction should be. TERRY MORRIS National Dream and The Last by Pierre Benon 511 Those who missed reading Pierre Berton's two books on the planning and building of the Canadian Pacific Railway perhaps because of their rather formidable size will be glad to know that in this com- bined version the contents have been reduced by half. Included in this inexpensive version are 96 pages of full- color photographs from the CBC series. The National televised earlier this year. DOUG WALKER Beginner's Book of and by Constance Bogen Mead and Co. 159 If you've never made a patchwork quilt and would like to do this beginner's book will lead you in easy steps from tracing your stitching for ex- to the actual quilting. There is a section on the use of embroidery and projects. These include bib and pot wall bolero and cushions With the simple instructions and good black and white il- the novice should have no problems. ELSIE MORRIS 'Never Step on an Indian's by Diana Walker Canada 189 This story is based on an old Indian legend that when the evening shadow is an Indian must be careful that no one steps on his for therein lies his A young Teresa went to spend the summer with her married sister in a small town near an Indian reservation. She soon became aware of problems faced by the natives in the area and found it difficult to know how to cope with the situation. Richard a young man whom she had met on the tried to help her understand the Indian viewpoint. Teresa set out to break down barriers in her own way. Her relationship with a small Cree led to her involvement with the Cree Indians who lived in a nearby. She formed a special friendship with Michael Big a young Cree who had many' problems with his identity as an Indian and as a person. Through her Teresa matured remarkably and found out what values were really important to her life style. I feel that after reading this novel I have a better insight into problems faced by the Indian people. Although this story is many Indians do live in the same poor conditions as those Teresa met. I was much impressed by the way Teresa handled the problems with which she was faced. I would recommend this novel to both boys and girls in their early teens but girls will probably enjoy it more than boys. The reader will soon become emotionally involved with Teresa and her experiences. JANICE CUTFORTH and Ar- by Hermann W. Norton and 117 This book is a detailed study of two elements of music that are of vital concern to every musician. Since the problems of phrasing and articulation are especially acute in the un- marked or sparsely marked scores of the 17th and 18th century the author has concentrated on the music of that with special attention to the works of Mozart and Beethoven. Phrasing is ex- amined as an indispensable element of musical ex- pression. Various aspects of each of these subjects are the construction of their the application of and other types of articulation. In this discussion the author draws upon contemporary theoretical writings and as well as upon his own extensive experience as an editor of music. Part two is devoted to specific problems in the works of three masters named and includes a chapter on the 19th century Hermann Keller is a musicologist who has held im- portant posts as an organist and who has taught for many years at the Wurttemberg Conservatory of Music. CHRIS STEWART Between the by John Bishop Virginia Broadbent R. 176 London Between the Lines is a guide to London through poetry. There are nine sec- tions dealing with different aspects of the capital city while the poets are selected from the 16th century to those still living. The compilers ad- mit that their choice of poems with an inclination towards poems of this cen- and they tried to avoid popular and familiar poems about London. The result is a very delight- tul verse anthology which should please those who know London or intend to holiday and explore there. The attrac- tive line drawings by Diana de Vere Cole reflect the mood of the poems and add to the value of the book. TERRY MORRIS Me Hear You by P. Zindel Whiteside 43 This is a short play from the pen of Pulitzer prize Paul Zindel Effect of Gamma Rays on Man in the Moon the is a quaint little old cleaning lady who dislikes refuses coffee but loves animals The scene opens as she begins her new job in an experimental laboratory where Dr. Crocus sacrifices animals to further his work in brain analysis. The current project involves a dolphin whom he is trying in vain to teach to talk. Helen is shocked when he decides to destroy the mammal and disect its for the dolphin has responded to her loving embraces by talking to her. Good parts for her lady and the janitor Dan. Very short appearances made by the doctor and his assistant. This with its be-kind to animals is well suited to school and church but any amateur theatre Animr Hnino it This hard-cover readers' edition is pleasantly illustrated by drawings by Stephen Gammell. MARY HEINITZ Wheel by Robin Lawrle 32 After supplying a short history of two very early motor both German- Robin Lawrie goes on to outline the proper handling of the bike in various weather and road how the component parts work and the different types of bikes available. A must for any motorbike enthusiast. ANNE SZALAVARY Guinea by John G. Fuller P. Putnam's 320 This book reveals in depth and shocking detail the story behind the newspaper headlines. It deals with stilbestrol and hexa- from oral contraceptives to insect from toothnastes to aspirin. It tells not just the story of what harmful products manufacturers are adding to foods but why they do it at the consumer's expense. It reveals not just usurious prices charged by pharmaceutical companies but how these drug companies disregard lethal dangers to the patients. It reveals the harmful ingredients lurking in cosmetics and the lobbyists' fight against public protection. It tells the consumer what he should know about overpricing in over the counter preparations and what he should know for his own protection when he opens the household medicine chest. He tells why some toy mar.ufacturers disregard safety precautions that could prevent maiming and death. Guinea Pigs is the only work that assembles in one volume all one needs to know about these dangers that threaten health and life and advises readers what they can do against such risks. Consumers are subjected to a bombardment of poisons in their drugs and cosmetics while trusting corporations who make swelling profits at the customer's expense. This valuable book concentrates entirely on consumer dangers. It criticizes both leading American and the too often a bedfellow with them at the public's expense. CHRIS STEWART by Mary Stole 208 In her latest Mary Stolz has told the story of a rather peculiar 12-year old boy who chums up with an equally peculiar family. It's heavy going and the such as it doesn't begin until almost half-way through the book. The activities of Josh land his friends might interest the young naturalist but I'd be surprised if Lands End appealed to many elementary students. TERRY MORRIS THE VOICE OF ONE By Dr. Frank S. Morley Nature's parachutes Photo Bill Groenen Cypress Hills country history Last by J. G. Nelson House 230 Here is a thought-provoking account of the ex- and ultimate sub- jugation by Europeans of a rather vaguely defined part of the northwestern Great the author's so-called Hills written by a geographer with a long-standing interest in and concern about Canadian land- man relationships. Centred on the Cypress Hills the area considered in this volume is the land between the South Saskatchewan and Missouri river stretching east from the Rocky Mountain foothills to an indefinite boundary in west-central Saskatchewan. Two basic themes dominate the the inexorable ad- vance of trapper and fur trader into the region during the 18th and 19th and the inevitable concomi- tant changes in pre-European ways of life and landscape. The trapper or be he or evaluated the area primarily in terms of its real or potential wealth in beaver the natives were regarded as or mainly on the basis of how willingly they par- ticipated in the ever-widening search for fur. As it most of the Indians living in the Cypress Hills country both north and south of the 49th parallel saw little advantage in doing business with the invaders of their domain and accordingly never figured very prominent- ly in the drama of the great fur-trade days. Their demise as masters of the northwestern plains was more directly related to decimation of the seemingly limitless buf- falo herds several decades after the peak of the fur-trade era had been reached. With the virtual dis- appearance of the bison in North obliteration of a way of life skillfully at- tuned to the resources of a region yet to be tamed com- pletely successfully by modern man was assured. Nelson sees the Cypress Hills today as a literally a of a landscape that once was but can never be given the evolving patterns of land use in this particular part of the continent. His plea is preserve what is left as a reminder of what has for change in landscape is an one-way process. To which this reviewer would enthusiastically we can learn from the past only if a piece of that past remains. C. B. BEATY Abuse of children documented Will individualism Stop Destroying Our by Shirley Soman Hall 274 pagesj. Shirley Soman exposes the many ways in which modern society allows children to be abused. She names organizations and if her stories are un- pleasant they are no mora gruesome than accounts of child assault reported regular- ly in the press. You can injure or kill your child with play private swimming household supplies and other things. Two of the most vicious destroyers of children that you must guard against are parents and adults. Consider these figures. The annual injury rate for children thp MSA is nnc million each for playground equip- ment and bicycle due to dangerous toys and no matter how you slice it that's an awful lot of suffering for children to endure. Examples of how adults ill treat children make par- ticularly upleasant reading. One father hung his six year old son upside down for eight hours a day to his bedwetting and finally finish- ed him off with a beating that fractured his skull. How can we cut down on child Mrs. So- man has compiled an impres- sive bill of rights for she also demands tough legislation plus safety training programs to stop child abuse. The success of her efforts will ul- timately depend on how will- ing people are to the on behalf of children and speak up. In medicine and social as those who question are likely to be punished. Medical research concerned about job kept quiet about the facts of malnutrition among poor and as one doc- tor remained silent when I should have been screaming in the When children are mentally or everyone has a duty to scream. It's the only way to make legislation work and give children greater protec- tion. All who care1 for children should read this com- passionate and well documented book. TERRY MORRIS Karl Jaspers was one of the most important philosophers of our time. A dominant theme with him was the recovery of true in- dividualism and thereby human freedom. While Jaspers dealt with the problem from a psychological and philosophical point of many people today are alarmed by what they feel to be the political- and economic encroachments on individualism and freedom. It would be to prove that private capitalism had a high standard of though David Riesman in dividualism holds that the early capitalists who pioneered on the fron- tiers of and colonization had a character orientation or which led them to ameliorate abuses and act for social benefit. Riesman has to admit that the capitalist in- dividualism in its devotion to the cash nexus fostered an ethic of While he thinks poorly of the men who compete for wealth for its own he finds them relatively harmless when compared to the men who seek power for its own sake. It is strange that socialism frightens so many people in a land where governments have socialized socialized socialized socialized water socialized socialized power socialized socialized in- and have made a beginning on socializing banking and railroads. When one considers how the CPR has treated the Cana- dian it is hard to defend private enterprise in this case against state ownership. It would be to' have a ritualistic devotion to any economic ideology. Such traditional dogmatism can inhibit the pragmatic remedies for some problem re- quiring urgent remedy. Indeed one of the most dangerous elements in the international situation is that of two self-righteous ideologies communism and capitalism confronting one another in the belief that one or the other must ultimately triumph. Such a fatalistic attitude leads inevitably to war. That socialism is softening towards capitalism may be demonstrated by a formal statement by the convention of the German Social Democratic Party at free choice of consumer goods and free choice of a place to free initiative for are decisive and free competition is a very important element of a free economic policy. Totalitarian control of the economy destroys freedom. The Social Democratic Party therefore favors a free market wherever free competi- tion really exists. Every concentration of economic even in the hands of the carries a This has good sense that should be digested by socialists everywhere. But everyone should learn the lesson that the rigidity of an ideological straitjacket brings fearful even as the Marxian dogma so brutally applied to Soviet farming was not only hideous in its but ruinous to Russian agriculture. One of the sorriest afflictions which has caused untold evil and suffering in the and is certainly present in Canadian is the surrender to the temptation to not with the but with a plan or utopia and try to impose it on a nation. Once a man puts his whatever it may whether it is a a whether it is a Fascist or Communist state or some Utopian ahead of human look He will justify any stratagem or deceit with the ghastly claim that end justifies the That is why planners are dangerous people. Plans are but they are very dangerous. It is a paper-thin separation between the planner and the dictator. SATURDAY TALK Norman Smith Tragedy in the north The North's greatest problem is liquor. The shock of alcohol to the unaccustomed minds and bodies of Eskimos and Indians was one of the discoveries of early explorers and mis- sionaries. As the natives developed their rightful place in Canadian democracy there was hesitation in giving them full access to li- quor. Medical the right to welfare yes indeed. But Successive federal and territorial governments decided a dozen or so years ago the native peoples must and would learn by exposure. In any they'd get liquor by thereby acquiring habitual disregard of and learning to gulp the stuff in stealth with neither the restraint nor good cheer that can make liquor a social asset. Having been a member of the northwest Territories Council from 1960 through 1963 I know a little of the and of the deci- sion that a country could not say to its founding people that they may have all the rights and' responsibilities of citizenship ex- cept to drink. But in the Northwest of whose people are Eskimo or the ideal has not come true. In the where there are no Eskimos and only Indians in its population of the impact of liquor is less searing. Yet even in the relatively wealthy and healthy liquor is its least manageable challenge. Commissioner James always that abuse of liquor there is not confined to In- whites have better homes to stay in when they are under the influence so we see them less. Our basic problem is that we have good incomes and a good deal of leisure and not much to do with either passing the time with a glass is made In both territories I saw on in restaurants and native people in tragic old and male and female. crashing to the floor of a restaurant or against a shed wall. School teachers told me that young Eskimos and Indians were as responsive as whites to but many lived in such a stormy home environment that many a day they would show up without having or not show up at all. In the last decade almost miraculous ad- vance has been made in the health of native peoples in veneral but doc- tors told me far too much earned or in welfare of one form or was being used to buy liquor rather than food far more than before. Employers told me they could place skilled Eskimos and Indians in good for they are good workers. you can coiint on them to turn up if they see good hunting weather or have enough money to drink for a From one government official came a dis- turbing story of why there are still so few In- dians or Eskimos in jobs above workman level. man will have the training and character to take a good post in charge of but if he gets a run of personnel problems that strike across his race he'll worry himself to The bright young woman doing well in a swretarial job is os- tracised by her former friends as they say to are toe good to drink with us any To be shunnec by your native people in a small community is a sore trial we can hardly comprehend. Catholic and Anglican priests will not ad- mit to depression but the size of their congregations must be hard on the spirit. Several of them admitted to me the church's role and usefulness in the North is not what it used to be. They took little comfort from my reply that perhaps thst a universal ex- perience. the to help these people is so and so obvious. They are losing their own native pride and not getting from us anything to replace it. Nor from government. The degradation from liquor is so common that it bears no stigma among them. It is terribly We've heard for years of and the native. The appalling fact is that the situation is getting worse. Commissioners Stuart Hodgson of the N.W.T. and James Smith of the Yukon admit that. All officials I've met and most responsible native people admit that. My own eyes tell me that. With genuine for I am not a real I offer some to the territorial and federal governments. I believe the problem might respond to a more vigilant and exacting enforcement of law and order. The simple regulations against being drunk and disorderly and a public nuisance seem to be little used. The in the North is not the bemused and confused native population so much as officialdom at all levels which with good intentions seems to feel that in a hard and rough land the soft hand is enough. In turning a blind eye and deaf ear to native drunkenness the people of are not discriminating in favor of natives but against them. In this we are hurting and giving no encouragement or respect to the natives who resist drunkenness and they are and many of them are very great people. This interpretation of the law allows natives to feel it is not wrong to be drunk or disorderly or and en- titles them to feel that as natives they can bend or break any law. It decreases the labor force and reduces participation in the many imaginative government schemes to train an ambitious native in a skill or trade of his choosing. many whose sentiments or jobs incline them to kind to the are quickest to complain if the law deals with natives and by they mean the law is applied. My concern is with catching the liquor fever at its lower with the simple rules of law and order. I suspect that the federal and territorial political have in- spired the easy on the policy and the RCMP and local authorities are oblig- ed to act accordingly. I feel the territorial governments see the folly of this definitely un-humanitarian policy but that political Ottawa is fearful of stepping in. We guide and even order the natives in such citizenship responsibilities as crime labor. -If they by liquor abuse their families and and the future of their should we not restrain their use of liquor with the normal rules of law and The old laws of survival in the natives' North were and knew a number of Shalt. We have brought the natives something their bodies do not know and their minds cannot we cannot look aside and say merely that it is their democratic right to do what they want with and to let it do what it will with them. ;