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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD July Earl Warren who never heard of him will be moving to the measure of his These penned by one of the most famous justices of the U.S. Supreme might have been written about Earl who died the other day and whose half-century of public service included three terms as governor of California and 16 years as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Oliver Wendell who wrote those words some time ago in an abstract persuaded the court during his nearly 30 years on that body that law is not a static thing but must respond to the needs of a changing society. Chief Justice Earl Warren presided over a court which did just restructuring the fabric of American society into a more healthy mould. To a far greater extent than is generally recognized the U.S. Supreme Court sets the tenor of American life and some Supreme Court justices are better remembered than the presidents who were their contemporaries. This will no doubt prove to be true in the case of Earl Warren. Permission to die Permitting grossly deformed infants to die is a subject which has not yet receiv- ed much public attention but which is almost certain to have to be faced soon. The fact that a Roman Catholic theologian Richard a Jesuit at the Kennedy Centre for Bioethics at Georgetown has emerged with a proposed guideline for judging when death should be allowed is a sign that dicussion has already quietly advanced a considerable distance. Absolute adherence to the principle of preserving life in ail circumstances has increasingly brought distress to those in the helping and healing professions. Employment of modern medical technology has enabled many infants to survive who formerly died as a matter of course. They survive now often to mere- ly a burden to their parents and at considerable cost to society. Father McCormick suggests that in- fants without hope for human relationships should be allowed to die. If the potential for truly human relationships is non-existent or would be submerged in the struggle to survive then there should be no question about withholding life support techniques. The possibility of abuse in the applica- tion of such a principle will doubtless deter people from immediate or easy acceptance of it. Fears of depriving society of an occasional genius through faulty judgment are likely exaggerated since the conditions Fr. McCormick has proposed ought to be readily recognized. At any proper policing methods would be applied. Rigidity about salvaging and preserv- ing life must yield. The ability to detect severe impairment in an infant and to an- ticipate the futility in store for it should it survive is part of the same medical knowledge that enables the application of life support techniques. To require the employment of part of that knowledge and skill but require the suppression of another part of it is absurd. The medical profession cannot be expected to indefinitely tolerate the contradiction. Those who have been able to convince themselves that it is right for man to assume some responsibility for prolong- ing life should not fijid it too difficult to also accept the Tightness of assuming the lesser responsibility of not interfering with nature and permitting death. Jaundiced The latest bit of interesting esoterica provided the world by British Information Services relates that two doctors think they may have discovered that plants can catch human virus diseases. They worked only with tobacco for reasons not and used hepatitis viruses because that's what they happened to be studying. They applied the virus to a plant and it died. After experimenting to eliminate all other possibilities they came to the conclusion that plants catch human diseases. If this is true it will have a beneficial effect on research. Plants may prove WEEKEND MEDITATION excellent places to nurture a number of viruses. Their cells have a more complete and varied supply of the basic chemical building blocks out of which viruses and other forms of life are assembled than do animal cells. As a distant one day it may be possible to produce vaccines from inactivated viruses grown in plant cells. This may sound rather dry and unexciting to the but it does seem to have a message for all those people who talk to their plants. Perhaps they should start wearing surgical masks. The sin of Adam and Eve Traditionally the sin of Adam and Eve was believed to be pride. This pride led them into rebellion against God. Thus in the Middle Ages pride was considered the deadly the original and it is considered so by the church today. The late Reinhold Niebuhr wrote a book on the subject and made it a theme for a famous series of-lectures. Pride of intellectual pride of pride of or moral these were the completely anti-God state of life. Of a Isaiah thou hast said in thine I will exalt my throne above the stars of I will ascend above the heights of the I will be like the most High. Yet thou shall be brought down to lofty looks of man shall be and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed and the Lord alone shall be ex- alted in that day. For the day of the Lord shall be upon every one that is proud and and upon every one that is lifted and he shall be brought Dr. Harvey in two books Not Leaving It to the and advances the plausible and appealing theory that sloth is the deadly as it was known to the church a Latin word derived from two Greek words for It was this contends which led Adam to refuse the commission to be a to accept respon- sibility to have dominion over the and Adam accepts the orders of'a beast. There is abundant justification for this in the New Testament. The man who does not use his the man who refuses responsibility for the wounded traveller and passes by on the other the unfaithful the rich man who does not see or help the beggar the unprepared maidens at the wed- the men who do not visit the sick and prisoners and do not give aid to the needy all these are cast into outer darkness or con- signed to hell. Thus Cox has considerable sympathy for and Nietzsche in their demand that man accept responsibility for being a and defiant person. As Kierkegaard the only real sin is despairing refusal to ue one's Do not accept the role someone else assigns you. Don't be afraid to be involved. Don't become Thus the ideal of sainthood is con- siderably changed from the picture given by men like Thomas a Kempis in which the traits of obedience to and acceptance to one's lot were the primary virtues. Above do not let the snake tell you what to do. You are meant for dominion over all the beasts. The concept of sin is that portrayed by who shows Adam cowering away from God's creative fearful of being a man. It involves an awful respon- sibility for selfhood. Thus too Joseph Pieper contends that sloth to the church fathers did not mean merely but rather renun- ciation of the true nature of of the implicit in human Here is the concept Carlyle had of the the true as one who refused to be servile or live in self doubt. There is a popular notion that the sin of Adam and Eve was sexual. This is complete of course. Certainly the sin of pride entered into the story. But just as surely the sin of accepting orders from an animal is a dominant fact. Paul deals with this idea in the eighth chapter of Romans. He says there are two ways to live. One is to permit the animal nature to reign over you be carnally- which is sure death to the self. The other way is to be ruled by the Spirit of God. Take orders from no one but God. The life controlled by animal passion is fighting against God. The end is inevitable. But the man who is possessed and dominated by the Spirit of God is on his way to to eternal life. All men take one way or the other. business is the terrible The man not ruled by God is ruled by the the symbol for the devil. And is it not a good though unhappi- ly it has made people hate The snake comes strikes without has a poisonous the first sting is often it has a terrible fascination hypnotic to its and is capable of astonishing speed. Stand up in your full dignity. Be the man or woman Gotf meant you to be. Three times in the first chapter of Genesis God says you are meant to have over the beasts. Enter your Meant to be a 0 let me not be a coward or a but a con- The Christian Science Monitor do you think it's worse than last NDP leadership test By Maurice Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA With the per- sonal defeat of David the New like the are confronted with a leadership problem. But the two situations are not the problem of the NDP being considerably easier for the simple reason that the party's realistic aspirations are not so high. There is a good deal of my- thology in politics. A party cannot go before the voters professing limited not at least if it hopes to make a respectable showing in the election. It must appear as a challenger for power at as a serious claimant for the power balance. Even Real Caouette talks in every campaign in grandiose terms although Social under his has long since been restricted to the back country of Quebec. Mr. Lewis made the most of the argument that three prov- inces now have New Demo- cratic administrations A now rather long suggests that Canadian voters do not have the same tolerance for socialist Social parties at the federal as at local and provincial levels. It is not without interest that in all three provinces with NDP the party lost ground in Monday's election. We have experienced 13 elections since the which became the New- Democratic entered the federal field. It cannot be di-vTr.issed as a passing it is obviously very durable on this impressive must be regarded as a permanent element in Canadian politics. In CCF days it commonly referred to itself as a as its successes are undeniable although they of been achieved not directly but through pressure on the major parties. But the political story is dif- ferent. Although now estab- lished as a permanent it remains after 40 years a very modest and restricted one. Leadership changes evidently have affected the CCF-NDP less than they have affected other parties. The abilities of David Lewis were beyond he could campaign he was fluently bilingual and could carry his message as well to French-speaking as to English-speaking audiences. But his appeal to like that of his was negligible and in the country generally he did not fare markedly better than his former Tommy Douglas. For a Liberal or Conservative leader power is the measure of success. For an NDP leader it may be anything over 30 seats in the House of Commons. On such a basis any presentable candidate with a strong local base may aspire to party lead- ership. The New being a minority have inter- preted success in a different way. In this view 1972 was a year of success because it gave them the balance of power in the House. Despite their relatively small numbers they were thus in a position to influence and even to serve demands on the Government. But for such a group power- sharing is very dangerous. To claim the protest the NDP must appear as a party of opposition. This it was able to do in its good such as 1945 and 1972. It is at a marked disadvantage when it is attempting at one and the same time to criticize government and to share credit for the works of government. At least in eastern the situation is decidedly curious. Looking at 1972 and 1974 it would appear that the New Democrats gain seats by seating more Conservatives and lose when the Conservatives are losing. In the NDP drew many votes away from the Liberals but the effect was not always to elect their own candidates but sometimes to elect Conservatives. In when the NDP vote fell the Liberals regained seats at the expense of both parties. It would also appear that the argument for minority government has some appeal when the country has had a period of majority government. But it is cer- tainly not an argument for all given the experience of minority voters may very well decide in the interests of the return of a majority is a consideration outweighing in importance political preferences. The NDP problem is thus different on two counts from that facing the Conservatives. In one sense the demands on a prospective leader are probably he can be something less than a potential Prime Minister and still offer the hope of im- provement in party fortunes. But in another sense he must be particularly resourceful because small parties are exposed over the long term to particular one of which may be the very experience of indirect power unless in fortunate condi- such as those which pre- vailed in the it can be shared with a an even more thus more THE CASSEROLE Travel costs have become so unpredictable that promoters of leisure tours are continual- ly running into price hikes after they've advertised a particular deal and collected a few planeloads of customers. This is tough enough if it happens before the tours when it occurs with the paying customers scattered all over the it's murder. Things have got so bad that one agency is considering what its manager frankly describes as desperate they're thinking of eliminating all the fine print in their contracts and actually telling customers exactly what could happen to them. similar warning is printed on every cigarette package. It shows no such solicitude for con- sumers of alcohol or users of leaded gasoline. No warning about the hazards of lead poison- ing was given to people purchasing electric kettles. Nor has the government done anything to pass on Toronto Professor Maret Truuvert's warning that which he says is quite useless as a is now being used in quantities that are distinctly hazardous to human health. With tobacco taxes so smokers must wonder at times if the government really cares about them. It more than for almost anyone else. Look how it worries over their health. It insists that every cigarette advertisement be accompanied by a message aknnt tha havarrla nf and that The general manager of a major ship- building Halifax Shipyards says the industry is in trouble because customers want fixed-priced but builders can't predict what prices they'll have to pay for materials a year or two in advance. No one wishes them any bad but it's about time some of the big corporations realizes there's more to this inflation game than it on tn the Tory dilemma By Anthony Toronto Star commentator The first question for Conservatives is who will take over from Robert a three-time as leader of the national party. The second question is whether they still have a viable national party. Conservative strength has slipped in the Atlantic provinces and been slashed in Ontario. Despite Stanfield's dogged the party has again been rejected by Quebec. The only region in which the Tories are popular and gaining strength is in the West on the prairies and in British where they have more than half of all their seats. Without the western bloc will now want to take over the party and that is what must raise doubts about the national future of the Tories. Prairie Tories in particular tend to be rugged free- with their roots in rural and resource industries rather than unsympa- thetic to at odds with the reformers the so-called Red Tories in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. So it is hard to see a western leader rising to claim the confidence of his own let alone of Quebec and the rest of the country. Alberta premier Peter Lougheed is by far the best known western Conservative. But even if he were ready to leave his own where he is secure and to try to pick up the pieces of the national Tory could he be a popular success in Ontario and After he's the man who wants to charge the rest of Canada more for oil and and to make sure that Alberta gets a larger share of the jobs and industry now going to Ontario. Another Alberta Tory is Jack formerly one of John Diefenbaker's toughest cowboys in the but now a political personality in his own right. Even before the Horner was talking privately about breaking away from the Conservatives to form a new and more right-wing based in the West but having national appeal. He will be thinking about that again and he will find western opinion more receptive if it BEBRY'S WORLD feels isolated by the Liberal victory in other parts of Canada. The regular Conservatives may be able to head off Horner only by assuring him that he will have a good chance at the leadership when Stanfield steps down. How about Premier William Davis will look attractive to although the failure of his famed Big Blue Machine to hold or add to the Conservative vote in this election will not improve his popularity among Tories in other provinces. He a politician of national stature who is well regarded in which is important. It is if Davis really wants to leave Queen's Park and take a desperate gamble in Ottawa. A Quebec leader for the Tories seems out of the question. There is no and a French speaking Canadian might not be acceptable in the West. The Atlantic region has had its turn with and neither Premier Richard Hatfield of New Brunswick nor Premier Frank Moores of Newfoundland looks strong enough to appeal to the rest of the country. The leader will of be the only casualty of this election. The policies Stanfield has endorsed will come under sharp particularly by western Tories who always thought he was too progressive and not sufficiently conservative. The commitment to income and price controls was no doubt a major factor in the Tory defeat in the and James Stanfield's chief lieutenant for economic will get more than his fair share of the blame for that There may even be attempts in the Tory caucus to replace him as finance critic. The Conservative aides and organizers who have committed themselves to Stanfield will now begin to drift and a new leader will need a new staff and organization. The outlook for the Tories in fact is and they will probably put off choosing a new leader for as long as possible say until 1976 in the hope that new talent will sprout in the Commons. 1974 by NEA. Inc she has the courage to wear the new string we should 'Letters are welcome and will be published identification is included and address are re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a they are sensible and not they are of manageable length or can be shortened letters should not exceed 300 they are decipherable greatly helps if letters are dou- ble spaced and with writers do not submit letters too frequently. The Letl'brtdijc Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Pege Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;