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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Local news District SECOND SECTION July 1974 Pages 17-32 Group session RICK ERVIN photo Youngsters learn communication skills in group session. Reading depends on image for special youngsters at centre By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer Books and magazines might as well be written in pig Latin to several youngsters in Southern Alberta who find it difficult to read. It is hard for them to differentiate between words without being confronted with the task of under- standing sentence or paragraph structure. And they're not about to bother with a written science fiction story when they can watch an equally thrilling story on television with lit- tle effort and concentration. That until someone cares enough to help them read and develop confidence in their ability to read. The reading and language centre at the University of Lethbridge has. set out to do just that. As a problem readers climb the steps leading to the un- iversity in search of improved reading skills every day. Waiting for them are two three reading 35 modern diagnostic equipment and reading laboratory facilities. Students are often referred to the reading and language centre by medical doctors and but it is during the summer months that a highly concentrated effort is made to im- prove the reading skills of several youngsters who have a variety of reading and language problems. Through the summer reading school several teachers are able to receive special instruction on teaching students who have reading problems and then to practice what they've been taught by assisting the youngsters who have enrolled at the centre to improve their reading. the centre performs a duel purpose with teachers helping students and students helping teachers. The process of learning to read isn't as simple'as it sounds. Youngsters who can't read in grade school are usually in the bottom of the told they're slow learners and believe and shouldn't be expected to do any centre Professor Dorothy Lampard says. She maintains some slow readers can advance from grade to grade un- they've completed grade school without learning to read simply because they're quiet and don't cause any problems. Many of the non-readers are not only capable of learning to read but are also potential scholars. They are simply not in the habit of doing something until they know it well because they never have been dis- ciplined to do Prof. Lampard adds. So the first and major task of the centre is to develop change of at- titude'' so the students through a better understanding of their weaknesses and gain a positive approach to learning. Young for was not prepared to make the effort to concentrate on the slow process of learning to read. When pressured to do he walked out on his tutor and went home. The next day he was back ready to learn and has substantially improv- ed his reading skills since the confrontation with his tutor. Dr. Lampard suggests David returned to the centre because his tutor had convinced him he could improve his reading. There is also the student who would only mumble when speaking or reading and become angry when forced to read loud enough for his tutor to hear him on the other side of the room. Many methods are used by tutors to improve the students reading but the most effective method in most cases is providing a good model for the student to copy. It is simply a process of a tutor reading correctly out loud and the student copying the tutor. The student is also encouraged to think about what they're reading and ask questions about the same. The students are put through a variety of learning situations. Part of their morning session is spent in special learning cubicles with one tutor for every one or two students. occasions they grpups. The lack of reading skills isn't restricted to one age group or walk of Dr. Lampard points out. The students have ranged from seven- year-old youngsters to adults who want to improve their reading and language to become eligible for promotion and obtain better jobs. The age range and background of the teachers involved at the centre is just as varied. Some are physical education teachers or teachers who have specialized in subjects other than language arts and now want to improve their language arts teaching skills so they are qualified to teach language. Still others are older teachers who wish to acquire some of the newer concepts of teaching language and reading. The teachers attend one hour lec- tures each day and then spend the remainder of the day tutoring and observing the children enrolled at the centre. The centre also uses modern equipment in its diagnosis and teaching process. A T-scope words on a screen for a split is used to improve the student's speed of visual memory. Anx audiometer tests the ears for any defects and an orthometer is used to test the eyes. J. R. a professor at the says it is not the aim of the centre to teach everything there is to know about reading in one but instead get them to a stage where they can work on their It is the centre's function to deter- mine what type of teaching method works best for the student and then encourage others to use the method to improve the student's reading. That is why the centre has en- couraged the involvement of parents and teachers since it began operating in the late 1960s. Parents are provided with a written report of the child's are encouraged to help the student read in the are dis- couraged-f rom teasing or badgering their children about not being able to read or speak fluently and asked to meet with their child's tutor and the centres' personnel at the conclusion of summer school to discuss the progress of their children. Myrna academic- assistant at the says there is a better chance of the child improving if you can get the parent And by obtaining the co-operation of the parent and the student's school the relationship between the two are often she adds. It is not she for parents of children with reading problems to blame the school for their children's inability to read. That is why the reading and language centre only admits children whose parents are willing to co-operate with the centre's staff. Since many of the youngsters are from rural points in Southern Alber- daily contact with the centre is common. Students from outside the city are usually given first chance to enrol at the centre because the Lethbridge school systems now have personnel who provide diagnostic and teacher training services. The special teacher training is needed so they are able to at the child and know the she or he has in the reading and language arts Dr. Lampard says. Instead of just saying the child has a spelling problem and leaving it at the trained teacher would be able to identify the source of the she explains. Antique farm hardware to be on display Action is the name of the game in Antique Ag Square at the Whoop-Up Days celebrations Monday to Satur- day with operating machinery and pioneer entertainment scheduled for the entire week. Tony Virginello of committee member organiz- ing the display on the west side of the Exhibition Grounds where the midway has traditionally been said this morning all antique farm machinery on display wilt be operating at some time during the show. Two Rumley powered by a type of crude will be supplying the necessary power to operate full sisfed threshing n.achines. on steel-wheeled tires. Other small grain hay stook loaders and stationary engines will be operating. Smaller horse-drawn such as plows and rakes will be on display. Mr. Virginello said the com- mittee is trying to arrange for some work horses also. All displays in the Antique Ag Square will be operated by the owners. Persons interested in the mechanical end of the display can ask questions. On the entertainment old time country and western square dancing and can can dancers will perform at various times throughout Weed plot to be shown About 60 types and varieties of agricultural produc- tion and 28 types of weeds adorn the south side of Whoop-Up Compound in a public information setting as the contribution from the Lethbridge Research Station for Whoop-Up Days celebrations. Don head of the plant industry section at the research said the display represents crops and varieties of crops which can be grown in Southern Alberta. The weed section is strictly for identification pur- he said. The agricultural section includes samples of barley and oilseeds as well as forage crops and crops with edible seeds. The display will be manned by station personnel each evening to supplement a system of signs tc iden- tify the various plants in the compound. The public should look for related plants to be grown said Dr. Wilson. For in the Vegetable egg plant and peppers will be grouped. A large patch of corn is growing in the compound also. It is designed to show the cultural practices need- ed to grow corn successfully. Various stages of growth of corn will depict seeding weed irrigation application and fer- tilizer application. Hobby show is at the fair Hobbyists from throughout Southern Alberta will invade the Whoop-Up Pavilion during Whoop-Up Days celebrations Monday to Saturday. Hobby Village will feature Japanese flower tropical and salt water customized wood string silk screen and macrame. Open from noon 11 p.m. each demonstrations of various hobbies will start at 2 p.m. daily. Andre a former Lethbridge will demonstrate wood carving in the procedure of turning a blank wood panel into a nearly finished carving. Raymond plant site opposed by letters Alberta Environment Minister Bill Yurko is receiv- ing sorts of op- posing location of a giant am- monia plant in Raymond. But Mr. Yurko said Friday he is not opposed to the loca- tion of large plants in small centres. very much for that from an environmen- tal point of he said in an interview. 'There are always concerns when there are disruptions in a community. Our greater concern is that industry be balanced across the Spreading plants around prevents concentrated pollution. He said letters about the proposed million Alberta Ammonia Ltd. complex in- volved air and water pollution and traffic problems. He also warned the com- pany which is awaiting cabinet approval of the huge quantities of gas required to produce the ammonia fer- tilizer that it needs en- vironmental approvals too. have to start thinking of discussing these things with the department and myself at the first Mr. Yurko said he was not that the company has not yet initiated en- vironmental discussions. But it is known the company caught the government by sur- prise last winter when it un- veiled advanced plans for the Advocacy program is promising The Lethbridge citizen ad- vocacy program to help the mentally retarded has started on a promising mainly because of the support of about 20 high school students. Dale co-ordinator of the citizen advocacy program which pairs volunteers with retarded people as social and human rights says about 26 people have volunteered as advocates and more are needed. The which began about three months has been bolstered by many high school students who have formed relationships with retarded children in the Dorothy Gooder School. problems have been encountered in acquiring male advocates for some mentally retarded people at the Sunrise Ranch facility in Coaldale. still seem to have the idea volunteer work is a female type of Mr. Taylor says. He adds there are two couples one married and one couple engaged who have become advocates for long-term relationships. The advocates have been mainly involved with the retarded persons through social activities such as movies and recreation. Although some advocates have helped in various types of training for some children the program has not yet entered a phase of human rights promotion. Mr. Taylor says the basic philosophy of the program is for advocates to press for the rights of the mentally retard- ed protege. But because the program has just begun that ideal can- not be expected he The program is also ex- pected to expand once the university and com- munity college resume opera- tion as more advocates are hoped for from these areas. Mr. Taylor is also hoping the current relationships not only be for the summer but through the upcoming school The screening procedure for advocates has been including a major interview and a presentation on the program. Accepted advocates are encouraged to keep a monthly log of their dealings with their oroteiic. world's biggest ammonia plant. Mr. Yurko said his depart- ment may influence the exact location of the plant if it is approved at all. He noted that it would be a volume water user and high volume air On a three-day visit to Lethbridge to hear local Mr. Yurko also said the city must solve its sewage treatment within five years. Any delays could mean the department curtailing in- dustrial expansion of the he until sewage facilities were adequate. The province has offered to pay for expansion of present treat- ment overtaxed by heavy agricultural processing loads. Mr. Yurko's meetings in the city included ones with in- civic irriga- tion district officials and per- sons with individual concerns. He said he reached a agreement with the Lethbridge North Irrigation District to'take over ad- ministration of its head works and main water supply systems. The takeover would involve million to million of improvements. The province is taking over allocation of water supplies lessen conflicts in future between municipal-domestic needs and agricultural ones as both multiply rapidly. The department was mov- ing as quickly as possible on a of water in the Oldman River basin to meet growing he said. But studies .alone would probably take five years. He estimated the cost of the impoundment would be million to million. Mayor would have emergency power if bylaw passes A city bylaw that would give the mayor or his designate ex- tensive powers of expropriation and conscrip- tion during an emergency is to be considered by city council Tuesday. The bylaw is a by-product of the provincial government's Disaster Services Act that received third reading in the faH of 1973 following months of widespread .criticism from people who were concerned about the powers it gives one man after an emergency had been declared by municipal or provincial governments. The Disaster Services Act places its emphasis on natural disasters. The bylaw also provides for the formation of a committee to advise on the development of emergency plans and programs and set up a budget for the programs. A disaster Cervices agency would also be formed under the bylaw to co-ordinate public and private act as liaison with provincial and federal of- ficials and prepare an annual rep'ort on how well prepared the city is for an emergency. It is proposed that the agency membership be com- prised of the city chief of fire city healt'i directors and safety officer. Because of the public outcry about the sweeping powers of the Disaster Services it was amended in 1973 to include a compensation clause for actions taken during a declared emergency. Prior to the amendment the government would have been free of liability for damage to property during an emergen- cy- Council to meet Tuesday morning The city council meeting scheduled for Monday has been postponed until Tuesday at 8 p.m. The meeting date was changed to free council members to attend Whoop-Up Days opening ceremonies Monday. Council may open purse again for bus wash City council will be inform- ed Tuesday it will have to dip into its financial reserves for about more than it ex- pected if it is-to obtain a drive- thru bus wash system for the city transit system. The budget council approv- ed for the transit system this year provided for an expen- diture of on a bus wash system. But after tenders were the city realized the system will cost A. W. city suggested in a letter to council that it finance the unexpected increase from its reserve for acquisition of school buses. The reserve totals Council will also be asked to designate Kenwood Engineer- ing Construction Ltd. to design and build a laboratory extension at the city sewage treatment plant at a cost not to exceed The city has already spent on the project for con- sultant fees. Earlier this aldermen rejected tenders that ranged from a low bid of to a high bid of about The covers the cost of an 840 square-foot extension to the laboratory and fur- nishings.' Seven bands to play Lethbridge's business dis- tricts will be alive with music Monday morning when seven bands perform for the public. In Gait Gardens at 9 a.m. the Alberta All-Girls Show Band from Edmonton will perform. At the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars from Lon- England will play. At 10 the Alberta All Girls Show Band will move to 5th Street S. between 3rd and 4th Avenues. The Regina Police Boys Band will perform at a.m. on 6th Street S. between 3rd and 4th Avenues. At Centre Village the Edmonton All Girls Am- bassador Band will play from a.m. to 10 a.m. At 10 the Sealandair Band from Edmonton will play. In the College the Regina Kiwanis Band will play from a.m. to 10 a.m. At 10 the Southern Aiberta Pipe Band from Medicine Hat will perform. ;