Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Cows have calves, steers are butchered MEDICINE HAT (CP) Next time you bite into a slice of roast beef, you can be almost certain it came from a steer. Steers, which would have been bulls if they had not been desexed (castrated) when calves, usually are designated by ranchers for slaughter. They go to market to pay the cost of "keeping heifers who will produce more calves. The cow which produces calves is the core of ranching. The objective of the whole oper- ation is to get maximum calf production. Cows usually are bred at two years of age and give birth at three. Normally they are not al- lowed to breed after 12 years of age. Then it's off to but not roast beef. Ranchers treat the producing cow with great concern. The Peculiar viruses found in north By JIM POLING SUFFIELD, Alta. (CP) _ Swamp fever or other exotic diseases in the Canadian North? It's possible, says Dr. R. A. Gaunt, a virologisl with the De- fence Research Establishment in this hot, dry corner of south- eastern Alberta. He and two technicians will spend 1Vz months in the North this summer to find out for sure. They'll be examining in- sects, birds and animals for vi- ruses, bacteria and parasites which could be passed on to man. The study is being done for the Canadian Armed Forces, says Dr. Gaunt, but information obtained would be helpful to ci- vilians. He wonders if unclassified in- fluenzas in the North aren't really exotic viruses from other parts of the world. "Some of the medical officers in these places have found pe- culiar things and in their own mind may know what they arc. But no one really examines them. "It takes all their time just looking after the people who are ill." FOUND IN RABBITS California encephalitis, thought to exist only in Califor- nia, has been found in rabbits in the Yukon, he says. He figures the disease has been carried north by migratory birds. "There's no reason to believe certain viruses can't be carried into the North by migratory birds. All they need is a popula- tion and a vector (carrier) to get things going." Another example was Vene- zuelan encephalitis which a lot of scientists say doesn't show up in birds, but has been killing horses in Texas. BIG MOTHER A female whale does not bear young until she reaches a length of 38V4 feet. THREE RIBBONS Ribbon seals are always marked with three while rib- bons. GOLDEN WAVES A cubic mile of sea water con- tains about million worth ol gold. Thursday, July 13, 1972 THE IETHHIDO HERALD 27 BOYS GET HURT Boys are involved in three out of four accidents involving the eyes. POINTS NORTH The compass termite builds its nest up to 12 feet high, ind always facing north. I see no reason why a bird who has been bitten recently by a mosquito couldn't carry this thing from the infectious area to this part of the world." FOUND PARROT DISEASE Another strange fact, says Dr. Gaunt, is that a disease called orthirasis, believed to be found only in birds of the parrot fam- ily, now is showing up in Eski- mos. Dr. Gaunt said soldiers who live in southern Canada might be more liable to pick up these diseases in the North than the residents. "People who have been living there for, say, three years stand a good chance of having high levels of antibodies." Another part of the program is to take blood samples from troops who go into the North, to watch for unusual viruses. Dr. Gaunt stresses he doesn't expect to find horrible diseases which may suddenly sweep across Canada. The idea is to identify unknown viruses and bacteria that may be there. Next year, he may do similar studies on the tundra where dif- ferent animals and insects live. A third phase could be studying the Canadian Shield. bred cows are divided in spring. Most of them, perhaps 90 per cent, are left on the range, largely on their own. The oth- ers, who might have calving troubles, are kept on a large pasture near the ranch home. Every morning the rancher rides among them to see whether any cows or newborn calves are having trouble. A cow knows her calf, not by sight, but by smell. If the calf has been in contact with other calves or has been rained upon, it may lose its distinctive odor. The calf usually will accept any cow as its it wants is a good meal. The newborn calf is on a diet of milk for the first few months of its life. It begins grazing two months after birth. The calf is taken off milk in late September or early October in preparation for the winter months on the range, where they are sepa- rate 1 from their mothers. The pregnant cow in southern Alberta must winter on the open range. If it is a long and cold winter with grazing difficult, the cow may lose strength. Ranch- ers have to distribute extra food to them. In the summer the dry winds of the semi-arid prairies cause rapid loss of moisture and this drying cuts grass growth. Occasionally a ranger gets a But never tri- plets. News In Nutshell PARTY REUNITED TpKYO (AP) New Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka and his defeated party-leadership rival Taken Fukuda patched things up today, and two Fukuda men accepted the cabinet posts they refused last week. Makoto Miike, 72, became minister of posts and telecommunications, and Kiichi Artis, 71, became director-general of the economic planning agency. Tanaka had taken the posts himself when rejected them. HOP SING SUES SAN FRANCISCO (Reuter) Veteran actor Victor Sen Yung, injured by gunfire during the hijacking attempt of a Pacific Southwest Airlines jet here last week, has decided to sue the airline for damages. Yung, who portrays the Chinese cook Hop Sing on the Bonanza television scries, was hit by gunfire from one of two hijackers when FBI agents rushed the jet last Wednesday. The two hijackers and a Canadian passenger were killed, and two other passen- gers, including Yung, injured. MOUNTED PETITION BERN, Switzerland (AP) A horse-drawn carriage escorted by 250 men on horseback deliv- ered a petition signed by persons asking the government to cancel plans for disbanding the Swiss army cavalry, a mounted combat force of men. BIRD-SCARE WORKS LONDON (AP) Seven colli- sions between birds and planes have been reported at U.S. Air Force bases in eastern England in the two years that the air force has used trained falcons to keep starlings, gulls and pi- geons away. Before that, such collisions averaged 60 a year. CASTLES FOR SALE OSAKA, Japan (AP) Twenty .Japanese have shown Interest in buying two castles in Wc.sl fiprmnny costing n total of marly million, snid officials of n Japanese department store that has them for sale. BAN WILD BEASTS MONTREAL (CP) The sub- urban city of Lachine has unani- mously adopted a bylaw pro- hibiting residents from keeping "wild animals" and at the same time defining a pet cheetah as a dangerous animal. The bylaw defines wild animals as "ani- mals which live in the natural state and usually are found in the woods, deserts and forests." The bylaw is the result of a controversy started when Mr. and Mrs. Henri Ewert moved into Lachine two months ago with their pet cheetah. SIMPSONS-SEARS Priced for a sell-out! 13.7 cu. ft. frostfree Coldspot refrigerator NOW Charge it on your alt-purpose account Completely froslfrcc. 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