Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Ihuriday, July 13, 1771 John Burns A new look at U.S.-China relations Faulty logic The position of the Albcrla gov- ernment on water development pol- icy, as enunciated clearly by Hon. William Yurko in Lelhbridge last week, must be challenged. It is faulty not for its objective but for its logic. The full statement relating to the possibility of exporting "surplus" water outside of Canada is carried on page five. II is faulty in these respects: 1. In defining "surplus" Mr. Yurko contends that by definition there can be no surplus. Even aesthetics is one of the needs he lists. Since water is good to look at and more water (except perhaps in destructive floods) is better to look at, there is never too much and therefore never a surplus and so no point in considering export. That is quite a strain on the peo- ple's good sense. 2. In discrediting "study." A study of Alberta's water supply and of llie possible economic advantages of selling the surplus (if any) at a good price has long been advocated by The Herald and others. Such a study would be done by engineers and economists. Mr. Yurko, an en- gineer by profession, obviously doesn't trust them. Or else he is afraid that such a study would un- dermine the dogmatic position taken by his government. 3. In introducing the "trump card" idea into the discussion. 1C Alberta lias no surplus, for the same rea- sons Canada surely has no surplus and there can be no Canadian ex- port and water is not Canada's tnunp card. Does or does not water have a place in the "international bargaining" Mr. Yurko mentions? If it does not, why mention it? If it does, is there not a surplus? 4. In discriminating against water. The same arguments he applies against water export, against even the study of water export, would ap- ply against the export of non-renew- able resources with even greater force. How can Mr. Yurko justify coal export, or gas or oil export, or soil fertility export? His premier is busily trying to get more Alberta pe- troleum into the United States imme- diately, knowing full well the grow- ing energy shortage will mean much higher prices later and knowing too that .Alberta's supply is fast being depleted, and yet he says "we seem to be frequently outbargained in the international evaluation and sale of vital resources." Mr. Yurko's first obligation is to the people of Alberta, and his de- termination to protect their best in- terests is to be highly commended. The criticism is of his misconcep- tion of their best interests, of his re- fusal even to consent to study wheth- er Alberta can spare some water and sell it for a good price. McGovern vs Nixon Now that it is settled that the choice in the U.S. presidential election this .-fall will be between Senator George McGoveni and incumbent President Richard Nixon, much of the interest in the campaign will subside. Even this will add to the overwhelming odds that seem to be against Senator McGovern in his bid for the presi- dency. Somehow he has to guide the enthusiasm for him within a segment of the Democratic party to winning the whole party and those not com- mitted to either party. Unless Mr. McGovern can rally the disaffected Democrats and arouse the disinterested he has no chance of de- feating Mr. Nixon at the polls. Not even the most partisan Democrat can deny that Mr. Nixon has been steadily winning favor with the Am- erican people. The rather poor per- formance of his first years in office are easily forgotten and readily for- given now that he has made his dra- matic moves to assume a peace- maker image. Should there be a breakthrough in the Paris peace talks and the Viet- nam war really be ended, the chances of Senator McGovern getting elected would be scuppered for sure. His strongest appeal has been his uncom- promising opposition to the war and his convincing promise that he would end it if given the chance. With that gone what appeal would he have left? The truth is that Senator McGovern has considerably more to offer than his stand on the war. He has proved that in the campaign he has waged to win the nomination of his party. If John Kenneth Galbraith is right and he has been right on many things in recent years Senator McGovern has more to offer than his opponent and is capable of convincing the Am- erican people of this no matter what dramatics the president pulls off be- tween now and the election. No doubt Mr. McGovern regrets that he hadn't made an earlier bid for the nomination of his party in 1968. With a run like he has made this year he might have been able to beat the bigwigs cf the party then and carried the banner instead of Hubert Humphrey. Without the hand- icap of President Lyndon Johnson's shadow he almost certainly would have defeated the then-hawkish Rich- ard Nixon on the war issue alone because of the greater concern over it then than now. Canadians cannot be expected to continue to be as interested in the campaign in the U.S. now that the issue of contenders is settled. They may even have an election of their own to keep them distracted. Faithful companions I ONDON Gumley House, Isleworth, an ancient suburb of London, is a .typical English grammar school, two points exccpted al! 600 students are girls and Catholic. The student population Is drawn from the south west corner of Middlesex and some of them have a two hour ride to classes. The school is run by the Sisters of the Faithful Companions of Jesus the same as those sisters who help operate Catholic Central High School, Lethbridge and the elementary school in Coaldalc, Alberta. Sis- ter Alice, known to many, teachers here, but she returns to Lethbridge and CCHS come fall to run the library there. Gumley House once belonged to the Earl of Bath, one of whose friends and visitors was Alexander Pope, poet and sntirist, of the 181h century; another was Horace Wai- pole, novelist. All of which adds significant- ly to (he literary atmosphere of the place. The main house is Queen Anne architec- ture. Today, the school is built in blocks and pockets added to at different times. Lawns, courtyards and gardens fill the spaces in between. Educational philosophy is strong amongst staff and student-body. The school gears it- self to the academic, to examinations and to the general grammar school tradition with its team spirit and sense of respon- sibility. A full slale of subjects is taught, but sports are not neglected even to hard court tennis being taught spring and .summer mornings nt a.m. Music is high whilo debating and public speaking are consider- ed very important. Let's not forget the stu- By LonJs Burke dent population is all female. Field trips to Wales and other places on geography courses are not infrequent. Trips to London's theatreland for drama and mu- sic help round any education. Buses hired are paid for by the students. However, this Is not a fee paying school. It is a voluntary a i d e d one which means that Middlesex county pays 80 per cent of the money needed to run (lie school and the nuns find the rest from their own sal- aries. The school is run by a headmistress an- swerable to a board of governors, indi- respected, positioned lay people from the Catholic diocese roundabout. There is a slaff of thirty-six, of whom eighteen arc nuns and only two are men. Each year the intake is about one hundred and twenty girls, of course. Uniforms are In here: they have never been out. And very smart they look, too. They provide a sense of instant and be- longing as well as avoiding (he fashion rat- race. They arc elegant and they show sen- sitivity in taste. Gumley House possesses an atmosphere of discipline, identity and efficiency. It is said if one can't teach at Gumley, one can't teach anywhere. Because order, disciplino and efficiency appears to breaking down in Britain's larger centres as the headlines show. But that is another stoiy. This school for girls and young ladies Is a venerable one. Even the ghosts re- spect it and with Rupert Brooks, English poet who wrote on Canada, one can see why he missed f.hc ghosts as he travelled tnc prairies. Misery likes company whole life has been nitmxl as rc- Nnw T can't by nr.y car nisir an shield of some other ignorant hloko's car. PEKING There are proba- bly few people in Peking and (ewer still elsewhere who will paused last weekend to remem- ber that it was exadly one since Henry Kissinger made his first dramatic visit lo the Chinese capital. Of course events in Ihc intervening months have overshadowed that first clandestine mission but its anniversary nevertheless invites an attempt lo take stock of all that has flowed from it and lo look forward cauliously lo what still lies ahead. Even if there had been no an- niversary to mark, there wero enough important developments recently to warrant a new look at the relations be- tween the United Stales and China and to demand n reap- praisal of (he prevailing view that those relations arc not likely to undergo any further dramatic improvement in the near future. First, there was the slunning announcement of Iho secret talks between North and South Korea and of the resulting commitment by both halves of that divided country to seek reunification by peaceful means formula that could obviously serve as a blueprint for a simi- lar commitment by the two Chi- nas. Then, the Japanese parlia- ment elected as that country's prime minister Kakuei Tan- aka, who comes to the office with a clear commitment to improving relations with Pe- king, if possible by (lie estab- lishment of diplomatic ties. If the Korean agreement and Ihc election in Japan each had implications for Washington in its pursuit of a rapprochement with Peking, another develop- ment in the visit to Taiwan of the U.S. undersecre- tary of state, Marshall Green- underscored the determination of the Nixon administration to continue its own efforts to has- ten the day when an American embassy can open its doors in Peking. A year ago most diplomats here regarded the very idea of an American embassy in the Chinese capital as fanciful and even the visit of the president himself did little to weaken their conviction that it was a development that was still very far away. Last week, however, there was a growing minority which was no longer so sure. A poll at a diplomatic lunch- eon recently provides a mea- sure of the change. Among the men ranged around the table there was not one 12 months ago who would have forecast the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the U.S. within five years. In the poll the forecasts ranged from as early as this fall to an up- ward limit of two years, Tho change reflects In part the natural caution of men who havo grown accustomed lo seeing their expectations nnls- trippcd by the events of the past year. But it also reflects a good deal of rethinking, n.irtiuulrirly on the thorny issues of Vielnam and Taiwan. From the beginning of their rapprochment with Washington Cliinese leaders have ninde it clear that these were the princi- pal stumbling-blocks that would have to be cleared away before diplomatic relations could be es- tablished. Nothing they hnvo said recently pives diplomats any reason lo think they have changed their mind, but what does seem lo have happened is that solutions to both Ihc Viet- nam and Taiwan issues havo moved wilhin grnsp very much earlier lhan almosl anybody cx- pecled. The optimists have been wrong on Vietnam so many times before that it takes a brave man to spy light nt the end of the tunnel. However it is hard to argue with Mr. Kissin- ger's contention, voiced after returning from his most recent visit to Peking, that the big powers at last have a common interest in seeing peace restored in the region. Not everybody here is as san- guine as Mr. Nixon, who has spoken of a settlement of the war by early next year, if not sooner. But many diplomats have taken heart at Indications that the the s t n u u c h o s I of Hanoi's sup- porters In the liclicvo tlinl a .si'lllement acceptable lo lioth sides is within reach. The latest official position, out- lined in a conimcnlary pub- lished by Hip New China News Agency recently, is s t r i c tly one of wait anil see. Tho com- mentary attacked Washington fur distorting the Communisls' demands but ended by withhold- ing any definitive Judineiit until the Americans pul Iheir case before Ihc resumed Paris peace Inlks tomorrow. To many diplomats this was an encourag- ing sign. An end lo Iho war would im- prove the prospecls for a diplo- matic exchange between Wash- ington and Peking in two ways. It would, of course, remove Ihe issue of the war itself, but would greatly facilitate the achievement of an understand- ing on the related issue of Tai- wan. The link between the two is- sues was forged by Mr. Nixon, who pledged in the Shanghai communique that the military contingent on the is- land would be removed progres- sively as tension in the area diminishes. There was never any attempt to deny that Ihis was a reference lo the war in Vietnam, for which the great majority of the Taiwan-based force serves In a support capac- ity. If Mr. Nixon has reason lo im I, KU. Int. "li't nothing! I just interdicted his 1971 tj NEA, Inc. didn't think you. people played Micve he can wind the war down by early next year he can also pledge Ihc early wilh- ih-awal of his troops from Tai- wan. Once thai is done, he will slill have his defence commit- ment to the Taipei regime, but there are more than a few dip- lomats here who believe that the Koreans may have provided him with Hie key to Ihe solution of Ihal problem loo. The argument that is made Is lhat if the Koreans can commit themselves lo Ihe pursuit of reu- nification by peaceful means, so can the Chinese. Certainly Washington now has a maxi- mum interest in persuading both parlies to the Taiwan dis- pute that they can. With the problem of the troop presence and the defence com- mitmenl cleared away, there would slill remain the central political problem posed by the conflicting claims of the two re- gimes to be Ihe sole legal gov- ernmenl of China. Bui Ihere is a growing feeling among diplo- mats here that this may not present as much of a problem for Mr. Nixon as is commonly assumed. Some diplomats forese: an ar- rangement under which Mr. Nixon could recognize the Pe- king government's claim while maintaining all the while that he has not abandoned his friends on Taiwan. As proof he could point to an agreement by the two parties not lo use forca as a means of settling their dis- pute, presenting it as a guaran- tee of the continued existence of the island regime once U.S. mil- itary and political support is withdrawn. It is in tills context that the Tanaka election is intriguing. Even under outgoing Prima Minister Eisaku Sato the Japa- nese showed their impatience for a normalization of relations with Peking. Under Mr. Tanaka the chances are that they will move rapidly towards that goal progressively disengaging them- selves from Taiwan, which might make it morally easier for Mr. Nixon lo do the same. Al the moment, it is all in realm of speculation. All that can be said for sure Is that there must have been something of importance, above and be- yond Vielnam, to have caused Dr. Kissinger and Chinese Pre- mier Chou En-Lai to spend 18 hours talking to each other here last month. Likewise, there must have been something im- portant in the wind for Mr. Green to return to Taipei for the second lime hi four months, and that so soon afler Kissinger returned from Peking. (The Toronto Globe and Mail) J. King Gordon Beautiful, but sinking, Venice a way of life _ Those who feel passionately about Italy divide themselves into two cat- egories: the Florentines and the Venetians. If you are one, you can't be the other like Calgarians and Edmontonians, Torontonians and Montrealers. Now, I am a Florentine. I have always been a Florentine. It all began about fifty years ago when an Oxford classmate and I decided to spend the long Easter vacation in .Italy. We said: "We'll go to Florence and spend a week or two. Then we'll go to Venice. And then down lo Rome." We came lo Florence, settled into the Pensione Ri- galti and stayed five weeks. And then we relumed to Ox- ford. The following Easier I went back to Florence for five weeks. I didn't see Come for another twenty-five years. I didn't see Venice for almost fifty years not until recent- ly. Now this bias, prejudice, dis- crimination, whatever you want to call it, in favor of Florence is not hard to ex- plain. Afler all, Florence as a great Renaissance ally has ev- erything. The city itself is mag- nificent, sel in Ihe Arno valley wilh its surrounding hills, llie grey of the oiive orchards against the green of the Tuscan hillsides accented by the black spearheads of the cypress trees. Where can you match iLs great cathedral, its splendid churches, il.s bridges, its wealth of .sculpture and art? You call the roll of Hie Floren- tine giants of Ihe Renaissance architects, the sculptors, Ihe fine craflsnicn, the pnint- crs, the writers, Ihe scientists, the philosophers, Iho and who's left! And then you think of Ve- nice that unreal extrava- ganza planted by wealthy mer- chants in the swamps of Iho Adriatic. How can one compare the Byzantine hodge-podge of St. Marks with the splendor of Tlrunelcsclil's Duomo or placo the soft, romantic blur of Ihc Venetian pninlers alongside the clean, sharp ''nes of 'he fifteenth and sixteenth century Flor- entines? And today with Its canals, ornate palaces, gondolas and gondoliers a quaint, colorful stopover for the weary tourist en route to Rome. And anyway, Venice is sinking into the sea. Then you think you wouldn't forgive yourself if it sank be- fore you saw it. That's what I said to my wife when we start- ed out for an important con- ference in Malta: "We'd better see Venice before it sinks." And now, after a day and a half in Venice, I want to take back everything I have been saying and thinking about Ve- nice for fifty years. Because Venice is more than a city: it is a way of life. Venice must al- ways have been different from other cities. You arrive there by boal. Now Lhere's a cause- way connecting the mainland of Italy with Venice. But Ihen you take a boat with all your bags and baggage, in our case almost Ihe whole dramatic length of Ihe Grand Canal with twelve stops before we reached our stop with the name of our hotel above a four-fool wide street up which we Irudged with our suitcases. It is not jnsl lhat you reach your des- tination by boat but It Is lhat you leave behind everytliing that moves on four fact, everything that moves on four wheels or two wheels. You leave behind the twentieth century city. Venice loday must look very much like it did five hundred or more years ago when il.s merchant princes were build- Ing their palaces with their cle- ganl slruclural delail and glorifying themselves, their city and, incidentally, their G o d, wilh splendid churches. Tixlay, as you walk along its streets, you realize thai those who built it loved their cily. And those who inhabit it to- day love their cily. II is Venice, ironically, rather than Forcncc, lhat today is the city of flowers. You walk along broad streets, narrow streets, lillle lanes with Iho houses al- most touching, and everywhere in window boxes are flowers. You son them because you tiro walking, Ixicauso you havo Umo to slop and look. And I imagine the Venetians have flowers in all their windows and in their parks because they have time to look at them. The sounds you hear in the streets of Venice are people sounds footsteps on Ihe pavement and cobble stones, voices of children, laughter. No rumble of trucks, no scream of rubber, no bark of motor- cycle exhaust. Lato in the night when you are lying in bed, Ihe voices break into the silence. But it doesn't bother you. You go everywhere on foot. Unless you want to go to a dif- ferent district and then you go to the nearest vaporetto stop on the Grand Canal and for ten cents take the boat to SI. Marks or Santo Angclo or the Acca- demia or Santo Toma or the Rualto. And from there you walk to your destination. Of course, if you are slill taxi- minded you can hire a private launch thai will take you along the Canal and then by one of the small canals or rivas close to your goal. We preferred lo walk. If you want to cross Ihe Canal and Ihere's not a convenient vaporello slop on Ihe other side you can take a gondola ferry. The gondola, usually associated with tourism, is a practical convenience for the Venetian pedestrian. Venice is a delight because it is such a perfectly preserved and unspoiled Renaissance and pre-Renaissance city. But it is much more than Hint. It is a challenge to urban ugliness. It might well be considered a model for a modern cily seek- ing rebirth after its virlual annihilation by Hie motorcar. The Grand Canal flows through Venico like a largo inverted "S." It Is the main lifeline of Hie cily. In from the Grand Canal are small feeder canals which may be navigated by gondola or launch. For the rest, the go- Ing is on loot. The same basic principles could be applied In our cily centres lo the complclo elimination of the privnte auto- mobile. Larger buses following main Grand Camd arteries, could deposit passengers nt dis- tribution points from which they could walk or lake small- er buses along smaller arteries to their destination. For the most part, within normal walk- Ing distance, we walk. We leam to walk again. We hear sounds of people. We breathe fresh air. We see and hear chil- dren playing in the square. We see flowers. We hear birds singing. In Venice, everywhere, you hear birds singing. At the end of the day, we had dinner in a restaurant close to St. Mark's and were walking back to the vaporello slop when we saw a notice at the base of the great bell tow- er telling of a fund to save Ve- nice. We entered an open door and discovered that the price for an elevator trip to the top of the lower apparenlly went to the fund. So up we went and with Ihe sun setting and a full moon rising we got a spectacu- lar view of Venice. The Grand Canal wound through the city like a great snake. You could see dozens of lillle canals with their bridges. The fronts of the palaces along Ihe Grand Canal were caught in the last light of the sun. Silhouetted against the Looking Thi_ngli the Hcralrl 1922 Paving of the 13th Street subway and the lanes of the business section of the city will not be undertaken this year. 1932 One of the features of the Lclhbridge Exhibition July 2C-27 will lie a grand downtown parade. The Canadian Legion Band has been booked and will be heard in the street parade. sky were the lowers and domes of fifty churches. In the squaro below a band was tuning up. By the time we got down, conductor was on his stand. The two metal figures on Ihe big clock beat out nine. It was a gay Sunday evening crowd and the piece the band struck up was, naturally, William Tell. As the music grew softer in the birds-in-the- forest bit, the sound of the crowd's voices came up and took over; Uien, in the final "Lone Ranger" bit, the w h o 1 a square lit up wilh sound. We waited for the end then walked slowly past the Ducal Palace towards Ihe Canal. A small orchestra was playing Tea for Two lo hundreds of empty chairs on the pavement. We walked along the water- front and the Canal was alive wilh lights. Our vaporetto came churning in: we stepped aboard. Across the Canal to Sanla Maria di Salute with ils great dome looming against the sky: Ihen back again to our stop and home. I'm still a Florentine but I've been sorely tested. backward Work is ncaring com- pletion of Ihc Vulcan airport where a large Service Flying Training School is hciug estab- lished. It is rumored Ihal this station will open in about three weeks. The London (Ontario) Free Press recently sent a let- ter to city linll addressed, City of IicUibridge Alberta, Saskat- chewan. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7tli St. S., Lcthhridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 -135-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Rcglitrallon No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Dally Newspaper Association ann Iho Audll Bureau ol circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Mannfier DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Mnnnalng Uflllor A-.lorlMo Edllor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advirllnlng Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"