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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 13, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE LETHBRIDCE DAILY HERALD MTUnbAY, JULY 13, 1918 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS (Some Nuts to Crack by tho U. F. A., by S. S. Dunhnm. Ex VIcc-Pres.) As was expected, tho writer has received some llttio criticism from cer-tan Interests In regard to what we recently had to say concernlnj: tlic reformation ot tho Dominion Senate, but none ot this criticlem has come from tho common people, and in this connection we wish to call the attention ot the render to some peculiarities concerning any nttompt towards a reform In this direction, wniy is it that we have not heard this issue discussed by the politicians who ad-drees us at election times and at other times? The answer Is obvious, to the professional politician, tho appointment to tho Senate is one of the "plums." and he is tho last person whom you can count upon to injure or destroy ' titles must come, if they come at all, from' the demand ot the people as a mass. Per-spnally we do not like the prefix "Sir," the common and more democratic term of ".Mr." to us is preferable, and in keeping with �our people and Institution, Some time ago lii an address before the U.P.A. we had the audacity to refer to the premier, as Mr. and when that addfees -was quoted from, before parliament," some member who had been knighted since noting that we had used the word "Mr." instead of "Sir," wanted to know when it was delivered, and our friends at home "joshed" us because we did not know better than to use the word "Mr." when we should have said "Sir." We accepted the joeh in good part but if the -word "Mr." was used by us Intentionally and not Inadvertantly, well. It is none of our friends' business. To be serious if the humble term of "Mr." is good enough for such men as Bright, as Gladstone, as the Younger Pltt,^ab Lloyd-George, as the late .John Ros6 Robertson, and the great honest Abe Lincoln, Is it good enough for the politician and the financier, and we say this -without disrespect to any man who has been so honored. "The good that men do" is not "interred with their bones," but on th^ contrary his work in his community and his country Is the real measure of Ms greatness, and if it is of merit, will endure, regardless of any nrtlii-clal attempt to make it permanent. Besides until man's active lite is finished and his career closed, it is verj-difficult to determine whether or not he shall be entitled to honor, much less to transmit such honor to his child. The membership of the U.F.A. should stand solidly behind He officials In demanding such retf rms as shall make our Canada really jomocra-tic and among those are the reformation of the senate and the abolition of hereditary titles. to create and stimulalo Interest nud harmony in the work of tho tT.K.A. Mrs. Irene Parlby, president of the United farm Women, read a paper, pointing out many ot the foibles of the local unions nnd making many suggestions as to tho work. Co-operative trading .was spoken of as the chief impetus to centred interest in the local unions. Others took issue with thirf statement, sny-jng that the educational side ot the organization was tho chief feature. P. Baker, first vice-president of tho U.F.A., and Charles Jlarris. ot Oven, both declared that tho educational work was tlie chief tiling. These speakers pointed out that after the war tho class that was the least organized would have to suffer the heaviest burden of taxation, and that ns other classes. �mnnufacturcrs and others, were organized and protecting their own interests, it was up to the ngriculturnlists to effect ns strong an organization as possible. The farmer did not want others to assume his burdens, "tho speakers pointed out, he only wanted justice. Much time was devoted to the membership campaign nnd discussion ot arrangements for local speakers. It was pointed out that the best way to carry on the work "was to apportion areas within the district of each local union to members of the local who could got out and rustle membership. Random Notes of a Country Schoolmaster MIS 10 STOCK IN TO BE FIRM The nervous and timid are easily stampeded. Thia is tr;:e both of animals and men. .lust now there is a disposition on the p.Trt of many stockmen to become alarmed and start a stampede in the direction ot sacrificing their cattle because of ap parent feed shortage. It should be borne in mind that the greater the stampede the lower priecs will go now and the higher they will mount as soon as grass again becomes abundant. Therefore large profits await those who can wait and will remain firm and hold ;heir stock. Many devices may bo reported to to this end. Numerous grain crops are too short to be harvested but they will afford a considerable amount of pasturage. It pastured at onco and bo-fore the grain forms, a new crop will spring up from the roots and yield a good crop^ of green fead . wherever there is a fair amoua' of rain, and a fair amount of rain usually follows an extremely dry .lune. The sowing of a field of winter rye will be found advantageous and will, if used as a supplementary teed to straw or hay, enable the stockman to bring his animals through the winter .in good condition. Besides, the wild hay crop in the north is exceedingly heavy, especially along the shores of the Lesser Slave Lake. A variety cr arrangements can be made for the securing of this hay. Contracts can be let -lor hay on board cars or in the stack; cuttlns privileges can be secured and wintering sites obtained. Mr. A. E. Meyer, superintendent of Provincial District Agents, Department of .^gricultnro, Edmonton, is collecting data regarding site--, of this nature, and �wiU supply tho same to inquirers. W. F. STEVENS, Live Stock Commissioner. Critlcire Teachers' AlliBnco. There is just now forming in Alberta a so-called leachers' nlllnnco which gives us as one of the aims of the organization to a promote a bolter understanding between teachers and their boards ot trustees and n'.so to regulate so far ns possible .ill matters pertaining to tho pri>tession. Tho objects of the association are worth/, ns 1 thmk nil must agree who have had any experience on either side of tho question. From the point of view ot the country schoolmaster anything that will curb the of individual trustees is a desideratum and the writer has no doubt that n similar unflatttring assumption would be met wit'i In many boards wlio ii;ive had to deal with some crank of a teacher. But -what seems to an outsider odd about this alliance is that though It is fathered by teachers who nro no doubt leaders In their profession, nnd possibly close to the powers that be, it seems to run exactly contrary to the expressed aim of the department of education-I moan tho policy ot help-liig the rural schools to become as efficient as the town schools are. For the benefit ot my country rentiers 1 " ...... 'hnt among the laymen there is a general tendency to pass over anything relating to e.iucation as a special subject best regulated by those who are most directly concerned. .As long as the majority ot the country peoplo take this view ot things the country sc'hools will remain below standard tor it is rare to find in the country trustee nn educational specialist, tl'.crefore it behooves all good fathers an.l mothers  to scrutinize closely nil educational mediums. A child's school teacher stands to him In a celntion second only to his parent, and no one can claim to be an adequate parent who shows indifforeuco or ignorance of the collet formative Influence in his children's life. So all that affects the oupply of teachers both as to quantity nnd quality nnd whatever tends to throw tho poorer nnd loss well equipped teachers into the country schools should bo a mat-tor ot deep concern to every man or woman llring in the cou.itry. To plncp all the'best teachers In the cities la a blow at tho very foundations ot country life. What la there then in the rules nnd regulutlons ns proposed ot this teachers' nliianco whicli thronlens our supply ot country teachers? Simply this- tho morabership ot nn allinnco is nnd all roproaontations In the ulltauco ia based on membership in n local alliance of ton members, and ot these ten membera six will constitute a quorum. I have no data at hand but it would bo Interesting to know what proportion ot the tenchers In tho country cotild possibly meet these conditions. "Speaking to a most efficient rural teacher the other day* i � asked him it he was joining tho now club, and ho answered: "Mow can 1, or if I could, vfhy should I want to? It simply moans that everything will bo run by a cllquo of teachera centering In tho five towns -Edmonton, Calgary, Lothbrldge, Red Deer and the Hat." There Is no provision whatever In which nn Isolated teacher may have even a non-voting membership. It he cared to attend tho yearly convention as un outsider he might be welcome-maybe. I am of the earnest opinion that tho rural teaching body ot Alberta are tho very backbone of the system while the city teachers represent the hands and feet and possibly tlio- head. The thinking, tho locomotion, tho efficiency ot tho whole machine seems to emanate from tho dllles, but I ask you where they would be without the humble back bone that seems to do so little. My figure is Inapt in that it speaks ot tho teachers as a body, whole and undivided, which they certainly are not; as I understand It, this Is a consclos movement tow.ard forming tho tdncliora In-tp a whole. I liope 11 Is merely hy some strange oversight, although it la so obvious that tl seems It musl bo intention that tho rural forces nro eo completely loft out. There nro, as ovcryone knows, enough drawbacks, natural and Inadvoldablo, already pertaining to the lot of the country teachers-they nro already penalized by isolation and lack of advantages without the Btlng ot belonging to an organization wl>oao business morale and professional ctlvics bo dictated by a small and Belf-inlerested group of people. When will tho country people, who arc paying big tn^es and gotting In-offlclency, wake up and demand their share of tlio best. Tho country schools are already paying largo bonuses In the way ot salary and what tiiey nro getting Is mainly tho flodglings from the normal schools. Why In tho name of reason should tho country schoole take In all the raw recruits in tho country nnd train them up In the way they should or shouldn't go nnd then politely turn over lo the towns experienced teachers-Hero Is a chance for some country trustees to make themselves heard and justify tho very doubtful good of tho trttatee system. The, city schools and city ideals ot educatioil and training have dominated long enougi and their Inllucnco Is seen In eoursoa of study and our text books- hero Is another nttompt to handicap our niral education and yet cvorj morchant "fn Ijothbrld^o will toll you that tho prosperity of the town rte-penri's upon tho tanning class which is tho truth-the farmer Is king In Alberta and if he will but exercise hie prorogntlvo his children may have tho privilege of attending the .hosi schools In tho province ami not the worst. I was told by the truatoo of one of tho fino new consolidated schools that lie had boon officially aa-sured that schools ot that typo would not lack tor teachera-that they would bo provided with tho host; that tiamo school had as a teacher last year n little girl who had just completed the eighth grade and had not oven a permit-thoy could get no other. A magnificent school building nnd full equipment 'nro something, but lacking a good teacher thoy are very llttio indeed. Trouble Is ahead tor the rural schools-what are tho trustees lo provide against It? - >f NEW FRENCH ACES. : Paris, July 13.-(Havas Agency.)- TIio appearance ot two new French aces-Second Lreutenants Bourgado and Nogues-is announced by tho French nowapapors. Bach aviator has gained ten victories. The thirty-eighth victory of Lieut, our NungesBor also Is announced. OP CANADA Are Your ChUdren Learning lo Save Money? Each maturing son and daughter should have a persoT^al Savings Account in the Union Bank of Canada, with "opportunities to save regularly, and training in how to expend money wisely. Such an education in thrUt and saving will prove InvaluaMe in later life. LETHBRiDGE BRANCH ......... F. W. Nicholson, Manager CARDSTON BRANCH .............. F.'v. Cavers, Manager BARONS BRANCH.......... .....S. D. Griffiths, Manager  U.F.A. SECRETARIES MEET.  ^ with C. nice-Jones, president of the United Grain Growers, presiding, the secretaries of the United Farmers of Alberta, in annual session at Calgary, on Tuesday discussed the cooperative trading aspect of the local unions, the educational side of the work ot the organization, the membership drive, and the best methods HEAVY CUTS ON LIGHT CATTLE RAM SALE ^ LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. ^ October 9th and lOth Under the auspices of the Southern Alberta Wool Growers' ABBociatlon, over one hundred members, owning 200,000 sheep. Entries Close July 1st Entry blanks may be had on applloatlon to the Secretary, Sherlock auildlng, Lethbridge, Alberta. ECZEMA This nev7 discovery has cured many after Specialists said they were incurable. Money refunded If you do not get results. Guaranteed and sold In Lethbridge by The Kenny & Allin Co., Ltd,, druggists.-Advertisement. ANCHOR-DONALDSON LINE ' POPULAR SERVICE Canada to Glasgow For full iim)rmatlon apply to Agents or Company's Office, 270 Main St., JA'Innlpujr It is reported that at a meeting composed ot representatives of the packing interests, the British Purchasing Agent and the Food Control Board, it was decided that the food situation is such that the slaughter ot immature and unfinished cattle should be discouraged in every way possible. One of the means adopted, and the one that hits baclt at the farmer, was the decision by the British Purchasing Agent that no carcasses will be accepted that v.-elgh less than 500 pounds. That act limits the sale�of light and unfinished cattle to the local market, and Is very likely to result in a heavy cut on cattle ot that class, It is not too late tor the farmer whose pa.sture is short to protect himself against loss. It he has a piece of summerfallowed land or ot breaking, and hiB district has been favored with a good rain, he can sow dwarf KsHex rape or white turnips during the first halt of July and pasture them off during the last halt ot September and tho month ot October. By so doing, many an animal can be brought to tho required weight and increased in price as well. The heavy weights and high prices bring the large returns, while tho light weights and heavy cuts in price destroy profits, VULCAN. Q^rom The Advocate.) On Monday last four Vulcan men mot with a serious motor accident v/hich artnost terminated fatally for two of the men. Messrs. .\laynard Dortch. Frank Kothlow, Sam Cole and Wm. Thompson were pn their way home to Vulcan from Sullivan Creek where they had been on a fiahing trip. When some miles west ot High River tho car was proceeding up grade when the engine stopped. The brakes were applied but refused to work and the car backed down ti>e grade and over the side of a bridge at the bottom. Sam Colo was thfTmost serioua-ly hurt, getting very badly cut about the head and fracturing a rib. W:n. Thompson sustained two or throe broken ribs. The other men received nothing worse than a bad shaking. The car wa3 wrecked. The condition of tho crops throughout this district la still that they ai'e badly in need ot rain, none having fallen during the past week. Tlio (lam on tho Little Bow Itivor I at tlio Carnjangay Power Plant which went out In 1915 with the high floods in. June, has just been coUinletod. HOP PRODUCTION It is a matter of the greatest importance that Canada should increase her production cf BACON HOGS and other Uve stock as there is at present a world-wide shortage of meat. Good markets for some time to come are assured. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE will gladly make loans to assist famlers in good standing io acquire live stock. Lethbridge Branch- R. T. Brymner,' Mgr. THE IST'D 1873 STANDARD-BANK OF CANADA HEAD OFFICE  TORONTO BUSINESS ACCOUNTS All classes of business accounts receive careful attention. J. G. SCOTT, Manaser, G. F. BLETCHER, Manager, . D. A. CURRIE, AecounUnl-in-Charie, �37 13th St. North. 4th Avenue South.  ( Coalhuril. Fires Break O u t and thieves break in. Don't risk the first, or invite the second, by keeping money in the house. Put it in The Merchants Bank, where it will be safe from loss- always available-and earn interest 'at highest current rates. TH? MERCHANTS BANK Head Office: Montroal. OF LEI HBRlDGg,BRANCH, MONARCH BRANCH, NOBLEPORD BRANCH. CAN^^DA Established 18Q4.   K. J. DINNING, Mangger. V. A. EBERLV, Aotin< Manager. M. A. KILPATIUCK, Aotini Manager. NEW TIRES cost money and even the beit ot thoin suffer from ptinc-tures, worn treads, blisters / and hlow outs. Wo can snve you considerable expense in the way ot rubber bills if you brine your tire troubles to us. Tho practical modem methods in Automobile Tire ; Vulcanizing we employ, make 'every job entrusted to us durable and lastingly satisfactory. Lethbridge Tire and Repair Station  F. B. McKlnnon, Proprietor 305 Sixth Street S. Lethbridge, Alta. Phone 49S -SERVICE THAT SATISFIES"* Builders' Supplies CEMENT, LIME, WOOD FIBRE PLASTER, EMPIRE FINISH, HOU LOW TILE, LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT BRICK, ROOFINGS, BUILDING AND TAR PAPER, FIRE PLACE MANTLES AND GRATES, TILE, BEAVER BOARD, PLATE GLASS, MURANE3E GLASS, COMMON GLASS, AUTO WINDSHIELDS, MINING SUPPLIES. The Western Supply & Equipment Co. Ltd. PHON^ 1044 FOURTH ST. S., LETHBRIOQB A Prosperous City $50,000,000 worth of Grain and other field products pass annually through the City of Lethbridge. Mr. Fanner, are you putting aside a.little for the lean-years which will come? Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR. ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE. ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH 8TREET 8. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA PHONE 1843 WE OFFER CITY OF CALGARY Ten Year Gold Debentures in Denominations of $500.00 and $1000.00. Interest payable on first ot Juno and December at par; and interest YIELDING SEVEN PER CENT. PER ANNUM an cxcoplionally high rate of interest combined with absolute security. SEND YOUR OnOER TO The Tro8ts and Gua^:ntee Company, limiteii CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA LETHCRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILOINO, J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOD, MEDICINE HAT, CALGARY. RED DEER. STETTLER. P. LUND & SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Lath, Shingles, Mouldings and Finishing Lumber Builders' Supplies of All Kinds CONSULT U3 REGARDING PRICES, PLAlMS, ETC. WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING YARD, CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SEVENTEENTH STREET,'LETHBRIDGE.  ' BRANCH YARDS: AT MACLEOD, COALDALE, CHIN AND BARN< WELL. AT THESE POINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATER' lAL, HARDWARE AND FARM IMPLEMENTS, BOX 189, OR PHONE 516, LETHBRIDGE ;