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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta Tage 10 THE LETHBEIDGE HERALD Satunlny, July 13, 1912 Alfalfa Growing in Alberta Leave some for me "Ask your druggist for FRY'S MALTED COCOA" The Great Strength Builder for Invalids. ELLISON'S "OUR BEST" FLOUR Ask any cook what makes flour seem best. The answer will be that it is the flour which bakes the finest bread and cakes with the least amount of trouble and waste. That means this flour. Send for a trial sack today and test it far yourself. Ellison Milling and Elevator Co. T- LETHBRIOQE; RAYMOND- MAGRATH A BIG CROP Rains Wcan and Dry-Farm- ers Are Planning Big Exhibit at Lethbridge Guthrie, Oklahoma, Almost foot of land in; Oklahoma has been soaked by the -rains of the. I fa- ,two. weeks, of June, and today .every- body in the state is -smiling a smile that come off The ram is Irj ,ured by. the farmer 'as worth 000 to: to Oklahoma. .It came at a most opportune time, aa- splendid crops, and the rest of countrv will now to gFt out And now the energetic brjanizera of Okla- homa City have begun a general can- vass of'the state for exhibits and dele gates, and Is full trainload of boosters to get the Con- gress for next year. BOY SCOUTS REVIEWED Winnipeg, Man., July R. H. The Duke of Connaiight tola mom ing reviewed the St, Johns' Ambul- ance corpB'.at Fort barracks and witnessed tournament of 'the Boy Scouts taking place at 3.30 the Duke preiented the Gmg'i flag awarded the Winnipeg scouts for the biggest contingent m the Dominion, The Dominion Department of Agr culture has incited a booklet oil "A falfa Growing In .by W, I Ftirflold, superintendent of the mental Station of Lethbridge, aod G H. Hutton, superintendent of tho Ex porimeutiil Station Th contents aro as follows: While the production of ha Seen increasing rapidly during th past few years In Alberta, there Is a over increasing demand for informa Jon In regard to the cultivation of thl crop. The suggestions offered hereli as to the cultural methods likely t succeed are based upon tests conduct ed at the Experimental Stations a jethbridge and Lacombe, as well ai upon observations of the methods o successful growers of alfalfa in vari ous pans of the Province. The no" climate of. the settled portions o Alberta are represented by the sta Ions at which tho work lias been dbn is closely as any two points can rep- the somewhat varying coudl ions, and the results secured shouh be of value ns an indication of what may be expected In other parts. As an indication of tho interest shown in the cultivation of alfalfa, it may be said that In the last two years over eleven hundred farmers have ap- plied for and received inoculated soil for the purpose of beginning itac cul ture of this forage crop. Many of those who secured soil-for this pur- pose during the first or" two it was distributed are now reporting on the results obtained, and riot more than one per cent. have_ stated that, in their opinion, alfalfa cannot be grown in their .district, ;In cen- tral portion of the Province, .where it is important "that hardy strains or varieties be secured, some men1 report indifferent success, .but partial failure to the fact that the seed secured was an Inferior.variety. Alfalfa is being grown commercially in the Lethbrldge district, to the extent of several thousand acres under.irri- gation and successfully grown in prac- tically all other districts without irri- gation. By "the aid of irrigation the yield is very materially increased. It :s, a crop especially profitable .o grow on irrigated land. In the drier districts of the Province, on unirrigat edjantl, although the tonnage is very much, less, alfalfa will probably pro-j duce more hay fhan anj other j perennial forage crop that can be I ;rown there." It is now grown as fa north as Fort Vermilion so demon strating the wonderful diversity climate to which it can adapt itself: There is'no fodder crop the o alfalfa for feeding growing'stock :o dairy.cattle. It Is very rich'in protei and, since it draws.its supply of nitro ;en largely from the air, supplies a ow cost as well as .in readily; digesi ble form those constituents :necessar o the formation of lean meat 'milk. Alfalfa is.a plant that.seems partic ularly fitted for. cultivation under irr gation. Not that it requires. an exc'es she amount of moisture to thrhe, bu rather because it can seasons of and -when nioiBtur is supplied, resumes rapid growth witi apparently no setback due -to the forced standstill. .On the average, .irri gated farm it is not usually practic able for the farmer to. irrigate even part of his farm just when '.it should be There are sure to be certain field; or parts of! fields that cannot be Teach ed jiist when the crop -requires' mois ture; With most .crops this may.cause a serious loss, but with alfalfa means a-loss.of 'growth, emly while .the soil Is m a dry condition li is during July and August, our hottesi months, that this plant makes its.mosi rapid growth', provided the moisture in the; soil is not can be avoided when irrigation ia prac Used. Without' irrigation the second anc third cuttings are somewhat -'uncertain from the fact that.ithe growth of, the plant up to the first cutting usee up the moisture, to a. large extent, and unless good midsummer rains- come the soil is often too dry to produce a very heavy crop afterwards." Notwith- standing this fact, It is safe, to flay that h suitable varieties and with proper care in starting, riot only cwi alfalfa ie properly grown, on non irrigated but more hay can be 'rom it than from any other ton crop. Every farmer In the Proy' Bhould obtain, enough inocuUtej -And DONT Forget the Maple Buds.Gandpa! 0 COWAN CO. TORONTO, OnUrio Shopping is only half done if you forget the Mipji Buds. Children must sweets. Their little nut crave for dainty sweet things. Bid for thf Not Cowan's Maple Buds. Pure milk, pure fa pure chocolate. What could be more nourif and wholesome What else could such favorites with intelligent Make the children luppy. Give them sweets ytu Put Maple Buds shoppiDil and passing it on to the host plant, the alfalfa or other legume, in such a form that it enters the general cir- culation of the plant to hii'ld up its various tissues of'leaf, stem and root. These bacteria may develop rapidlyy and thus store up very large amounts of nitrogen in the legume crop. The decay ot the roots and of the.whole plant when plowed iintler, enriches the soil in nitrogen, and thus it is that the' growth of alfalfa, legume, in; variably Increases the soil's fertility. -Sometimes these bacteria which live on the roots of the alfalfa are not pres- i ent in the field when the seed Is with, the result jthat the -crop grows well the'flrst seasb'h, as difficulty atand 'iei-seldom :inet with, but in the plants indicate lack of vigor; quite'often as- suming a light col- licious new .ways of serving Kcllogg's Corn Flakes are discovered. Here are TOASTED CORNFLAKES Kellogg s with straw- berries, raspberries, blackberries, berries. Kellogg s with sliced peaches, pears, or apples. Kellogg's with sliced oranges, bananas, or pineapple Kellogg's in the centre of half a cantaloupe., Kellogg's with ice cream, fruit custards. Try Kellogg's with fresh fruits, 'stewed fruits, or preserves. Your palate will wel- ,come variety. 41 oil is applied the land should receive cuHivatio-n such as. discing or bar- owing or both so as to nto the'soil of the field a-s soon as pos hie, since'the direct rays of.the sun estroy bacterial life. Seed All large houses carry alfalfa ock and care should be taken in buy g that the best is selected. Weed eeds are frequently introduced in al Ifa seed, and persons buying seed lould exercise great care in this re- ard. Samples of the seed offered for ale may be submitted to the seed lab- atory, Calgary, for analysis .and test e ;-to freedom from weed, seeds and or. This', condition" is ascribed to: the fact that the being'such greedy feeders; have uaedimp a-- great, portion.' of 'the available. nitrogen the first sea- son and consequently. lack a sufficient supply 'for the year's growth. During the> second 'season1 spots from one to. two 'feet. diameter may often the. 'foliage is thei. plants are .aller than the; majority of those in the field. -Where .these'dark healthy spots are, no doubt, ibaeteria .are present, laving been -Introduced by the germs jeirig on individual seeds or on foreign matter in the or possibly they were present in the native soil, having ireUously Ihed on some of the nstfhe egumes observed where dark rich -green Jrn A BJS t The presence of bacteria Cn the roots of alfalfa is indicate! by ._ nodules amoutjthe size of a pinhead or smaller 7fhgce Often form n clumps, reBejaSimtf somewhat a grapes, and are nore on tne newer roots Vhen these bunches great are be taken or tbey.will .be Yj stripped from the roots as the is lifted Alberta It has been found that il :o inoculate the soil with these jRcterla when-the seed it sown, for thus inoculated do not assume he unthrifty appearance the second eason that fields not 10 treated show, 'he usual practice In inoculating H been to use soil from an old alfalfa eld. This Is sown on the land at the rate of from 100 to 200 pounds pf r acre nd worked in as'the bed is >ared. The soil taken from an. area rhere iweet clover (Mclllotue alba) IB rowing may also be used, successfully or Inoculating. Inoculated Soil Supplied by Stations In new dtetr'Iets where alfalfa has ot been grown it Is" often difficult for irniers to obtain inoculated soil from n old alfalfa-field, so the stations at jacombe and Lethbridge..will supply sack of the soil to farmers on the Lyment of. Besides covering the xpense of sacking', this will prepay he freight to the applicant's nearest all way station. Applicants will rritality. This work is done without large In the Lethbridge district practically o winter killing nas been experienced .and less attention need be-paid to'the selection'of varieties'iri that vicinity 'but in other.- sections .of the Province the question of varieties Is Important and the Grimm and Turkestan have been conditions rauchibetter than other sorts. At the Jjacombe Station' than 90 per cent, of the plants.of tue.above var- ieties have survived .while Other kinds, except the yellow-flowered Siberian alfalfa CMedicago falcata} hai e fallen 70 per cent to as low as 20. per cent. Next to Grimm and Turkestan, Montana grown seed might be'placed with reference to its prob- able hardiness. Quantity of Seed, Its development It' is ;more nutritious w ell more palatable As soon as tho blossoms appear alfalfa is ready to cut, or, as expressed by some, when Is hay' should be raked as soon Bible immediately put Into small cocks. Curing it In the cock n .this way prevents the leaves from breaking off, which is. quite Important it is considered that much of the nourishment' is In the leaf. On irrigated land In thevLethbridge district it has been customary., to cur, the alfalfa-three first.cutting usuallj occurring about hme 20th to 26th, the second the first week in August, and the third "cutting, about :he time of frost On non irrigated lands It has been, found that two g.ut- :inga are all that can usually be ob- tained. These average and a half_ to three and a half tons per acre for the season Experience has led the writers to that latc'cutitiug is not wise, riothwithstand- .ug the fact that up to the present time t has usually been'practised." Raising Seed The beed ciop varies greatlj and seems. to be quite uncertain in all countries, though some localities seem o be favored in this i expect much nore (han others A limited quantitj of seed has been grown in Soufjiein Alberta, but so far the ylelll appears o be small 'Umosz the onlj thing hat wiU dpiHnine whether Alberta or n aie well suited It is ing if the object in !c to be limited to one ack each, which will contain not less lan 100 pounds of soil. Farmers in Province .from Calgary south lould apply-to the Letbbridge Experl- ental those living north of algary should apply, to the Lacombe xper I mental Station. .To be more ex- ict, those living in. Township 25-or outh will; be supplied from Lefth- and those.-livinK north of.Town- lip 25. from Lacombe. If the land to be seeded to alfalfa Is good condition and moist, 100 pounds is sufficient for an acre; If not, en the inoculated noil should be dSs ibutefTover a lesn nreai Although >0 pounds of inoculated soil Is under lordlnary conditions quite sufficient an acre, itlll, where the soil .can obtained without inconvenience, ich as from a neighboring farm, it will ,be found that 150 to 200 pounds or more can be scattered much more easily overman acre. 1 Immediately, earned on m the Province to warrant a verj definite opinion being iorraed as to the best amou.nt of seed to use. From our present knowledge would suggest on irrigated laud 15 to 20 pounds of seed per acre; the land is riot to be Irrigated, some- what less is advised, the quantity be- ing placed at from 12 to 15 except in those parts of the Province where the rainfall is lightest, where 10 to pounds is suggested. Dace of Seeding From the 10th to the 25th 'of May is perhaps the best time to alfalf.i here, although early in June is usually quite eatrafactory -De Not Sow With a Nurse Crop It IB well to remember that alfalfa originally was a subtropical plant, and although it has wonderful adapta bility, it is somewhat tender while young, under our conditions cornea uminine and uaimth, consc queutly it does not do as well when shaded by a growing prop of It hastbeen aptly :said that the nurse crop might more properly be termed a murder .'crop. the Seaion Itiis'qiiHe important that the young plant should be clipped once or twice the 'first' season. This serves not only IB a'check to the weeds, but tends to make'Uhe plant more stocky the alfalfa, plants, if they are fortunate enough not to be choked cpmple.tely out by the weeds, oft and put their energy into forming or starting to form a seed pod, while this energj should be de voted to root .development, wliich is the result when the plants are cut occasionally, A good time to make the first-' cutti'Dg is when the plants and are from six to ten inches high, which usually occurs late in June or In July The last cutting in the firat sea so'n-.should not be later than the .tenth ot' August. It Is immaterial whether ''.Kaa'e Iteht cuttings be raked off or not, for, if too heavy, they serve a )urpoflc in acting as a mulch. If; irri- tation is to bo practised the field ihoiild wet when the plants indi- cate they, require moisture, but not >efore. the firsl season sufficient, although an .Idnal flooding late in the autumn has sometimes been found beneficial, Curing the Hiy To, gftt the best quality of hay, par- Iculnr cnrc must bn given alfnlfa in curltiit and handling It.'. The lii'-il point- orimportance to remember is that It must bo'cut young, for at this stage in liave not jet qmte probable that migation is not raise seed, i-s to :pltint In rows and 1 cultivate between. The best dtetanco 1 to pjaco the rows .apart, Bunder culti-J vatlon, has.not.yet been determined, i It varies "all the way' from. 21 to 41 inches; probably 28 to in not far from the Mixtures: Under irrigation; .the Lehtbrldge dis- 2 triot mixtures of alfalfa, and grasses, Brome grass, and; Western Rye grass, have been emin- ently successful, the 'grass growinc i much more .vigorously, than when grown alone, and the alfalfa growinjf i apparently almost as well as when i -a by itself. The grasses being low-rooted1' and the alfalfa deep-rooted, it Is but natural that they would not Interfere 'with' each and the grasses thrive on the fertility added to j the soil through the growth of 'the? alfalfa. But two crops are obtained In' a, season from these mixtures :owfng; tot Ihe fact that the grasses are, not ready; to cut until some time in July. The crops are, however, sufficiently heavier Lo compensate In great me-asure for the loss of the third cutting. After the first cutting, the grasses do maka much grovith, Lonsequentb the second cutting is clear alfalfa. 'The only objec? tion jQiind to theBQ te tliat the alfalfa out, the stand of alfalfa becom- ing thinner It seem advisable In starting these nmtuies to small nuantity of grass seed, say from two lo foui pounds per acre and. httle tlip.amount seed Sto'far the alfalfa lias been mixed with, bDt alfnlfa Timothy or 'ome'' grass, etc "The most satisfactory.method.has.beenHo (Continued on page ise the yield of seed, will-be" small The most satisfactory way of plant The highest grade of cocoa beans, finest cocoa butter, purest cane sugar, and the best vanilla beans that can be bought, are the ingredients which we blend together to form that rich, smooth coating which is characteristic of CHOCOLATE5 We feel safe in saying that no other choco- late confectionery ever offered lo' the Can- adian Consumer has come up tthe high standard of purity and excellence of. Moir's. MQIRS, Limited, Halifax, ;