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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 12, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHMIDGI HERALD Thursday, July 12, 1973 EDITORIALS What Greece is really Uncle Sam's? By C. L. Suliberger, New York Times commentator Canada is contributing The plight of millions of people in the Sahelian zone of Africa, stretching across the continent to the south of the Sahara desert, is gradually be- coming knovm to the outside world. Five years of drought have decima- ted the herds and greatly diminished water supplies in places the wa- ters of Lake Chad, for instance, Have receded up to 12 miles. A news release from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) quotes an estimate of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization that as many as six million people might starve in Sene- gal, Niger, Upper Volta, Mauritania, Mali and Chad. A London Observer correspondent says that such figures are informed guesses at best. At worst they are deliberately inflated statistics put out by relief workers who concluded that this was the only way to arouse interest. There is considerable justification for putting put such figures. Maybe only two million people will starve. That's a lot of people. If the only way to get action on their behalf is to exaggerate the number in peril, the relief workers should not be blamed the shame lies with the world's wealthy who have to be bludgeoned before taking action. Anyway, relief operations are now under way and Canada is contribut- ing to the program. Late in June the minister for external affairs, Mitchell Sharp, announced that Canada would provide million in food aid. More importantly, it was announced that three Hercules aircraft would be sent to help speed up transport of food to the stricken areas. Without such air- craft the relief operation was in dan- ger of bogging down because of poor roads. The most important contribution Canada will make lies in the future. CIDA president, Mr. Paul Gerin-La- joie, has gone to the stricken area to study ways in which the long-term problems of hydrology and agricul- tural development might be solved. Canada, ho says, is willing to lend both financial and technical support to this aim Undoubtedly it would be better to invest money in trying to stop the encroachment of the Sahara by establishing a green- belt of trees in turn would improve the hydrology situation than giving emergency aid on an increasing scale year after year to the area. RUSSELL BAKER Backward wheels the mind Is it an right to be a little dismayed by the propaganda successes being enjoyed by the bicycle and small car lobbies? The cycle is a fairly pleasant machine for lim- ited uses by a few people, but claims that it can substitute for the automobile as a device for moving people around town are grossly overstated. It is painful for the large part of the population that is substantially overweight Most old people not be very happy aboard it. Nor will mothers who must take along small children during a shopping trip to the supermarket. It is an exhausting and brutal machine m cities built on hills, and it is a most unattractive way to travel wherever and whenever the temperature is over 90 degrees or under 30. It is unpleasant in ei- ther rain or snow. If parked, even chained, out of eyesight more than 10 minutes, it is a cinch to be stolen. And then, of course, there is the awkward question of courage. There is something about the sight of a bicyclist asserting his narrow claim to the public right of way that infuriates many automobile drivers. Car drivers have a pro- prietary feeling for asphalt Uke those beach-house owners at snooty summer re- sorts who see purple they see strang- ers using their sand and their ocean, these drivers zealous to assert car-monopoly rights to asphalt lose control of themselves when a bicycle appears ahead. I suggest, as a general proposition, though arguable, that one of every 20 mo- torists enters a state of insanity simply by starting his car, and in this state one of the things he is likeliest to do is to teach a bicyclist a good lesson. Enough. It takes courage to go by bicycle. These objections will be met with the usual arguments: Too bad about those fat- ties; they ought to slim down, and bi- cycling wiU help. Old people will stay young longer if they exercise more. Moth- ers should not have so many babies that they have to do large shops at the super- market; didn't they know there's a popula- tion explosion on? We need not dwell on these arguments beyond pointing out that they are both use- ful and tyrannical in their assumptions that there is something disgraceful in be- ing either fat, old or out of step with the prevailing sociological view of bow Che world ought to be organized. The bicycle, in short, may be a pleasant sporting instrument for the young, the ath- letic old and the eccentric, at least in a congenial climate and landscape, bat in a country that isolates its residents 20 mites from their market places and their work, it can never constitute transportation ex- cept for the romantic. The caas egainst the small car is more urgent, because under pressure created by the oil industry's campaign to publicize the sooUed energy crisis, Detroit is being urged to abandon its traditional mastodonic gasoline garglers and put us in small cars. This would be a long step backward. The small car is a car that excludes people. Few seat more tfcan two people with any comfort; in fact, the rear seats of most seem designed to punish any who dare in- vade tbe solitude of tbe couple on the front seat What is the social implication of the small car? Well, it implies, at its most generous, a nuclear family at its most nu- clear: Mother and fatter on the front seat, their luggage on the rear. That leaves little space for kiddies, and as for arthritic old grandfather, be will only ask to go along once after you have crumpled him into the back seat and driven him 200 miles to va- cation grounds. Socially, tbe small car threatens further shrinkage of the family. This seems an illogical direction to take in the car at a time when there appears to be rising inter- est in communal groups and extended fam- ilies. Nor does the small car make sense as relief for an "energy crisis." Being relatively easy to park and rela- tively easy on gasoline, it wffl, in fact, merely encourage continuance of the pres- ent excessive use of automobiles. If the oil really is going to run out, we ought to be encouraging other kinds of transportation, not more of the same wasteful old traffic- jammed gas-burning. Sound policy would probably dictate that Detroit make nothing but mastodons, big enough for the whole darned family. Mom and Dad and the kids and the old folks and Uncle Tom Cobbry and an. Design should insure gasoline consumption of a gallon every eight miles in town and 16 or 18 on the big turnpikes. As tbe occasional pleasure in holiday ve- hicles for tbe family the great big car makes good sense whereas tbe small car makes none at alL Neither size makes any sense for transport, except for tbe occasional emergency trip to hospital or wine shop. With tbe big cars' higher costs, we would have to limit its use to holiday and cel- ebratory occasions, when it might bring us an together again in play and leisure. Be- ing too expensive to run around town in, it would also bebp end the "energy crisis" by forcing us at last to do something about moving out wives to shops and business on something more sensible than private wheels. End of. the debate By Dong Walker Once in awhile the usual din in tbe news- room is heightened by discussion among the staff. V- seldom disrupts tbe produc- tivity of those uninvolved but occasionally everyone is engulfed and everything comes to a standstill One such occasion was when a huge de- bate got going. Two of the reporters neither cf tbem noted for gojetoess of their voices took opposing positions. On and on raged tbe debate, waves of sound reverberated around the open news- room and washed over the partitions into the semi-private offices. Unexpectedly there came a pause and then tiia voice of D'Arcy Rickard was heard: "Well, are we ready for tbe ROME The political and personal situation of King Con- etantine II of tbe Hellenes is considerably more complicated than is usual even in tbe rather commonplace 20th Century oc- currence of exiled monarchs. He doesn't know who his for- eign friends are and the Athens dictatorship has locked up many of his principal Greek friends. He is a man with a cause, publicly stated, to return po- litical freedom to his people. This is precisely the theoretical goal of France which neverthe- less has granted full recogni- tion to the colonels' new re- public by fiat, and of Brit- ain and the U.S.A. which have hooked themselves on the horns of a dilemjota. Both London and Washington state they see no reason to make a formal decision on re-recognition of the Athens re- gime since it demonstrably governs. Yet the present Brit- ish and American ambassadors were officially accredited both to the political government in Greece and to the sovereign, King Constantine, who has been an emigre here since his counter-coup failed in Decem- ber, 1967. The French, whose -logic is Cartesian, have at least sent a new envoy to Athens, thus tak- ing a clear-cut stand, as Spain is expected to do shortly. But England and America appear stranded on indecision. Likewise, self appointed President Papadopoulos of tbe republic has seemed unwilling to face a similar and funda- mental issue. .All civil servants and members of the Greek armed forces have hitherto ta- ken an oath of allegiance to the monarchy, the constitution and tbe nation. Since the republic was pro- claimed June 1, new members of tbe civil and armed estab- lishments have sworn different oaths, deliberately omit- ting mention of the monarchy. But the overwhelming major- ity including almost all serving officers remain technically bound to the exiled sovereign. This paradox seemingly places Constantine in a kind of never-never land vis-a-vis his actual, erstwhile or would be subjects. It also complicates the possibility of bis deciding whether to form some kind of government in exile from the impressive list of former Greek politicians now residing abroad. The main question would be whether an exile government would help his cause. That de- pends on whether any West Eu-- ropean capital would serve as host to such a "government." Since most West European de- mocracies are members of PERU- KE MnOTMINDEJ THE WHOLE PLOT T8 STEAL MY ST Watergate's hidden springs By Samuel h. Beer, Eaton Professor of the Science of Government at Harvard University Watergate cannot be under- stood apart from the strange personality of Richard Nixon. Gloomy, intelligent, antt so- cial, he makes me think of those medieval kings the chroniclers condemnsd as "sus- picious" suspicious meaning both causing suspicion and ready to suspect, lacking trust in others. I see him as a man ready to believe that he is ring- ed with enemies whom a high- er duty calls upon him to de- stroy by any means whatever. Nixon's conspiratorial view of politics goes back to his earliest campaigns, when he professed to find Communist influence in the tmttkeliest quarters. During tbe period of the various Watergate activi- ties, whatever his specific knowledge of tbem, such an outlook could only sustain the atmosphere of conspiratorial politics in which these activi- ties originated and flourished. Yet, if we are to understand Watergate what it really is and why it happened we must look beyond such purely personal factors. What the authors of the break-in did was despicable, and from some angles laugh- able. But if it is also a bit frightening, the reason is the power accruing to the pres- idency from the management of a huge modern industrial state. There is the external part, measured by an million defence budget. But the main and ever growing part is domestic. Government em- ployees number nearly 10 mil- lion. Federal subsidies alone amount to more than million a year. Although the actual harm re- sulting from the break-in and Letter to the editor The attitude most Lethbridge residents have for the physi- cally handicapped sickens and disturbs me as well as other concerned individuals. Speak- ing from a wheelchair I am familiar with the concerns of tbe handicapped. I recently attended tbe Shrine circus during my stay at the Letbbridge Auxiliary Hospital and was completely turned off by the public's reaction to- wards tbe handicapped. I felt like something on display at a freaksbow by tbe circus-goers' reaction towards rae and other handicapped persons and felt like a steer being rolled up tbe loading ramp into the bus while onlookers curiously observed this novel and strange scene. I admit we provide a cur- ious spectacle, but I feel that if we allowed public ac- cess to places such as arenas, stores, washrooms, churches, restaurants, city hall and other public buildings most of tbe no- velty -we create would soon disappear and the sight of a man in a wheelchair would be- come common. The removal of architecbial barriers would certainly be a major step in our progress to independence and public acceptance! I feel tie public should be aware of a deplorable incident suffered by one of my friends, also in a wheelchair, one Sun- day when be took bis family out to dinner at a local restau- rant He was escorted to a table but during the meal was interrupted by a waiter re- questing him to move and when my friend asked why (since he bad already made reserva- tions) the waiter informed him, "That lady over there wants you removed from ber presence because she says watching you eat makes her In certain Eskimo societies tbe old and infinned are set adrift on ice floes they soon pensh of exposure and hi some bushmen cultures it is customary to tbandon the el- derly and invalids in small huts where they soon die of starva- tion jr are eaten by hungry lions. In Lelhbridge, Alberta, it is tbe custom to send tbe aged to a geriatric institution where they wither into senile vegeta- bles. In the case of tte handi- capped we can wither into sen- ile old vegetables also, at a very much younger age, or we can struggle for survival in a world designed for tbe non-han- dicapped. JOHN (CHUB) MACMHAAN Lethbridge. the other schemes was negligi- ble, the intention of peopb in high positions to make such misuses of federal power gives Watergate ominous overtones that would have been absent if similar misconduct had taken place 40 or 50 years ago, before the era of big government. In tbe days of Coolidge and Hoo- ver the Watergate episode would have been shamefuX but in no way fearsome. Big government gives Water- gate its novel character in two ways. It explains tbe nature of tbe threat to our liberties. It also sheds light on tbe motiva- tion of the perpetrators. In the American past two familiar types of misconduct in public office have been venality and election fraud The Watergate break-in does not fit either type. The motivation of its principal actors was not mon- ey, but power. Political ideology, once it fastens on a man's mind, bas a way of blinding him to facts, not to mention conventional morality. And it is the odor of ideology in its more rigid and emotional forms that bas float- ed up from some of tbe evi- dence. The leading exhibit is the socalkd National Security Plan, which was designed by the right wing ideologue, Tom Huston, and from which tbe more restricted operations that included the break-in descend- ed. Some of UK testimony of McCord, Barker, Magruder and Dean is also relevant, par- ticularly suggestive are the at- tempts to reconstruct what is called "tbe atmosphere of the White tbe sense of be- ing besieged by demonstrators, the fury at being unable to stop them by legal means, the wbiff of paranoia over foreign in- fluence among tbe radicals. Tbe major problem in under- standing Watergate is to ex- plain the motivation of its per- petrators. The familiar types of political misconduct in Ameri- ca venality and election fraud are not much help. One must tarn to the rather un- American explanation of ideol- ogy, and particularly to the ten- dency of ideology to produce in the true believer an indiffer- ence to reality, a disdain for conventional morality and a conspiratorial view of the po- litical world. Such an outlook, needless to say. can be found on the Left as well as on the Right, and it is an irony of Wa- tergate that its authors snared their conspiratorial view of the world with the very radical ex- tremists they were trying to combat America is supposed to be the home of pragmatic, issue- less politics, where practical politicians and bard headed interest groups dominate the scene. If ever true, this inter- pretation has been out of date since the New Deal Then, un- der the leadership of Franklin. Roosevelt, government policy passed from the isolationism and laissez-faire of Coolidge and Hoover to a new political world of intervention at home and abroad. The central ques- tion became precisely the size and role of tbe public sector. Around that familiar and fun- damental question our political struggles nave been waged for more than a generation. Given this sort of value laden con- flict, it is natural, although I trust not inevitable, Out ten- dencies to ideological extrem- ism should arise. ID this conflict, Richard Nixon bas been for a genera- tion a leading conservative spo- kesman, declaiming against big government and warning of tbe dangers of federal power. It is a curious quirk of history that his presidency should be tbe one to reveal so vividly tbe possibilities of abuse against vjhich tbe conservatives have so bitterly inveighed. (Written for Tbe HeraW and Tbe Observer. Lwdm) NATO which continues to ac- cept republican Greece as an ally cannot Greek obviously they accord status to two regimes at once. Constantine has proclaimed that be stands by his country's 1952 constitution, which insures parliamentary democracy. But Greece's main democratic part- ners have apparently refused to back him up on this. The United States so far dodges se- rious contacts with Constantine, insisting "we don't think it is in His Majesty's a somewhat 'possessive arroga- tion of nonresponsfciHty. In tbe meantime, tbe king is faced with a sudden, and critical problem of bis own. Since the first of this month, he bas found himself flat broke. The republic bas decided to ex- propriate all his property, im- movable and movable. Whatever compensation he might conceivably expect is, presumably, to be held in Greece, which he cannot enter. Thus both his announced re- solve to "do something for Greek freedom" and bis pos- sible decision to move from Rome are held in abeyance. Starting July 1, ,he had no more income with which to pay the rent, much less finance a national movement in exile. London could be politically more suitable than Rome. But has Constantine the money to move there with bis family? And is it worth switching if he decides against a shadow gov- ernment abroad? Unfortunately for him, the young king has not benefited from the advice of friendly governments, above all the United States which played such an enormous role in mod- em Greek affairs, commencing with the Truman Doctrine. Cer- tainly Constantine doesn't want Washington to tend Marines in Athens in order to put back on his throne; but he would appreciate a chance to get some serious advice from responsible U.S. officials now that he and his cause are in a fix. Both the king and the huge majority of his backers abroad and inside Greece believe Am- erica is deliberately throwing away the popularity it won among the Greek people by its behavior in the Second World War, the Hellenic civil war and the oeriod of recovery. The of that attitude strikes them as infinitely more impor- tant and just as perplexing as the equivocation of Washington on what kind of Greece it real- ly recognizes now. Letter Coyote music It Is unfortunate that the adult residents of Southern Al- berta are forced to either listen to acid yi-yi rock or turn off their radios. One would think that a city the size of Leth- bridge would be concerned with upgrading the quality of sound being broadcast by its two local stations. Or must I believe what I do not want to accept that the immature youngsters spawn- ed in the cradle of the Rockies are in control here, while the parents foot the bin. As a visitor to the South I am disgusted with the monoton- ous duU, twang-twang of the DJs that both stations call music. Perhaps tbe DJs deserve some of tbe blame. I remem- ber the day when DJs were im- aghative and creative (and they saH are in some How creative need a person be to play coyote musk 24 hours a day and blend in nonsensical gab at the beginning and end of each KARLF. OLSEN Gfenwood, Alta. ciazp capscs The Letftbridge Herald _ Ttt SL S., LeOfcndge, Alberta tETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and P Pttfisbed UB-UM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CJBS MB Ma. Hll STMBB PIU.WO Etftar F. WILES TO WMD WILLIAM HAY tmor OOJWLA4 K. WW.KW UftprM Mtar iMESpunr ;