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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, July 12, 1971 Maurice Weslern Canada and the refugees Perhaps the broadest and deepest human tragedy of modern times, ex- cepting only the two world wars, is now being played out on the East Pakistan and West Bengal stage. Roughly seven million human De- Ings have fled East Pakistan, cross- ing into India with nothing but their tattered clothes. A Canadian parlia- mentary group reported last week that the movement is still at the rate of one per second, half a million every week. That they are streaming into an area already jammed with people, most of them near the poverty line, dulls the world's appreciation of the tragedy and yet intensifies the de- vastation. The politics of the situation cries for remedy, but the human despair cannot wait. Whose is the responsibility. India is the only escape for these millions, the only sanctuary. They cannot flee elsewhere. Yet is this India's problem, any more than France's, or Canada's? Whose responsibility is it? Isn t it humanity's? Who can escape his share of the burden of caring for these dere- licts? Whatever relief may come from other countries, India cannot avoid carrying the heaviest load. Geogra- phy will ensure that. But the world, although not quite blind to the magnitude of the disas- ter, is blithely ignoring the call of its own conscience. The other countries must do some- thing, something equal to the de- mands of the crisis. This call, uttered within Canada, must first be directed at Canada and answered by Canada. What can Canada most readily give? Food. The government of Canada, on be- half of the people, should purchase at least 50 million bushels of grain from the Canadian Wheat Board, and send them by the fastest available ships to India, and help in every pos- sible way with the distribution. That would be a fair start for Can- ada. What is the million cost to the Canadian people compared with the burden placed on India, and the plight of these proud yet derelict human beings, in number at least a third of the ranks of Canadians? Publishing aches and pains If the federal government decides to join the Ontario government in offering the ailing publishing house of McClelland and Stewart some form of financial assistance it will estab- lish a dangerous precedent. The Ontario government has al- ready indicated (on the strength of its Royal Commission's recommenda- tion) to advance SI million to Mc- Clelland and Stewart to get them out of their current financial bind. How- ever, State Secretary Pelletier has stated that the federal government has not made up its mind on the whole matter of subsidization of pub- lishing houses. They should wait. Another publish- er, Oxford University Press, is also rattling a tin cup in hopes of a gov- ernment nandout. In a recent brief to the federal government on this issue the publishing firm pointed out that "if the commission's recommen- dation had been in general terms, that funds should be made available to provide long term, low-interest loans to publishing houses that found them in certain defined difficulties, we would concur to name a particular house we find of dubious merit." The federal government should re- fuse to bail out McClelland and Stew- art and any other publishers w h o land on the financial rocks. Such assistance would result in the sub- sidization of a plethora of second- rate stuff which doesn't deserve to be published. Keeping Canadian pub- lishers healthy depends entirely on the quality of material Canadian tal- ent produces and there is no way this can be force fed by subsidiza- tion of a multitude of publishing houses. Aid to book publishing in Canada should go through the Canada Coun- cil which has the machinery to as- sist in underwriting the publication costs of works which are of merit to Canada. Nothing more should be con- sidered. Youth problems studied by task force o iTTAWA The department of tile secretary o! state, as some have surmised, ranks liigh in the pecking order of the federal government. A glance at the main esti- mates (now outpaced as al- ways by political events) is enough to show that Gerard Pelletier disposes of more spending money Uian t h e great majority of his aspiring colleagues. Only John Munro, Donald Macdonald and Edgar Benson spend more and Mr. Benson is a special case, since finance is charged with the r ver-increasing interest on our national debt. The secretary of state is to be regarded with awe for other reasons. Within the govern- ment he is the high priest of the bizarre since he exercises supervision, in a fashion, over such agencies and programs as the CBC, the CYC, Opportuni- ties for Youth and so on. Something is to be deduced also from the attitude to the minister of private government members. For example, Ralph Stewari, of Cochrane, in the last week of June distributed an undelivered Cato-like speech on the general theme: Pelletier must go. Mr. Stewart has no monopoly of this view. It is another indication of Mr. Pellelier's importance because, in general and except when calculating their own chances of promotion, private members care little whether ministers go or stay. Mi-. Pelletier has a task force working for him on problems of youth. It must be an important committee be- cause it appears to have spent about and to have mo- bilized at one point about 60 people. We know very little about it, which is the rule with task forces, but it is obviously a committee with status because it has leaked a miscellany of recommendations which will burst upon us later in the sum- mer. It will surprise no one that the recommendations are bi- zarre. Task forces have their own rules which seem to re- semble those governing fish ponds for children at old-fash- ioned church bazaars. Nothing that comes out has any rela- tion to anything else, although it may (one cannot know) have some relation to what, went in. The report, according to advance publicity, at least has a theme, which is youth. We are about to be informed, ap- parently, that the family and schools have been unable to supply acceptable behavior standards and values. Perhaps the state will now make this good but not surely by the task force route. At the least, we ought to have a white, or per- haps a multi-colored paper. A principal recommenda- tion, it is whispered on the front pages, will be legaliza- tion and government control of marijuana. There may be doubts, even in Mr. Pelletier's department, that a few whiffs are the answer to youthful mis- bohavior. We're stumped seems a much more likely ar- gument. But various other questions arise Why are we paying a task force for such a recom- mendation when the subject is already being investigated by a much more qualified and more cautious commission on the non-medical use of drugs? Is it essential that Mr. Pel- letier should scoop Mr. LeDam, and why? If integration is so important for the armed ser- vices, why is it unsuitable (ex- cept in ministerial speeches) for government? There is also the matter of our border relations with the United Stales. Are they no longer of importance? Also proposed is a Canadian youti: employment corps. Youth employment is mani- festly important: even more important than the youth cir- cuses on which other public ART BUCHWALD Brace yourselves, folks this could be the one! money is expended. But what is the link between these pro- posals? Will marijuana make work more attractive or is it the thought that jobs will be created through sale of the weed? Then (page Mr. Macdonald) there is a recommendation that the military colleges be abolished and the cadet pro- grams terminated. Here again the link seems to be tenuous. Evidently this is not only an important but also a very tal- ented committee. At one mo- ment they are pot-and-job ex- perts: then mysteriously they become authorities on the arm- ed services and national de- fence. In case it has escaped atten- tion, the military colleges were not set up as a gesture to some earlier youth cult, which has since failed. They are part of a defence establishment which the taxpayer has been given to understand exists for his pro- tection and not solely for stu- dent sports activities and the enrichment of hardware manu- facturers. At the whim of a task force they are now appar- ently to disappear in a cloud of marijuana smoke. It will doubtless be found, when the report appears, that the government is committed to nothing. In all likelihood, however, Mr. Pelletier will read it with interest, as he should since it has cost us Mr. Macdonald should read it with equal attention, ex- p'rience having shown that it is usually possible to salvage something from these kites in the wind. However tantalizing tire previews, one must await the report before drawing firm conclusions about the commit- tee's recommendations. If it does have the authentic flavor of the secretary of state's de- partment, it should at a cony have the best sales since Alice in Wonderland. But this is not quite all. Pol- icy is to be evaluated, not only in light of the report, but also from experience of the oppor- tunities for youth program. There has been enough of that already to annoy Mr. Stewart, various MPs and a number of worthy groups who failed to qualify because they could not achieve the imaginative stan- dards of Mr. Pelletier's depart- ment. As it has been explain- ed, however, that critics of the program are anti-youth, we can probably anticipate with some -onfidence that time will vin- dicate the minister. At least the curtain has been parted a trifle and we have been given a hint of the ex- hilarating future, more or less discernible through the musty smok.e (Herald Ottawa Bureau) T ONDON "To be or not to that is the question bugging every English- man these days in regard to the Common Market. After finally getting the six mem- bers of the Common Market to admit her, Britain does not seem to be very sure that she wants to be a member of the club. In fact, the more Britishers you talk to, the more reasons you hear as to why England should stay out. There are, of course, the usual fears about joining anything that has to do with the Continent, such as: "If Britain be- comes a member of the Common Market, her children will have to put wine on their cornflakes as they do in France" and "ev- eryone will be forced to wear pointed wooden shoes as they do in Holland" and have to give up our tea break to compete with the Germans." But there are deeper and more sig- nificant reasons why the British, now that they've been admitted, want no part of the market. There is a definite fear here that if En- gland joins the Big Six, she will be forced to drive her cars on the other side of the street. It isn't just a question of changing the steering wheels to the other side- though this is no small also that the population could be severely decirrjated by automobile accidents during the changeover period. The feeling here is that if Britain be- comes part of the market her six partners should be the ones to change the side of the road they drive on rather than En- gland. "Since we gave in on cheese quotas, they should give in on a hole] doorman told me. If this wasn't enough to worry about, there are also fears here that if England is forced into full partnership with the Continent she will pick up many of the filthy habits of the French, such as hav- ing "love in the afternoon with someone who is not your wife. "What has made us a British friend told me, "is that while Frenchmen spend their lunches and afternoons in bed with their mistresses, we work in our fac- tories and on our farms and in our of. fices, for God and country. We'd be fools to become part of a system that puts sex before the gross national product." An English lady friend said she wasn't as afraid of the French as she was of the Italians. "If we join the Common Mar- ket, we shall have to develop bosoms to compete with Sophia Loren and Gina Lol- lobrigida. No British female can hope to match an Italian woman's bust once the tariffs are abolished." The consensus here is that becoming a member of the Common Market can only mean trouble for Britain. The cafe will replace the pub, beer will be served cold and the Pope is sure to come over and throw out the first ball at Wimbledon. As long as the Big Six rejected Brit- ain's application, the English were clam- oring to get in and furious at being black- balled. But now that England can join, everyone assures everyone they never wanted anything to do with the Common Market in the first place. And with reason: As an Englishman put it to me at lunch the other day. "You know, of course, if you don't lake a French child away as soon as it's born, Ihc moth- er will kill it." (Toronto Telegram Xrws HtTvicrt Max Wilde "Bill of Rights" for laboratory animals Good sports By Doug Walker evidence that most golfers arc good sports is the way they let me join them for a game wretched golfer that I am. Of course there arc rare occa- sions when r get to play someone such as Jack Lee and can feel a little magnani- mous myself. Recently Steve Tomic and Leo Grud- nifki put up with me for nine holes. They even invited me to share their post-game drink the losor of the last hole to pay. Being a teetotaller, I politely declined the invitation. Supposing that 1 was simply backing out of a sure stick, Steve said they would spot me a stroke. Then think- ing back ovr the game I had been playing he revised the offer to five strokes, And when I made a miserable drive he promptly raised the figure to six. Even with such generosity and not count- ing throw outs from the trees along Iba lake, I would probably have been stuck with the drinks if I had agreed to compete. fENEVA An internation- al "Bill of Rights" for ani- mals or at least some of them has been drafted by a group of experts convened by the "Vorld Health Organization. The group's report, entitled Health Aspects of The Supply And Use of Non-Human Pri- mates For Biomedical Pur- poses, urges stricter controls over the trapping, transport, importation, quarantine and captivity of laboratory ani- mals, particularly monkeys. TIE report states: "Although the use of monkeys and apes in laboratories and elsewhere dates from perhaps a century ago, it has increased markedly in the last 15 to 30 years, owing largely to an upsurge in the de- mand for these animals for vaccine production and testing. The dangers involved in hand- ling and using monkeys and apes were no', fully realized until experience was obtained of the transmission of infec- tious disease from these ani- mals to man, sometimes with fatal consequences. Tire expert group calls for in- ternationally acceptable rec- ommendations for increasing the safely of personnel working wilh monkeys and apes, ami also for improving the quality and health of Ihc animals. The report emphasizes that captured primates arc at least as susceptible to disease as man. They should be given wholesome food and fresh water doily. At present, the re- port notes, they are often given au inadequate supply of poor quality food in containers that may be heavily contaminated. In the areas where they are captured they should be given local food (in clean containers) which would approximate lo their natural food. In importing countries this may not be avail- able, and they are often given pelleted or other forms of syn- thetic food; care should be taken that this has a high pro- tein conlent and adequate min- erals and vitamins. The routine use of antibiotics in the food should be discouraged, because of the risk of inducing resistant bacterial strains. At present, in many tropical countries, monkeys and apes are caught from widely dif- ferent areas at all seasons of the year and collected in deal- ers' compounds, being inter- mingled without regard to source or species, and held often under insanitary and poor nutritional conditions. They are exposed to human diseases as well as to those of other ani- mals, ir.cludmg birds. Since monkeys and apes may be heavily infected in some areas of a country but not in others, the report says, trapping should be can-led out in areas selected as being most likely to yield healthy animals. The health of animals may vary also with the availability of food, and it is generally ac- cepted that those caught just before or during the rainy sea- son are commonly in poor con- dition. One recommendation to na- tional authorities is to intro- duce a system of licensing of persons allowed to catch 'Crazy Capers' What are you dointj U> night, handsome? monkeys and apes, after suit- able instruction. After trapping, the report goes on, animals should be placed immediately in regular- ly cleaned transport boxes with individual compartments and shipped without delay either to the importing labora- tory, or to quarantine stations, thus avoiding exposure in a compound. Quarantine prem- ises, either in exporting or im- porting countries, should have an adequate number of sep- arate rooms, so designed as lo exclude rodents, birds and in- sects, and with impervious floors and efficient drainage. There should be suitable metal cages that can be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. The animals should not be crowded and those of different species or from dif f e r e n t trapping areas should not be housed in the same room. Transport .to the importing countries should be by the most expeditious means, pref- erably by jet aircraft. The ani- mals should be transported in containers as specified by the International Air Transport As- sociation, designed to prevent their escape or injury, and lo permit easy and safe feeding and watering. The containers should be clearly designated as "perishable contact other animals should be temperatures should be maintained at between 15 degrees and 30 degrees centi- grade, and the compartments containing animals should be pressurized in the same way thoso for human passengers. Special precautions should be taken in handling monkeys and apes suspected of being infect- ed with virus disease, trans- missible lo man, such cs the dangerous 15 virus infection. In such cases tranquilizing agents should be administered, includ- ing one that suppresses the bite reflex. In fr.el, Ihc group considers the (Ijmgtr of hum: n beings catching diseases from mon- keys and apes to be so great that these animals should not be used for non-essential pur- poses or kept as pets. The report says: "The haz- ard to human health from having a monkey or an ape as a pet is considerable, and should be more widely appreci- ated by the public and by pub- lic health authorities." The WHO group condemns the present practice of trap- ping of monkeys and apes from wild populations for lab- oratory purposes in the long term, for a number of reasons, quite apart from the aspect of cruelty. In the first place, some species are already in short supply and the populations of others are being reduced. Sec- ondly, there is a great wastage in captured animals due to morality and illness, and as much as 10 per cent of kidney tissue from captured monkeys has lo he discarded because of the presence of contaminating viruses. The alternative is breeding in captivity, or conditions of semi- captivity, under controlled con- ditions, which has already re- sulted in an enormous improve- ment in the health standards of other species of laboratory ani- mals, such as rats, mice, cats and dogs. The report suggests the selling up of breeding colo- nies. "Range breeding of ani- mal? on an island supplied with good food and water, and free from contact with humans or other disease carriers, pro- vides a much better grade of animal than is available in the wild it says. While no reliable figures are available of the number of monkeys and apes used for lab- oratory purposes thr o u g h o ut the world, it is known that the number is increasing, as is that of oilier experimental animals. In Britain almost six million experiments on animals took place in 1960, an increase of more than one million in seven Of these mice represent- ed 70 per cent, rats 15 per cent, guinea pigs 10 per cent, cats half of one per cent, while all other species, including mon- keys and apes, accounted for 5 per cent. The conversion of the U.S. biological warf a r e. establish- ment at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, into a peaceful scientific re- search centre, to be mainly de- voted to research on pollutants, and to test the long-term health effects on man of such sub- stance as pesticides, food additives, therapeutic drugs, cosmetics, household chemi- cals, natural toxins and envi- ronmental pollutants to which the public is exposed, gives an- other indication. At Pine Bluff, it is revealed, there, are facili- ties for breeding and housing more Ihr.n one million guinea pigs and white mice for ex- perimental purposes. (Wrillon for The Herald and The Observer in London) The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihc Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and thB Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;