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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 12, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta fy fe f' ti V' !.V fct can you beat our stock and prices Echo answers Where To provide for filling all our orders promptly and satisfactorily, we have a-large and .welkassorted stock' of all kinds of building material on hand N.Lethbridge Taber -t Bow Island Milk -River High River Claresholm Nanton Granum Carmangay Barons Kipp LJJMBER YHRDS Main Yard, Round Street, Phone 763 North Yard, Westminster Road, Phone MAKING CITIZENS OF LAW-BREAKERS Ontario Prison To Be a'Training School Of Reform-A Unique System Inaugurated (Toronto Globe.) "The short-term prisoner with, the first; offence is not as 'black as -he is sometimes painted." He would gladly >be better if given half a chance Would the solution that have ,in mind here give the prisoner chance? I believe it would. If it ,would do this, it would certainly as a solution question of prison labor that would avoid all pos- sibility of its 'being -put into competi- tion, with free labor." So spoke Hon. W. J. Hanna; Pro" vincial Secretary, addressing the Leg islature from his place -in the House on j-February 26, 1907, dealing with problem of prison labor and re- form. One year later the Govern- ment received a report from "a spec- ial JLegislative committee appointed to investigate the whole question, en- dorsing the prison farm project out- lined by the Minister. the Project.'. It was the-genesis'.of the enterprise which resulted 'in the- establishment- in'.April of this year of-what-will be as a Provincial not a farm of 800 acres adjacent to the Ontario Agricultural College, near Guelph. School Rather than Jail. A- party of newspaper- men visited the reformatory farm, with the minis- ter this week and spent the day and night at the institution. The re- sults attained since its occupation, two months ago have been remarkable. It is being Developed; beautified and formed on business' like and inten- sive lines, and upon a large scale. The term "prisoners" is ta- not to say. enthusiastically, taken hold in a veri- table co-operative spirit. Discipline. of course, there discipline; :but if is the of the school, rather than the jail. And the "boys" appreciate" 'the difference. Linked with-a sense.of consequence of wrong doing-is the inspiration, to do better, the uplift towards reform; For the minister has further not yet put into concrete it is hoped to grapple with what he termed "the difficulty of finding 3ion- est work for the 'boys' on their dis- charge, the primary cause of nearly all the Description of the: Farm. The. may be divid- ed into three sections. There is the as the Farr and Matthews farms, which goes through from front to rear, and .furnishes an admirable: .building site, since it is fairly- elevated- and excellently drain- ed. It" also supplies the very best gravel and building sand in unlimited quantities right on the site for build- ing. It is so provided with springs of excellent water that one spring on- ly thirty rods away will furnish water for the premises for a long time to come. On it is found the stone suit- able for crushing roads and the dim- ension stone for building purposes, both in unlimited quantities, and lime suitable for burning, for which a kiln is now being erected. Tthere is also a large growth" of good pine. What Has Been Done. To the west of this are upwards of 300 acres of prime of the agricultural land of Wellington, while to the east lie the bottom and pasture lands, upon which are thousands of fence posts. When cleared it is es- timated that this land will give a. foot and a half of iblack loam on top of the clay, with a limestone bottom. This. will1 provide1 splendid drainage once it is opened up. The "farming-is already well under way. Fine crops in grains, fruits and vegetables are ripening; a magnifi- cent herd. of. ani- d'etre of the big dairy, which will serve not only the institution, itself, ,but supply oth- er Provincial institutions as well. Roadways, scenic walks, terraces, boulevards, and a modern plan of drainage-are being installed. A min- iature rail way .is being constructed to haul stone, wood and other commod- ities. A local telephone system is undergoing installation. There is a blacksmith's- forge, carpenter shop, brick .kiln, stone crushing quarry- all completely equipped and manned. In fact, the institution is .regulated and, operated throughout on co-oper: ative business lines. To Aid Roadmaking: It has ambitious aims. It proposes in; the course development, to aid municipalities in the construction of good roads and boulevards. It plans to combine the scenic with the practical in all public works under- taken. But, important as the -business side of" the enterprise is, It is the human problem which fires the imagination and concentrates the interest. This feature of the undertaking, while still confessedly in the experimental stages, is already fraught with re- markable results. To those, who, from long custom are wont to con- template the prisoner as a caged and striped-jacketed monstros- ity, the spectacle of able-bodied men, unfettered and unguarded, clad in workingmen's "blue and straw hats, working, cheerfully at high ten- sion, would prove a revelation. The Are Trusted. For the 'boys" are a new factor in the science of penology. On the arrival of the press representatives at Guelph, met at the rail- way depot by one of the guards in a small rig destined to carry their bag- gage, and'va wagonette in charge of one" of .the to transport them to the farm soine three miles away. The guard drove oh with the baggage. The party went up town and follow- ed'half an hour- later., A mile or so but they found fye Hon. ,Mr. Hanha awaiting, them, seated on a fence by the side of the roadway. The Minis- ter -suggested a preliminary detour see the surrounding country. "I'll do the he volunteer- substituting-for "the man who had been 'handling the lines, he drove off up a side-line- at a merry clip. Left on the Roadside. Imagine.the sensations of the old- time-martinet! A "prisoner" dump- ed ununifonned, unfettered and unguarded, on a country road a mile-and-a-ialf from town and an equal distance from the "prison." Yet no one gave it a thought at Guelph, and -when: the party, two hours' later, drove through the entrance to the in- stitution, the man was on duty, to .take charge of the horses! Spirit of the Institution. It is the spirit' of this great, new training school of reform. Back through the -bush, a, few rods from the highway, five stalwarts -were at work .trees for 'the railway ties- half a mile and more from their nearest guard. Again, in the thick of the 'bush three were working with a team of horses, -pulling out the roots of fallen trees, and blazing the trail of a new roadway. Over in yonder field, across the Speed River, are five men digging the drains and weeding the field crops. A score or more are engaged in the stone quarries and gravel pit. There are 105 men scat- tered at worjk over 800 acres of roll- ing, partially wooded territory, and a total force of five-officers, all, unarm- ed, under the new regulations. And in two months there has been no at- tempted and only, two cases in which any disciplinary methods were necessary. The Routine. The men arise at 5 o'clock in the morning-, breakfast, attend roll call, and scatter to the-fields.; At noon the shrill whistles of Sergeant who is in charge, under -Warden" "Gil- mour calls them in to dinner. An hour later chey resume work until the 6 o'clock call for'supper. From 7 o'clock to 9 o'clock are hours for recreation. At the latter hour ttte evening roll-call takes place, and the men file away to bed. Sunday is a day of service and rest. .Spiried Baseball Game. The recreation hours are devoted to chess, quoits and other amuse- ments. There is .a baseball dia- mond fronting the. main building and a spirited.-baseball" game was played. teams were evenly matched and equipped with all the necessary paraphernalia. The speedy and cler-- erness of the contest would put any Toronto amateur gaihe to the blush. When the whistle souaded -at the- end of the seventh innings the score stood three-to three." One "of the "boys" umpired, and there was no or unseemly language. Some of the fielding was quite spec- tacular and the coacfiing highly hum- orous. An Interesting Experiment. "How did it all coine the Globe asked Sergeaifct Lyons, who for I twenty-eight years has been oh the Central Prison staff. "An was his canny Scotch response, "but an experiment which has so far worked out beyond our most sanguine expectations. The men are trusted. Each is individu- ally selected by the Warden and gives his pledge. Then-tliey are intensely loyal to Mr. Hanna, .who has much to take them: into, his .-confid- ence. Look at him The Minister, with .coat and vest doffed, was in the midst of a group of the "boys" talking in a most ani- mated manner. Strong Drink the Cause. Several things militate in favor of the according to the cf-'-ials: Tie men are short-term men, iwo years being the longest, sentence. The majority are not hardened criminals. "Strong drink or indi- rectly responsible for the presence of ninety-six- per. cent, of the men said, one of the guards. "This insti- tution is-the greatest, temperance lec- ture in 'Canada.. 'Remove these men from the influence of-liquor and the best in them comes out. They ihave done splendid May Name Parole 'Board One farther step as- needful to the most successful work- ing out of the. appoint- ment of a parole or pardon board, which would visit the institution at periodic intervals to deal with indiv- idual cases on their merits. This is. believed to already have the sympa-, tfaetic approval of Hon. A. B. Ayles- .of, nis return from 'the Hague it is pro-; bable that he and Mr; fer in'.it. is suggested, and the Minister of Jus- tice may ask the Provincial Secretary to nominate them Under'such a system, it-is believed.- that the reform idea could be better worked out. Meantime much is be- ing accomplished. GOVERNOR HARMON HAS SUSPENDED THE SHERIFF. Toledo, July .Harmon wiU at once suspend .'Win. Linke, of Licking Mayor Atherton, of Newark- for their fail- ure to prevent the lynching of: Carl Btherington, "dry on" lick- ing County Court Hill Square ;on Fri- day, nig'ht. Governor Harmon arrived at .Col- umbus at eleven o'clock to-day ,from his vacation in Michigan, to pei-son- ally investigate the affair, and arran- gements will jbe completed iately for a hearing- of the two offi- (jials. They will foe removed from- office permanently unless they, suc- cessfully ca'n-combat the mass of aging evidence heaping up against them. ..Such was the information giv- en iby one ,6f the goyer- norfs chief advisers.: ..The governor, it was' stated, is very, 'angry -over the disgrace the state by the -Newark-.lynching., " act -swiftly, arid in- a, furnish an- object lesson to local offi- clals all over CQATLESS WORSHIP IN Wisconsin Pastor Invites Merr to Church Only One .Appears Thus "Clad. Wausau, July are welcome to come to church without their, read an .advertisement in the papers yesterday. The ad. was inserted by-the., pastor of .the First Presbyterian pastor- ;student" at tj rbana; III "Onlyrone man was brave-enough to face the shocked-women at; the-morn- ing service. Sergeant-Major J., R. -H. A.: has awarded a commission as Lieutenant and Riding to suc- ceed Major J. Trusler, Riding Mas- ter, THE TOWN OF REDCLIFF OPPORTUNITY Thei future Manufacturing Centre of Western Canada Situated 6 miles west of Medicine Hat on main line of Redciiff Has Gas, Coal, Lime, [Bricks,