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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Freedom for Namibia clearly a possibility By Max London Observer commentator GENEVA South Africa's grip on Namibia may be loosened as a result of the likely independence of Angola and after the Por- tuguese so that the United Nations Council for Namibia may really have something to celebrate on on August 26. It is increasingly' felt in United Nations circles that the occupation of Namibia by South repeatedly denounced by the UN General Assembly and condemned by the International Court of Jus- may soon turn into a liability for South not only from a but es- pecially from a strategic point of view. So far the frontier between Namibia and Portuguese Angola has been a safeguard in South African attempts to contain the widespread disaffection in the because the Por- tuguese authorities not only prevented any incursions by dissidents across the but even regularly returned refugees to the South African police in Namibia. In the Caprivi Strip is heavily policed by South Africa to intercept refugees who attempt to cross from Botswana to If Angola becomes an indepen- dent the situation will most probably alter and this long frontier require intensive policing to prevent guerrilla infiltration. A similar situation may arrive on South Africa's eastern if Mozambique becomes along a frontier extending some 300 miles. This must be defended because the with Pretoria and constitutes the main economic heartland of South Africa. In the west the situation is somewhat different. A school of thought may arise in South Africa that Namibia is It is a vast more than half the size of South Africa itself once security on the border with Angola has would re- quire an inordinate amount of money and manpower to control. Although the political and military authorities in Pretoria may not have reach- ed this point a case could be made out for abandoning the territory. In this the frontier'of a presumably still hostile Namibia would extend only for some 300 miles eastward from the Atlantic and then for a further 400 miles or so due north. Considering the possible commitment in the to protect such a frontier from infiltration may appear preferable to Pretoria. if the need arose a tongue of South African territory between Namibia and Botswana ly could be thus cutting the frontier to be protected down to some 350 miles. If South Africa were to withdraw from the United Nations would then be able to exercise the mandate it inherited from the League of Nations. The League ac- quired its mandate after the First World when South- West Africa ceased to be a German and entrusted it to the then Union of South Africa. The UN would act through the United Nations Council for which elected Rashleigh E. Jackson of Guyana as president last and through its Commissioner for appointed last who is Sean a former Irish minister of external af- fairs. Once the United Nations is enabled to exercise its man- Mr. MacBride would take over executive and ad- ministrative functions in Namibia. In other there would be a period of effective United Nations control of the territory in order to prepare it for and this might take a year or particular- ly according to a re- cent Namibia Bulletin issued by the the principal office bearers of the leading political resistance the South West African People's Organization including its national David were rounded up secretly by the South African police last February. World opinion is overwhelmingly in favor of an independent Namibia. The country was admitted as an associate member of the World Health Organization at the World Health Assembly in May in preparation for full membership as soon as it achieves independence. repressive measures by the South African authorities in Namibia have recently been according to the UN Namibia Bulletin. These as the Bulletin puts of degradation employed only by the most depraved mind flogging of political In Ovamboland the northern part of the Bulletin some 250 Africans were recently but only about 20 of them were tried in the magistrates' court. Some 45 to 50 were handed over to the who ordered 24 to be flogged. These tribal authorities are described as puppets of the South African regime and Bishop Leonard Auala of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Ovam- boland in the described the tor- ture of the detainees as given electric and being hanged with their heads down and then The Bulletin may be inferred from the Pon- tius Pilate type of statement made by M. C. South African minister of Bantu ad- ministra tion and that he approved. He said the flogging was an old tribal and he would not interfere. Even that statement was not factual since floggings have not been in tribal courts for the last 80 and were never known before in political The aftermath of a big spending spree By Dr. I. J. local writer Over the past quarter of a century all industrialized nations have experienced an unprecedented rise in wealth and a striking improvement in their material conditions. Within the lifespan of merely one the life style has been transformed beyond recognition. With a growing abundance and an uninterrupted economic progress in North and public opinion came to believe that fast growth was a built- permanent feature of the industrial and expected that government could guarantee high prosperity forever. Until recent years these expectations on the not disappointed. the tremendous rise in material well-being neither brought greater nor a more humane and civilized way of life. On the in all industrial countries one can see the up- surge of violence and the sharpening of social the breakdown of family and collapse of authority. the shock of the Yom Kippur war in the Middle East jolted the industrial West out of its complacency. By a sharp quadruple rise in price and the reduction by a quarter of the flow of oil to the major oil consuming the Persian Gulf oil producing states in flagrant violation of prior contractual obligations have dealt a mighty blow to the economies dependent largely on oil from the Middle East. The American depen- dent to the tune of 15 per cent of its consumption on the Arab recorded a fall in its growth rate by one half in the last quarter of and has been falling in terms of output and employment to the lowest level since the end of the Se- cond World War. In West Ger- many a serious recession set in reducing the rate of GNP growth from 11 to less than per cent. Although the threat of dis- location in the wake of the em- bargo on oil was dispelled last March when the oil producing states resumed the flow of black gold to the there still remain big and persistent problems of energy shortages that in varying degrees beset the future of both the developed and the un- derdeveloped countries. First of it is evident that notrnloiim and natural arts the most and until last October the cheapest sources of are in limited supply. According to recent the world reserves of oil and natural gas will suffice for only two decades at the present rates of consumption increase. It is then imperative to cut down on the wasteful use of both non-renewable resources and to embark upon intensive search for alternative energy sources though less convenient and are in ample supply. According to recent es- timates most industrial countries can economize between 5 to 15 per cent of their oil consumption through restricting non essential without seriously reduc- ing output or employment. There is little reason now to anticipate a substantial drop in oil in view of high inflation which goes on un- abated. Although the posted price might come down slight- ly from the present a market price be- ing about it will still re- main high enough to warrant a search for the which are many. Barring the unexpected breakthrough in energy development the hard time of scarcity may last well up to the end of the and perhaps beyond. For the time the most pressing problems that arise from soaring oil prices are the the probability of an economic slump in ma- jor industrial further acceleration of serious distur- bance of the international trade and monetary system. There are already un- mistakable symptoms of contraction of economic ac- tivity and employment in Western the and Japan. To the extent that a sizeable portion of domestic income is being transferred from the oil consuming countries to the Middle the consumer demand for out- put will be curtailed and employment will fall in the in- dustrial countries. Certain in- dustries particularly sensitive to high costs of fuel'have been t laying off workers. The adverse effects of large in- come transfers will certainly be alleviated by the Arab countries' greater purchases of manufactured articles. Another unfortunate effect of. the oil crisis is that inflationary pressures instead nf will artiiflllv thus becoming at once more serious and endemic. Alone among the in- dustrial this country is in a better position to resist inflationary pressures in view of its self-sufficiency in oil and other resources. On the other our dependence on imports of manufactured goods makes the battle against inflation more dif- ficult. Since no individual country can efficiently curb rampant some sort of concerted international ac- tion would be in order. there is by far the most serious and vexing problem of huge trade deficits which have grave im- plications for the inter- national financial and monetary stability. Strong downward pressures on the foreign exchange rates of European currencies which have already been at work will have to be contained in one way or another. In the absence of a deliberate the free market forces would eventually work themselves through to find a new equilibrium. But will they be allowed to do This is rather doubtful. Before a new equilibrium is most oil consuming countries will experience heavy trade deficit. To avoid this con- they might be tempted to impose trade as Italy and Den- mark have already or to seek salvation in competitive currency devaluations. a threat of a trade protectionism and the breakdown of international economic co operation so laboriously built since the end of the Second World War are ominously looming on the horizon. of would be a counsel of despair rather than a remedy to an extreme- ly serious and persistent predicament. It very en- Now sit tight and wait till vnli ViAflr fpAm ma couraging that the leaders of the two most important nations of the European Economic the newly elected Giscard d'Estaing and Chancellor Schmidt recently declared their resolution to seek a balance of payments equilibrium not by resorting to any protective but by adjusting the domestic economies to changes in the international economic relations. A great deal will depend upon the posture of the OPEC themselves. They for example become a major ex- porter of financial capital either in the form of direct investments or securities ac- quired in the oil importing countries. So the Arab financers have invested only an insignificant fraction of their huge dollar reserves in corporate bonds or govern- ment securities. They show a marked preference for liquid funds held in short-term deposits. This attitude con- tains a potential danger of great financial instability in the event of sudden shifts of these colossal funds out of particular money markets. The adverse effects of the oil crisis are likely to be far more painful for'the un- derdeveloped countries where nearly one billion people eke out their miserable livelihood. All they will have to disburse some billion for oil this which amounts to the total value of external aid extended to them by various international agen- cies. The need for special out- side help to pay increased oil bills may be held down this year to but next year the gap may be widened to about billion. This has to be filled by foreign aid from the rich countries and by the OPEC themselves. The Shah of Iran in a showy promised billion in not as a but rather as a soft loan. Other Arab countries have been lending large sums the World Bank. These are much less than the minimum required to bridge the gap. What conclusions can be drawn from the current oil Three I stand out in clear light. despite their prodigious the industrial nations are deficient in energy and industrial raw materials and this shortage sets definite limits to their material abun- dance and ecohnmfr fffnteth With the uninterrupted progress of manufacturing in- dustry the industrial countries have become more vulnerable to the pressures and manoeuvres of a few major suppliers of energy and minerals. It is quite likely that the success scored by the OPEC bloc will embolden other commodity producing countries to pursue a similar strategy in their relations with the industrial West. perhaps it is high time to abandon the illusions and follies of high consump- tion to which we became ad- dicted through the ubiquitous advertising which sets the tone of our permissive society. The political leaders and the opinion makers of the industrial nations will have to ponder the implications of the energy crisis. They wiii be compelled to reconsider soberly whether the goal of high economic expansion and further accumulation of wealth is desirable and achievable. The population will most probably be re- quired to accept a more reasonable way of life and rediscover the age-old virtues of thrift and prudence. To avert mass new labor using but energy and capital saving soft technology will be devised and working time will have to be reduced to provide more jobs. Income inequalities have to be moderated because the people would more readily acquiesce to material restraints if these were equitably shared. the international economic relations between the poor nations and the rich nations of Europe and North America are undergoing the most profound transformation since the beginning of the modem era. The industrializa- tion of countries hitherto un- derdeveloped but rich in natural like and the Middle East spells an end of the secular ascendancy of the already seriously by both world wars and under- mined from within py spreading moral decay. The loss of economic supremacy and growing domestic economic difficulties might require such vast changes in mental and in the ex- isting political institutions and socio-economic that only authoritarian type of the executive and ad- ministration might be in a nosition to imnlement. NWMP impact on south By Marie local writer This year you will probably be among thousands of people from western Canada who attend various functions commemorating the centennial anniversary of the arrival of the North West Mounted Police in the west. Have you ever paused long enough to consider the impact of this event on They put an end to the whiskey trading restored law and order whenever and made life safer for the missionaries who were appearing on the horizon. But the long-range effects were very profound and have had a marked effect on our lives today. In 1885 Lord Landsdowne came west to witness the driving of the last spike in the narrow gauge railroad. One of his escorts was George a young Englishman who had recently joined the NWMP. After five years in the force Mr. Arrowsmith responded to the call of the west and got a position as manager of the Cameron ranch which was situated near the-confluence of the Little Bow and Old Man rivers. He eventually became engaged in a ranching venture of his own. After his marriage in 1902 he and his wife homesteaded in the Turin area. Today his name is synonomous with the history of Turin. He was also the postmaster at Turin from 1920 until 1935. After his death one of his Miss Francis took over the position and was Turin's postmistress from 1935 until her retirement 34 years in 1969. Two of Mr. Arrowsmith's the brother and sister team of Merton Mellow and Lorna Reurink are among Southern Alberta's outstanding accordionists. The Nolan ranch north of the Old Man River was a stopping place for officers travelling from Lethbridge to Sundial. Mrs. Gladys Noble who now lives in Coaldale has vivid recollections of their visits to her father's ranch. They usually stopped there for lunch or if they arrived later in the day stayed overnight and went on their way the next morning. On one occasion two policemen arrived in a horse and buggy and inquired about a newcomer whom they were attempting to locate. Mr. Nolan directed them to the man's homestead and next day when they stopped for lunch on their way back to Lethbridge the man was with them. About a week a forlorn looking he stopped at the Nolan home for a cup of tea on his way back to his land. It was at this time they learned of the mission of the Mounties. They had taken him to Lethbridge to make funeral arrangements for his wife whose body had been severed by a train while she was picking coal near the mine tipple. Meanwhile at Twin in the Boundary Creek another young W. in later years known as was a member of the RNWMP patrol. On one occasion Constable Brown disappeared during a three day blizzard. His superior officers feared for his life and were unable to go in search of him as the snow was too deep for the horses to travel. he had taken refuge at the Simpson home. There were 12 members in the Simpson family. Being away from his own home he enjoyed the family the home cooked and the card games. One of the Simpson became his bride and they spent a year at Cardston where he was employed by the Alberta Provincial Police before moving to the Sundial district to farm. In 1929 he purchased a grocery store in Turin and he and his wife operated the store for many giving generously and graciously of their services. His widow has retired and still lives in Turin. In the early 1920s two Everett Sorgard and Roy found a skull on an island in the Little Bow River. An RCMP officer was dispatched to the Sorgard ranch from Lethbridge to investigate. He very conscientiously gathered up an assortment of bones to take back to but he apparently was not very well versed in human anatomy. Members of the Sorgard family are still doubtful about the possibility of some of the large rib bones belonging to the same body as the skull. Picture Butte got an RCMP detachment in 1936. An officer called on one of Picture Suite's prominent businessmen one Christmas morning. His host decided to try his tunic and fur hat on for size and then proceeded to call on a family that lived a few doors down the street. When they opened the door they did not recognize their neighbor and were duly alarmed at receiving a visit from a man in uniform. They had reason to be alarmed They were engaged in a brewing which of course was strictly illegal The Mountie no longer mounts his trusty takes his register and rides out to see what is going on at Turin. Picture Butte. or Nobleford. Instead the four man Picture Butte detachment keeps a watchful eye on people of many and creeds. Their work is simplified by the use of mechanical and electronic equipment. The role of the RCMP has become very complex over the years. The members of a detachment are expected to participate in the activities of the community in which they are emphasis placed on youth programs. Plain clothes officers are an integral part of the force. Their wide range of activities includes crime cattle custom and excise and narcotics control. Good public relations and preventative patrols are the core of a program to protect people and property. ANDY RUSSELL Camp cooks WATERTON LAKES PARK The kind of person who gravitates toward the profession of being a cook of any kind is usually something of an artist with certain attributes of character not found in cat ditch diggers or other mundane occupations. Camp cooks are notoriously independent people with tendencies to be genuinely irascible on occasion and as tempermental as prima don- nas. Even show me a happy camp and I will show you one being ministered by a good however eccentric. The old time round- up cooks and those that worked in lumber camps and for wilderness packtrains were a breed unto kings of their own do- main and nobody with a normal allotment of brains ever questioned it. When I was operating a Rocky Mountain I hired a good many cooks over the years. Some were better than but I recall one that was a total disaster. He came to the outfit as a short-notice substitute for the regular who had been called away by a family emergency. There was no oppor- tunity to try him but I took a chance and we headed out into the wilds. It became evi- dent our new cook was pretty green. eating on moving days is largely a can-opening proposition so we got by. Then we arrived at a more permanent camp set up a snug lay-out of tents and in due course took off leaving the cook to prepare an evening meal. After a long strenuous day in the moun- we came in shortly before dark looking for a good feed. Smoke was coming out of the cook tent stovepipe as I walked over to see what was for supper and there was a smell of something scorching. When I opened the flap of the I was greeted by a sight sufficient to make a strong man weep. The cook- had attempted to prepare macaroni and had poured the entire contents of a five pound carton into a pot of boiling water. Nobody who hasn't can imagine how much boiled macaroni that makes. Everything that would hold macaroni was full and more was burning on top of the stove. Some order was restored and we even- tually got but the cook was demoted to chore boy and I took over the cooking My father told of a cook they once had working on a big round-up in the old days when the ranges were unfenced between the North Pole and Texas. He was a very tough looking not very stringy and past middle age. His face was a map of in with a big red nose crowded between smokey- blue eyes that looked right through a and big prominent ears that stood out like bat-wing bar room doors. He was fond of the bottle and went on a horrendous binge on oc- but in between he was a ranch and round-up cook serving up meals that were fit for kings. He had a built-in phobia about punc- tuality and anybody that showed up late for a meal just went without. But nobody that knew him ever crowded for apart from being a superlative he had a hair-trigger temper that could run close if not right wilful homicide. Nobody knew his real name and nobody was inclined to he just went by Cooky. Cooky was working the chuckwagon for a fall round-up crew gathering beef on the south Alberta prairies. Noon lunch was over and the crew was busy cutting big steers out of a gather of cattle being held on a flat when a beef buyer rode up to visit and look at the cattle. He hung around for a while watching the cutting and then opined that he was going to the wagon for a bit of something to eat as he hadn't had a bite since breakfast. Nobody said anything but Cooky must have seen him coming and spotted a stranger in time for some preparations of welcome. When the visitor rode up to the there was Cooky wearing absolutely nothing but his battered hat and boots. He was standing by the tail-gate of the wagon looking out from under the brim of his hat as mean looking as any rattlesnake and stirring the makings of a stew with the long barrel of a Colt .45 six- shooter. He never said hello or his mouth was just a tight lipped line under his overhanging but he got the idea across. The beef buyer just nodded politely and kept on riding in the direction of town as though eating was something that had never entered his head. Stinting support By DOUR Walker In June we had the pleasure of meeting and spending several days with our son in law's Keith and Doreen Bowrey from Bristol. Among other things we discovered a common interest in golf and scrabble. In one of our scrabble games Doreen attempted to set down FAT before WEEDER When we touched at her initiative she stoutly insisted that it was a common English garden implement and appealed to her husband for support. But Keith only gave his gentle smile a rather weak response to the unstinting praise Doreen had lavished on her husband's golfing prowess earlier in the day. ;