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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI tITHBRIDCf HWAtD My 11, W3 ED1TO1UHI Essential principle Redistribution, which means changing constituency boundaries, is difficult at best. The issue now being debated in the House of Com- mons cannot easily be resolved. However it is important to keep in mind the essential principle of re- presentative government, which some members have overlooked. In a pure democracy all the citi- zens would gather to make their laws. That is impractical, so the people elect representatives. The essential principle is that the persons thus elected represent the people. They don't represent land or industries or money or anything but people. And as the people move, so should their voting strength move with them. Whether they live in large cit- ies or on isolated farms should make no difference to their voting rights and political power. There are other mechanisms for looking after the interests of the land or jobs or indus- tries they left behind. Gloomy food outlook The world wheat granaries are nearly empty. What of rice, upon which more people are dependent than wheat. The news there is equally gloomy perhaps more so because the vic- tims of a rice famine are less arti- culate, less noticeable, less news- worthy. Let malnutrition be observed in the United States, or Canada, and everyone immediately knows about and demands that something be done about it. But let thousands hunger, as they are now doing every week in Bangladesh and parts of Af- rica, and Canadians seem not to care. Most of eastern and southeastern Asia is normally just about self-suf- ficient in rice. Thailand is usually the major exporter, Hong Kong the major importer, and the other coun- tries in between. But in most of the rice-dependent area, crops are no't better than aver- age and in many places well below. Weather (both drought and flood) has cut Thailand's production drastically and exports are drying up. The Phil- ippines, normally self-sufficient, must import but there's none to import. India is in real trouble, with both wheat and rice. The war has impair- ed rice production in both North and South Vietnam. China, which pro- duces a third of the world's total, may have some for export, but not nearly enough to make up for the deficiencies. "The immediate future looks gloo- my for one report states. But with populations rising so rapidly, the long-term future is no brighter. Upswing in sight It appears the University of Leth- bridge's levelling period (after the flurry of excitement accompanying its establishment) has been weathered successfully, with figures indicating enrolment is gaining impetus. Summer session enrolment shows an increase of 100 students for the first two sessions with the third, to commence on July 26 and running through until August 17, expected to sbow a similar increase. Teachers from northern arid southern B.C. and Saskatchewan have taken advantage of this three-part division in summer course offerings bringing the enrol- ment to 375 students for the first session and 515 students for the sec- ond. Present trends indicate the fall semester will show a similar in- crease as Southern Alberta students become increasingly familiar with the advantages of taking their uni- versity training in this smaller, more personal institution where expenses can be held to SL minimum. Students planning to go on to law, medicine, forestry, agriculture, dentistry, business administraton, en- gineering, household economics, and post graduate nursing can complete their first two years at the U of L before transferring to the U of A or the University of Calgary with students going into veterinary medi- cine taking their first year here before going on to the University of Saskatchewan. The rush to get away from home (popular a few years ago) appears to be subsiding as students come face to face with spiralling living costs sending room and board figures into exhorbitant brackets. They are find- ing it advantageous to hang on to their part-time jobs and live at home while pursuing their university studies rath- er than going off to distant locations where they will require loans to meet their living costs. Being able to complete the first two of six year courses at the U of L spells a tremendous saving in dol- lars to the budget-conscious student with many more years of expensive study ahead of him and for those able to complete their entire four years at the local university it may make the difference between going into their chosen vocation solvent or starting their careers with educa- tional debts still to be met. ERIC NICOL Year of the dry tank Canada has enough oil and gas reserves to last till 3050, and still allow for substantial exports of these energy sources. (Federal government report on components of a na- tional energy policy.) "Wefl, Grandpa, I bet you never expected to live till the year 2051.'' "Indeed 1 didn't, children. Now, now about letting your old Grandpa out of these leg irons? I'm getting dizzy from hanging up- side down on the wall of the playroom.'' "Maybe later, Grandpa. First we want to ask you a few questions." "Like, if you people knew back in 1973 that Canada's oO and gas reserves would last only tin 2050 last year how come you went ahead and approved substantial exports to other ''Who, me? Your old Grandpa? I approved nothing of the sort. Don't export another drop, of anything that's what I said in 1973." "Is that what you told your member of "Wen, no. That's what I told my barber, God rest his soul But "Isn't it true that your generation allow- ed our heritage of oil and gas to be sold to the U.S. because it helped to pay for your high of living? Because yon wanted to own a nice big power boat, your grandchildren don't have enough fuel to run a farm tractor." 'Tin glad yoa mentioned that, children. I want to go on record as being delighted to see the noble horse used once again to plough tiie fields. There's no finer sight, in my opinion, than a pair of stout Clydes- dales silhouetted against a prairie sun- set-" "Horse manre." "Yes, that too. The heady aroma of low- lead "We're waiting, Grandpa. We want to know what made you people of 1973 think that the year 2050 was the magic number. Maybe you were under the impression that the world would come to an end in "Now that you mention it, kids, that was the basis of the national energy policy that Ottawa adopted in 1974. I can remember Mr. MacdonaW, the resources minister, go- ing on television to tell us: 'According to our calculations the world will come to an end in 2050. or there will be an NDP gov- ernment hi Ottawa, whichever comes first. That's why there's no point in saving cil and gas for a ghost country.' Now, kids, if you'll loosen the "But, Grandpa, the world didn't come to an end." "Yeah. Somebody goofed." "One more question. Grandpa. Now that your generation has blown all of Canada's gas and oil, how do you suggest Uwt we beat our home, run our factories, operate our trains and ships and "Coal! That's what they told ns in 1973, children we have bags of coal. The pre- mier of Alberta was sitting on enough coal to last a thousand tbev said. You of ths future generation would invent a car that ran on a few sacks of anthracite, or a battery, or solar energy, or a windmill, or-" "Bat we didn't do it, did we, Grandpa? It turned out (hat. there was no substitute lor gas and oil." "No! Not that! Not the harness1. Please, kids! I didn't do anytiiag'." you knew thai means, don't you, TME FOR AN ENERGY PDUCV... THERE'S U.S. scandals help royalty By Charles Magill, London Observer commentator MONTREAL As Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh left Canada after their 11-day royal tour to re- turn within less than a month to opeen the Commonwealth prime ministers' conference in Ottawa Canadians are once again assessing their attitudes to the Royal Family and to the role of the monarchy in Can- ada's political system. This royal visit, the seventh made by Elizabeth to Canada since her first as Princess in 1951, has not and could not have matched the royal fervor that washed across Canada when George VI made the first appearance by a reigning British monarch on Canadian soil. But, by modern standards, it has been a great personal suc- cess for the Queen and Prince Philip. Crowds were generally large in each of the four prov- inces they visited; general good will, if not the adulation of yes- terday, was evident on all sides; the Queen herself was relaxed and informal, in as far as a rather rigid official sched- ule and tight security permit- ted. And at a formal dinner for dignitaries in Toronto she took the opportunity to redefine her own relationship to Cana- dians. "It is a particular satis- faction to me that the Crown can be a powerful link between all nations of the Common- she said. "But it is as Queen of Canada and of all Canadians, not just one of two ancestral strains. I would like the Crown to be seen as a sym- bol of national sovereignty be- longing to an." At the same time it has not escaped attention that the royal visit was confined essentially to areas of the country tradition- ally favorable to the monarchy Toronto, often called the "Queen City" and receiving its first royal visit in 14 years; southern Ontario, home of many old Empire Loyalist fam- ilies; Prince Edward Island, smallest, most charming and unchanging of Canada's prov- inces, now celebrating its cen- tenary; the prairie cities of Cal- gary and Regma for the centen- ary of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Moreover, there was specula- tion in one Montreal newspaper that there has been a tacit government decision not to al- low the Queen again to visit the largely French-speaking prov- ince of Quebec presumably because of the hostile demon- strations during the 1964 royal tour. Whatever the truth of this, the majority of adult English- speaking Canadians remain amiably disposed towards the monarchy, fond of a Queen whose sense of duty is obvious to an, reluctant to tamper with a system of government that, by and large, has served mem well. But what of Canadian youth? One 15-year-old Ontario girl gave this opinion of the Queen's current visit: "She represents England but not really Canada. Older people have more respect for her, I guess. But kids are changing and have different ideas." And although personal- ly a believer in the values of the monarchy, Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau wonder- ed in 1969 whether "the values of the younger generation may lead Canada to give up its connections with the royal fam- ily in toe coming decade." Other commentators have re- marked that although Queen of Canada in name, Elizabeth is regarded by the rest of the world as toe British and not the Canadian queen. James Eayrs. a wen-known University of To- ronto political scientist and broadcaster, remarks that roy- al touring has as one of its pur- poses the furthering of British foreign policy. Canada, he jests, should send the Queen on a royal tour of Britain to reverse the educative process. Ambivalent though Canadian attitudes tend to be towards the monarchy, several conclusions can be drawn from this 1973 Ca- nadian visit. One is that the suc- cess of any royal tour depends as much on the internal health and cohesion of tie nation visit- ed as on the popularity of the monarch. And if the Queen and her family are at one of the higher points of her reign at present, the Canadian with Quebec calmer than at any time in the last dozen relatively stable at the moment. The second is that events south of the Canadian border have tended, if anything, to strengthen Canadian feelings to the monarchy. For the Water- gate scandal in Washington, watched almost daily by many Canadians on the U.S. television networks, has confirmed to many Canadians the value of a head of State separate from the political process. Under the monarchy, at least, it is possi- ble for a political leader to fall into disfavor or even disgrace without shaking public faith in the entire apparatus of govern- ment. Jekyll and Hyde Trudeau By Anthooy Westell, Toronto Star So now we have Pierre Trudeau, the royalist, smiling proudly at the Queen's side in a thousand pictures, eagerly con- firming in the Commons that as her loyal adviser in Canada he put into the Queens' mouth the spirited Toronto speech in praise of the monarchy. Whatever happened to Pierre Trvdeau the republican, that sinister French Canadian who was conspiring to cut the Brit- ish connection by taking the Royal out of RCMP, painting over the Crown on mail trucks, promoting the Governor Gen- eral as a substitute home-grown head of stale? The republican never of course existed outside_ Ore imag- ination of his political oppo- nents, but the image was never- theless potent in Ihe fall elec- tion. To many thousands of vot- ers, the prime minister was in- deed anti-Queen and anti-Brit- ish. Some politicial analysis suggest that toe single most in- fluential issue in Alberta for ex- ample was the phoney story that the government was trying to change the name of the RCMP. To correct that image we now have the prime minister taking every opportunity to be happily associated with Queen, on the visit jtist ended and again, HD doubt, when she returns in a few weeks for the opening of the conference of Com- mtmwealth prime ministers. But the image of Trudeau as ardent royalist is just as wrong as the view of him as a republi- can. The real Trudeau is surely the politician who used to say in JTiWe carefree days that Crown was not worth arguing about at the cost of splitting the country. That candid Trudeau was ac- ceptable in 1968 but unsa- at least 1972. By then he had been re- placed by a public image, created partly by himself but mainly by political opponents and media critics. We are now apparently witnessing an at- tempt to change the to restore the original. The transformation of Trvdeau into a royalist is only one element in the new picture. Where once be was a swinging bachelor with numerous girl friends, or worse, whose private life was strictly private, he is now publicized as a family man whose wife gives lengthy inter- views on their relationship and discusses her pregnancies. 'Crazy Capers' The impression that the first Trudeau government was of French Canada, by French Ca- nadians and for French Cana- dians was always an ugly and dangerous fabrication. But the second government is striking Anglo. The so-called super group of advisers has evaporated. Jean Marchand and Gerard Pelletier have been recycled into political obscurity. When be talks about national unity these days, Trudeau is more likely to be referring to alienation in the west than sep- aratism in Quebec. The major political initiative tins summer win be the meeting with the 'Western premiers in Calgary, and the prime minister is sel- dom seen or beard to be con- sulting with Robert Bourassa in Quebec. It used to be said that Trudeau was cool toward the That 'Will change when be plays host to the re in ludt, thcreTl be an wutiriad imk prime isters in August, taking (be na- tional stage as the first Cana- dian prime minister to host such a conference. For years Trudeau was the arch enemy of inflation, the vfl- laia who was prepared to throw tens of thousands into unem- ployment rather than let prices rise. Today he won't even bear of price controls; full employ- ment is the only objective. The sad thing is not just that Trndeau is trying to change his image, but that the technique seems to be working. Canadians <3o seem to like the new syn- thetic prime minister with all tire conventional virtues better than they Eked the old one with his own ideas. Letters The waiting game I agree with The Herald that "The money is (explain- ing the New Horizons projects) but it is likely to remain there to a large extent. So far in Al- berta far more money has been spent on office staff than on any old folks. I have made four en- quiries myself and have found everyone is most polite and eager to help if only the fol- lowing reguattions are met: 1. There must be a group of 10. Things such as continued education are barred. 2. No money is to be made on approved projects. Every dol- lar handled must benefit some- body else even though a group to write a history. New Horizons will help with the costs of acquiring the mater- ial but will not pay for print- ing. There is a provincial archive grant (which covers very little these days) with the group required to find addition- al financing elsewhere. Should the revenue from the sale of books leave a deficit then the New Horizons win "look" at the difference. But before you can apply you must submit a budget in- cluding research costs, printing costs and number of books to be printed. That is a big job with no allowance made for expenses. And what happens? I contacted one such group where the members had dug up the money from their own poc- kets. When they submitted their application in March it was returned to them as being too high. They cut it down but it was still too high whereupon they cut it again and have not heard as yet whether or not it is accepted. Every cut means that the sale price of the book will have to be raised to meet printing costs making it more difficult to sell the book and the expected revenue will prob- ably never materialize which means a cut in the size of tin volume. The letter I received from New Horizons stated some soul searching would likely be neces- sary in this regard. I must say I agree. Today's astronomical printing costs demand that great care be taken to deter- mine volume size and the num- ber of books it will be neces- sary to sell to bring a reason- able price per volume. Magrath wants to complete a history before its diamond ju- bilee next year but we want it to be financially sound. If we can work through New Hori- zons we wiU be happy but it appears it is not set up to give opportunities to old folks. We are all used to doing a lot of volunteer work and digging up cash for our personal organiza- tional expenses is nothing new. We furnish opportunities for New Horizons office staff, sup- ply New Horizons offices, equip- ment and other expenses and should we have our applica- tion approved would also supply typists, stationary, films, etc. We have been-doing mis afl our lives and there are lots of fine people coming along who win continue to do the same. Oh yes, any proposed project mustn't be a money-maker. We can practically guarantee that! I can't quite figure out how the Muskoka mushroom hunters got their guide book approved. I ob- ject to the suggestion that' no one in Alberta has applied. I know of more than five appli- cations (at least two from Ma- grath, counting mine) in South- ern Alberta and I am quite sure there are dozens of others. J. A. SPENCER Magrath Disrespectful to queen I am writing concerning the pictures of the Queen shown on the front page of The Herald, July 4. I found them most dis- tasteful and feel it would have been common courtesy for The Herald and the photographers to ignore such an incident. Why not photograph the Queen in a manner fitting to a Queen and worthy of the res- pect which should be shown to her as a lady as weH as an honored visitor to Canada? SUSAN MCDONALD Lethbridge Dislikes pictures As a Herald subscriber for the past two years I have often ob- jected to the choice of pictures and nave wondered where they were dug up, especially those of our prime minister looking more like a hippie than our coun- try's leader. I could stand it until that comical cartoon of the Queen appeared on the editorial page, July 5. That finished me and I have decided to discontinue taking The Herald. JOHN ANDRES Taber Tourist terror By Don Oakley, NBA service The strange species known as Tourist Americanus "may be less dangerous to the civ- ilized world than Attfla, but not much." The charge is made by au- thor John Keats, writing in Travel and Leisure magazine. In an artkta called "The Great American he ticks off a list of tourist crimes commit- ted by Americans. The sam- ples include: Partial desbuction of the new John F. Kennedy Centre for the Performing Arts short- ly after its opening in the na- tion's capital, where tourists dismantled the chandeliers, pried the faucets off bathroom basins, stole the silverware from the restaurants, paintings from the wans and cut swatch- es out of carpet and draperies for souvenirs and in all did some SL5 million worth of dam- age. The irretrievable loss of several geysers and the Horn- ing Glory Pool in Yellowstone So They Say The federal government has programs to combat drunken driving at the same time the separate states aOow 18-year- olds to drink. The situation is like watching JMUBUUB fight a f ouest fire while someone else is allowed to be careless with matches. Pyte, president of the National Safety Council in the United States. Park because tourists could not resist the temptation to clog the vents with coins, stones and logs. Graffati at the Grand Can- yon, where one ranger caught a family spraying their names on the rocks and was told, thought this was what every- body did. The rocks are for ev- erybody, aren't In addition to our national parks, our historic sites and museums are particular tar- gets of oar touring barbarians, which accounts, says Keats, "for the fact that so much of our heritage is behind velvet ropes and iron bars or in glass cases and is only seen through a screen of uniformed guards." It is bad enough that Ameri- can tourists "foul their own he says. "But worse, thanks to the creation of cheap jet travel, that our affluent barbarians now commit their nuisances on a worldwide scale." He admits that American tourists are not the only ones who can be indicted: "The Ger- man yields to no one when it comes to oafishness, nor is the Belgian far behind-" The British Lord Elgin, it wffl be remembered, sent home whole shiploads of marbles which once adorned the Acrop- olis in Athens. But Americans are the worst of an, claims Keats, if only be- cause there are so many of them. please note, are North Americans. The Uthbridgc Herald _____ 70? St. tofttndge, Alberta LCTflBiUDGE HERALD CO. ITD., Proprietors and PaMttm MMUnd by Bon. W. A. BUCHANAN 9cowHl OMV MM K00ittr'VTkjfi Ho. 0013 Tht OMAN Prm M me Avoir Bvrcw or CLEO w MOWERS, Editor md THOMAS H. ADAMS. Omrtt ay MMM cWwnin WILLIAM HAY AnodsM Editor ;