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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Showpiece lamasery Lama stands in doorway of yurt a tent-like house at showpiece lamasery in Ulan Bator, Mongolia. The Lethbridae Herald Third Section Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, July Pages 25-tt LAMAISM IN MONGOLIA: Looking for real carpet value? INSTALLED BROADLOOM SALE! CARPETS (TM> "THREE" FASHION LEADER made exclusively for Jordan; by Burlington NOW FOR TWO WEEKS ONLY- COMPLETELY INSTALLED AT THESE LOW, LOW PRICES. ONE PRICE INCLUDES: 'Tweed Royale" j 1. "Fashion Leader" Carpet (T.M.) 2. Luxurious rubber cushion 3. Installation-by Jordans' skilled craftsmen installed wHh rubber cushion SO. YD. Gracefully flowing, richly sculptured in Hardy nyion, Tweed Tones 10 shades "Bold Venture" I "rubber cushion SQ. YD. Extremely hard wearing, closely woven, multi-colour patterns ir. two- level loop pile. A beautiful array of 12 newest shades. TERMS TO SUIT YOUR BUDGET "Windward" Vfll A installed with ft v rebber I SQ. YD. Jordans top selier-Jow-level multicol- our shag tightly twisted heat set nylon. Gorgeous colour selection 17 in all. WHEN YOU BUY FROM JORDANS You deal with someone you can trust Your assur- ance of satisfaction is Jordans 43-year reputation for quality and value, service and integrity. SHOP IN YOUR HOME For The serriet and of a courteous righf in your own homt pleast phont your Store will omit you tn choosing right carpet, colour and and you an all without obligation. WE HAVE CARPETS FOR EVERYONE! Open Tin 9 p.m. Thurs. Night? Use Jordan's Convenient Budget Plans No Down Payment Downtown at 315 6th Street South Out of town residents may Phone 327-1103 Collect for Service right in their awn home. Unwelcome reminder of unwelcome past ULAN BATOR, Mongolia Communist regimes usually take care to preserve the most damning evidence left behind by the rulers they overthrow. In Moscow, they have the Kremlin to demonstrate the opulence and decadence of the Czars. In Peking, the Forbidden City stands witness to the urious lives of the Emperors. And in Ulan Bator, they have the palace of Bogdo-Gegen, the Living Buddha who served as the last Great Khan of Mon- golia. Situated in the southern out- skirts of the city, flanked to the north by dreary apartment buildings and to the south by the slow flowing River Toal, the palace is a monument to excess. Built in the style of the Manchus, one-storied and high- roofed, with gilded pavilions and soaring archways, it is filled with extravagant gewgaws that testify to the life of self-indul- gence that Bogdo-Gegen lived. The message is not lost on Mongolians who wander through the palace on con- ducted tours, nor on the for- eigners who follow in their foot- steps. Mongolian lamaism, of which Bogdo-Gegen was the last great figure, was by com- mon consent the heaviest of the burdens visited upon the country by the feudal sociVy that crumbled away with the establishment of the new Mon- golian state in 1921, and its sequent decline has been little regretted, save possibly by the lamas themselves. Today, there is only one lam- asery functioning as such in Mongolia, or at least only one that foreigners may visit; and it is little more than a show- piece. That it was not always so may be demonstrated by statistics which show that at the time of the communist takeover half a century ago there were temples and 747 lamaser- ies in Mongolia, with a total of John Burns, special to The Herald lamas between them an astounding 40 per cent of the total male population. Though there is evidence that Lamaism was present in Mon- golia as early as the twelfth century, it was not until much later, in the seventeenth cen- tury, that it achieved a posi- tion of paramountcy over the primitive religions indigeneous to the country. Its success, af- ter centuries in which it made slow progress, was almost en- tirely due to the Manchu rulers of China, who saw in lamaism an ideal opiate with which to reinforce the feudal subordina- tion of their conquered Mongol peolples. Curse While excluding lamaism from their home territory of Manchuria, the Mancbus intro- duced thousands of Tibetan lamas into Mongolia with the express objective of sujugating the proud and troublesome Mongols. How well they suc- ceeded may be judged from the assessments made by travel- lers just before and after the 1911 revolution in China which overthrew the Mancbus and foreshadowed the end of golia's subjugation to Peking. Thus, a Russian visiting Mon- golia in 1870 could write of lamaism as "the most ful curse of the country, be- cause it attracts the best part of the male population, (and) preys like parasite on the mainder." An Englishman, writ- ing 40 years later, declared that it had "robbed the Mon- gols of their bravery, and soft- ened their character." Yet another Englishman, writing about the same time, described it as "a strangling incubus wherever it has gained a foot- ing." Such critics usually fastened on three aspects of the lama- ist culture. First was the one that weighed heavily on the Russian the immense drain on the country's productive cap- acity, both in manpower and in the burden of tribute and taxes exacted by the lamaser- ies. Second was the ignorance fostered by a cult that ed its holy books as the incon- testable authority on every- thing from animal husbandry to marriage. Third was the crip- pling social effect of the remov- al from family life of so large a proportion of the male popula- tion. While preaching a life of ab- straction from the concerns of the flesh, the lamas themselves lived lives of great material comfort, cushioned by idleness. Though obliged to deny them- selves the felicity of marriage, Continued on Page 31 July ml 13th MA GEORGESON'S SOUTHERN STYLE FOOD TAKE-OUT 425 13th Street North (In the Westminster Shopping Plaza) Owned and Operated by her son EfeNIE GEORGESON WE SERVE TRUE SOUTHERN STYLE FRIED CHICKEN, CORN FRITTCRS, AS Will AS FISH AND CHIPS, FISH BURGERS AND HAMBURGERS THE WAY YOU UKE THEM. GRAND OPENING SPECIAL PAIL: 20 PIECES OF CHICKEN Regular OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK FROM 11 A.M. TO 7 P.M. PHONE 328-0334 ;