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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethbrtdge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 178 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JULY Jl, 1973 TEN CENTS FOUR SECTIONS-. 40 PAGES' July rail strike 'probable' OTTAWA (GP) A con- dilation board has apparently failed in efforts to bridge a con- tract dispute between 11 rail- ways and non-operating employees, and1 a national rail strike is probable by the last week of July, union sources said Wednesday. Federal Labor Minister John Munro received the report of the conciliation board chair- man, Mr. Justice Craig Munroe of the British Columbia Su- preme Court, Tuesday night. The railway workers will be le- gally entitled to strike by next Tuesday. The short time span from the end of conciliation which ended last week in Van- the fact that Mr. Justice Munroe is submitting separate reports from union and company nominees to the board have heightened fears of a rail strike. Southern crops burn in record heat wave Hay burners An all-time record high temperature of 102.6 degrees was set for Letiibridge Tuesday by a mass of hot air that left Southern Alberta swel- tering and for winter. The temperature in Medicine Hat was 101, and Brooks and Pincher Creek 96. The previous all-time record for Lethbridge was 102.4 degrees, set July The previous high for July 10 was 94.8 degrees in 1905. The Pincher Creek temperature was eight degrees above the former record, Brooks was six degrees and Medicine Hat three. Nixon to defend his own good name-Mitchell Fourteen housewives In the Morrison, Colo., areo who normally do the family shopping 5n the family car hitched up their horses and head- ed off to the local supermarket. Denver has the most critical fuel shortage of any city in the U.S., according to the American Automobile Associa- tion. Only 22 percent of Denver service stations operating normally. Northern oil port costly By BOB DOUGLAS OTTAWA An Arctic oil port is physically feas- fole but would cost more than four times as much as similar installations in southern Canada, Canadian experts say. A pubic works department study in 1971 estimated the cost of an oil supertanker port on HerscheH Island in the Beaufort Sea at million, K. A. Rowsell. the department's marine program manager, said in an interview Tuesday. Costs have climbed since then. C. K. Hurst, the department's chief engineer, said that cost estimate is about four times as much as capital expenses for the supertanker port being built at Come-By-Chance, NCd. Earlier, Mr. Rowscll told an international naviga- tion conference that supertanker ports should be built offshore for economic and environmental reasons. But he said in an interview that ports at Canso, N.S., and Come-By-Cfaance are exceptions because they already have unusually deep harbors. This reduced the expense of developing supertanker ports. The Herschel Islanc port would have handled ments of about two miHkm barrels of crude oil initi- ally. Mr. Rowsell said the cheapest way of transport- ing oil is by ship, but the high cost of navigating through ice was a problem. Mr. Hurst said the 1971 study found ice scour marks at 200 feet in the Beaufort Sea near Herschel Island. This could mean problems for underwater pipe- lines from oil fields in the Arctic islands to the main- land. Any group planning to build underwater pipelines there would have to find a route avoiding floating ice islands which scrape the bottom of the sea, he said. In a paper to the Permanent International Associ- aticn of Navigation Congresses (PIANO, Mr. Rowsell said most of the world's ports are too small and shal- low for supertankers. Supertankers are ships larger than tons It cost too much to adapt thesa ports for super- tankers. Oil spills can be dispersed more easuy in offshore ports, he said. But this was disputed by a Belgian delegate who said thai oil pollution can be contained more easuy at land based ports. Mr. Rowsell also said that supertankers probably will be limited to a maximum weight of one million tons because larger vessels would not be economic. Swap fund props dollar LONDON (AP) The United States dollar moved upward again today on the world's money markets following the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank's announcement of a new contri- aution to a special fund to prop up the U.S. currency. Hie dollar oemed in Zurich at Swiss francs, a strong spurt from the closing 2 8125 Tuesday. The dollar now has risen more than 10 per cent this week on the Swiss market. The opening quotation, in R-anlfurt was 2.4250 marks, "a" sizable gain on Tuesday's clos- ing 2.39390. The price dropped back to 2.40 within minutes of the opening, then rose to 2.4160. "Basically, the dollar appears to lx much firmer one Frankfurt dealer commented. Demand for dollars has been minimal in Europe through most of the current crisis, but in Tokyo today it outstripped 'the supply, sending the price up further. The Bank of Japan had to supply about mflMon. After falling to record lows last week, the dollar moved Driimlieller jail break bid foiled DRUMHELLER (CP) An escape attempt by three prison- ers at the DrumbeHer Correc- tional Institute was foiled Tues- day, but not before two guards were hit on the head with wrenches and Twenty-year-old prisoners, Robert TUden and John Toupin, were serving five years for armed robbery and Edward Charles Birch, 27, was serving life imprisonment for murder. back up again Monday and Tuesday. Dealers attributed the rally to the psychological effect of a brief statement Sunday night by Europe's central bankers sug- gesting that their governments were contemplating intervention in the market to reverse the dollar's downward trend. The U.S. Federal Reserve Board Tuesday expanded on Sunday's announcement. It said nine major central banks have agreed to add billion to-a available to the U.S. ment to support the dollar. Can' ada put up billion, bringing its contribution to the fund to billion. The swap fund already total- led nearly billion, but noth- ing had been said about it pre- viously because the Nixon Ad- ministration was maintaining a policy of not intervening in the market. The swap fund works this way: the Federal Reserve can ask one of the other central banks to buy a certain amount of dollars in the foreign bank's major market. This buying in- creases the demand for the U.S. currency and should make it go Jne__Federal 'must redeem the dollars in the foreign currency used for the purchase within 90 days. The countries contributing to the fund are Canada, Japan, Belgium, Britain, France, West Germany, Italy, the Nether- lands and Sweden. ONTARIO IS SAVED FROM GAS SHORTAGE TORONTO (CP) Ontario has been saved from a possible natural gas shortage this sum- mer by the adjournment of a hearing on gas exports by the Alberta Energy Resources Con- servation Board, says Energy Minister Darcy McKeough of Ontario. Mr. McKeough, commenting Tuesday on the move by the Al- berta board, said: "The signifi- cance of the bearing is that gas would have been turned off in Ontario, which is more than serious." The board was considering a move by the Alberta govern- ment to prevent export to On- tario of gas that had been li- censed for export to the United States. Ontario has taken the stand that Alberta has no con- stitutional authority to interfere in interprovincial trade. "The fact that the board has adjourned to give consideration to the constitutional question is recognition on their part that there can or might be a con- stitutional Mr. McKeough said. 1999ft QIM iMQM About town SNOWMOBILE fanatic Robert Rasraussoi of Magratb, zooming around a hayfield on his snowmobile in the 100-degree-plus heat Al Searfe. Eaton's man- ager, saying his store will be open during Monday's Whoop-Up parade so the pub- lic can use his washrooms. Troubled airliner crashes in field PARIS (AP) '-A Brazilian jetliner with engine trouble crashed into a field today as the pilot was approaching Oly Air- port for an emergency landing, port for an emergency landing. Officials reported only a few survivors among the 117 passen- gers and 17 crew members. Police said three persons who were still alive had been taken from the wreckage. There were no immediate re- ports whether anybody on the ground at the crash she was killed. It was the second major crash in the Paris area in six weeks. A Soviet TU144 super- sonic jetliner crashed June 3 during a demonstration flight for spectators at the Paris air show at Le Bourget Airport, the other main Pans air centre. The four-engine Soviet jet plunged into the suburban com- munity of Goussainville, killing aU six aboard and seven per- sons on the gzouud. The heat wave had urban Southern Albertans scurrying for shade and air conditioning and fanners assessing the damage to already dry crops. At least one search for relief ended tragically. GIRL DROWNS Eighteen year old Dawn Michelle Anderson, of Spring Coulee, 30 miles southwest of Lethbridge, left her home late Tuesday morning in swimming suit and sandals bound for a swim in a nearby irrigation ditch. She didn't return. RCMP divers found the guTs body at the bottom of a irriga- tion ditch. She is believed to Agricultural experts in the district proclaim the dry fields fanned by Tuesday's hot winds from the south Lethbridge District Agricul- turist Murray McLelland said today crops are going down- hill. He said they are literally burning from the heat and are forming kernels while the plants are very short, making harvest difficult. A Montana soils expert said Tuesday that such extreme temperatures combined with recent dry spells can lower barley yields as much as -five bushels per acre in just one day. Lethbridge residents turned to then- water taps for relief The city's waterworks de- partment was going full bit to meet a peak demand of 13.9 million gallons of water for the day. This compares with an average July daily demand of 10.6 million gallons. City residents used 39 mil- lion gallons July 1, for ex- ample. And Tuesday's peak came while the aty was frantically asking resident not to water their lawns and gardens because of a breakdown at the water treatment plant. The break- down, in a pump, has been re- paired, officials said today. The city's water reservoir was down to about one million gallons of water while the pump was being repaired. Irv Eraser, a spokesman for the city engineering depart- ment, says the city needs more than three million gallons of water in reserve in case of a serious fire. Had a fire occur- red during the shortage, there could have been serious prob- lems, he said. The building of a new water reservoir in north Lethbridge, to be completed next spring, is expected to alleviate such problems in the future. WASHINGTON (AP) John N. Mitchell said today Presi- dent Nixon ultimately will de- fend his own good name in the Watergate scandal, and a rank- ing Republican suggested anew that the president discuss the casa personally with in- vestigating senators. Mitchell, the former attorney- general and campaign director, defended himself and the presi- dent in a second day of tele- vised testimony before the Wa- tergate committee. Nixon has said he will not ap- pear before the committee. think the good name of the president is going to be pro- te4ed by the facts chell said. Senator Howard Baker (Rep, asked MtcheH bow the committee can get Nixon's re- sponse to Watergate testimony. "I would believe and hope that after your hearings are over, the president will respond tto the salient points of your 'Mitchell said. "You flunk he Baker asked. "I believe that be Mit- chell said. CITES PRECEDENT Baker said he knows of no way the committee -can-compel Nixon to testify. But he noted that in 1919, President Woodrow Wilson, in connectiarwith rati- fication of the Treaty of Ver- sailles, invited the Senate for' eign relations committee to -A meeting at the White House, Montana pilot ejects safely GREAT FALLS, Mont. (AP) A Montana Air Notional Guard F-1B6 jet aircraft crashed in northwestern Mon- tana Tuesday night Group executive officer Lt- CoL Ed Gimberling said the pilot, Lieut. Dan Judge, of Great Falls, ejected safely about 90 miles northwest of Great Falls. wbare he underwent question- ing. Nixon, rejecting earlier sug- gestions by Baker and others that he testify about Watergate under oath, told the committee last week he won't appear "un- der any circumstances." Today Gerald Warren, deputy White House press secretary, in response to a reporters' ques- tion, said that stand is not nego- tiable. "The president's letter speaks for he said. Nixon also refused to supply the committee with documents it seeks, including transcripts of public news briefings. Today the committee had been -Jttae a subpoena for the but at the last minute put off the closed-door discussion until 'Thursday. Mitchell said: I still believe that the most important thing to this country was the re-election of Richard Nixon and I was not about to countenance anything that would stand in the way of that re-election-" He said, however, he would have stopped short of anything involving high crimes or trea- son. Baker asked Mitchell whether if would not have been better to -line op Apolitical and official aides on the White House lawn and unfold the full story of Wft- tergate to Nixon immediately. But Mitchell said Watergate was not his primary concern at the time. "It was what we've referred to as the White House said. LISTS THE 'HORRORS' In that category, Mitchell listed such matters as the bus- glary at the office of Daniel EHsberg's psychiatrist; at- tempts at forgery of foreign pol- icy papers from the Kennedy administration; the Liter- national Telephone and Tele- graph Corp. case involving al- leged administration favors; surreptitious wiretaps and a re- ported suggestion that Brookings Institute in Washing. ton be firebombed. Pressure applied on VC leaders Inside Mtartte the phone ft Classified 18-30 Comment.....4 District.....3 Family Local News Markets 16, 24 Sports 6, 7 Entertainment 5 TV ........5 Weather ......2 LOW TONIGHT HIGH THURS. NOT SO HOT Canadian oil route f vored TRENTON, N J. (CP) New Jersey, one of the most heavily industralized of the American states, came out strongly Tues- day in favor of a Canadian route for the shipment of Alas- kan oil to the US. mainland. It aigued that an all-Alaska pipe- line would deprive the indus- trial east of needed fuel sup- Richard Sullivan, state com- missioner of environmental pro- tection, said an Alaskan fane would threaten ecological "dis- without providing "any important benefits to toe east. era United States where much of the oil is consumed." Sullivan urged support for proposals which would ;uquut! the US to open talks with Can- ada about using an alternate pipeline route from the Alaskan North Slope fields south- eastward along the Mackenzie Raver in the Northwest Terri- tories He added in a statement. 'This route, while reqtnrhig an extra thousand miles of p'ce- line, would be less damaging ecologically and would connect in Alberta with the {ransCssadla pipeline, which is already btaft and is capable of f' ing great quantities of o j the eastern United DEBATE STARTED The New Jersey statement came as the U.S. senate in Washington started debate on legislation that would open the way for construction of a 789- nuk pipeline from PraTrnw Bay, the oil site on Alaska's North Slope, to the Alaskan port of Valdez. Oil then would be shfopcd by tanker to the U.S. west coast. The al-Ataska line is strongly supported by SsMtcr Henry Jackson (Dem who icainlains that a Canadian line could not be started for four to six years. Refineries in Ms state would benefit from tenter shipments out of Valdez. To counter Jackson's argu- ments. Representative John Melchsr