Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tueidny, July II, 1977 LJ Mark FranJtlaiul CRTC directs CBC The public announcement of the Canadian Radio Television Commis- sion that appeared in The Herald on Saturday is cause for rejoicing. It provided the assurance that a distinc- tive radio signal will continue to lie heard in Canada. Permission had been sought by the CEO to ape the programming of. the commercial radio stations on the AM network while relegating "culture" to a few newly established FM sta- tions. This the CRTC vigorously re- jected. "The reason is simple." the announcement said. "There is no need for more of the same. More particularly, there is no need to spend public fluids largely to duplicate what is already provided by commer- cial operations." Although commercial radio stations make claims for their distinctiveness, the fact is thai they largely follow the same format pop music, news, phone-in shows and commercials. This is what a majority of people ap- parently want and stations to be com- petitive have to fall in line. The CBC is under no compulsion to try to get its share of the audience with pop tastes. It is provided its funds from the public purse in order to do move comprehensive program- ming. To emphasize the point that the CBC should be as free as possi- ble from the pressure of seeking the advertising dollar, the CRTC thinks the corporation should phase out its carriage of commercials on its radio networks. Some concern about increasing the number of listeners should always be present in CBC programming lest the appeal become limited to a narrower and narrower segment of society. The Broadcasting Act speci- fies that the service provided by the CBC should be "a balanced one of information, enlightenment and enter- tainment for people of different ages, interests and tastes, covering the whole range of programming in fan- proportion.'' Neither the highest nor lowest common denominator is accep- table in determining programming. In refusing to let the CBC forget ils assignment the CRTC has pre- vented it from being submerged into the sameness of radio broadcasting generally and has preserved for Cana- dians a service that is the envy of people from other countries. For this the CRTC deserves praise. Thin-skinned Anglophobes Mrs. Brewster's light hearted ap- proach to the Dominion day episode, the evening outdoor concert in Ot- tawa featuring pianist composer Andre Gagnou and the accompany- ing magnificent all Canadian or- chestra is well taken. M. Gagnon humbly explained to his audience that he was making the announce- ments en francais because he doesn't speak English with facility. (The or- chestra however, was multi-lingual, speaking to all peoples in a language which all peoples can understand.) The ensuing uproar by English speaking Canadians, infuriated that the program was printed and an- nounced in French only, created an absurd tempest in a teapot. The pro- tests from those Canadians who can- not understand French were vocifer- ous, to the point that the prime mini- ster felt it necessary to take lime out to make a public apology to the nation. How thin skinned have the unilingual English speakers in this nation become? What did he say, Mr. Tmdeau? By Eva Brewslcr PANADA DAY. vreatherwise, wasn't much to mite home about in Soutliern Alberta but, by the time we had viewed our -way through the Guards' Changing of the Colors, saw in the eyes of old campaigners watching their flags being marched out for the last time to be re- placed by new standards and arrived at listening to Concert on the Hill, there was at least something to think about. listening to the international language ol the music outside Parliament, it did not occur to me immediately that there was anything other than pure enjoyment in- volved. Even when a new composition was announced and explained, nothing struck me as unusual. Only when my family and visitors kept nudging me, distracting my attention from a lovely performance, and asking again and again: "What did he did I begin to smell a rat. Since I was more or less raised on three languages and have relations and friends widely scattered all over the globe, our language problems would compare with that of the biblical people building the Tower of Babel were we not able to twitch from one to another easily in our correspondence and when we meet. It is therefore not at all unusual for me to only realize that somebody addresses me in French, for Instance, if a third party draws my attention to it. So it was on Canada Day. At first I could not quite grasp the mounting fury of the other listeners around me until I realized that none of them were cither bilingual or musical enough to un- derstand the meaning of a composition without prior introduction. Arguments raged around me in ever in- creasing crescendo until they drowned out the music altogether. In the end, I hoisted a white flag and negotiated a brief truce. That permitted us to listen to the end and we agreed to discuss the fiendish use of French and French only on Parliament Hill afterwards: The concert over, scan- dalized indignation threatening open revolt raged throughout all following TV pro- grams nobody took time to switch off. In- terspersed with wisecracks from "Bless this news items, and mashy tid- bits from the late night movie: "Baby, The Rain Must realistically supported by rain splashing against our windows, light- ening and thunderbolts, a war of words was fought on behalf of all English speaking Canadians. No general consensus had been arrived at by the early hours of the morning but tempers were still running liigh. Some said the use of French and almost entirely French music was a thoughtless insult to the vast majority of Canadians, others that it was a calculated slight. The an- swers to "what should we do about ranged from "write to Mr. Trudeau" to "vote in another government" and from "teach Quebec a lesson" to "give them independence and be done with it." Others advocated the request for resignation of the Minister responsible and the suspen- sion of program directors, who had con- doned the faux-pas and to insist on Eng- lish contents participation and translations in future affairs presumably designed to unite the nation. By now I remembered how my brother had responded to the problems of a person as famous as Mr. Trudeau but equally determined to have a foot in two camps. The girl, studying in Oxford, Eng- land, had fallen in love with the son of an Indian Maharaja and, whilst she had no intention of giving up her luxurious way of We, they had decided to spend the sum- mer holidays in India "to free the people there from hunger and oppression." "How do we get the poor of India to accept us as brother and she asked my brother in a long letter. "Would it help if I learned to speak their My brother, a scholar of Eastern dia- lects, replied in three different Indian tongues: "What, in your summer holidays? They speak a lot more than one language in India. You will have little time left to solve their other problems." Bearing his response in mind, we de- cided to sleep over it and get together the following day to write to the government in languages other than English and French, spoken nevertheless by large sec- tions of Canadians. One of my visitors spoke Ukrainian, another Italian and f took on the German version. Although I say it myself, it was a really good letter we concocted offering solutions to avoid repetition of Canada Day's dilemma. Need- less to say, Mr. Trudeau has not yet re- plied. Nor, for that matter, has the girl from Oxford university but I know she Is still there for her father informed us that she has postponed her Indian trip to next year's holidays in order to study a few dialects of India. he says in his report, "will keep her out of mischief for a while.1' I hope our Idler will do tlic for Mr. Trudeau. Untimely suggestion By Dong Walker Haszard's suggestion that J take a long vacation (preferably alor.c) to provide the readers of The Her.ild with re- lief from my fillers was greatly enjoyed by my cohorts, several of whom came to tlic door of my office and just grinned. They especially appreciated the timing of tho publication of Mrs. Haszard's letter- on the day of r.iy rclurn from my vaca- tion. The members ni my fie fjucnily (jive me the impression Hint they can barely tolerate mr, briefly toyed with, the Intriguing idea of taking up the sug- gestion of sending mo off alono somewhere next ycnr. They reluctantly gave up the idea, however, when they remembered lhat they need me to drive the car ami pay tho bills. Anyway, II wouldn't necessarily accom- plish what Mrs. Hn.szard desires. I can alu.-iys ili) .1 halch of fillers In lichind ns 1 did this time, How long will North Vietnam fight on? CAIGON Speculation about the chances of a Vietnam peace settlement has in (lie past usually ignored what ia going on in Vietnam itself. Is the present talk about "mean- ingful negotiations" any closer to Vietnamese realities? Washington is puslung hard the argument that Hanoi has badly miscalculated in launch- ing its latest offensive and as a result is now unexpectedly vulnerable. One may guess that this argument is partly aimed at Peking and Moscow, neither of whom have the means to be informed at first hand about what is going on in South Viet- nam. In pride of place on the list of miscalculations Is Hanoi's failure to foresee the size end effectiveness of the American air counter-offensive. There ia some evidence that the North Vietnamese expected the Am- ericans to bomb the southern part of their country, the so- called "panhandle" through which soldiers and supplies pass on their way to South Viet- nam. But as far as one can tell, they did not expect the resump- tion of total bombing which is now destroying much of the ec- onomic development on which the Hanoi leadership has spent much time and money over the past two years. They al- most certainly did not expect their harbors to be closed by mining. They could not have known that this time the Am- erican planes would be armed with' laser and television-guided bombs which made it possiblo to destroy railway and road bridges which had never been destroyed in earlier air attacks. It is debatable too whether they realized how much extra airpower the Americans would bring into the war in the South. Arguably this was their most serious miscalculation. Heavy bombing prevented the Commu- nist troops from taking Kon- tum and An Loc and the abun- dant use of airpower in hundreds of smaller engage- ments has either stopped the Communists or saved the day for the South Vietnamese. Tins is why, although the Communists have badly maul- ed several South Vietnamese divisions, Saigon now holds Its own in the set-piece battles. The South Vifitoamese military organization is in quite good enough shape to send in new men to replace the thousands who have been killed and wounded. The Americans are also keen to show Peking and Moscow that the Vietcong are becoming less and less effective and can do nothing spectacular without the help of the North Vietnam- ese. The Central Intelligence Agency recently leaked parts of a top-level Vietcong assess- ment of the offensive which criticizes the weakness of the local guerrillas. As far as one 'ti 'Don't they ever recall the drivers, too can tell, Communist attempts to regain control of villages have usually been successful only when sizeable North Viet- namese or Vietcong units been in the neighborhood. There have not been uprisings in the towns and it is doubtful whether the Vietcong could pro- voke real disorder unless they looked like gaining a clear vi- lory. Should one draw the conclu- sion, then, that Hanoi will now he forced to negotiate a peaca settlement on terms acceptabls to Washington? From Saigon, there appear to bo two chief reasons why the answer will be no. First, the offensive is not yet over. The Communist base areas in Cambodia are strong- er than at any time since the American invasion of 1970. They can pull back units there, fill them out with fresh soldiers (evidently in good supply so far) and send them back. No no one knows when Ameri- can bombing against supply lines in the North will affect the Southern war hut the feel- ing is that the Communist troops in the southern half of South Vietnam have supplies for several more weeks. The Communist chances of doing more damage to the govern- ment's control over the coun- tryside whatever the weak- ness of the local guerrillas seem pretty good. But the strongest reason for Hanoi continuing to fight is that President Nixon so obviously wants a settlement and re- turn of American prisoners be- fore the elections. If Washing- Ion wants this badly now it wilt want it even more in two or three months' time. If is the best hope Hanoi has (short of Nixon losing the election) of getting Washington to agree to its political conditions for peace the removal or weakening of South Vietnam's President Nguyen Van Thieu. But if Hanoi cannot get this? All the more reason, it can be argued, why Hanoi should not want a settlement which made her failure official. No one has proved that Hanoi will have to give up through exhaustion. No one supposes that China or Russia will abandon the North Vietnamese entirely. In fact It will be easier for Hanoi to go on with the war at a lower level than to admit that it has lost. The North Vietnamese leaders would find it hard to explain to their people a cease- fire that was not clearly to the- Communists' advantage. It would not be the first time that one side in tills war has decided that going on with the fighting is less risky than mak- ing peace. (Written for The HeraM and The Observer, London) J. King Gordon The developing Third World: a view from the top The president's of- fice was on the ninth floor. Through a glass door you look- ed out on a balcony with flow- ers, blue ageratum and red geraniums, in. boxes. The view from the window was spectacu- lar: it seemed the whole of Paris stretched out before you. From right to left the Eiffel Tower, the monstrous new con- crete pillars on Montparnasse, the dome of the Invalides, the dome of the Pantheon. The president pointed to a bright white patch in the northeast lar to the left: "On a clear day that's where you see Mont- martre and the Sacre Coeur." Tliree months before, Paul- Marc Henry had taken over the job of president of the Devel- opment Centre of the Organisa- tion for Economic Co-operation and Development. He had come lo the post from ten years' ser- vice as Paul Hoffman's right- hand man as chief of opera- lions of the United Nations De- velopment Program and the Special Fund. Before that he had been one of France's top development assistance men in Africa. And long, long before that, during the war, he had trained with the RCAF in Cal- gary to be a flier with the Free French. At first glance, Paul-Marc Henry docs not appear to be I h e man you'd pick to head up a research centre. lie's a big rugged type you're apt to asso- ciate with the field rather than wilh an nuarlcmic post. Even after be had Iwcn named for this job, U Thant had sent him out to Bangladesh, while tho fighting was still going on, to set up Mio new UN program of iclicf ami rehabilitation. And when I saw him recently lie was Just back from tho southern Sudan on a similar mission for Kurt Waldhcim to explore I ho possibilities of n million refugee settlement program now that pence has returned to that tragic region. Whatever I h o of ils nclivilics, I suspccl lluil under M.s ncu' Ilic develop- ment ccntro will be more con- cerned with development strat- egy and the practical problems facing the developing countries than with theoretical academic research. And some new orien- tation seems called for. The centre was a child of OECD during its exuberant and afflu- ent days. The Organization for European Economic Co-opera- tion or OEEC had ridden herd on the Marshall Plan with great success and in 1961, with Eu- rope back on its feet, OEEC transformed itself into OECD, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Non-European states like the United States, Canada and Ja- pan were added to its mem- bership and it set for itself the worthy goal of co-ordinating the economic and trade policies of the industrialized countries with a market economy. These were the days of liberal trade policies, the Kennedy round of tariff reductions, the heyday of GATT. These were also the days of the Development Decade, con- fidently proclaimed by Presi- dent Kennedy in the United Na- tions General Assembly. It was only proper that OECD should have a development as- sistance committee or DAC to integrate the expanding aid contributions ol the rich donor countries. And what more nat- ural than to have a Centre, es- tablished in 1963, lo co-ordinnte research to aid development and plan "transfers of knowl- edge and experience" from the advanced to the developing countries. The wealthy coun- tries had the resources and the to meet tho develop- ing countries' problems: even Hie brochure of the centre pub- lished in IfJfif) carries some of the early oplimsim end n bit of lliis father knows best benevolence. Hut 1372 is not or even and the confidence and the self-assurance arc gone. The Nixon announcement of August 35, 1971 wn.i not part of Ibo OECD scenario. Nor have the subsequent aclions of the Uni- ted Stales and Mr. Connally ex- actly lilted Into thn nccoptctl pattern of consultation and co- ordination. Liberal trade poli- cies are no longer talked about: the best that can be hoped for is monetary stabili- zation and the heading off of a trade war. the addition of Brit- ain to the European Economic Community introduces a new factor into a changing world economic pattern. And the role of OECD, however important, is less clear than it was. The events of the past year have had a dramatic impact on OECD's program for aiding de- veloping nations. In fact, a dichotomy which was always implicit in its complex activi- ties, has come right out in the open. In its earlier days, OECD's interest in serving ils members, seemed to be quite compatible with assistance lo the poor nations who were not members of the club. Now with the industrial countries' con- cern for their own monetary and economic crises, the claims of the poor countries' appear as something of a flu-eat. For example, in preparation for tho recent meeting of the UN Con- ference on Trade and Develop- ment in Santiago, a meeting bound to be dominated by the "77" poor countries, OECD strategists prepared the briefs for the industrialized "Group B" countries. They lalkcd about briefing "our they talk- ed about the likely strategies of "The olhcr some of the more ardent younR gomesmen oven lalkcd about "the enemy." Ant] the line was held and the poor countries' gains were meagre. And what was very clear at Santiago and has been mado clearer since is that funds for development on which the whole strategy for the Second Development Dec- ade is based with the U.S. Riving a strong and significant lead nrc being cut back. And Iliis is the moment that OECD's development conlro plots its new course under fresh leadership. A few days before I spoke lo li i m Paul- Man: Henry bad made a state- ment In his advisory board, n BtBloment which appeared to have full support from OECD's secretary general. Research in development had to be a team effort of scholars and practitioners from developed and developing countries. It was quite evident that the wis- dom was not all on one side, there was justifiable resent- ment In developing countries about superior advice from out- siders. Research in develop- ment was not a cool academic pursuit. Its value should be judged by ils catalytic effect. It should provide guidelines for policy. The centre naturally had responsibility to the mem- ber governments of OECD but "on the other hand, the centre lias a special responsibility to- wards the developing countries as "the main focus of the cen- tre's work is on issue bearing on the interdependence of the developed and the developing world." I reminded Paul-Marc Henry of a speech he had made in Canada some years ago with apocalyptic overtones: we are facing a choice In the de- veloped world between prepar- ing for a seige against the in- sistent demands of the nations of the developing world or go- ing forward into new relations of. mutuality. He n o d d e d his head: "Interdependence is the important thing today. If only the developed nations would see that it's in their long-term interests." I'd heard Paul Hoff- man talk that way so often. For the centre, all is interdepen- dence. Development econom- ists, planners, institute direc- tors from the rich countries and the poor countries are members of the same club. They will be gathering next Au- gust at a conference in Yugo- slavia and that in itself is significant lo Lake a new look at development problems in a not-too-friendly global context. You get a good view from Paul-Marc Henry's ninth floor window. And beyond the tow- ers and spires and domes of Paris you can discern the out- lines of the Third World. Looking backward Through the Herald Constantinople's har- em attendants have gone on strike for more money and shorter hours. 1032 Ancient laws came In for criticism from the bench re- cently in Alberta when Mr. Mr. Justice Ivcs of the Allieria supreme court made some significant remarks in connec- tion with an abortion case. 1942 Lcthbridgc is continu- ing to cnjny a building rush de- spite growing shortages of var- ious materials used in con- struction. 1352 General Dvvight D. Elsenhower today was nomin- ated Republican candidate for president of (lie United States on the first ballot nt the party convention. The Letltbridge Herald 504 7Ui St. S., Lcthbndge, Alberta LETHBIirDGE HERALD Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1305-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clnss Mflll Reg Is Ira I Inn No. U01? Member of The Cnnndlon Press and iho Canadian Dally Newspnntr Publishers' Association And the Audli Bureau or Clrculilloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Ealior nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnaocr DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY fAnnnfllnn FdUw Fdllnr ROY MlLEb DOUf.LA.S K WALKER winnoqrr fcdilorlnl Pnnn Edlior THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"