Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
SUNNY HIGH FORECAST WEDNESDAY 75 The Utttktdae Herald VOL. LXV No. 178 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS THREE SECTIONS- 36 PAGES Plan scheme to assist grain farmer By TAUT., JACKSON Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA A small army of crusaders across North America is heavily promoting a scheme that would allow Western Canadian grain farmers to grow ns much as they possibly could and face no difficulty in selling it on an ever-expanding market. The idea basically centres on the mass promotion and production nf grain alcohol as a fuel, or fuel additive. 'Must says Don Mazankowski, the youth- ful Western Canadian HP for Vegreville, Alta., "if grain alcohol was just used as a substitute for lead in gasoline a 10 per cent blend would require the pro- cessing of more than 200 million bushels of grain 8 year la meet Canadian needs alone." Mr. Mazankowski. who has a resolution on the House of Commons order papers calling for the govern- ment to spearhead development of grain alcohol, gels much of his ammunition from a complex 78-page re- port produced by the research branch of the Parlia- mentary library in Ottawa. The report lists both the advantages and disadvantages of the feasibility of using grain alcohol as a replacement for lead in gasoline, but also notes that ethyl alcohol itself could be used as R motor vehicle fuel as finite petroleum resources be- come scarce. Grain alcohol, of course, would never become scarce. When you start to run out you just har- vest some more. Completely feasible The Canadian report, and a sumlar report pre- pared for the United States agriculture department, both state that production of grain alcohol on a mass basis is completely feasible and that for industrial pur- poses grain alcohol is exactly the same as alcohol produced from petroleum-based raw mateias. The dif- ference is purely one of economics, grain alcohol is more expensive to produce. This doesn't upset Mr. Mazankowski at all. He feels the advantages of the promotion of grain alcohol far outweigh lie disadvantages. "For a start, government policy in both Uie United States and Canada for some years has been to pay farmers to grow less, rather than more farm produce. This may be .politically smart, but it's obviously bad business! Secondly as the Canadian report states, mass production of grain alco- hol would require the expansion and construction of numerous distilleries. These plants could be built closa to the farms in small rural communities. Obviously, they'd provide jobs and help to halt the decline of the communities. And the process of obtaining alcohol from grain produces a high protein byproduct that could be used to fight malnutrition and hunger in under-develop- ed countries." Going against Mr. Mazankowski's argument, the Canadian report also notes that no-lead gasolines are now heavily in the market already and that exotic new forms of energy are under development or, at least, under speculation, Main hindrances To Mr. Mazankowski and his followers, however, the only real hindrances are economic and the lack of Incentive to get moving. He suggests much of the economic difficulty could be solved by government action such as the removal of the 12 per cent federal Bales tax for gasoline using a grain alcohol additive as well as provincial tax adjustments. Despite the govern- ment losing tax revenue this way, suggests Mr. Mazan- kowski, it would save money it would otherwise have to spend on pollution control, farm subsidies and un- employment and welfare benefits for persons forced out of dying rural communities. Since he has started his campaign, Mr. Mazan- kowski has heard from a varied group of organiza- tions interested in the same thing. He's also found out lhat as far back as 1932, legislation was introduced in the state of Iowa and before Congress to spur the manufacture of industrial alcohol from farm products. In Colorado, the Chemurgic Research and Develop- ment Fund has been established to promote the de- velopment of industrial agricultural produce into indus- trial products. The organization, operating from Fort Collins, suggests that with a bit of research, plastics, building materials, chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and various power sources could all be produced in large and economic quantities from grain. Again, the organi- sation points onl that one major advantage lo develop- ment of farm produce for industrial uses is that it is a completely renewable resource. When you need more, you just grow some, Leading role Mr. Mazankowski has also been contacted by Ilia Biomass Energy Institute Inc. of Winnipeg. E. K. Rob- ertson, institute executive director, says agriculture must play a leading rolo in providing new energy sources. Mr, Robertson lists among lire institute's mem- hrra Supply and Services Minister Jnmes Richnrdson, MT for Winnipeg South, nncl corpovntc members' wirh ar, Manitoba Hydro, Canadian Pacific, Ihe Royal Bank 'of Canada, and the (ircalcr Winnipeg Gas Co. Lid. Organizations such ns Uiose encourage the MP all the more. lie's quick to point out loo that In times of need wheat hns already shared in the alcohol market to a significant degree. During (he Second World War, when tho price of wheat wns of minor importance, other raw materials in short supply nnd the need for nlcohol critical, I ho United Stales haslily converted moro limit ao million bushels of wheat Into alcohol. Mr. nlnzaiikowski believes IJnins aro getting critical again. Highest June figure oil record Student job seekers push jobless total to 568, Dy JAMES NULSON OTTAWA (CP) The usual spring scramble by students looking lor jobs pushed the un- employment total last month up to the highest June un- employment figure on record. The ranks of the unemployed were swelled by young people, particularly boys and girls in their teens, a Statistics Canada survey showed. The statistics bureau reported that unemployment rose to from In May and in June last year. June unemployment last year was the previous all-time record. In 1970. the jobless total was only The increase occurred despite a greatcr-than-usual gain last month in over-all employment. But the creation of new jobs failed to catch up lo the grown ing numbers of job-seekers. There was a larger-than-usual Increase in employment in man- ufacturing, and more jobs were spread through all other indus- tries, though the increase in government employment was less than usual. There were an estimated unemployed young peo- ple, aged up to 24, and the un- employment rate in that age bracket rose to 12.4 per cent from 11.3 in May. Unemployment for the 25- and-oldcr workers declined to in June from in May, but remained above the June figure last year, This meant that tie unemploy- ment rate for that group de- clined to 3.8 per cent from 4.3 per cent in May. It was 3.7 per cent in June last year. The problem showed In the usual spring influx into the labor force of to 19 for either full-time or summer jobs. In June this year, 47.5 per cent of all teen-aged boys in the country, and 35.1 per cent of all teen-aged girts, were either working or looking for work. These rates compared with 36.5 and 28.1, respectively, only two months earlier when school was in, Both rats were higher this year than in June, 1971. The number of unemployed teen-aged boys rose last month to from in May, and the number of unemployed teen-aged girls jumped to from 45.000. Statistics Canada said that with the larger work force and the larger number of unem- ployed people, the rale of unem- ployment remained unchanged at 6.2 per cent of the labor force. This was about average for the iast two years, the sta- tistics bureau said. The labor and lo nearly 9.15 million lasl month from 8.89 million in May and 8.86 million in June last year. This was an increase of 3.3 per cent in the year. Civil war looms in Ulster HUBERT HUMPHREY Humphrey bows out of race MIAMI BEACH, Fla. (AP) Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, his last hope of winning the Democratic presidential nomi- nation gone, stepped aside today and withdrew fvom the race. Humphrey said he will not let himself be nominated at tho Democratic national convention, and he released his delegates to vote as they wish. Humphrey, reading from a brief statement at a news con- ference, dropped out of the a few hours after Senator George McGovern scored a striking triumph and reclaimed 151 contested California dele- gates in a floor fight at the con- vention. "My withdrawal from the presidential race is a with- drawal of candidacy the Minnesota senator said. "It is not a withdrawal of spirit or of determination to continue the battle I have waged all my pub- lic life on behalf of those who had no voice." The Humphrey statement came after the Minnesota sena- tor's press aide, Walter announced the withdrawal in an off-handed manner to reporters awaiting the candidate's state- ment. Humphrey's statement was seen as a move to unify the Democratic party which had been torn by sometimes bitt disputes between McGovern supporters and the backers of Humphrey and other candi- dates. Humphrey has said consist- ently he will support and work hard lor McGovem if the South Dakola senator wins the nomi- nation. By COLIN FROST BELFAST (AP) The Brit- ish administrator for Norlhem Ireland, William Whitelaw, flew back to Ulster today in a bid lo stave off possible civil war as Protestant and Roman Catholic gunmen fought in Belfast. His arrival from London brought a temporary lull in widespread fighting lhat has raged in the province's capilal since the Provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army called off its 13-day ceasefire Sunday night. Rival Protestant extremists and IRA gunmen in West Bel- fast traded fire in a spate of sniping exchanges. The British Army reported 27 shooting inci- dents in 45 minutes during tho morning but the violence sub- sided by dawn. No casualties were reported. The shooting followed one of the most violent 24-hour periods to ravage the city since sectar- ian fighting erupted in 1969. Wliitelaw's aides d e c 1 i n d comment on an Irish newspaper report the Provisional' leaders will meet with government offi- cials in a last-minute bid for calm on the eve of traditional Protestant celebrations marking the Bailie of the Boyne, a Prot- estant victory over Catholic forces in 1860. Security commanders view the celebrations set for Wednes- day as a flashpoint in the high tensions here. Whitelaw said he will persist In his quest for peace in North- em Ireland but added in a tele- vision interview Monday night that "if the IRA says they will pursue their campaign with the utmost ferocity, the army will reciprocate." Mililant Protestants, mean- while, tlirealened to take the of- fensive in the troubled province. The Ulster Defence Associa- tion, which says it can muster armed men, warned Brit- ish forces that unless they crush the Irish Republican Army it will "take steps to eliminate the gunmen." In the statement, after a Bel- fast meeting of senior leaders, the UDA said it would accept McGovern wins crucial victories By PETER BUCKLEY MIAMI BEACH (CP) Sena- tor George McGovern's drive for the Democratic presidential nomination gathered a full head of steam today alter a series of crucial victories during the night on the convention floor. The South Dakota senator, feared by many Democrats as being too radical, issued a state- ment saying: "It now seems that the nomination victory we have anticipated is within our grasp." Humphrey said he telephoned McGovem and. congratulated him on his "night of victory." McGovern's supporters scored an unexpectedly strong victory in their first serious vote to restore to him all of the 271 delegates from California's win- ner-take-all primary. More than half had been stripped from him by a slop-McGovern alliance ou the party's credentials commit- tee. The vote was announced as being in McGovern's favor Steel workers will strike HAMILTON (CP) The Steel Co. of Canada work- ers Monday gave their bargain- ing committee the power to call a strike. Win top award A Cardstfln Indian group made oft with a top award Monday in the Calgary Stam- pede Parade. The Blood Indian float came first in the western division of the parade's community sec- tion. The Magralh-Cardston divis- ional marching band came sec- ond in the Canadian over-all band section. Scientists sobering, EAST QUODDY, N.S. (CP) Sudden darkness descended on a 100-mile-wide belt across Can- ada Monday as (he moon blacked out the summer sun in a total eclipse. Thousands of sky-watchers felt the temperature dip as birds fluttered in search of a roosting place ami street Inmps nnd rnr-lighls were turned on. Astronomers and other scien- tists studied the event from air- craft nnd on the ground. "A very sobering and educa- tional kind of was the summation of Dr, Carl Sngan, director of the planetary studies laboratory nl. Cornell University. The path of lolnllly swcpl poutlic.'isf from the Arctic const ncross the Northwest Territo- ries, Hudson Bay and ccnla'fll say total eclipse educational thrill Quebec fo the Maritime prov- inces. Viewing conditions varied in the Northwest Territo- ries and in Nova Scotia, fair in Prince Edward Island, poor in some parts of Quebec and New Brunswick. At. East Quoddy, on the Nova Scotia coast 85 inilc-s northeast of M a 1 i f n x, conditions Meal. Scientists of !lw National RrseaiTli Council fired four Black Drnnt rockcls too miles into the air lo measure lonizn- tion changes that often disrupt radio communications. The four rockets fell Into tha sea about 45 miles offshore after flighls of slightly more thnn six minutes each. Dr. A. (i. McNamnrn of 01- lawa. the project scientist, snid everything about the. rocket shoot went on schedule. But ho was even morn enthusiastic about what he and other watch- ers saw with the ordinary eyo peering through blackened" pho- tographic film. "The Corona was really beau- liful. You could sec Ihe sun's niys coming out all around." Dr. Rnpnn, who watched Iho phenomenon nl TiiRwash in northern Nova Srolin, said it pave him n fooling nf awe and an insight into the effect a sun't eclipse would hnvc on primitive people without knowledge of sci- ence. He described it as tho most beautiful eclipse ho had ever scon; The totn! eclipse was the last Init one In lie seen in North America in this century. The re- maining one will be. visible in central and northeastern Can- ada in ID'S. martial law in Ulster if neces- sary for the army to defeat the IRA. If British forces did not go Into the atlack, the organization Baid, "the Ulster Defence Asso- ciation will become the Ulster Offensive Association. "The UDA will lake the offen- sive against the IRA and do its level best to eliminate and de- stroy it." The UDA announcement cams as violence surged through Bel- fast and other Northern Ireland cities following the collapse Sun- day night of a 13-day IRA ceasefire. with opposed. His margin was even greater on a subse- quent division appealing against the manner in which Chairman Lawrence O'Brien conducted the vote. MORE THAN NEEDED McGovern's total was well be- yond the votes he needs to win the nomination Wednesday night- However, some of his support on the California vote was clearly from opposition or un- committed delegates who merely accepted the McGovera argument that the winner-take- all rule should not have been changed after the primary was held June 5. ESCAPEE CAPTURED Edward Woods, 26, of Burlington, Ont. is brought back to Millhaven maximum security prison in Kingston following an escape by 14 prisoners last night. Woods, who ii serving a life term was the first prisoner recaptured. He woi caught when he tried to run a roadblock at Odessa, Onf. (CP Wirephoto) 13 convicts still at large after daring prison escape KINGSTON, Ont. (CP) Po- lice recaptured today one of three escaped murderers who were among 14 convicts that burst out of Millhaven maxi- mum-security prison Monday night in Ontario's biggest prison break. Prison officials warned that most of the escapers are dan- gerous and would likely hunt for guns. They said the men could hole up in bush country for weeks "if they were lucky." Police said Edward Woods, 26. of Burlington, Ont., serving R life term for non-capital mur- der, was recaptured after he tried to crash a roadblock at Odessa on Highway 2, five miles north of the prison. Police forced the truck he was driving on to a lawn and offi- cers wrestled him to the ground. A passenger escaped by dashing down a creek bed. A largo contingent of the 65 provincial police and prison guards involved in the manhunt concentrated in bushland near the Canada Cement Lafarge Ltd. plant about three miles Seen and heard About town JPISHERMAN Dale Ebbtr chidcd for his fine catch of rolling fresh water green- cry John Doiicfllr won- dering "why friends siill call him loolie fruilie Hob KaMliiR d r y ly remembering the dnys when ho was known M from the prison near Bath, Ont. Police said that six escapers of them considered dan- been seen in the area and men with tacking dogs were combing the bush and the plant which is under construction. The searchers car- ried shotguns and high-powered rules. An earlier report that the six had been cornered in the ce- ment plant was denied by police who imposed a news blackout Crush revolt JAKARTA (Renter) Indo- nesian Iroops have crushed without bloodshed a revolt by 4.000 villagers on Sumbawa, an island east of Java, Anlara news agency reported Icday. The villagers, from the Donggo Regency. 30 miles from the island capital of Bima, re- cently staged a violent demon- stration which local officials de- scribed as n revolt against Hie government, Antara said. They were demanding the re- ten of their former chief to re- place the present regent, a Ja- panese whoso of office ex- pires next month, Antara .said. Launch satellite MOSCOW (Rculer) The So- viet Union hns launched No. 500 in its Cosmos scries of artificial research satellites, Tass news Bgoncy reported today. II snid tho snlellilc, plnced In e.ulh orbit Monday, carried equipment to continue spncc re- search nnd WAS functioning nor- mally. en the escape, requiring reoort- ers to get information by moni- toring police radio transmis- sions. A police spokesman did say, however, that an area with a radius of 20 from the prison has been sealed off by cruisers, boats and aircraft but Ihe convicts were still believed to be within five miles of the prison. CUT THROUGH FENCE Details of the Monday night ercape were sketchy today as prison officials imposed a news blackout on Ihe escape, but the 14 got oui by culling tlu'ough a chain link fence. Of the H, one was listed as a lifer for non-capital murder and others were in jail for various crimes of violence. Police em- phasized the men were consi- dered dangerous.