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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, July 11, 1970 Dr. Arnold Toynbee Destroying A Delta The need for extreme care in chang- ing the works of nature is illustrated by the plight of the Peace Atha- basca delta, as made known in re- cent weeks by a group of distinguish- ed Alberta water and wildlife auth- orities. An area of a thousand square miles at the west end of Athabasca Lake normally has high water in the spring when the two major rivers are in flood, and lower water in the autumn. Such fluctuation sometimes is de- structive, but in the case of the delta it is essential for the preservation of the fish, animal and bird life that abounds there. Dams are often built primarily for flood control. The huge Bennett dam on the Peace River was intended, in part, to even out the flow of the river, reduce the danger of flood dam- age and provide extra flow in the low-water season. Who could object to that? Well, the delta is being destroyed All Or None, And Some Two kinds of day care centres are possible, at present, in Alberta. One can take children whose parents can afford to pay the whole cost or none; the other is for children whose par- ents pay' some of the cost. Privately operated centres can take children whose parents are getting social allowance. They cannot afford to take children of parents on low incomes who might only be able to pay part of the fees. There is mach- inery for looking after the first situa- tion but not for the second. While the government has the abil- ity to assist individuals getting social allowance it has no authority to help those not being assisted but whose incomes might be comparable. Through the preventive social assis- tance programs, however, it is pos- sible to benefit low income families by subsidizing a volunteer organiza- tion which, in turn, can assist the families as required. It is ironic that a major motiva- tion in arranging for a public meet- ing on the day care centre the desire to try to save taxpayers money may result in greater cost to the public in the long run. This possibility rests in the Hon. Ray Speaker's indication that he would study -how it might be feasible to subsidize children of low income fam- ilies so that they could attend pri- vate day care centres. There are already 10G day care centres in Alberta and there would likely be many more in short order, all taking advantage of a scheme that would enable the subsidization of individuals. An investigative staff would be required to screen appli- cants. Very quickly the cost of day care centres to the taxpayer would multiply far beyond what has been envisaged to date. Tlie emphasis on the conservation of human resources which now char- acterizes the Department of Social Development in this province may achieve greater economies for the taxpayer in the long run than might be imagined. Prevention of social maladjustment is certainly less cost- ly than its attempted cure. What day care centres .can contribute toward the total conservation, program is as yet unknown. More experimentation is needed and is what is proposed in the type of subsidized community day care centre, now deferred, for Leth- bridge. Encouraging Report A report on the Canada Manpower Training Program tabled in the Com- mons before it rose for the summer reveals that some very encouraging results have been obtained. The re- port deals with a survey of adults who completed full-time courses be- tween January 1 and September 30, 1969. Of the persons involved, 75 per cent were fully employed within three to four months. Only 31 per cent had been employed when they entered courses. The men and women who had worked before their train- ing, and then found new jobs, in- creased their earnings. Men in- creased their average earnings by a month for a gain of 11 per cent, and women by ?47 for a gain of 24 per cent. These impressive figures need to be placed against the fact that the period in, which the persons were seeking employment was not a boom time. That makes the results even more impressive. Not only' should this report provide incentive for people to take the train- ing courses but to stick with them to completion. No figures were given on the number of people who dropped out of courses and of their subsequent rate of employment but it can be guessed that it would not present an encouraging picture Weekend Meditation Seeing The Invisible COMEONE has said that man today needs new eyes for the invisibles. Per- haps he meant atoms and other powerful forces and facts of nature. It may be, how- ever, that he had in mind men like Moses who "endured as seeing him who is in- visible." Perhaps he meant men like Paul who said, "We look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eteinal." Or he might have had in mind: a man like Daniel who said, "I Dan- iel alone saw the vision, for the men that were with me saw not the vision." There is nothing unusual in this. A very few .people see the vision. Many people went to the Temple, but only Isaiah "saw the Lord, high and lifted up." When Jesus was brought to the Temple only Simeon and An- na recognized him. A young man, accord- ing to an Old Testament story, was much1 frightened by the Assyrian army, and the prophet prayed to God, "Lord, open the young man's eyes lhat he may see." When his eyes were opened they saw the hills covered with the chariots of the Lord. Two disciples walked toward the sunset on the Emmaus Road in bitter disillusionment until Jesus walked with them, explaining the Scriptures, and "their eyes were open- ed." Most people are spiritually blind. Like the woman in the well-worn story of the artist, Turr.er, who complained, "I never see the things you see." "Don't you wish you could, Emily Dickinson said of a man that "he danced along the dingy ways." He must have seen visions denied to ordinary mortals. But this is (he task of artists and poels, to make people see. It certainly isn't easy. Tlie Children of Israel lacked the vision of Moses and, hun- gry, worn-out, and discouraged, wanted to go back to Egypt. There they at least had food. The Promised Land seemed a mere mirage. Of course such visions require much med- itation. They require some hardship and self-discipline too. "I hale said Goethe. "It destroys the imagination." Sim- plicity, an avoidance of elaborateness, is a sine qua non of vision. Somerset Maugham in "Christmas Holiday" tells the story of a Russian girl who has had a cruel life. She visits the Louvre with a young man from a comfortable English home. She slops to stare at a picture of a loaf of bread and a flagon of wine. The man can see nothing in the picture, which nearly breaks the girl's heart. "The trouble with slie says, "is that you've never been poor, never been hungry, never been lonely. If you had, this picture would break your heart too. You would see it as (he cry of (he des- pised and the rejected, the mystery of man's lot on earlh." This is why Ihe old saying is true, that we see as we be. You are limited in your seeing by what you bring to the scene. Some people sec nothing in a symphony or Shakespeare. How cmdd they? They have no eyes for these things. "Where there is no vision' the people per- ish." Where men and women have only lit- tle, squinting, greedy eyes, unable to sec beyond (he temporal and sensual, there is little hope. It is only when Ihe young men sec visions and the old men dream dreams that the country has a future. Prayer: Enlarge our skylines, 0 God, that our lives may be bounded by an eternal hope and expectation. S. M, Peril For Britain East Of Suez in the process. II is steadily dying, the experts say. It is too late to "undo" the dam. To let the spring Hood waters go through and into the delta would de- feat the purpose of the clam, which was primarily for power generation. A possible solution is to put an- other dam downstream and build up the water level in the spring as na- ture had been doing for thousands of years. But who should pay for it? Under Canadian law, British Co- lumbia had every right to build the dam and has no responsibility to Al- berta. In point of fact there was only token communication, if any at all, between the two provinces when the dam was built. The lesson is that Canada needs new law. Interprovincial responsibil- ity must be established. If the B.C. engineers had looked be- yond their borders when they were planning the dam, they would have seen what would happen to the river delta. T ONDON There are still people in Britain who have not yet learned that tlie Britisli Empire is dead. They have a nostalgia for evaporated pomp, and "a British presence East of Suez" is the symbol of this unrealizable fantasy. Political parties which have to win and hold the widest range of support are tempted to embarrass themselves by shouldering commitments that attract the wild men. The Brit- ish Conservative Party's com- mitment was to sail round the Cape again. And now it Is the government. Prudently the commitment has been made conditional and contingent, and on the whole it seems improbable lhat Hie con- ditions that would bring the commitment into effect will ever be fulfilled. "Yet even a commitment that is unlikely to come into force may produce unfortunate results by anticipa- tion. Apart from what might be transported by air, [lie neces- sary enabling condition for Brit- ish armed forces to reappear east of Suez is the courting of South Africa, Rhodesia, and Portugal. Since there is no pros- pect of (lie Suez Canal being re- opened at any foreseeable date, British troops would have to sail to Asia tliis time, by the route followed by Vasco da Gama. If, for this purpose, Britain seeks to conciliate tlie white "ascendancies" in South Africa and Rhodesia, and if she also condones the forcible main- tenance of Portuguese colonial rule, (be British will be making them selves accomplices of these while minorities in their oppression of their African sub- jects. This will draw on Britain the hostility of Black Africa and Arab Africa. Is not this a high price to pay for regaining ac- cess to an Asian hornets' nest? It is true that Britain may have to acknowledge that she has been defeated by Mr. Ian Smith, leader of the illegal white settler regime in Rhodes- ia. It may also be true that, with the Conservative Party in office again at Westminster, the City of London would have in- sisted in any case on doing busi- ncs with South Africa, regard- less of Hie moral implications and the political consequences. But at heart we need den our relations with South Africa and Rhodesia wilh an additional load. We need not put oursslves in the humiliating position of having to seek to gain their Kood will for the sake of casing ourpassage round the CaDe on a voyage that would be far more hazardous than da Gama's voyage was. There could be worse to come. We might produce the exact opposite of the results "It's times like these that make one proud to be an atheist." Letter To The Edito' Thankful For Alberta's Welfare System In reference to the letter from H. Bagot of Edmonton headed "Welfare" (July 6) one sentence I do not like: "Many of them hQve TV sets, the odd one a. car, etc." My husband decided he would rather drink and bum around than accept the responsibility of a wife and four children. Be- cause of this should my family be denied the comforts and ad- vantages of any other family? Should I not be allowed to re- lax in front of a TV set some evenings after getting the clu'l- dj-en to bed? I do not smoke or drink, nor do I go to s h o w s or bingo games. I prefer to spend my money on my family and have fun with them at picnics, etc. I wonder if H. Bagot has ever tried taking four small children from North Lethbridge to Henderson Park or Woolco, by bus. It is not easy to travel in this1 manner. How would he take the children to Indian Bat- tle Park for a picnic? My chil- dren went once last year when a friend: took us for a drive one Sunday afternoon. It is sometimes hard to make ends meet from month to month especially in the summer. It Capable Representation From reading accounts of City Council meetings since the last civic election, as reported in The Herald, one has to come to the conclusion that at least one council member, Mrs. Vera Ferguson is capably represent- ing the electorate. Mrs. Ferguson is unique in that she questions all matters and expenditures from the an- Misguided Soliloquy Your columnist Mr. Herb Johnson recently placed before the public a curious agglomera- tion of facts and erroneous as- sumptions concerning various matters of musical (and, there- fore, local) import. In the event that liis mani- fest unf amili a r i t y with the aims and objectives of the or- ganizations such as lire Leth- bridge Symphony Association, and his complementary inabil- ity to understand the basic prin- ciples of artistic endeavor be- come common knowledge, I fear that he will only have him- self to blame. After reflection, however, 1 have concluded that he may to some extent be re- assured: It is more than likely lhat the lack of success Inher- ent in his attempt to use tlie EngUsh language as a medium of communication will have pre- cluded an appreciation of his personal tenets on the part of the musically uninitiated. On the other hand, the contin- uing support of numerous devo- tees ,to the standard symphonic repertoire simultaneously pro- vides evidence of their approp- riate development in matters of intellect and perception. A de- tailed assessment of the content of Mr. Johnson's doubtless sin- cere but misguided soliloquy is, therefore, superfluous. LUCIEN NEEDHAM, Dept. of Music, University of Lethbridge. gle that ttere is not an inex- haustible supply of tax dollars and also in the hope that deci- sions reached will be in the best interests of all citizens. This alderman is cognizant of the fact that reckless expendi- ture of tax money with total dis- regard for restraint or guide- lines must result in higher taxes, and create further hard- ships for the many people en- deavoring to exist on a diminu- tive pension that increases by only two per cent annually. Although she is usually fight- ing a lone battle on behalf of the taxpayers we trust she will keep up the good work. In fact we hope that before the next election rolls around she will be able to persuade another lady equally capable and con- cerned to accept the challenge of seeking a council seat. A. F. SMITH. Lethbridge. costs me just to take my children to Henderson swim- ming pool, 60 cents for myself to sit and watch the four chil- dren having fun. Anyone on wel- fare will agree this cannot be done many times in one month. I spend at least more a month on groceries than I am allowed and thank God for strong, healthy children. Olr yes I use part of Ihe clothing allow- ance to pay for the groceries and sometimes get used, cloth- ing from the thrift stores. I do not go around complain- ing that I am hard done by and welfare does not treat us right. On the contrary, I am thankful for the welfare system in Al- berta, for where would my fam- ily be without tliis help? People are inclined to criti- cize often without realizing that everyone has a little pride in them. Some of us go without a lot of things in order to give our far.iilies one or two lux- uries and be like the rest of the people in the street. It seems that some peo pie would only be content if all wel- fare recipients wore dirty old clothes, looked under nourish- ed and wore anoticc "On Welfare." A WELFARITE. Lethbridge. lhat arc tlie Conservative Party's objectives. So far from damping down the smouldering fires in (he Persian Gulf and in Malaysia and Singapore, the prospect of a re-cstablishmenf of Hie Brilish "presence" there could make the glowing embers blU'st into conflagrations. While Street is ex- ploring whether its contingent commitments cast of Suez are or are not going to come into force, other parties may seek to forestall this unwelcome pos- sibility by taking radical pre- ventive action. The chief of our former grounds for maintaining a British presence in the Persian Gulf was Iran's claim to sover- eignty over the Arab State of Bahrain. But Iran has now re- nounced this claim, and she and Saudi Arabia have also improved their relations with each other. Already the Iranian government has declared its op- position to a British return. The threat of this return might spur Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq into setting aside their differ- ences with each other and lin- ing up in an anti-British united front. If this wer'e to happen, it would be alarming for Eahrain, for Kuwait, and for all the oil- rich small Arab States along the coast of the Gulf. It would be as much as their life was worth for them to continue to acquiesce in being Britain's proteges. "Save me from my British they would have to cry. And would not the ciy "Save me from my Con- servative friends" be extorted from the British oil companies that, so far, have been operat- ing in the Gulf, unbedevilled by politics? And what about a British presence on the mainland of South-Eastern Asia? When you sse someone staggering, scorch- ed and seared, out of a burning house, is it sensible to step into the blaze yourself? Just when the Americans are going to pull out of Southeast Asia, are we and the Australians and the New Zealanders going to jump in? The Australians and New Zealanders have burnt their fingers reluctantly in Vietnam, are they itching to burn them again in Malaya? Anyone who has visited Ma- laya recently will be aware that the present situation there is ominously like the situation in Palestine during the last days of the British mandate. In Ma- laya today, as in Palestine then, two peoples are in competition for mastery over one country. In Malaya, the. Malays and tha Chinese are about equal in numbers, but the Chinese hava the advantage in point of effi- ciency, and the Malays are consequently feeling resentful and anxious. There have been outbreaks of strife, accompan- ied by bloodshed, already. The prospect of a re-establishment of the British "presence" might heat up the mutual animosity of Malays and Straits-Chinese to boiling-point. When there are two factions in one country that are spoiling for a fight, it is rash for a third party to intrude. If the third party does commit this act of impruc'ence, it gives itself two alternatives: either it must sit on the heads of both local fac- tions alike, or it must take sides with one of them against the oilier. The first alternative means imposing a foreign mili- tary regime on the entire local population; the second means becoming a confederate of one of the two local belligerents in a civil war. Britain, in Palestine, made a failure of the .first alternative. America, in Vietnam has made a failure of the second. Mr. Edward Heath, the new Prime Minister, is both sensible and upright. Over "East of Suez" we may hope and expect that he will think again. (Written for 'Die Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD City Expenditures Last week there was some discussion on an "open line" radio show here on the ques- tion of City Council's not stick- ing to the 6 per cent guide- lines when raising salaries of city employees and some other expenditures or proposed ex- penditures. Some rather unnecessary re- marks were made by a certain person about Alderman Vera Ferguson because she objected to some of these expenditures, More power to her. She seems to be (he only member of coun- cil wilh any regard for (be tax- payers, and I should like to commend her. I paid my taxes last week, (about from my savings account, and I can assure you Ihe latter is getting smaller each year, and I ex- pect I am only one of a largo percentage of this city's old taxpayers. I've also paid out about on maintenanacc of my property this year. As to new industry coming here, whilst I am by no means a supporter of the present fed- eral government, is it not due to incentives and money made available by that government, rather than to the efforts of any one individual, that these concerns are locating here? "OLD Lelhbririge. It's Drivers I take Issue with Mrs. Camp- bell when she would blame hedge owners for causing auto accidents at intersections (The Herald, July Hedges don't cause accidents, it's the driv- ers. When 1 drive I know that I have to look out for other cars, I don't wish hedges away. I live at an intersection where Ihcre are no hedges on any of the comers, yet there have been several accidents in the past year. So it can't be hedges that are alone at fault. Mrs. Campbell exhibits the kind of thinking that would sacrifice everything, no matter how nice, to the convenience of the auto. Cities are for living in too. Hedges give beauty and privacy, they attract some birds other than sparrows and robins. I would put pleasant living first, the convenience of automobile drivers way down on (he list of priorities tor Leth- bridge. AllVID A, HC'IIULTZ. Lothbrirlfto. THROUGH THE HERALD Dry Act is to re- main in New Brunswick fol- lowing a plebiscite which gave a majority against tlie sale of beer and light wine in the province. plans for the new St. Michael's Hospital are nearing completion. The new hospital will cost between and I9II) The Columbia Icefield Highway between Jasper and Banff cpens a grand scenic re- gion- Frequent motor service is available and a chalet has been built close to the .Atha- basca glacier. New Jersey unem- ployed man was given monlh sentence because he beat his wife. She refused to pay him baby sitting fees while she went out to work. member of Ihe Sas- katchewan College of Physi- cians and Surgeons said the college is giving up pub- licity campaign against the C C V government's proposed medical care plan. flic Lethbridge Herald 504 7th 51. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRrDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mall Hosistratlon Nambtr 001! of Tht Canadian Preai and Ilia Canadian Dally NewrMHff Publljberi' Association and ina Audit nurciu of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Puhllflitr THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manag.r JOE WILLIAM HAY Manafiina Editor Associate Rditor FOV K. MILES DOUGLAS li Advcnisinl Manager Editorial Paio EdUor "THE HERALD SIRVES THE SOUTH" ;