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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta West Farmers Swearing Off Wheat By CARL MOLLINS OTTAWA (CP) The way they tell It in Ottawa, the pledges are pouring in from the Prairies: Farmers in their thousands are swearing off wheat. Aerial-photography planes and a small army of government inspectors are forming up in Western cen- tres to make sure the farmers are sticking to their vows turning wheatland over to summerfallow or forage crops and thus qualifying for government cash payments. Wednesday is the deadline for compliance with the cash-for-no-wheat program, the federal response to a world wheat glut. Best guess in advance of a firm acreage estimate, to be published by Dominion Bureau- of Statistics Thursday, is that Western farmers have reduced mill- ing-wheat plantings by more than half from last year, when acres were sown and bu- shels of wheat harvested. Fanners are reluctant to kick the wheat-growing habit. Many have been harshly critical of the crop- reduction program. But they are being goaded by the assurance of an acre for wheatland converted to fallow or an acrre assigned to perennial forage. Sales Quotas Plan Further, the Canadian wheat board, their only of- ficial buyer, will base sales quotas for farm-stored wheat or any new harvest on the number of acres taken out of grain production instead of the number bearing wheat. A week before the compliance deadline, between and applications had been received in the office of Otto Lang, minister responsible for wheat trade and administration of the wheat-reduction pro- gram. About or roughly half the applications had been processed and they added up to a reduction. If the other half produces the same result, that would bring total wheat acreage down to about Allowing for late applications, plus estimates that about acres of former wheatland has been switched to oilseed crops, final Prairie wheat acreage could be close to the acres that government officials predicted when they announced the program last Feb. 27. The government budgeted for maximum accep- tance at a cost of Officials talked about a likely cost of based on a shift of 000 acres into summerfallow and acres1 to forage crops. Cost Per Farm The applications processed so far would cost almost an average of a farm. The Western grain farmers have been told some cash would be paid out before the end of July. But they have been reluctant, mainly on the ground that the money would barely pay them to give up wheat. Under the program, farmers were permitted to plant a cover crop of oats on potential fallow land to prevent erosion. But they would have to "render it unharvestable" by July 15 to qualify by harvesting it immediately for feed, turning cattle loose to graze it or plowing it under. After that, they could plant another crop to pro- tect the soil, but it would only be useful as feed be- cause it would not ripen in time to make milling grain. The farmers thus say the take from the government payments would be marginally-profitable at best, losses at worst. Their costs for fallow land would in- volve double seed, machinery-use and work expenses. Source Of Discontent Perhaps a more important source 'of dicontent is simply a reluctance to abandon a traditional crop that, as one transplanted Westerner put it "feels good, grows neatly and leaves a good stubble." Even a straightly-Eastern Ottawa official sym- pathizes: "Nobody least of all a Prarie farmer likes to feel he is being coerced. "They are going along with the program, but they use explanations that have to do with the weather, a sudden interest in feeder cattle anything but the program." Behind it all is the awareness that Canadian gran- aries are bulging with a record stockpile of about bushels of wheat. In glutted world market conditions that mounts to a two-year supply for dom- estic use and exports. The federal answer to the problem is called LOT, which stands for Low Inventory for Tomorrow. Despite the inspirational title, the program includes the policing program from the air and on the ground. Wednesday, the planes take off to film acres or so of Prairie cropland with infra-red cameras. The cameras are said to be able to distinguish among wheat, pats, barley, rye, rapesced, alfalfa and even determine their stages of development. The army on the ground will fan out on spot checks to verify what the cameras tell. The six-week policing program by the agriculture department will also serve as an aerial mapping pro- ject in co-operation with the department of energy, mines and resources. V r4-; KHCAST v' Priw 15 Cwfe FOUL SECTIONS W PAGii Canada Prime Target For U.S. Land Buyers TORONTO (CP) The Star says real estate firms in To- ronto are doing a thriving busi- ness selling Canadian land to Americans. Two firms in the city special- ize in mailing to U.S. clients lit- erature about cheap land being sold at tax sales. At least three other firms and several individuals go farther, the newspaper says: They buy obscure bits of property or old farmland, often at tax sales where the prices are low, hold 'I'm a False Alarm In Postal Dispute OTTAWA (CP) Treasury Board Chairman C. M. Drury caused some excitement Friday when he was interpreted as say- ing that that he would be happy with a 7V4 per cent wage in- crease for postal workers. That would have been a con- siderably larger boost than the 6 psr cent wage guideline advo- cated by the government for public- and private wage settle- ments. But it turned out that Mr. Drury had said that he would be "delighted" if the postal unions were asking for 7Vi per cent rather than their current de- mands which work out closer to 10 per cent. He did not say the govern- ment would agree to that figure. The government offer is about 5.3 per cent, leaving, the two parties far apart. Meanwhile negotiators for the unions and the federal treasury board gave up their efforts to meet again this week and set- tled for early next week. The two sides will get to- gether Monday at p.m. EOT. They have not met since Mon- day, with recent negotiations described by one observer as "patty-cake and shadow-box- ing." the land for a year and then pass it on to U.S. customers at a profit. One of the prime targets for U.S'. land buyers is Ontario. Property holders in areas which are traditionally heavily as Lake Erie, Muskoka, Georgian Bay, Wind- sor and the Thousand Islands in the St. are keeping their holdings and, in many cases, adding to them substan- tially. The Star estimated that 20 per cent of the waterfront cot- tage lots sold by the provincial government last year went to Americans. WILL STUDY PROBLEM Following recent criticism in the Ontario Legislature, Lands and Forests Minister Bene Bru- nelle has prominsed to consider limiting the right of foreigners to purchase Canadian Land. Clyde Young of Nester Falls, Out, 40 miles east of Rainy River, who handled sates total- ling about last year says the American influx is "the best thing that ever hap- pened to this country." He says the Americans see opportunities in places Canadi- ans ignore and virtually aU the wealth, in his section, of the province has been generated by U.S. enterpreneurs. Canadians would be welcomed If they came, he said. "But they don't. So why should we object when the Americans do it? They're bene- factors, not enemies." Tension Mounts In North Ireland July 12 Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN r1 ARDENER John Har- greaves boasting of bis new "burpless" cucumbers Alma Obcrg in her farewell to girls' camp, saying some camping aspects wore thin but she didn't "because the food got better by the day." Whoop Up Days trail ride boss Kay LaRose telling a late comer if he didn't speed up he'd be the Lone Ranger.. Lana Sabcy being kidded about her "mod" white stock- ing which is really a hip-to-' ankle cast to help some dam- aged cartilage. NO is no disputing the right-of-way in a situation of this sort. Mrs. Ed Cesar of Granum, 40 miles northwest of Lethbridge, watches, with amuse- ment the procession of young skunks cross ihe road, ceding to them the right-of-way. by Ed Cesar New Premier Company Told Appointed TT C '11 Clean Up spills Nasty Crack Department PORT CREDIT, Ont. (CP) Helen Louisa Leavers, Peel County's oldest resident, cele- brated her 107th birthday. Asked the traditional ques- tion, Mrs. Leavers said: "My husband died 35 years why I've lived so long." ROME (AP) Giulio An- dreotti, a Christian Democrat party leader often dubbed the most powerful man in Home after the Pope, was officially appointed tonight as premier- designate of Italy. Andreotti, 51, who heads the Christian Democrats in the Chamber of Deputies, was given the task of forming Italy's 32nd post-Second World War govern- ment by President Giuseppe Saragat.. Mariano Rumor resigned as premier Monday as the four- party, centre-left coalition was showing signs of crumbling in a dispute over relations with the Communist party. In addition, a nationwide general strike had threatened to affect Italy's strike-battered economy fur- ther. BODY FOUND The body of Felix Gaillard, premier ol Frauce for five months dur- ing the political turbulence in the late 1950s, was found in the English Channel today after an explosion apparently ripped his yacht to pieces. Dismantle Bomb MONTREAL (CP) The city police bomb squad was called today to dismantle its second bomb in two days after a suspi- cious-looking package was found behind the head office of the Wawanesa Mutual Insur- ance Co. in suburban Mount Royal. EDMONTON (CP) Oil drilling operations of Home Oil Co. Ltd., in the -Swan Hills re- gions of northern Alberta have been ordered closed by the oil and gas conservation board of Alberta until oil spills near the sites are cleaned up. Board chairman Dr. George Govier said in an interview the instructions were issued at a meeting with Home Oil officials Friday, in Calgary! The clean- up is expected to take two or three days. The meeting was called fol- lowing a field inspection Thurs- day by board staff. The in- spection was prompted by a brief to Health Minister James Henderson from the nearby Kinusb Fish and Game Asso- ciation. Home Oil officials said Fri- day they are following the con- servation board's orders "in the normal fashion." They de- clined further comment. LOUSY HOUSEKEEPING Mr. Henderson said Friday, af- ter his department had studied photographs and a report from Hie fish and game the oil spills appeared to border on negligence. "It is sloppy, lousy house- keeping." Mr. Henderson declined at that time to identify the oil company involved in spills at about 16 oil exploration drill- ing sites which the brief had said were polluting streams and killing vegetation. The health minister, a pro- fessional engineer, said the spills "are difficult to justify from an operating standpoint and are not typical of the in- dustry." Measles Kills LIMA, Peru (Reuters) An epidemic of measles aggravated by flu has killed 102 children in the cities of Huancayo and eight in Cuzco since the beginning of June. Both are mountain towns located east and southeast o I Lima and outside the area hit by an earthquake May 31 which caused deaths. Uneasy Day BELFAST (AP) Northern Ireland braced for trouble today, with tension mounting as Protestant Orangemen prepared to march in an annual parade celebrating their ancestors' vic- tory over Roman Catholics in the Battle of the Boyne 280 years ago. Some British troops and police remained on guard against new violence, and Prime Minister James Chiches- ter-Clark pleaded for Roman Catholic co-operation in main- taming peace. Ten persons have been killed and hundreds wounded in violence during the last two weekends. About of the arch-Prot- estants were sche duled to march in triumphant parades during the weekend, cuuninat- ing in grand processions in 19 cities, including the capital of Belfast, on Monday. "This weekend is bound to be special period cf special anxi- ety for us Chichester-Clark said. "I am speaking to you in difficult and dangerous times." He warned "Those who take exception to the meaning the Roman Catholics who see them as assertive of Protestant dominance in the they have a re- sponsibility to make sure peace is maintained. CANCEL PROTESTS Catholic civil rights associa- tions in Belfast and London- derry Friday cancelled demon- strations and meetings planned for the next few days. The battle of the Boyne took place in 1690 on the banks of the River Boyne. Former King James H, leading troops including French infantry, regu- lar Irish cavalry and un- trained Irish troops, was rounded by some men under the command of King William HI. James's forces managed to slip out of the en- circlement, and the former king fled the country. More than British troops were on the alert in Belfast today and almost others were on duty in Londonderry and other provincial centres. They were backed by men of the Ulster Defence Regiment Mid more than police. The British soldiers were under propaganda attack by Re- publican elements in Belfast. Posters appeared in Roman Catholic districts showing a j a c k -b o o t e d British soldier standing with rifle and club over a fallen civilian. Below it were the words; "Don't frater- nize." Roman Catholic girls said they risked being slashed with razors or having their hair shorn if they dated soldiers. New Light Shed On Stanfield's Action During 1968 Political Crisis By DAVE McINTOSII OTTAWA (CP) Some new light appears to have been shed on why Opposition Leader Rob- ert Stanfield seemed to sacrifice a chance to become prime min- ister in early 1968. Informed sources say that in February. 1968, after the Pear- son government had been de- feated in the Commons on a tax bill and an election seemed cer- tain, Louis Rasminsky, gover- nor of the Bank of Canada, briefed Mr. Stanfield on the se- riousness of the dollar situation. His briefing was so convinc- ing, Ihe informants say, that Mr. Stanfield declined to make an all-out attempt to bring down the administration. Both Mr. Slanficld and Mr. Rasminsky have declined any and all comment on any meet- ing between them. But at least four source acquainted with the situation at that time say that a Stanfield- Rasminsky meeting was ar- ranged by Mr. Pearson and took place. Mr. Stanfield dropped the first hint of the briefing of two years ago in a Commons exchange on June 1 on the government's May 31, 1970, unpegging of the Canadian dollar. He said at one point: "I knew what was going on because those in charge felt I ought to know." He was referring to the hectic period in February, 1968, when the Pearson administration was defeated by 84 to 82 in a Com- mons vole. P.M. RUSHES. HOME Despite the defeat and the ap- parent imminence of a -general election, Mr. Pearson flew home from a Jamaica holiday to sal- vage Ihe situation by persuad- ing Mr. Staiifield to agree to a day's Commons adjournment while he devised a motion say- ing the 84-to-82 loss was not a vote of confidence. The motion worked and ena- bled the Liberal government to survive. Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who had announced his candi- dacy for the Literal leadership Feb. days before the government's vote defeat went on to become prime minister and whip Mr. Stanfield in a June, 1968, general election. Mr. Stanfield's June 1 state- ment this year whipped up more speculation about what had happened behind the scenes 27 months earlier. How bad he known about the monetary situation at that time? Mr. Slanfield declined to com- ment but in response to ques- tions by The Canadian Press, other sources disclosed that Mr. Rasminsky briefed Mr. Stan- field. Mr. Rasminsky, through a spokesman, also declined com- ment. Something of a legend had grown up here that Mr. Stan- field did not try to bring down the government strictly on the assurances of Mr. Pearson that the dollar situation was serious. But it now appears that knowledge of the critical nature of the situation played a role in Mr. Stanfield's decisions and, in the survival of the Liberal gov- ernment. There is no doubt the situation was serious in 1968. EORIIOWED HEAVILY The government had to bor- row nearly on in- ternational markets to cover a currency exchange crisis. Canada still owes to the United States and about to West Germany an result of the 1968 transaction. U.S. Golfers Finish In Tie ST. ANDREWS, Scotland (AP) Americans Doug Sand- trs and Jack Nicklaus each lired final-round 73s and wound up in a tie for the British open golf championship today with scores of 283. They will