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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 11, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Southern Alberta's Big Amalgamated Stamp^^de and Fair, Lethbridge, July 22nd to 27th VkxM VOLUME XI. LETJIBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THLH^SDAY, JULY 11, 11)18 NUMBER 178 Von Kuehlmann's Retirement Followed by Apointment of An Admiral to Post [i CANDIDATE OF KRUPPS.ITIS SAID; MILITARIST VICTORY Paris, July 11.-(Havas Agency.)- Decision to accept the resignation of Foreign Secretary Von Kuehlmann was taken Monday at a conference at Gorman general headquartera which was attended by the emperor, Chancellor Von Hertllng and Admiral Von Hintze, says a Zurich dispatch to the Matin. The reported appointment of Vofi Illntzc as foreign secretary is considered by ^French papers to bo the work of the German general staff, a challenge to the majority In the rclcU-stag and a dellborate Insult to South-ernxGermany. L'Homme Libre says f the military party la Germany la stronger than tlio diplomatic in overthrowing Vo^ Kuehlmann and the mill-tarlstB show plainly that they want a war to the end and we must not forget that. A Seneation. London, July 11.-The fall of Foreign Secretary Von Kuehlmann waa arranged by German array headquar- ~t6rit a;id la: regarded li� Germany as the Introduction of an jjpon pan-Gorman regime under iho control of military leaders, special dispatches from Holland say. tt Is described as tlie biggest of a series of pan-German victories and the pan-German newspapera do not disguise their delight over it. Reports of the appointment ot Admiral Von Hintze as foreign secretary are accepted as final by the pan-German papers which contend that this . mvolves no change in policy. This contention. However, as well as the as-Burance that Von Hintze is not a pan-German Is false, according to the correspondent of the Dally Telegraph. Much excitement was caused In the corridors of the relchstag Tuesday by a rumor that Von Hintze had been appointed foreign secretary. After the Socialists had Informed the president they were not prepared to vote the war credit until they knew what foreign policy Von Hintze was going to pursue It wae agreed as a way" out of a threatening situation which would possibly result from the majority Socialists joining the minority group in rejecting the war credit, that the full sitting should be adjourned so that the house could go into committee tor a confidential discussion. The result ot this gathering waa that the semi-official announcement ot Von HIntze's appointment .took a. tentative form, saylng-werely that he had been "named" as Von Kuehlmann's successor. Krupp Candidate Geneva,. July. 11.-Admiral Von Hintze, the successor ot Dr. Von Kuehlmann as foreign secretary is the Krupp'a candidate, according to the Gazette Lausannoj'which adds: "Dr. Von Kuehlmann, perhaps the moat;, moderate and tar-soeirig German, has been sacrificed t6 the junkers. The .choice of Von Hintze shows the strength ot the pan-Oerman party and JUBtifios the strong attitude ot the �llles and tha Immense effort ot Am-rlca." LOSSES 250,000 Itallsn' Headquarters, July 10.-(By Associated Press.)-Evidence secured from Austrian prisoners Indicates that the Austro-Hungarian losses during ihe recent offensive were in the nelgh-jorhood of 250,000. The prisoners say that corporal punishment In the Austrian army which was abolished last year by Bmperor -Charles, has been re-established In practice., . Other reports made by prisoners tend to coiifIrm accounts of poor whoat and potato crops la Austria. The condition of these crojis 1b said to bo particularly bad In Bohemia, In Uie region of Pilseu. Military and Civil CourtsThreatened With Serious Clash Calgary, July 11.-It is a tense and gripping situation that confronts the Judiciary of Alberta today. It became known that Ut.-Coloncl Moore had not been apprehended, though It waa stated later that the authorities could place their hands on him within a fewminutcs, but were confronted by the order of Colonel MacDonald, D.O.C., M.D. No. 13, that any attempt to arrest Colonel Moore was to be rcslcted with ail the forcet that was necessary. This being the situation, a halt was called and the Judges were In consultation this morning considering the situation, with the result that the appellate court will be convened this afternoon at two o'clock, MARTIAL LAW "Martial law may haVe to be declared In Canada. That Is the situation today," said a military man to a representative of the Canadian Presn. He further stated that Lt.-Colonel Moore was on duty, and that he was not absent without leave, but refused to give any information ao to the whereabouts of the much wanted military officer. It Is stated that Victoria Park had been turned into a military camp, and that the historic fair grounds.was now practically under martial lav/. - - PARK IS GUARDED Military officers said the,. Lord Strathcona Horse Royal Canadians were on guard at the park. The regiment was up to full strength, Lieut. Col. Mackie, D.8.O., being in command. It was reported that Colonel Moore left the city last night with a large number of 'Jdraftees," but the statement could not be confirmed at military headquarters. ' Xlilef of Police Cuddy said he hl&'received no request from the sheriff for assistance. He explained that the mayor was the chief magistrate of the city, and aa chief of police, he was bound to take his orders from the mayor. NEW ORDER. In connection with the draftees a new order was received from Ottawa today, aa follows: "DraPtees who produce proof that they are, by virtue of the War Timea Election Act, 1917, or order-iln-councll of January 17, 1918, fcxempted from military service, ehatl, 6n request, be struck from the strength 'rroneou's-ly ordered to report.' "Draftees so dealt with shall be given a certificate of leave of absence for thirty days from date, subject thereafter to confirmation by the registrar, and will be Instructed to apply, to the registrar as soon as possible for a certificate of exemption In exchange therefor. In such case the registrar will be Informed'of the action taken, and a copy of this certificate will be sent to him. On granting a certificate of exe'mptlon to the man he will obtain from him the original certificate and transmit It to the Military Service Act district officer." This means thai draftees, as stated In the foregoing, are to be struck off the strength, ami given exemption. Calgary, July 11.-That the military will resist the order for attachment of Colonel Moore was the statement made by Colonel MacDonald, D. O. C, to Sheriff Graham this morning. The Colonel said he received orders to this effect from Ottawa and that he would carry them out to the best of his ability. Thereupon Sheriff Graham withdrew, and Informed the Judges of the appelate court who went Into special seaslon to consider the situation. How to enforce the Alberta court's order and yet not provoke a clash between the military and civil authorltiea Is, the court's problem. Meanwhile It Is said that the sheriff can lay his hands on Colonel Moore If the court so designates. Want Stay of Proceedings .. Ottawa, July 11..-Stay ot proceedings In the Calgary . habeas corpus case is to be applied for on behalf of I the department ot justice. "It Is humbly suggestod," reads, a.- stntomont which the minister ot justice has telegraphed to James Muir, K.C., Calgnry, representing tlie department, a statement whith Mr. MuIr la to read In court when the hearings ot the case Is resumed, "In tlie gravity ot the present' circumstances that all further judicial proceedings locally should bo stayed pending the hearing and determination by the supreme court of Canada upon tlio quostlons upon which they depend." �  � Ottawa, July 11.-An official state-niisnt outlining the position of the government In regard to the Calgary slt-uatfon, is In preparation and it is expected >vIU bo Issued in the course ot the day. The statement, It Is understood, will emphasize the reasons which led to the passage of the order In council cited before the Alberta court ot oppeal. "The order in council," stated Hon. C. J. Doherty, acting prime ralnlBter today, "waa merely (or the, purpose of empowering the Minister ot Militia to i>ut into Ghloct tho announced policy ot tho government Ip regard to the Calgnry case." Tho policy referred to was outllnod German Airir.en Have Little Chance Aganst Nervy Brit- > ish Flyers Who Fill Air PENETRATE FARTHER BEHIND HUN LINES; DO GREAT DAMAGE in .1 statement Issued by the government on July 3. After reciting tho circuniHtances ot the Lewis case, the announcement roads: "Meanwhile the government will proceed as heretofore in the execution ot tho powers conferred by the regiilntions, and tho judgment pro nounced by the Alberta court will not bo permitted to affect the custody or moving of tho troops authorized by the regulations." Any stops taken aa a consequence of the Alberta judgment, It Is said, were taken bocau.^e of the urgent need tor men. There waa  no dcsirp,,^o provoke a. conflict between the clvU and military authdrities. In regard to Colonel Moore, it is announced that in the event ot his apprehension efforts will be made to see that he is adequately defended. Another Case Quebet. July 11.-Colonel Rollers, commanding officer ot Laval 'C. 0. T. C, will be jailed on July 17, it they bavo not produced in court one Edward Durand, ot LorotteviUe, Que., on a writ of habeas corpus. This was the rulfng of Justice Dorlen in the superior court today. Armand Lavergno appears for Durand in a case of a writ ot habeas corpus issued in tavor of Durand.. The writ was returnable yesterday afternoon and the otticer In question failed to bring in the man. Justice Dorlen stated that it on July 17 the officers in question have not appeared with their draftee, they will be sent to jail. In Toronto, Too. Toronto, July 11,-The lirst of the motions for habeas corpus on behalf of dratted men to come up hero was betoro Justice Sutherland this morning when Gordon Waldron moved for tho issue ot writs directed to Hon. Martin Burrell, acting minister ot militia, and to the otticers commanding the camps at Kingston and London to show why Ptes. B. D. Whitney, ot Durhanv County, and Alexander Mugtord, ot Huron, should not be set at liberty. They wore exempted aa tarmera, but were ordered last May to report for military service under order-ln-counoll nflmber i)19. The mat: ter was enlarged for one week, so that |Vnllltary nuthorltioa might be served with notice. IJAD PLANNED BIG 'NAM EXPEDITION Italian Army Headquarters, July 10. -Insistence by tho German admiralty upon nn Austrian naval expedition for, the destruction ot the uots In the straits ot Otranto, at the entrance to' the Adriatic, and tor an attack on tho allied naval forces ,wnB roaponslblo tor the departure from Pola ot the two Austrian dreadnoughts which wore torpedoed by the Italians'in tlio Adriatic on June 10, according to Information from prisoners taken by tlio Italians In tho recent fighting. It is declared by some of the pi'la-oners that tho second Austrian dreadnought torpodoed was the Togetlhott, (Vienna ndraittert the loss ot the Szentiatvan). They wore unable to say what tho extent ot the damage to tho Tegetthott was, but declared It waa certain she was badly crippled. > ? -  > This week ...........$830,103 > Last year............. 808,308 ? * � �* British Headquarter^', July 11.-Superiority In the nir, clean-cut and unquestionable, rests with tho British fiylnj; men today. There have been periods in time passod when It seemed that a very sllsht addition of Btrnngth to either ono side or the other might tip tho balance temporarily, but no such period exists now. British airmen aro iiupremo. The work of bombing squadrons has been growing steadily iuui tho British have been reaching further and further Into German hack areas, in search ot military objectives. There has been no let up. The British h.Tve consistently conducted their air raids from an exceedingly low height, some times coming to within fifty fcst ot the ground to drop bombs, 'rho' Gorra'anu, - on the other hand;'seldom ventured below 10,00.0 feet, because ot their fear ot tho British antl-nircraft defenses, which have reached a state of perfection never before achieved. The difference in tho accuracy of the two services In bomb dropping thus have an obvious e: have been arrested and many of thom have been executed, declared Hugo Haase, leader ot the raln-orlty*Social!sts, in a recent speech In the relchstag, according to a verbatim report piibll.-ilied by the Hetvolk. The deputy also criticized German rule in Livonia and Esthonia. After pointing out that those who provoked civil war in Finland were reaponslblo for tho calling In ot the Germans, Deputy Haase said: "The list ot sentenced to death, in Finland contains the names ot a former premier and fifty !S\oalftli8t members ot parliament, aoine of whom already have boen shot. Owing to the numerous dally executions, the town of Svoaborg has beou rontimed Golgotha." Tho speaker then referred to the suppression ot vernacular newspapers in the provinces ot Livonia and Esthonia, and added: "Fifty persons recently were arrested at Dorpat and German military rilclatorship rules overy where. A boy, aged 10, was sentonced to a long imprisonmont tor concoaling arms while a boy 15 yoars old waa sentenc-nd to death tor picking up a manifesto. For a similar offense a woman named Julia Datt waa executed." Deputy then read a letter from a Bolahevlki, now under arrest, which said: "Julia Datt is dead but hor last words will live forever us will the Inst, maledictions which sffo flung nt tho Gorman hangman ond oppressors." Toronto, July 11.-The gCToral labor sitiiallon In Toronto Is stiU very unsettled and full of the most serious possibilities. ' . The machinists at ,t^le Russell Motor Company refuse to return to work until thp company reinstate to their former positions seven women who recently were dismissed. The employes ot the G.N.W. Telegraph Company averted a strike this morning only through the receipt ot a telegram from S. J. Konenkamp, the president ol the Commercial Telegraphers' Union, asking them to deter action until hia arrival In Toronto. The civic strikers are still waiting upon tha. action ot the city council relative to their grievances. The machinists are to hold a general mass meeting for general discussion and action on a long-^alked of strike for higher wages, the meeting to be held on Sunday. The strike ot the employes at the various knitting mills reftnains unchanged, The prospects ot a general strike ot railway sholnnen and other railway men is also causing great concern here. esHemIn Subs London, July 11.-Spegklng in London today. Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the Britlih admiralty, says that mines already were hemming In the submarines which now had less freedom and he was-glad to say there were fewer of them, BRITISH LIBERALS EORM POLICY London, July 11.-.(Special to the Toronto Mull nnd Empire)--At an important meeting ot Liberals from all parts of the country held yesterday In tho house of commons, a platform to (It the present national situation was adopted, It has these planks: First, a league ot nations. Second, control by parliament ot the toroign policy and the ratification ot treaties. Third, full restoration ot free speech, free preaa and rights ot civil trial. Those matters are not affirmed, but will be pressed InsUlo parliament. The league bt nations question promises to bo tho groat dividing lino between tho progressive and reactionary parties at the next election. ENLIST NEGROES New York, July 11.-Authority to enlist colored soldiers In the British army has been received by the British nnd Canadian recruiting mission In the United States, It was announced here today. Heretofore this has been restricted owing to the limited nunr.-ber of colored battalions in 'the ' British army and to the fact that a great number of colored men have been enlisted In England. The applicants must be British subjects. AFTER-WAR WORK Sibevians Want Independenl, Russia With Autonomous Si-* berla-Fight to the FinisK JAPAN STATESMAN ' SAYS JAPAN SHOULD HELP THE RUSSIANS London, July 11.-The objects of the new Siberian government Include repudiation of the Brest-Lltovsk treaty and the establishment of a Russian republic with an automonous Siberia, according to a declaration made by a member of the new government made to the Vladivostok correspondent of the NIchI NichI Shimbun, says a Toklo dispatch to the Dally Express. It Is also. proposed to rehabilitate the army and send troops against Germany. Russia's national debt would be acknowledged, Siberia assuming responsibility for her share. Are Waiting. New York, July I!.-Leaderp ot the Czocho-Slovak niovonient to establish an Independent state whose troops are now fighting against armed Gerrattn and Auatro-Hungarian former prlsoa-ers ot war and the BolshevlKl in Siberia, are waiting to stSe what action the allies will take re;g;ardlng Intervention In Russia before dotar-mining tholr own policy there. They believe, however, their place if,In the. bftttle, line on the western.trofil...... Says' Japsn Should I'ritervens. London, July 11.-Dr. Sakui- Taka-haahl, professor of international Ixw at the Toklo University, arguias in ex-Premier Okuma's new magazine "Talkwan" for Japanese Intervention in Siberia, is quoted by the Times as saying: "Japan's defeat of Ruasia exposed Russia's weakness to the kaiser; hence Japan probably is responsible for Russia's collapse and It Is Japan's duty to save her. 1 think President WUspn errs In placing Bolshevlkl proteasioaa on a plane comparable to the democracy ot tho United States. 'When we think ot tho danger to Siberia which threatens the future of Japan, a danger from a nation far more efficient nnd more to be dreaded than ever was Russia In the old ra-gime. It becomes our duty to Inter* vene In Siberia." "The writer eays the salvation of Siberia should be carried out by supplying the people with necassarlea and by conserving the means of transportation for' men and material. To put these measures Into effect, Japan must send an nrniy strong enough to gain the confidence ot the antl-Bol-shevlkl and to protect the men, n\a-terlal and railways. SUCCESS ON P victoria, B. C, July 11.-The Union of Canadian Municipalities passed a resolution today calling on the Dominion and Provincial Bovernmenta to make preparation now for the proseautlon ^ of ex-|tensive public works after, the war. London, July 11.-In a local operation carried out lait night south of the Somme, east of Vil-lers-Bretonneux, the British' 'pasl^ , : Washington, July 11,-Tremendou ^ damage from troat in'Braill waa rs� .ported today in otdolal dtspltohil^ mm i 078?0288 ;