Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Timfay, My 10, IfW 1W UTHMIDOI HMAIA Eva Bretvster A new, dark-skinned Israeli generation SARTO, Israel Israel's 25th anniversary as an inde- pendent state is as good an ex- cuse as any for journalists of all nations to fill their boots writing about "Israelis struggle for lost ideals." White most ad- mit that Israel, hi spite of a di- versity in its society compar- able to the United Nations General Assembly, has over- come tensions and avoided communal strife, few writers can resist the temptation to wallow in intermittent gloom. One of the most commonly heard opinions is that Western Jews look down on and are bent for a collision course with Jews Of African or Asian ori- gins and orthodox religious groups. Commentators bewail "limited educational opportuni- ties" for Orientals and claim that the "egalitarian Jewish society has acquired an invol- untary proletariat." One can't help wondering if these reporters have ever look- ed closely at the third genera- tion of young Israelis now oc- cupying the nurseries and kin- dergartens of co-operative vil- lages and kibbutz. I suspect that journalists, not unlike a great number of immigrants in Israel as elsewhere in the world, are drawn to large cities. There, life may be more profit- able and grievances real or imagined are much easier to ferret out under conditions of overcrowding. May I introduce two young couples and their children who are typical and more represen- tative of Israeli life than city dwellers and who will give a glimpse into the future? Why more representative? Because in Israel, contrary to other countries, the land (villages and small towns) is where the action is. The economy is still growing at an average annual rate of nine per cent and that is largely due to Israel's agri- culture and rural industries and to its young people. Noga and Awi are the chit dren of European intellectuals. This, however, is an accident of birth. More'important in their relationship is their identical upbringing in a Kibbutz. Like most Sabras, they have little time and inclination for deep problems and introspection and generally accept in a positive way any situation facing them at any given time. They reject their pioneering parents' probing political con- science and dialectics in favor of a much simpler, easier and unquestioning fife style. Noga, educated on Kibbutz principles one of which is the equality of women met and married Sasson in the army. While both grew up in Israel and had a socialist up- bringing in the youth move- ment, there are fundamental differences not to be underes- timated. Sasson, for example, harbors the idea, deeply rooted in his Jewish-Arabic origin, that man is far superior to woman. He, his parents, brothers and sisters arrived in Israel from Iraq shortly after the War of Independence. His family spent the fust winter in the country under deplorable conditions in a tent in Pardess-Chanah, the largest immigrants' camp of that time. Sasson's father, Moshe Mosbe (people from Iraq often have identical first and surnames) soon IcJTt his family in the camp and went to a new place to look for work and housing. Subsequently, the family, too, moved to Beth-Chan. Sasson was eight years old then. The first years he spent, like many Arab urchins, "in the picking and selling sweet, prickly cactus fruit. Sometimes he "found" a few fish in the ponds of neighboring settle- ments and sold them too. His father, with a talent for finan- cial transactions, lent money to workers in Beth-Chan. On pay day little Sasson had to pres- ent the borrowers with their lOWs and collect the money with interest. A few years later bis life style changed. Students from a high school of a neighboring Kibbutz founded a- local group cf then' youth movement in Beth-Chan and took many chil- dren, including Sasson, off the streets. The leader of this group persuaded Sasson's fa- ther to send the boy to high school and, after graduation, Sasson spent his military train- ing with a unit called "NacfaaT which is very much in demand as an "export article" in under- developed countries because it combines training of parachut- ists with practical farming in new agricultural settlements. In such a settlement Sasson met Noga when she too got her military training. He tried to dissuade her from marrying him. In his opinion, a whole world separated them but Noga was and is not only a very lovely but also a very deter- mined young lady. They have been married some years now and have twins, a boy and a girl. Sasson unashamedly, pre- fers bis son in the Arabs' tradi- tion and Noga makes up for it by favoring her daughter. Noga manages, nevertheless, clever- ly and with a sense of humor, to influence her husband with- out him noticing it. For exam- ple: When Sasson successfully persuaded his father to give up money lending and train as a medical aide, he thought it was his own idea and forgot that Noga had mentioned casu- ally, whenever the twins had one of their childish ailments, how nice it would be to have "a medical genius" in the fam- ily in a place where there was no doctor. ernes July is cherry month... and to help you enjoy the fresh sunshine flavour of B.C. Cherries to the full, here is a delicious recipe your whole family will love. CHERRY CHEESECAKE CRUST 1 package (4 oz.) Holland rusk, lemon cookies, or graham wafers. 2 tablespoons sugar teaspoon cinnamon 6 tablespoons melted butler 9 -inch springtom pan or 11-inch French quiche pan with removable bottom, buttered Ron rusks, cookies, or graham wafers into crumbs: mix with sugar and cinnamon Add me! ted butter and mm Press into buttered pan. covering bottom the sides. Have cream cheese and eggs at room temperature. Beat cheese. Add sugar gradually, beating in well Add flour and salt mix. Add egg yolks, one at a time, beating thoroughly after each addition. Beat in vanilla, lemon nnd, and dany sour cream. FILLING 1 package (8 oz.) plain cream cheese cup sugar 1 tablespoon Hour teaspoon saff 2 eggs, separated teaspoon vanilla 1 tablespoon grated lemon rind 1f2 cup dairy sour cream GLAZE 2 pounds fresh B.C. Cherries cup granulated sugar tablespoons coriKtarch Dash o1 salt cup coU water 1 teaspoon butter Red food colouring FoW m stiffly beaten egg whites. Pour into crust Bsfce at 275 degrees F. for 1 hours, or until fining mixture is firm and SghtJy browned. Cod pan on rack away from drafts. Meanwhile, make glaze by pfttmg cherries and reserving owl 2 cups sugar, comstarcfi and salt m a saucepan. Add eraser, bung to boil and cook unffl dear. Add the 2 cups reserved chemes and cook a further 5 minutes or until there no taste, of raw starch Add butter and red food colouring, if desired. Cool Spoon over cooled cake. Arrange remaining rhemes on top. Chin. Serves 8-10. And rwnvmbw, Juty it 9w DIM te buy tats of otonp, Juicy 8.C. Chwtfos tor an fear tmiii piexwina and trmtngnmai, too. For your copy of our "Sunshine Meate" booklet on how to preserve and freeze B C tree fruits, send your name, address and 25C in coin to: 8 C Tree Fruits Ud- Depl Tbe European bom intellectu- al, who claims to take equality between tbe sexes for granted, has turned to Oriental customs in some things. Noga just laughed when questioned and pointed at her dark-skinned twins: "There you have Is- rael's she said. "With all their father's romantic fea- tures, they will grow up as equals. They are not only tbe bond between East and West now, they are the bond for equality between the sexes. I don't mind taking a few small steps back in order to take a much larger step forward into the future." Awi met With in the com- munal dining room of his Kib- butz. She was then a new immigrant from Argentina, learning Hebrew and working part time serving meals. Her mother was bom in the ancient Jewish orthodox quarters of Jerusalem but her family had emigrated to Argentina when the mother was a small child. Thus, In the marriage of Awi and Idith, two worlds met. Re- ligious involvement of tbe Kib- butz child ended at a point when, as a 10-year-old he had asked his father: "Dad, I know there is no God, but should there be a God, what would He do to people who don't believe in Idith comes from, the ultra- religious faction. Israel to them is a secular state and therefore life there implies "Galuth" exQe as it does in all other counties where there are Jews. 3fcey are too pious to accept Israel as a solution to their problems. Instead, they are waiting for the Messiah to ap- pear and lead them back to the Promised Land himself. Whether Jews now live in Is- rael or Argentina is from the orthodox view point only a qualitative difference depend- ing purely on economic consid- erations and the extent of anti- semitism prevalent elsewhere. While Idith had rejected this point of view -as a young girl, certain prejudices do, of course, remain from her upbringing as they do in Awi. Still, when Awi first met his in-laws, he re- ceived them as members of bis family instead of ideological opponents. He respected their traditions and made sure they received food and everything else biblical religious laws de- manded. Yet Idith is a person of in- dividuality and intellect who be- lieves in her right to form her own opinions and insists that her husband takes an interest in her philosophy, ideas, and ac- tivities. Awi's parents thought origin- ally a Sabra girl would have been better for Awi's uncompli- cated simplicity and that Idith should have married a man with a horizon who could do justice to Jier "citizen of the world" character. In spite of such parental misgivings, Awi and Idith formed a solid and lasting family unit which grew and was strengthened by their three daughters. Degam't, (he oldest of this third genera- tion is clever, pretty, knows no problems, integrates well, and easily maintains a leading posi- tion in the children's bouse where strong, aggressive boys often set tbe pace. She is 12 years old now and very much like Awi, her father. Hie second daughter is eight Tears old, sensitive, intelligent and self-reliant. Jael. tbe third. is only a baby, a dofl to her asters, adored by her European Argentine relatives alike. She, like her twin cousins, is tbe bond btjlwKeo two worlds and her bright eyes predict a prom- ising future. Both marriages are more typ- ical for Israel a melting pot Ot varying backgrounds and cul- tures than are journalists' depressing observations. No doubt prejudices and differences still exist in tbe older genera- tion but it is a hopeful sign that in tbe second generation opposed backgrounds and ori- gins bare meted in strong, last- ing marriages to bring forth a third generation with, perhaps, the darker skins of desert tribes to fit the climate and tbe in- teueci and sease of soda', jus- tice inherited from their Euro- pen and religions fotttoeais. FIVI The ethic of Watergate and Vietnam From The ChrMfta Ceatary. an ecumenical weekly magazine published la Chicago What we are wttneasing in the Senate's Watergate bearings is the infolding of a new kind of situation ethics: corporate misconduct in the name of a higher cause. This ethic has been produced in part by piedstic conditioning, and for this we can thank those among us who have found it easy to celebrate personal piety while ig- noring systemic cviL Pietism has an honorable history. Li its purer form it is concerned with personal behavior, stressing discipline and empha- sizing the pursuit or avoidance of certain activities as a spiritual exercise. But in its distorted form, pietism cele- brates disciplined personal behavior as an ultimate. By focusing on specific personal one greatly simplifies ethical de- cision making. If the Watergate hearings can be discerned as a landmark in Amer- ican history, we must record that what they reveal is the result of pietisUc coif ditioning. Those American religious leaders who have preferred to focus on private sin to the exclusion of systemic sin have helped create a climate in which corporate mis- behavior could flourish in the name of a higher purpose. Much of the religious rhetoric that has surrounded the Nixon administration has been pietisticaHy conditioned. The law- and-order issue has been used in relation to personal mugger snatching a purse, a merchant selling obscene books, a youth smoking a joint of mari- juana. The contrast between the rhetoric of the past few years and the illegality described in the Senate hearings is incredible to be- hold; but there it is-a neat separation of private religious behavior from corporate acts. Some have sought to the sig- nificance of Watergate by voicing ques- tions which must now be described as the basis of a new situation ethics: Was any- one kiQed? Was anyone robbed? Was any. one hurt? On the private level, the answer is no. But on the systemic level, the answer to aft three questions is yes, for the destruc- tion of a system designed to protect the righto of all is a destructive act that kills, robs and hurts. Only men conditioned by a distorted pietism could have tolerated such a mis- conduct. The Watergate participants have not been accused of acting for personal gain; they acted for what they thought was a higher good. They reasoned that any misconduct is permitted if the stakes are high enough. Former attorney-general John AQtcneQ put it succinctly: "I've never stolen any money. The only tiling I did was to try to get the president re-elected. I never did anything mentally or morally wrong." And where have we heard that kind of rationale before? Remember the village that American troops destroyed in order to save it? Remember the domino theory, the preservation of a democracy, and the defence against invaders? Vietnam is both a result of and a fur- ther contributor to pietistic conditioning. It should be obvious in retrospect that the American role in the ground fighting in Vietnam had to end because the answer to the question "Is anyone of ours getting was yes. Once the answer became no, pjatistic conditioning permitted the public to believe that the war had ended. Watergate as a national sin is part of the same syndrome that permitted and sustained Vietnam. So long as people are willing to focus on private sin to the ex- clusion of corporate and systemic sin, the result is inevitably the disintegration of tbe corporate mafcenip of the people them- selves. The individual is such a part of the system that the sin of the system is his sin also. Our corporate sins, then, in Vietnam and elsewhere, are bringing us corporate punishment in the form of the disinte- gration of the political system we cherish. The senators seeking the truth have in their hands the opportunity to bring about national, corporate repentence. -K will not be easy, because, pietistic conditioning has created a dangerous barrier between pri- vate and corporate responsibility in this country. Report to readers Doug Walker Bias in the news media U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew, late in I960, accused the news media of a lib- eral-leftist bias and thereby stirred up a spirited debate. One of those entering the debate was Robert Cirino. He made his contribution in a book, published in 1971, titled, Don't Blame the People (Random House, paperback, 339 His contention is that there is definitely bias in the news media but the bias is decidedly vative and establishment oriented, not liberal-leftist. While considerable attention is given ra- dio, television, and (The Read- er's Digest gets a special lambasting) Cir- ino concentrated on a study of The New York Tunes, The Los Angeles Times, and The Honolulu Star-Bulletin, ft is noteworthy that The New York Tunes should emerge from the study classed as conservative when tt is anamema to so many who daun __________ J GPOCMBtUUB Mr. Cirino contends met the news media only begin reporting tbe tram when tbe tide has tamed and it is no longer passible to the issues. Among tbe things ig- nored until very late have been: pollution, ore-population, smoking as a health haz- ard, auto safety, poverty, and white collar crime. Until very late in the game tbe news media supported nearly 100 per cent, the American intervention in Vietnam and ignored dissent Criticism of the govern- ment and of national leaden has generally been avoided. The Watergate scandal, winch has been convulsing tbe U.S. for months, might seem at first glance to refute Mr. Cirino's con- tention. It was the news media, after aH, mat brought to light a widespread subver- sion of the law by tbe Nixon administra- tion. Bat the f-ct is that only two reporters on a single newspaper had enough cmiotity or courage to go after the real story AD tbe rest of toe vast news gathering appar- atus was content to take White House de- nial of complicity at face vatae. There is considerable substance to tbe charge of cutaanUue bias in the news media much more than most of us to- wived in Sbe business of gathering and commenting on the news like to admit. Much goes on m tbe power centres of soci- ety that doesn't get reported for one rea- son or another. Author Cirino thinks there is just one explanation for tbe blackout of news that would distort) tbe status quo: the owners, who are part of tbe establish- ment and therefore partial to it, deter- mine what gets published and what does not Ibey are responsible, be says, for poBcies which lead editors to suppress and distort the news. Tbe pressures to doctor the news in a way that UK owners and shareholders of tbe news media woold Ske ft probably ex- ist But they ere generally not in the form of directives; they issue from the natural conservative tendency that develops in most people. Thus, whatever bias there is in the news is likely to be unconsciously inserted. Many of the instances where Cirino Hunks there was deliberate intention to sup- press or distort might have other explana- tions. Often the "burying" of news items is nothing more than inserting them where the space is available. Sometimes the "kill- ing" of a story is the result of something else seeming in the judgment of an editor to be more important The spe- cffic charges made by Mr. Cirino cannot be accepted without first bearing from the the editors who made the decisions. One of the minor pieces of evidence of bias that made me suspicious of the net was an accusation against the New York Times for deliberate neglect in not re- viewing two important books. My own ex- perience as a book review editor suggests there may have been other reasons for the absence of the reviews. I give oat ens of books which never get reviewed be- cause the prospective reviewers don't get around to it The Herald didn't even re- ceive a revisw copy of Mr. Cirino's book (we had marked the title as one we would be interested in reviewing) and I finally bought a copy at the local bookstore. K would be interesting to know if The Times Book review editor had these sort of things happen with the books in question. Bias is a troublesome thing. It plagues an of us even Robert Cirino, and other critics of the news media. Last year I re- viewed a book titled The News Twisters by Edith Elfron. Her analysis of television news revealed (to her) a bias in the oppo- site direction to that discovered by Robert Cirino. Could tins situation of contradiction be ttie result of bias oa the part of the crit- ics? It could. This does not mean that people in the business of disseminating tbe nrws can be complacent as critics cancel each other out ft doesn't even mean that one is free to choose which bias be thinks predomin- ates. Despite Ms almost paranoic pcrcept- taon of distortion in tbe news media, Mr. Cirino is doubtless much closer to the truth than was Mr. Agnew. Toe drag of in- ertia, tbe conservative tendency in most people, toe difficulty of digging out tbe facts, the fear of reprisal in tbe form of law suits, the pressures, of the daily dead- line an these things conspire to weaken tbe watcbdoggmg function which Mr. Cir- ino rightfully expects tbe news media to perform in society. His book is tbe sort of thing that is petiodicalljr seeded is force a new diligence.