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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IITHMIDOI HI0AID Twwfcy, July 10, 1973 EDITOR! From the bullet to the ballot-box Liquor policy Steadily mounting consumption of alcoholic beverages with resulting in- crease in social problems demands the attention of governments these days. The Alberta government took a step towards dealing with the situa- tion when it set up a committee on .beverage alcohol legislation; the next step will follow when it decides to act on the specific recommendations of that committee recently made public. At first glance it might seem as though the committee's recommenda- tions would intensify the problem by such measures as permitting the es- tablishment of neighborhood pubs and allowing opened liquor bottles to be carried in cars. More drinking outlets and fewer restrictions seem to sug- gest greater consumption of alcohol. The committee, thinks otherwise. Its reasoning is that a re- striction such as the one on open bottles in cars simply encourages the finishing of a bottle rather than risk getting caught taking it home for later consumption. And the hope be- hind encouraging small neighborhood pubs is that they would be places for doing something in addition to simply drinking. The committee wants to turn away from the emphasis on the act of drinking itself ia the hope that saner use of alcohol will result. This hope may be vain but it's worth a try. Almost anything is worth trying in order to get society off its collective binge. But pubs are pri- marily drinking places and whether games will reduce the amount of drinking remains to be seen. If they achieve that result in Europe it may be due to a prior attitude on the part of the users rather than the reverse- Anyway, despite the lauding of Eur- opean liquor laws and practices the incidence of alcoholism is greater in some countries there than it is in Canada. Giving minors the right to drink when accompanied by their parents is one of the more controversial rec- ommendations of the committee. It may be true that parents have the ultimate responsibility for ineulca- lating reasonable drinking habits, and should be allowed to make moder- ate drinking a part of their child's upbringing inside and outside the home. Yet it is the wider society that has to bear the burden of whatever consequences result from individual parental mistakes and it could be a mistake to train children to drink. The research of Dr. Jorge Valles, director of the Alcoholism Treatment and Research Unit of the Veterans Administration Hospital in Houston, Texas, indicates that the earlier the age at which an individual begins to drink the greater the possibility that he will become an alcoholic. This is so despite the emotional balance that might prevail in the person's en- vironment because alcoholism is a physical disabiltiy, a damaging of the hypothalamus, for which there is no cure. In spite of reservations about the efficacy of a non-restrictive philoso- phy, the government committee's re- port is welcome. It makes some rec- ommendations that could very well help appreciably in cutting down on excessive drinking. Above all, it seems to pin a good deal of confid- ence in the value of trying to chance attitudes toward drinking which is probably the ultimate answer to the problem. New signs welcome Defaced signs have long baffled motorists and pedestrians searching for a certain address or wrestling the choice of coming to a full stop or merely yielding to oncoming traffic This problem is about to be corrected, thanks to the far-sighted- ness of city council and members of the various planning committees. Welcome news is that thousands of street and directional signs within the city are to be replaced in the over-all sign spruce-up campaign slated for the next five years. Some 450 signs are to be replaced this year in the first phase of the program.' Ken Christensen, in charge of the fabrication and installation of signs, reports new signs are to be installed shortly in the downtown section and will then continue south until all street and avenue signs are replaced with the new blade-type Scotchlite signs, which can be readily seen in the dark. They will be white with black letters, (no projected letters as used on the present signs) will be seven feet from the ground and in- stalled on all corners. An over-all sign survey currently underway will supply information on every sign in the city, including its condition, location and height. From this survey officials will readily know which stop and directional signs re- quire replacing, which are obsolete and which areas require additional signs- A city with uniform, attractive, signs, is a city well-groomed, where civic pride is paramount and where visitors and local residents appreci- ate the similarity associated with good sign planning. Common sense needed At parade time, more than any other, the streets of a city come into focus. If they are drab, it is dis- appointing, but if attractive they can add to the colorful, annual exhibition as the parade snakes its way down city streets. In Lethbridge the streets have been readied for Whoop Up Days and the thousands of visitors who will con- verge on the city. Centre lines have been painted an attractive, fresh yel- low and cross-walks a spanking white, with finishing touches to be com- pleted this week in readiness for Monday's kick-off. But with all this street painting going on some motorists are acting stupidly, driving right through fresh- ly painted lines with a laugh or a grin sure to provoke the mildest- mannered painter. they ask, "can't a motorist use his Tire tracks through a freshly-paint- ed centre lone or crosswalk are irre- movable. Once they have made a break in a line it is there to stay. It is far too costly to bring back ex- pensive painting equipment just to touch up a tire mark. How much better if motorists would obey the directional signs and avoid the fresh, yellow and white oil paint applied by careful paint crews. Motorists should co-operate and avoid driving over the line while it is wet. It's simple, really, and would result in one continuous centre line rather than a pock-marked one that the rest of Lethbridge residents will have to put up with until centre-line painting time next summer. The casserole The London Daily Mail says "It would be crazy if more passengers were to aban- don trams for the already congested streets of oar cities. Railways use up less land, make less- noise and less smell, and tell and maim fewer people than a stretch of motorway. So the public ought to be pre- pared to contribute more to keeping the railways gomg." That applies to Britain, of course. To make it applicable to North America, ft needs some pretty firm words about pol- lution and rapidly depleting stocks of fuel, too. tion basis. By designing criminally un- safe automobiles that kill or maim nearly a million people around the world each year, by creating whole new species of permament garbage to clutter up the land- scape, and by choosing materials and pro- cesses that pollute the ah- we breathe, de- Signers have become a dangerous breed." Take that, Mr. Detroit! In addition to making memorable mu- sic. Duke Ellington knew bow to make eenss as well. To wit "people who make a living doing what they don't enjoy wouldn't be happy with even a one-day week." In his book Design for a Real World, author Victor Papanek has some harsh words for the industrial designers, es- pecially who iiioduce automobiles. To wit: "Before, in the 'good old days', if a person liked kffling people be had to be- come a ganeral. purchase a coal mine or study nuclear physics. Today, industrial design has pot murder on a mass produc- By Nora Belott, London Observer commentator British gov- ernment has chalked up two pluses and one minus in the latest phase of its struggle to restore peace in Northern Ire- land or in secretary of state William Whitelaw's phrase, to shift the never-ending dispute "from the bullet to the ballot- box." The first, and all-important, plus is the close agreement be- tween London and Dublin. This has been developing slowly but came to its head this week when prime minister Edward Heath received the prime min- ister of the Irish republic, Mr. Liam Cosgrave, at No. 10 Downing Street and the two leaders agreed to work hand in hand to end the terror and to pressure their respective Protestant and Catholic sup- porters hi Northern Ireland to patch up their quarrels. After the talks Mr. Cosgrave made a highly important speech which until recently would have been unthinkable from any Dublin politician. He urged the Catholics hi North- ern Ireland to stop trying to impose their ideas of a united Ireland, which at the present time, he said, would "danger- ously exacerbate the tensions and the fears." The Irish lead- er recognized that the Protes- tant and Catholic communities share the fears and irrational behavior common to minori- ties: the Catholics from their experiences of being a minor- ity in the North and the Prot- estants hi their fears of being out-numbered and oppressed hi a united Ireland. Mr. Cosgrave urged both sides to give up "rigid con- ceptions" about whether, Ul- ster belonged hi Britain or Ireland. Instead, he put all his behind Britain's pro- posals for a of Ire- land" in which matters of common interest could be dis- cussed. Further, in words which must have made some of the old Irish patriots turn in their graves, be approved the presence of British troops in Northern Ireland. Their de- parture before peace is re- stored, he said, "would be a prescription for civil For the British government there could have been no better re- buttal of critics like Senator Edward Kennedy, who go on comparing Britain's presence in Ulster with the U.S. involve- ment in South Vietnam. Mr. Cosgrave also reassured Mr. Heath on sterner efforts to suppress terrorist activity south of the border. London now feels that Dub- lin is belatedly initiating the necessary action, although the A 37-year-oW Englishman who has jost won over in a soccer pool is look- ing for a girl friend, claiming 'Tve never been able to afford one before." Once the word gets around that he has that much money, bis problem may be somewhat different As an indication of how far the world has fallen from its once proud peak of clas- sical erudition, even Eton College has had to change the name of one of its oldest clubs from the ToxopMly Sociely to plain old Archery Society. It isn't exactly new, but H is still a good line Commenting on his organiza- tion's attitude Uwards the Common Mar- a Jugnly placed British union official said "So here we are again, with both feet firmly planted in the air." "Well, sure we've progressed hove you any idea how many phones we 4- Common Market must make up its mind UtA is still armed and direct- ed by well-known leaders op- erating in Dublin and its new East European arms, thought to be financed by Colonel Qadhafi of Libya, are smug- gled through ports in the Irish Republic. The second plus for the Brit- ish government is that it has succeeded in holding fair elec- tions throughout Ulster in which as much as 72.5 per cent of the electorate voted. With a system of proportional repre- sentation, this means that there is now an Assembly ac- curately reflecting Northern Irish opinion. Mr. Whitelaw can take further encourage- ment from the fact that, at the polls, Catholics overwhelming- ly rallied to the Social-Demo- cratic and Labor Party (SDLP) which opposes vio- lence. They turned their backs on both wings of the IRA: the Official wing, which fielded candidates, all of them unsuc- cessful, under the title of "Re- publican and the Pro- visionals, who urged people to spoil their ballot papers and got a very poor response, ex- cept in West Belfast. On the Protestant side, too, there was no endorsement of the candi- dates known to be closest to the para-military groups. Further, taken as a whole, and including the representa- tives of both the Protestant and Catholic communities, there is a majority in favor of William Whitelaw's idea that they should share out power between them; The minus in the equation, however, which makes it very doubtful whether the Whitelaw constitution can ever get off the ground, is that most of the Protestant community opposes it. Though former prime min- ister Brian Faulkner, with 23 followers, leads the biggest single party, many of his Unionist colleagues campaign- ed against sharing any power at all with the Catholics, and he himself has always remain- ed ambiguous about his own attitude. The biggest success went to the Reverend Ian Paisley and Mr. William Craig, with their named 'loyalist co- alition" which affirms loyal- Britain but bitterly op- .decisions at West- By David Haworth, Lonfea Observer commentator BRUSSELS The European Community can look back on just over six months of living together as a family of nine. European Commission officials are naturally the first to say it is too early to assess the achievements or otherwise of the Common Market dur- ing that period. However, one EEC foreign minister has had no hesitation in speaking his own mind on the subject. Mr. Gaston Thorn, who represents Luxembourg, the smallest of the Community countries, and therefore has less to lose by being candid, has just made some surprising- ly bitter comments about the Community's development. In remarks quoted by Agence Europe, the EEC news agency, he says that "never has Europe made so little progress as at and adds that ft is high time the EEC made up its mind about the sort of society ft wants to form. At a time when the European Community is uppermost in people's minds, Air. Thorn says, the Nine are playing a waiting game. The supposedly inspirational man- date given by the European summit meeting last autumn which set down a program for progress in every area of EEC activity has completely lost its force. In his view the reason for this is not as many suspect- ed would be the case before Britain, Ireland and Denmark entered the EEC because of the logistical and administra- tive difficulties involved in ex- panding the Community from six to nine counUies. The ex- planation is that Europe lacks a common plan. Still more im- portantly, it lacks a political win to put any such plan into action. In many countries an over the world the EEC is regarded as a political and economic en- tity in a way which is not justi- fied by its achievements so far. For example, the United States constantly laments the fact that Europe seems incap- able of speaking with a single voice. It took no fewer than six EEC ministerial sessions two of them all-night marathons to agree on a compromise doc- ument which EET's attitude towards the forthcom- ing multilateral trade talks with the U.S. and Japan which take place tins autumn. Even at the cod of this tedious.process there were many different interpretations of what-the document actually means as there were ministers in the final meeting. Whether it constitutes a mandate the French insist or whether, as the British it is merely a framework in which a mandate can later be worked Letter to the editor Ian Smith talks lit-- conversation with Prime: "In addition to these develop- Minister Ian Smith of ments a multi-million dollar in late "April 1973, I enquhW Tribal Trust Land Corporation about many issues including has been set up, known 'as the sanctions, terrorism, (he threat of Communism, and made spe- cial mention of the noticeable spirit of the Rhodesian people. "It is a spirit that refuses to bow down to the dictates of politicians thousands of mites away from our said Mr. Smith, "Today we are united in mutual trust and amity in a land of fast grpwmg prosperity. Indeed our economic expansion has shocked our enemies and astonished the entire world. In spite of sanctions there are more jobs, more schools and more money. The process lias never stopped. All kinds of new industries and factories have come into being. Agricultural diversion has developed as a result of Harold Wilson's crush- ing blow when he banned our tobacco from Britain. Cotton, once thought impossible in Rho- desia, has created thousands of jobs on farms and in indus- try. Mining is booming and vast new irrigation schemes have tamed arid areas into trea- sure chests. 'African Magna Carta.' AH in all, there's a spirit of unity and 'let's get on with it a spirit that has dona much to Win the 'sanctions battle' "Rhodesia has never had a penny in aid from overseas countries, unlike the countries to the north of her. No British, American or Canadian taxpay- er has had to pay a cent to- ward our survival and yet hi spite of Mr. Wilson's wicked 'sanctions we can pro- duce figures proving an eco- nomic rate of expansion three times as fast as Britain's." Terrorism, which was the rea- son for the dosing of the Rho- desian border against Zambia for two weeks in early 1973, is a deadly threat, as it is all over the world, but when it comes to Rhodesia, outsiders call terrorists "Freedom Fight- ers" But fortunately Rhodesia and South Africa recognize ter- rorism on their borders as a planned Communist threat. MARIAN VIRTUE Waterton Lakes oat is entirely a matter of per- sonal opinion and political in- clination. A senior in the Nixon administration caustically re- marked recently that the trouble the U.S. had in talking with America's European part- ners is that there is not nine voices but only three and a half that is, Britain's, Germany's and the French and the half Italy, because it has such an unstable political situation it is less able than the others'to say authoritatively what govern- ment's views are.- Belgfttm and the Netherlands both have deep political prob- lems which keep their govern- ments' conceuU'aiiiig on domes- tie issues. Ireland, of course, is. harassed by the problem in the North and Denmark's adminis- tration is anything but stable. On economic and monetary matters though Mr. Thorn was speaking before the Ger- man mark revaluation be criticized the lack of progress by the Common Market, saying that each government was try- ing to solve its own economic problems on a national basis with little or no reference to the proposed EEC strategy for the economic and monetary union which the Community is sup- posed to achieve by I960. Mr. Thorn is a young man by most standards, being only in bis early forties. He is a European idealist and, for a crucial part of the pre- enlargement discussions be- tween the applicant countries and the original six member- countries, was chairman of the Council of EEC foreign minis- ters. No one could be more cheer- fully understanding of the Common Market's difficulties, yet he finds progress has never been slower. His is a warning be clearly hopes win be taken to heart by the EEC before the position deteriorates further. 1 The government hopes that Mr. Faulkner will agree to lead a coalition and that when he politicians will more amen- able. But Mr. Fattttner is not the land of man nrtry to lead a non-sectarian coalition if it means turning his back-on his own Protestant comiuurJty. When ihe negotiations reach the crunch laW-tttis yea-, it seems he will carry enough of his own side to risk making the substantial concessions which would be necftsary to satisfy the SDLP, wtach; feels it is now indispens- able'to any deal, and which wfll certainly demand radical changes in favor of the Catho- lic minority. Nonetheless, the long term prospects for Northern Ireland are far more encouraging. Gradually and painfully the army, with its increasingly ex- perienced Intelligence, is rounding up the gunmen. The IRA activists are "falling like according to one authority, and the thugs on the Protestant side are also being slowly rounded up. The influ- ence of London and Dublin on the Protestants and Catholics respectively is likely to be in- creasingly felt. After another election or under the threat of one the politicians may wen decide they had better come to terms. 'Crazy Capers' Is there a written guarantee? Morion Virtue with Rbodejian Minister Ian Smith. The Lethbrid0c Herald ______ 7tt St S., LeOfcrttge, Afinta I2THBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Piopiieuns and MUtated 1JK8-19W, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sccand cum mm itufaxmnan Me. wn the Canodlm DtffjrNMnpM AwocufJow fht Avoir fturfw cf OiMMDow CLEO W MOWERS, E0ftor and fHOOOm THOMAS H. ADAMS, OtncrM Hwwotr eon muuw WIU.IAV Editor Anoetota Editor HOT f. OOUOLAi K. WAlXIft rtlPHp SolfWttJ r9f9 JTHS HHAIO Wfm WE SOUTKV ;