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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, July 10, 1972 Shaun Ilerron Ta ta tan tan Bad headlines liavc been our daily fare for so mar.y years, tliat it comes as a stunning surprise lo read good ones really good ones, with accompanying photographs guaran- teeing autlienticUy. One of these pic- tures shows Norlh Korean Premier Kim II Sung smiling happily with Hu Hak Lee, director of Hie South Ko- rean CIA, during Lee's visit lo Pyongyang. The oilier shows Ihe president of South Korea Chung Hee Park shaking hands with North Ko- rean Vice-Premier Pak Sung Chul at a recent meeting in Seoul. 'Hie headlines and the pictures draw public attention to the an- nouncement that Soutli and North Korea have agreed to hold high level talks aimed at peaceful reunification of the divided peninsula, a most wel- come and significant development in the "age of negotiation." If U.S. President Richard Nixon could go to Peking and Moscow, there is no rea- son why others in opposite ideologi- cal camps should not follow the lead so they have done. Negotia- tion is not new to the Communists. One of Mao Tse-tung's quotations is "ta ta tan meaning "fight while fight, talk while talk." The say- ing applies to ideologies other than Marxism. The fact that UN Secretary Gen- eral Kurt Waldheim figured as go- between in the secret negotiations is also encouraging. It proves that the world body, so much maligned of late for what it has been unable to do, rather than upheld for what it does, is by no means useless in glo- bal affairs. There is a very long way to go before Korea is again umted, before "differences in ideas, ideologies and systems" arc overcome, but there is a strong possibility that the longing of a people long divided for a com- ing together, will'be founded in some kind of federation that could lead to true unity. The very fact that a beginning has been made in Korea arouses hopes that tensions will be lessened in oth- er parts of Ihe world whose peo- ples have been split apart through global political power plays rather than by the wishes of (lie people themselves. President Nixon's visits to coun- tries which used to be known as bitter enemies of the U.S. have open- ed doors which have been shut for years, and smaller nations are not slow to realize that they can no long- er capitalize on the hostilities of the big powers. Smaller nations, bent on settling their differences by making war on one another, cannot be as certain as they used to be, of the willingness of large nations to pro- tect by interference. This is an optimistic view, per- haps over optimistic. But from this vantage point, the clouds on the war horizon have lifted enough to let some sunshine through. Les scandales politiques Analysts of the French political scene are asking themselves whether the replacement of former Premier Chaban-Delmas by M. Pierre Mess- mer, an intimate of the late General Charles de Gaulle indicates a return to hard-line French nationalism. The answer seems to be a qualified "no." Although Premier Messmer has al- ways been a strong advocate of France's independent nuclear policy, he is not seen as advocating a whole- sale swing to the right, but rather as a rallying point for Gaullist forces in the parliamentary elections next year. M. Chaban-Delmas had to go. He was involved in income tax scandals, and although he has never been ac- cused of breaking the law, he has been shown to take advantage of ex- isting French income tax legislation in a way that leaves him open to criticism particularly from left wing politicians. And the left wing is al- ready beginning to show its teeth. French Communists and socialists have been acting in concert lately, an unusual political development guaranteed to set off alarm signals in the Elysee. One thing is sure. President Pom- pidou is firmly in the director's chair. He has as little use for the views of the French national assem- bly as his predecessor had. Only two weeks ago the assembly voted 368 to 96 to retain M. Chaban-Delmas in of- fice. 1 The convention scenario WASHINGTON Everyone has his own scenario for this week's Democratic National Convention. The way things have been going with the party, one scenario has as much validity as the next. This Is the one that I have written and if it cones true, remember, you read it here. It Is the fourth day of the convention and the Democrats have been unable to decide on H presidential candidate. The fight seat delegations has taken up three days and those people who were ruled ineligible have refused to give up their seats to thosa who were officially designated as delegates lo the convention. Almost every state delegation has two people sitting in every chair. No one dares leave the floor for fear Uiat someone will grab his seat. When someone tries to speak he is hooted down by the opposition faction. Larry O'Brien, Uie chairman of the party, has the podium ringed with the National Guard so no one can grab the microphone. The nomination speeches have not been heard, but the candidates have been nomin- ated McGovern, Humphrey, Wallace, Chisholm, Jackson and Muskie. There have been no demonstrations for the candidates in the hall because everyone Is afraid if he gets up and marches they won't let him back In his section again. On the first ballot McGovern picked up 1.234 votes, well shy of the he need- ed. The rest were split between the other candidates with the uncommitted refusing to vote for anyone. The second and third ballot found no one budging. By the tenth ballot of Wednesday's all-night session, the convention was hope- lessly deadlocked. The state delegation.' caucused right on the floor, trying to get people lo chango their minds. But it was Impossible. On NBC, John Chancellor and David Brinkley became short-tempered and re- fused to talk to each other. Howard K. Smith and Harry Reasoner on ABC were also not speaking lo each other, and on CBS, Walter CrorJdte wasn't talking lo himself. It was obvious to everyone in an out of the convention hall that a compromise can- didate had to be found one who had not already been nominated. But who? The Democratic Party leaders call a recess behind the podium. They ar- gue and thrash it out for several hours. The only man whose name is proposed as the compromise candidate is a very famous, but controversial, figure on the American scer.e. He has announced many times that he is not a candidate for the presidency or the vice presidency, and has said under no conditions would he accept a draft. Yet, the leaders argue he is the one per- son who can save the party. This young man, whose name had been associated with a very embarrassing inci- dent, is a household word now. Because of the deadlock at the convention, he is the only one who can possibly beat Nixon in November. The compromise candidate is not at the convention. He has purposely stayed away so people would believe he was not inter- ested in the nomination. O'Brien puts in a call lo him. Everyone, In turn, gels on the phone and tells him he has to be Ihe candidate. The compromise candidate speaks to George McGovem, Humphrey, Muskie and Wallace. They urge him to run. The candidate finally agrees lo a draft and says he will lake the next plane lo Miami. And that's how Bobby Fischer, Ihe U.S. chess champion, became the Democratic presidential nominee for 1972. (Toronto Sun News Service) Likes and dislikes By Dong Walker A VISIT with the Philips In Sardis, B.C. brought out Ihe fact that Elspcth and her slater Evelyn have produced kid.1 with highly discriminating food tnslcs. Thcso kith are not reticent about Idling Iheir mothers know their likes and moally dislikes, an II happens. After Wendy hnd gone through a lengthy recital of tho food preparations she dis- likes, a weariwl Aunt Evelyn turned to our hoping for a contrasting positive reply lo tier query, (lo you like rihout your mother's cooking'.1" was Keith's quick niwl t ,111- ilirt comment. Riddle of Ireland confuses strangers CATUBDAY our London cor- respondent had an article on this page about the discus- sions going on in Ireland in the Republic about the con- stitutional shape of a future united Ireland. This is rather like a confer- ence of Arabs discussing the future place of Israel in an Arab federation. Or theologians discussing how many angels ran .stand on the head of a pin. I have been listening to this discussion all my life. It is a theological discussion mistaken by foreign journalists for a political discussion. It Is very easy in Ireland also to make the mistake of assuming that what you hear is what is being said. All foreigners in Ireland, when Ireland is being discuss- ed, are like unilingual strang- ers in a strange land whose language is not their own. Only the natives know what is being said in spite of what they hear. If this sounds esoteric, so be it. It is nonetheless quite unthoo- loglcal: that is, it is factual. Tho Irish among themselves, as the song says, speak a lang- uage "the stranger does not know." Our correspondent did not say there would be a united Ireland. He discussed only the various forms o( the assumption, that there would be one. This public assumption is part ot "the language the stranger docs not know." There are certain emotional postures no Irish politician can ignore in public although he is free to dismiss them in private. One is the One Ireland emotion- al assumption. Ireland One Na- tion is the old Republican slo- gan. In private all realist poli- ticians smile at it. They had even stopped using it on plat- forms till emotions were aroused by the latest disputa- tion in the North. Even now, however, few of them the realists have reverted to it base their opportunities for political footwork on that other song that says something about "the impossible Another point made by our correspondent is that in the North there is widespread dis- content with the calibre of tho politicians. The implication was with Unionist politicians. But again, this is a reading of the situation based on short fore- knowledge ot the facts. There has never been anything but discontent with the Protestant leadership of the North. Even as far back as James Craig's day Lord Craigavon the lirst Ulster prime minister Ul- ster's Protestant politicians were a juke to Ulster's Protes- tants. Their slogans were re- peated mockingly by school- boys, their speeches were com- pared year by year to see whether n comma had been changed. And this was never the point. The point was that the al- ternative to them was worse. That was the only point. It Is still the only point. To draw conclusions from this, about a changing mind on a united Ire- land, is simply not to know enough ot the recent past to be able to read the present. I write this not to correct our correspondent's story, which re- ported what is going on in the South and reported It accurate- ly. My purpose Is simply to cor- rect the false conclusions that might and probably will be drawn from it; for example, that discussions going on in southern Ireland about a united Ireland are real, have meaning and will lead to a united Ire- land in some form. They will not. Not one of the ideas being discussed, and not one proposal MAYBE IT'LL MAKE THINK TWICE... JUST MAYBE that will come before Jack Lynch's committee on the question, will bring forward a thought that has not already beer, discussed to the point of exhaustion over the past 50 years, The simple facts are these, nnd they are the only facts that matter nnd the only facts that will in the end have any bear- ing on the future of Ireland: First, that a united Ireland was a growing possibility because the politicians in the Republic had given up the idea that It could be accomplished by force and had welcomed the Idea that to help bring it about they would have to legislate Into ex- istence in the South a moder- ate liberal state. The second is that the IRA launched a sav- age war and wiped out every generous thought and made the whole thing utterly impossible. The second fact is a quite in- surmountable obstacle. Beyond this point there is nothing. There may be changes in the government of Ulster. Stormont may never be back. It is here thai most Ulster Unionists would now grieve a lot less than once they would have done. But the only alternative to Stormont is government from Westminster on exactly the same basis that "Yorkshire is governed from Westminster. In other words: That the exact meaning of Northern Ire- land's form ot words to describe itself "an integral part of the United Kingdom" will mean "total integration into the Uni- ted Kingdom." That under this arrangement Ulster would get proportional represent a t i o n while the rest of the U.K. would have a one man ona vole system is simply not on the cards. Proportional repre- sentation in local government maybe, but not likely. The end of gerrymandering has already been brought about In local gov- ernment. Boundaries have been altered. All that was needed to put matters right has already been done. The IRA prevented by Its violence the complete and practical implementation of all reforms. Their implementation under Westminster is all anyone in his right mind can expect. A united Ireland is only a dream; talk about a united Ireland is a theo- logical discussion. But then, tha Irish are a dreaming and theo- logical nation and they have a language only they can hear and it is not Gaelic it is Eng- lish spoken out of Irish minds with Irish mouths. The stranger within the gates has always been fooled by this mystery. (Herald Special Service) Maurice Western Northwestern transportation systems unveiled OTTAWA It Is apparent from Don Jamieson's latest batch of press releases that we are on the threshold of an era of rail and road construction un- matched since the days of west- ern settlement. There has been much recent talk about this; not surprisingly in view of the Government's ex- pectation that pipelines will be built south through Ihe Macken- zie corridor. Mr Jamieson's an- nouncements, and the appear- ance in summary of The Cana- dian Northwest Transnortation Study, prepared by Hedlin Men- lies and Associates, indicate that planning is more advanced than had been generally real- ized. According to one statement, the federal government in con- sultation uith other govern- ments including the province of British Columbia and the trans- portation industries is "actively considering" ungrading and ex- panding the highway and rail- way transportation systems in British Columbia and the Yukon over the next 10 year period. Evidently, however, there is more to It than active consider- ation. For the same release ob- serves that, with tho increasing volumes of freight destined to move through West Coast ports and with major developments foreseen in the mineral and for- est sectors of B.C. and the Yukon, many elements of the existing transportation network arc considered lo be inadequate 10 the needs of the 1970s and ISBOs. Mr. Jiimicson is then quoted as follows: "The federal government must assume a substantial role in ensuring that Ilio upgrading and rationaliza- tion of northwestern transporta- tion systems occurs In lime lo meet Uieso foreseen demands flnd needs." This apparently moans that there been a dorision on principle nml that the "active consideration" bus lo do with the nieims ot implement ion. Tim Ih'dlin report v.as concerned with rail ro'.ilrs. 11 is (Inlcd November 1970. II rnnsirtm five routes running northward from Ihn CN line to Prince Rupert; each sweeping through Watson Lake and Ross River to a terminus at Dawson City. The conclusion was that all would yield benefits larger than estimated costs and that any one had the capability of becoming one of Canada's larg- est revenue freight resource railways. It is of Interest, however, that Mr. Jamieson has chosen nei- ther of the routes most favored by the study group. The depart- ment's preference for a line running north from the Prince George region through Dease Lake and with eventual access to the Yukon is not explained. Evidently however, the choice reflects considerations other than those in the report. One may be the decision to supple- ment the north-south line with a connecting link lo the CNR near Prince Rupert. The statement suggests an- other. "The federal government Letter to the editor and the British Columbia Gov- ernment have been carrying out extensive consultations to ra- tionalize railway development in the province and are explor- ing cooperatively the optimum use of present rail facilities and the building of new lines over Ihe routes of greatest advantage to the region's development." These consultations seem to have produced at least a gen- eral agreement. There is to be joint financing of the line with the federal Government contrib- uting not merely to the new road but also to portions al- ready completed or now being built north of Fort St. James. Mr. Jamieson also issued a series of announcements about highways. The Slcwart-Cassiar road, being opened this fall, will be supplemented by links to Ha- zclton in the soutli and White- horse in the north. It is ex- pected to be the principal artery for traffic to and from the Yukon and Alaska. As for the Alaska highway, it is to be im- proved and paved to Fort Nelson. At that point it will meet the Liard highway, to be extended to Fort Simpson on the Macken- zie highway, running north lo the Arctic Ocean at Tuktoyak- tuk. Not mentioned In the re- leases but already in construc- tion is Hie Dempster highway which will link the Dawson road with the Mackenzie highway at Arctic Red River. Also planned Is a highway providing Whitehorse with ac- cess to Skagway. This will in- volve negotiations not only with British Columbia but also with the Stale of Alaska. These projects obviously have important implications, both economic ar.d political. I[ the Government is in earnest, as it most certainly appears lo be, it plainly riltaclies greet import- ance to resource development. Thus it would be quite inconsist- ent to pursue, at the same time, policies likely to discourage the resource industries. On the political side, there may be problems not hinted at in the releases from Transport Canada. Tho federal govern- ment has sole responsibility for roads in the Territories. With this presumably in mind, it is planning to assist the adjoining province of British Columbia in both rail and road There is, however, no general federal-provincial program as there was, for example, with the Trans-Canada Highway and Roads to Resources. It is arguable that the pri- mary benefits of other govern- ment programs (regional devel- opment, for example) go to dif- ferent parts of the country. Thus exception ought not lo be taken if the federal govern- ment, lo fulfil its northern obli- gations, plays a special role in British Columbia Lauds Lellibridge Looking backward I recently had an opportunity lo visit Lelhbridgc for the first time and I felt I should write lo tell of my very pleasant re- action to what I saw. I was much impressed with I lip, clean wide .streets and aven- ues both downtown and in the rc'sidcnlinl areas, also the ob- vious attention given k> Ihe ini- tial planting of Ihe beautiful Irces and shrubs and tlie care- in Ilicir development which hns followed over the years. Having n penchant for bridges of almost any size and architecture I experienced a thrill when I came upon Uic. fabulous viaduct which carries the CP Irnins. The height nnd length ol Ihe bridge combined with its structural contrast lo Ihe rouloes Is fascinating to .say the leant. I had Ihe fortune lo hr taken lo the Sir Alcsnndcr (inll Munnim which hn.i put togeth- er in a unique manner the early history of the area. Its approach lo the educational value it has achieved is a tri- bute to the people it serves. Thn new University of Lelh- bridgc is yet another example of success in relating Ihe old with the new. The quiet atmo- sphere of excellent design and construction wherever the cyo rests, plus the educational re- wards available must react lo Ilio benefit of Ihnse who havo Iho good fortune lo participate. There is no doubt as to tho meeting of tho minds between the originators who envisaged Its value to tho people of Al- berta nnd those whose recent report will prove lo be worth its weight In gold. Finally, who could have play- ed an f Jspntlnl part in the pro- ceedings better than Arthur Krickson? ('Bleary Through Ilio Ilcrahl 11122 Certified milk from tuberculin tested cows, for bab- ies; sold at the usual price (o those who cim pay given free of charge lo Ihose who car> nol, from Ihe nursing mission milk station. Fire believed trace- able lo the Sons of Freedom, fanatical Doukhobor .sod. de- stroyed (lie Cowlcy school at an early hour this morning. 1912 Call-up notices will start going out shortly to men in Ihe 35 to 40 ago group and in l.hc class in the Military District which includes Ollawa and all ot eastern On- tario. 1952 The firs1. Lcthbridgo branch of SAAN stores Is cx- pcclcd to be opened around the beginning of August, it was learned today from the owner of the Alberts block on 5th SI. S. in which Ihe new store will he located. The Lethbridfje Herald 504 7lh St. S., LcLlibridge, Alberta LKTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Pi-opviclors and Publishers Published 1905- ]054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mall ReglslrMlon No ooll Member of Cnnndlnn Press iinrt Ihe Ginnrllnn Daily Ncwspnntr Publishers' Association nnd tho Autlll Bureau of Clrcuiatloni CLfTO W. MOWERS, Editor find THOMAS H. ADAMS, Ocntr.il PON PH.l.ING M-indfilno CcJilrr ROY I Aclvrrlhlnn; WILLIAM HAY LKJUfil K WAIKER F.dllorUi fMan F.dllor "THE HERALD SERVES 7HE SOUTH" ;