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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, July 10, 1971------- Anthony Westell Idealism revived The Peace Corps launched by Pres- ident John Kennedy has had such a discouraging time of it that it may surprise some people to learn that it is approaching its 10th anniversary on the upswing. For four straight years in the late 1960s there was a decline in Hie number of applica- tions to serve in the corps but in the current year it appears that a new high will be reached. In the early years of the Peace Corps there were too many volun- teers who went to other countries with nothing much but their enthusi- asm. They did not have the kind of "hard" skills host nations needed and they sometimes lacked the grace that makes goodwill acceptable. This resulted in a dozen governments re- questing that the American do-good- ers go home. Coupled with disillusion- ment over the political scene at home, this rebuff resulted in ideal- ism reaching a low. A new wave of idealism seems to have begun and the Peace Corps is a beneficiary of it. Coupled with the idealism is a realism about the needs of other countries so that two- thirds of the current crop of volun- teers have skills in trades or have agricultural know-how. Previously 85 to 90 per cent of corps personnel were "generah'sts" students of the liberal arts. The Peace Corps is about to dis- appear as an independent agency. Under the Nixon administration's reorganization plan, the Peace Corps, VISTA (the domestic counter- part to the corps) and seven other volunteer agencies will be consoli- dated in an Action Corps. It is good to know that a noble idea is still very much alive and that idealism will continue to have outlets. She, he or it? In the plethora of written material which has been rolling off the presses on the Women's Liberation Move- ment, nothing has been suggested on what, if anything, they intend to do about de genderizing machines, autos, airplanes, ships and other in- animate objects traditionally referred to as "she." As far as can be recalled there were no Libs present picketing and shouting invective when the last Ap- pollo spacecraft lifted off to the roar of "there she goes" from the assem- bled workers and guests. The auto in- dustry has not indicated that they've had angry letters from Kate Millet and Betty Frieden, two militant Lib leaders, banning the car if commer- cials continue to refer to a new model by saying "she's a real beaut." No Libs were on hand recently to upbraid the captain of a wrecked oil tanker who wept openly on TV as he reported, "she just stood on her stern, hovered there for a minute then went slowly down to a watery grave." No one can explain, especially men, why it has become customary to ca- tegorize a variety of things that are "it" as "she." Is it because they see in mechani- cal tilings the requirement that for them to-work efficiently they have to be treated properly and handled care- fully and have equated this need with the needs of women? Or, heaven for- bid, is it because the poor dumb tilings can't talk back can be loved and left? Whatever the reason you may be sure the Libs will get around to dis- criminatory language sooner or later and demand a stop to this abusive and demeaning habit. Either that or they are acknowledg- ing silently that the tender loving care the opposite sex expends on things animate and inanimate isn't terribly hard to take, and who wants to do away with a jolly good thing? M. L. Weekend Meditation The virtue of encouragement IF discouragement be one of the devil's choice allies, encouragement is one of God's conquering angels. When Paul and his compaiu'ons came to Antioch the rulers of the synagogue told them that, if they had any word of "exhortation" for the people, to speak OB. The word exhortation is trans- lated as "encouragement" in a number of translations. One can understand that. So Paul told them What is described as "the good news." It's a rare and wonder- ful gift to be able to build people up. Most people are defeated in life. The streets are filled with folk who wonder how they can straggle through their days. Yet men were not supposed to live that way. All around are resources for a con- quering, confident life. It is said that the difference between great men and others is that great men refuse to take counsel of their fears. Francis Bacon held that the greatest obstacle to the progress of sci- ence and the undertaking of new tasks and entering a new life was that -men despaired and thought the achievements impossible. Optimists have been the creators. "It isn't life that matters." said Hugh Wai- pole, "but the courage we bring to it." Life is a matter of choice, of accepting or evad- ing responsibilities, of carrying obligations with a good heart, of meeting the circum- stances of daily living with good cheer, with faith and hope. The person who puts his heart into life will be amazed at how rapidly the sky will clear. All this is no call for Pollyannas, for peo- ple who refuse to take count of the op- posing forces, for optimists who overlook suffering and tragedy. It is a call for men and women who have a God who brings victory out of tragedy. "This is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith." As the preacher was on his way to the morning service he met a neighbor who exhorted him, "Tell them that they can, parson, tell them that they can." Yes, there are enough pessimists to tell men that they can't, including the man himself. "Blessed be he who heals us of our self- said a great Scotsman. Most of the saints have been great sinners. Most of the men and women who have achieved anything worthwhile have had great handicaps. This is so obviously true that one writer contends that a handicap is necessary for the achievement of any greatness. As for failure, to great souls it is life's best education. And there is an old proverb that "adversity is the prosperity of the great." Daniel Morris in "Possibili- ties Unlimited" says that the advance of scientific knowledge as it really happens is not a steady, resolute march to the stars, but is one step forward, two steps side- ways, fall flat on your face. You get up facing backward, try to discover which way you were going, and repeat the move- ment. Thomas Edison said that the best advice he could give young people was the axiom, "I can do better." This was the way it was with Paul. He never thought he had attain- ed or was perfect, but he says he kept pressing on. And what dreadful circum- stances of health and hostility he had to overcome! Read about them in the second letter to the church hi Corinth. "Five times I received 39 strokes; three times I have been beaten with rods; once I was stoned; three times I have been ship- wrecked, and for 24 hours I was adrift on the open sea. I have been constantly on the road. I have met dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my fellow-countrymen, dangers from foreign- ers, dangers in towns, dangers in the country, dangers at sea, dangers from false friends. I have toiled and drudged, I have often gone without sleep; hungry and thirsty, I have often gone fasting; and I have suffered from cold and exposure." So it goes. Yet this is the man who says that his faith makes him "more than con- queror" and his life is a "continual pageant of triumph." When such a man tells of a power that enables him to over- come the world, it is wise to listen. He even speaks of death, not as something to be feared, but as the doorway into the glories of God. He anticipates it with impatience. Paul was certainly the most encouraging of men. PRAYER: Save us, 0 God, from the curse of low spirits. F.S.M. Black Saturday By Dong SATURDAYS are usually days I enjoy a little more than others. I can read, write fillers, golf, and bo grateful I don't have to prepare a sermon. The CBC even blesses me with a baseball game some Saturdays. 1 know I could watch a game every Saturday if we had Cablovision but that's one of the sacrifices I make to keep a roof over our heads. Being a householder h a s other draw- backs 1 am constantly discovering. I had to waste a wnolo Saturday recently applying Walker a charcoal stain lo the siding on our house. The only good thing I can see about that episode is that I shouldn't have to paint those boards for another two or three years. I blame Finance Minister Edgar Benson for my black Saturday. It his budget promise that we would be getting some tax relief that look away my excuse for not painting the siding. I suppose I should be grateful that, he wasn't more generous or 1 might have been facing the awful prospect of putting up and painting a fence. Bourassa maintains 94A is too obscure pREMIER Robert Bouras- sa says that he could not assent to the Victoria Charter, as the basis for a new con- stitution, because the clause governing control of social policy is ambiguous. He sug- gests that if this clause can be clarified to Quebec's satisfac- tion, he may be able to ac- cept the whole charter. If this is Bourassa's real rea- son for withholding consent to the charter, and not merely a polite excuse or a new bar- gaining posture, the difference between Ottawa and between most English Can- ada and most of French Can- ada is tantalizingly narrow. Three years of constitutional negotiation, far from being a failure, have apparently achieved agreement over a range of issues: A basic bill of rights, minimum language guarantees, the role of the Su- preme Court, commitment to federal provincial co-opera- tion and to reducing regional inequalities, removal of some of the outdated and autocratic powers of Ottawa, and the for- mula for palriating and amending the British North America Act. If Quebec could accept this charter, much would I'emain to be settled in detail, but it would be an act of tremendous symbolic importance a re- entering of Confederation. All that stands in the way of agreement, according to Bourassa, is the unsatisfactory clause on social policy. He and Prime Minister Trudeau are to discuss it privately in an effort to salvage the constitutional n e g o t i a tions and, perhaps, Confederation. So it becomes important for every Canadian to try to un- tangle Uie constitutional com- Broken dreams by Bryan Wilson plexities so as to understand the precise issue. Are Bourassa and French Canada demanding too much, or are Trudeau and English Canada being too in- flexible? From the opening of the ne- gotiations which led to Confed- eration more than a century ago down to the present day, Quebec's overriding concern has been to preserve its lan- guage and society, its way of life, against assimilation by the English majority. It has al- ways felt it essential to retain in the province the power to shape its own society and to resist Ottawa's attempts to im- pose social policies upon it. When Quebec pressed during the 60s for negotiations to write a new constitution, its ba- sic argument was that it need- ed to recover the powers which the federal government has usurped over the years. It wanted the constitutional guar- antee that it would be able to shape and preserve its own so- ciety within Confederation, as well as the revenues to make it possible. This demand has been set out in general terms in brief after brief from successive Quebec governments during the years of negotiation. By the beginning of the Victoria con- ference, Bourassa had reduced it from generalities to the precise wording of a constitu- tional amendment. He proposed in essence that: h e federal government should be able to pay family allowances, manpower training allowances and the guaranteed income supplement to the old- age pension only to the extent permitted by each province; federal government should be able to pay youth and social allowances, unem- ployment insurance, old-age and other pensions as long as it did not affect any provincial scheme; h e federal government could make other payments to support the incomes of individ- uals only as permitted by each province; a province pre- vented the application of a fed- eral program under the above powers, it would receive the money which Ottawa would have spent in that province. But the Bourassa formula would appear to give to Que- bec and the other provinces primacy in all the areas of so- cial policy. The provinces could veto in their own terri- tories almost any federal so- cial security program, but col- Letters to the editor A despicable end lor family pet As a follow up to the ques- tion that you previously print- ed "What Would You I would like to tell what did hap- pen. First of all many many wonderful people advised us not to kill the dog but to try and keep him alive. One man even phoned the S.P.C.A. in Calgary and was advised that a repre- sentative would be sent down. (We never saw To keep the dog alive was quite a proposition under these circumstances. We finally de- vised a way of insuring that Zigge was watered and fed. With the aid of a long flat 2 inch board and two inches of leeway above the dog's "wood- en as a recent writer put it, we were able to slide through pieces of bread soaked in wa- ter. This went on for eight days until I was called out of town to work. The dog was to be re- turned two days later according to the Coaldale Chief of Police. Because I was not here per- sonally, what I write is mostly hearsay, however the hearsay ends with a very horrifying and rotten fact. The dog did return home on Saturday, bounding joyfully around, relatively un- affected by his ordeal and ob- viously showing no signs of ra- bies. The family was overjoy- ed and the dog more so for 24 hours. (Thank you whoever you were who let the dog At p.m. Sunday afternoon the "hated" and now "feared" dog- catcher with the now known un- trustworthy Chief of Police ar- rived to take Zigge back to the "wooden box." Their reason was that the dog had to stay there 2 weeks 14 days instead of 10 and would be returned on Wednesday. Both of these state- ments were outright lies. We were originally advised that the dog was to be released in 10 days, and worse, much worse the dog was destroyed by the police etc. three days after he should have been released. If a man will lie or cheat over a dog, with a little family, what other greater things wiQ he lie and cheat about? Zigge met his end in that wooden box, and I have to face a charge of his running at large July A sorry end, to a question of "What Would You BRUCE R. MOYNAN Coaldale. Transients just beggars Seeks more co-operation I would like to suggest to the people of Southern Alberta that both the staff and in- mates of the Lethbridge Cor- rectional Institution appreciate their participation in our pro- grams. As many of you know, in the past few years the em- phasis has been on rehabilita- tion. To put it s i m p 1 y, the ex-inmate and inmate are peo- ple just the same as John Q. on the street. They are sub- ject to the same stress and ten- sions, frustrations, hopes and disappointments as the public are. In reality they are also a member of this self-same so- ciety. Most of them have paid an appalling debt to society for their mistakes, in broken homes, disturbed lives, total insecurity for themselves. In all fairness, I don't believe that it is right that upon rc- lease from gaol, they should go on paying. However a s o g m e n t of our society stwms to demand that they should. One cannot expect a man to arrive back in society after a year or so in gaol with no money, no job, no friends, very little help or encgurap'- mcnt, to stow signs of rehabili- tation. Perhaps the Salvation Army and John Howard So- ciety have the best approach yet, in that they realize that woras alone do not feed and shelter a person. Our society professes Chris- tianity but in many ways fails to practise it. The job being done by the staff and administration of va- rious institutions and agencies is as good as can be expected with the support received. However it is not enough. The need for a half-way house is self evident and I feel would be an asset to this community, as has been pointed out by Mr. Owen in his letter (The Her- ald, June The essence of any rehabil- itation program is team work. The only part of the team missing at present is par- ticipation by the people of southern Alberta. T sincerely hopa that just, and full consid- eration will be given to these concepts, and society will at- tempt to accept the ex-convict back into society with an open mind. An inmate of Iho Correctional Institution. Contrary to Albi Caiman's thinking in "Campus I consider the only difference between hitchhiking, and ex- pecting free room and board, by many young transients, merely a matter of degree in free-loading or begging. True, giving a person a ride does not entail the actual spending of money on the driver's part, but to expect to get your trans- portation free is still a form of begging. The young do not have a monopoly on the desire to travel. There are many others who would like to see our country, too, and may fmd the bus fare prohibitive, but they still expect to bear the cost themselves. The same can be said of paying one's own way within the city. Not only do some young peo- ple want free rides, meals and shelter, but when they even- tually 'come down with ills which are the inevitable result of being on the reove in all kinds of weather, they want free medical attention too. Although our three sons and a daughter-in-law have hitch- hiked thousands of miles be- tween the m, and on several continents, I cannot say I en- tirely approve of the practice. Among the factors against it, for girls particularly, is the risks they are taking. Hardly a week ROCS by that our news- papers do not report a case of a hitchhiking girl being crim- inally assaulted, or murdered. Girls who do take this risk are just asking for trouble. I think the hostel Idea, where a nominal charge is asked for food and shelter, is a very good thing but, like a number other privileges, is often abused. The rale of theft is very high, for one thing. Our son sot olf last month to Iho Maritimcs and inland- ing to pay his own expenses. He got as far as Winnipeg, where his locked bike was sto- len from the basement of the hostel in which he was spend- ing the night. There, in a few brief hours went his plans for the summer. The bike was in- sured but he could not pos- sibly be reimbursed in time to continue his trip. So, young people, if you can- not pay your own way, stay home, and if you can, guard your possessions as closely as you can. FRANCES G. JACKSON Pincher Creek. Looking Through the Herald 1921 Toronto is setting a new record for violent deaths this month. For the first ten days, 26 people have died from accidents, including ten from heat and seven drownings. plea for leniency in the case of Hutterite colonists barred from Alberta after pur- chasing land in the southern part of the province was pre- sented today in Edmonton by two members of the brother- hood. terrific air battle in which the Russians claimed to led the equivalent cash to spend as they saw fit. N o t surprisingly, Trudeau and most of the English-speak- ing premiers rejected the Que- bec draft at Victoria. They ar- gued that Ottawa must retain the power to set national so- c i a 1 standards, redistribute wealth by making payments directly to citizens, and retain control of enough of the na- tional wealth to manage economy. But Trudeau then made counter-proposal. He offered to extend the scope of section 94a in the present constitution, which now covers only pen- sions, to include also family, youth, and occupational train- ing allowances. It was this clause which went into the Vic- toria Charier for consideration, and which Bourassa now says is loo ambiguous to be satis- factory. He is right. Section 94a is indeed obscure. H is a relatively new clause, first approved by the federal government and the provinces in 1951. Ottawa then wanted to introduce universal old age pensions, but lacked clear pow- er to so legislate, so the prov- inces agreed to the constitu- tional amendment giving Ot- tawa the authority provided "no such law shall affect the operation of any law present or future of a provincial leg- islature in relation to any such matter." Although the provinces pre- sumably intended by this wording to reserve their own rights that is, the power to override federal legislation it is not all clear what the Su- preme Court would make of the actual wording. The fed- eral government does not refer to 94a as providing for provin- cial primacy but for concur- rent powers by both levels of government, as it has argued that simply by paying money, such as a pension, to an in- dividual, it would not neces- sarily interfere with a provin-" cial plan. In other words, 94a does not guarantee provincial rights. E Is a sort of weasel clause, and even Trudeau concedes that he is not sure exactly what it means. In any event, It is a largely meaningless offer to Quebec because it carries no cash. Even if 94a would give the provinces the power to veto the payment of federal pensions, family, youth and training al- lowances in their territories, in favor of their own plans, it not entitle them to re- ceive the federal cash. In short, Trudeau's counter- offer to Bourassa at Victoria was almost worthless. It offer- ed the appearance but not the certainty of provincial pri- macy in some areas of social policy, and it withheld the cash without which such power is useless. Just as it was not surpris- ing that Trudeau and the En- glish-speaking premiers reject- ed Bourassa's claim for total jurisdiction over social policy, so it was not surprising that Quebec rejected the negligible counter offer which granted none of the powers that French Canada considers vital to its existence. After three years of review- ing the constitution, the fed- eral government and most of the provinces were apparently still unwilling to make any real change in the power relation- ship of Quebec to Ottawa, French Canada to English Canada. They continued to ar- gue that any transfer of fed- eral power would weaken Can- ada; Quebec continued to ar- gue that without such1 a trans- fer, it could not be secure and confident within Canada. (Toronto Star Syndicate) backward have shot down 33 Nazi planes while losing five of their own was described by the Russians as a "complete routing of the enemy." slate of emergency has been proclaimed in Cairo as police and troops stood by to guard against "an at- tempt to disturb public secur- ity" in an anti-British demon- stration. I9C1-A total of 65 persons were employed by the Leth- bridge Exhibition this year. Manpower said today. This if. a drop from last year's total of 81 pel-sons. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publlshen Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaptf Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ot Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mananer JOE BALL A WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associalc- Editor ROY'F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALICER Advertlslnp. Manoni-r Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;