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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THI tlTHIXIDOI HCRAID Friday, July 18, WO report the federal task force on agriculture appears to be a sincere effort by five of Canada's top economists as they try to set down Canada's agricultural problems and solutions in some 450 pages. It is definitely not a government oriented study and the chips lie where they fall, with no punches pulled1. The study suggests the root problems of agriculture are the lack of effective formulation and implementation of policies and programs, and the lack of suitable organization for integrated co-operative action. The report says it is unfortunate the capacity of conven- tional wisdom coupled with established institutions and their top officials are unable to deal adequately with the relevant problems. Without drastic improvement in farm management and organization, the task force forsees these developments: The wheat glut may be replaced by unwanted market distributing, surpluses in feed 'grains, oil seeds and livestock. Internal bickering and disputes in the many competing farm organizations. These organizations may stand in the way of co-operative planning and action and may further frag- ment the'industry. Governments may reduce the initative of farm leaders and agribusiness organizations if they become increasingly paternalistic. Taxpayers may revolt against the substantial drain on the treasury for agricultural supports. Government and commodity marketing board disputes may nullify attempts- to rationalize commodity production and marketing. The loss of competitive position in world markets may make imports so attractive that consumer pressures build up to buy cheaper foreign products. Condensed recommendations of the task force are as follows: Surpluses must be controlled and reduced to manageable proportions by reducing production drastically, if necessary. Where alternatives exist, production resources must be shifted to more promising market opportunities. Where such1 alterna- tives are not available, land and other resources must be retired. Governments should provide temporary, limited programs of assistance for crop switching and land retirement, to cut back surpluses, while expanding international markets. Agricultural subsidies and price supports not effective in achieving worthwhile high priority objectives should be phased out. Younger non-viable farmers should be moved out of farming through temporary programs of welfare, education and provision of jobs in other sectors of the economy. Older farmers should be given assistance to ensure they have at least a "livable" standard of living. Improvement of management must be encouraged by pro- viding money for management training, provision of informa- tion processing systems, market and price forecasts and1 other management tools. The organizational structure of agriculture both in the ajvernment and private sectors should be rationalized. Man- agement by objectives, program planning and budgeting, cost benefit analysis and other modern management techniques Aould be adopted. TURF FIELD (AFTER HARVESTING) NEAR BROOKS C. N. Northcoit Sells Instant Lawns By STEVE BAREHAM Herald Farm Writer BROOKS Southern Albert, has beef farming, grain farming swine farming, fish farmin; sheep farming and poultry farm ing, and now "turf farming." Southern Alberta has bee farming, grain farming, swin farming, fish farming, shee farming and poultry farming why not "turf .farming." This is the question Charlie Northcott, Brooks, asked him self seven years ago, and since that time his family corpora tion has been operating a tur farm. Feed No.l Crop Fire Activity Down In May .forest fire activity was con- siderably below average Umjughout Canada during the month of May, according to the Canadian Forestry Service. There were an estimated fires which damaged or destroyed acres of wood- Jands. Over the previous decade there were an average of fires in May covering acres of forest. In May of 1969 there were fires with a total area of acres. So far during the current forest fire season there have been fires with the affect- ed' area totalling acres. Over the same period last year, fires ravaged acres of forest. LONDON, Ont. (CP) The most important Canadian crcp in the 1970s will be feed, Prof C. E. Jones of the crop science department at the Ontario Agri- cultural College, Guelph, Ont., said today. Speaking to the opening ses- sion of the three-day Canadian Seed Growers Association con- vention, Prof. Jones said barley will remain a major feed grain but will meet increasing compe- tition from feed wheat. "I define oats as the last of the cultivated wheats which can only be rescued by a major breakthrough in yield volume or yield of he said. Important oil seed and protein crops for the decade will be rapeseed and soybeans and with rapidly-changing technology and unlimited production in Western Canada, rapeseed should be- come the main oil crop surpass- ing soybeans, he said. The trend in the 1970s will be to grow as few crops as possi He says the market for the lawn turf seems endless at the present time, and has plans next year to expand his six acre plot to 13 acres. _ Markets are primarily local right now, he says, but ship- ments have been made fre- quently to Medicine Hat and even Lethbridge. The growing methods employ- ed are standard and quite simple says Mr. Northcott, and involve seeding the grass, (usu- ally a mixture of the most varieties) sprinkler irrigating, fertilization and then waiting until the crop is ready for harvest. Located six miles west of Jrooks, and in the heart of the Jrooks Irrigation District, get- ting adequate moisture to the ;rass presents no problem says Mr. Northcott. With proper growth and har- est methods, no land fill is eeded at the end of a harves ear. The grass is harvested i ne foot strips, with the aid o motorized turf cutter am old at the farm undeliverec or five cents per square foot ui "rr State agriculture Inspectors in We, Prof. Jones said. And the Kentucky report they found 40 key at present is test control per cent of retail pack- simply because fertility and aged items shortweighted dur- soil management are already ing a check of stores and super- fairly well defined AgricultumlExhibitionsHaveNewLook 3. G. CALPAS, P. Ag. Regional Agriculturist Ldhbridge A new trend is emerging a agricultural fairs throughou the province. The exhibits are being mod ernized, competitive classes ari gradually being phased out an the displays, appropriately, ar consumer oriented. Most fairs, historically, hau an agricultural basis. The frills of midways, rodeos and assort td fanfare have been added over the years as attractions for the now numerous urbanite fair goers. Only small groups usually gather around the show ring these days in contrast to the throngs at those other at- tractions. But times are changing. Last year the agricultural ex- hibits in Whoop-Up Compound here at Lethbridge, in fact, out- drew the midway. The new look in agricultural exhibits, on a grand scale, had its beginnings three years ago with Calgary's Agricultural Flan- Square. Lethbridge and Edmonton fol- lowed suit a year later and this year each of these Exhibition Boards are trying to outdo pre- vious high standards with the traditional "bigger and better" motto. In answer to Calgary's "Milk is Marvelous" theme anc Edmonton's "Beef is Beautiful feature, Lethbridge is countei ing with "Water Wonderland to illustrate the significanc and diversity of Southern Alter1 fa's irrigated agriculture. Medicine Hat and Great Falls have also introduced new idea for more consumer appeal an< educational value. The crowds seem to be re- sponding beyond expectation This year, at the Water Won derland they will be able t< view a variety of growing crops, irrigation demonstrations and supporting agricultural dis plays. Behind the scenes, many hours of manpower and the support of individuals and agen- cies have gone into the project True, it may be said that gr'ow- ng crops and irrigation can be seen on any farm on any sum- ner day, even by driving down he highway. But who takes the effort? Or who asks any ques- tions? Very often the things Josest at hand are those most aken for granted. Water Wonderland will con- centrate all there is to see and earn into a quarter acre agri- cultural extravaganza which oung and old can view with rec admission. The A to Z of outhern Alberta agriculture vill be on display. From hatch-1 ing chicks to azuki beans, from running water1 to teletype sell- ing of hogs, from solid profiles to aquatic weeds, from barbe- cues to Kiddie's Zoos. This agricultural Disneyland promises to give the consumer and every urban youngster n good glimpse behind the scenes of wtat goes on "down on the farm." Equally, every urbanite views? should gain a better ap- preciation of the why's of the food chain and their food dollar Calendar Of Farm Events July 9 18 Calgary Agricultural Exhibition Fea- turing "Milk is Marvelous" theme July 10 12 London, Ont. Annual Convention, Canadian Seed Grower's Assoc. July 10 11 Calgary World Charolais Show and Sale July 13 16 Olds Alberta Women's Week (Communica- tions, Landscaping, Handicrafts, White Paper on Taxation) July 13 21 Lethbridge International Livestock Pesticide Institute July 16 17 Youngstown Prairie Wool and Buck BrucH Trek (East-Central Alberta Beef and Range Man- agement Tour) July 16 18 Lethbridge Lethbridge and District 4-H Stow and Sale July 20 Lacombc Certified Seed Grower's Day Research Station July 20 25 Lethbridge Exhibition Week (Water Wonder- land theme featuring Irrigated Agriculture) July 27 Medicine Hat Exhibition Week and Agricultural Fair July 27 Cardston Spccialy Crops Field Day (Buckwheat, Rapeseed, Canary Seed, Safflower, and Sunflower Production) .Vith the average lawn size varying between and square feet, he says the cost usually runs near for the entire lawn. "I never thought the idea would go over like it did, said Mr. Northcott, but now it looks like I'll be able to sell every foot of lawn we can grow." The Ensiling Process DR. D. B. WILSON, Head, Plant Science Section Lclhbridgc Research Station Contrary to popular belie silage docs not need to have a objectionable odor. If it does, it indicates tha iroper procedures were not fo owed hi the ensiling proces Besides the offensive odor, ,th eed value of improperly pro cessed silage will undoubted! much lower than that of th original crop. A general de- cription of the ensuing pro cess might help to emphasiz some of the requirements fo making good silage. The ensiling process starts in le field with a high-quality rop and ends when that crop s preserved in lactic acid in ie silo. A complex chain o. vents takes place in between After the crop has been cut and put into the silo, plant res- iration continues until the cygen in the silo is used up. no air enters, the plant cells ,radually collapse and their ices flow out. Many different icroorganisms, which are wajs present in plant mate- al, feed on these juices and egin to multiply rapidly. If onditions are right, the bac- ria that convert sugar to lac- c acid soon outnumber the her organisms. When the ncentration of lactic acid be- mes high enough all growth ases, and the process is eom- ete. The silage would then main in goad condition for veral years. Production of sufficient lac-! tic acid depends on there being enough fermentable sugars in tire plant material and on pre- venting air from entering the silage mass. Some crops have barely enough sugar to produce the required quantity of lactic acid. If the crop also has a high moisture content, the lac- tic acid is diluted and cannot act as an effective preserva- tive. Unwilled alfalfa often makes poor silage because of its low sugar and high mois- ture content. Well matured corn, on the other hand, is drier and, having a large sup- ply of sugar, usually makes food silage. It is important to seal out the air immediately. If this is not done, plant respiration may continue, and the yeasts, nolds, and undesirable bac- eria will also continue to row. This growth further re- uces the sugar supply and cads to rotting or putrifica- ion of Uie plant material and o to the production Of foul odors. To avoid these problems en-, ile plant material with a mois-' ure content of less than 70 per and prevent air from en- ering the silo. It may be ecessary to allow alfalfa to ilt in the windrow for a few raurs to reduce the moisture To keep air from en- ring the silo, cut the plant aterial into short pieces, so at it will pack well. In a inker or pit silo make tha ack as deep as possible and ver immediately with plastic ieting. ATTENTION TRUCKERS THE NEW LINE NOW IN STOCK! At DUNLOP FORD iiw.ii LT8000 TANDEM J04" W.B. 225 Cot Diesel. Main Trans., Aux. Bogies, Power Steering, Air Brakes. Direct Reading Gauges. 900x20 Rubber. H.D. Frame. LN700 Red W.B. 361 V-8, 5 speed Trans., 2 speed Rear Axle. 19-20 Sec. Mod Frame. H.D! Front and Rear Springs with Aux. Tachometer. Vac. Res. Tank. Trans. Ign. 900x20 10 ply tires. Ib. Front Axle. Cast Wheels. LT800 TANDEM 204" W.B. 391 4V Gas. Main, Aux. Bostrum Driver Sent, Pals. Seat. H.D. Brakes. 900x20 Rubber. Power Steering, Transistor Ignition. IN 700 W.B. Custom Cab, 361 V-S, 5 Speed Trans. Ib. Front Axle. 2 speed Rear Axle, H. D. Frame. Cast- ipoke Wheels, 900x20 Rubber. Tachometer. H.D. Front and Rear Spring with Aux. Power Steering. Vacuum Reserve Tank. 2 F750 Conventional Cab 194" W.B., 361 V-8: Power Steering Full Air Brakes, 900x20 Rubber. Castspoke Wheels 2 Speed Rear Axle, Ib. Front Axle. H.D. Frame. Rear Springs. Plus Aux. Parking Brake. 5 Speed Trans, C700 Tilt Cab. 153" W.B., 361 V-8 Engine, 5 Speed Tram. 500 2 Speed Rear Axle. Western Mirrors. High output Heater. Custom Cab. H.D. Front and Rear Springs wilh Aux Vac Reserve Tank. 9.95 Sec. Mod. Frame. Tachometer. 900x20 Rubber. OR CHECK INTO ONE OF OUR USED TRUCKS 1968 I.H.C. Tilt Cab. 345 V-8, 5 Speed Trans., 2 Speed Rear Axle, New Paint, Good Rubber 900x20. Cast Spoke. New Steel Box Hoist. Must Be seen. 1968 DODGE D500 Ready for 16 ft. Box. 361 V-8, 5 Speed., 2 Speed Rear Axle. Good 900 Rubber. New Paint. (A URGE SELECTION IN All SIZES) 1966 FORD F700 Complete with Steel Groin Box Hoist. 330 H.D. V-8, 5 Speed 2 Speed Rear Axle. 900 Rubber. 1966 CMC Model M98803. Tandem, complete with Gravel Box and Hoist. 366 8 Cyl. En- Sine, 5 Speed Main, 4 Speed, Aux. 900 Rubber. 1964 FORD Tilt Cab C700, 361 V.8, 5 Speed, 2 Speed Rear Axle. Chassis and Cab. 900 Rubber. New Paint. Reconditioned. 1969 FORD FIDO Explorer, long wheel base, wide box, V8, 4-speed, heavy duty tires, low mileage, balance of new truck war- ranty. This Is FORD COUNTRY What Do You Drive? BANK RATE TERMS 1718 3rd Avenue South r FORD Lethbridge Phone 328-5526 ;