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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 _ THI IITHBRID6E HERALD Monday, July 9, 1973 EDITORIALS Face-saver for American officials Nuclear hazards World wide protests against China's recent hydrogen explosion and the one planned by France in the South Pacific stem from an awareness that radioactive pollution is the consequence of such tests. The hazards to health from the fallout are great greater, most people suspect, than government employed scientists have generally conceded. It is perhaps important at this time, when nuclear hazards are again in the focus of attention, to consider again the dangers inher- ent in the production of energy through- nuclear power plants. With the energy shortage pressing it is likely there will be an acceleration of demand for the production of nu- clear power, despite the dangers of leaks and the difficulties of dispos- ing of wastes. A Swedish Nobel Prize winning physicist, Professor Hannes Alfven, recently entered the political field to call for a shutdown of present nuclear power plants in his country. He contends that further research is required to remove the threat of long lasting radioactive pollution emerging from the reactors. Instead of building nuclear reac- tors, Professor Alfven says, the use of conventional fuels ought to be im- proved. "If research of the quantity and quality now devoted to the fis- sion process were to be concentrated on clean and sophisticated methods of handling fossil says Pro- fessor Alfven, "we could cope with the global .energy problem for a long time to come, and without causing as much pollution." Oil may or may not be running out but the supply of coal is such that it could last for centuries. Fossil fuels are not the only expe- dient, either. There is geothermal power and, most promising of all, solar power. It is possible the latter might solve the energy crisis on its own very shortly. The position taken by Professor Alfven is sensible. There is no ur- gency about the development of nu- clear power that justifies the build- ing of more reactors with their con- stant threat of catastrophic accidents. Reading is important The University of Lethbridge's summer tutoring program, already successful and gaining wide recogni- tion, could prevent teen emotional problems which stem from a low self image resulting from learning difficulties especially leading. For three weeks, beginning today, 36 Lethbridge area pupils from grades one to eight, referred by school principals and on their par- ents' request, will be attending uni- versity classes. Selected accord- ing to their need for individual read- ing help the students will be tutored by 44 elementary school teachers (from as far away as Prince George) enrolled in the university's summer reading program. All stu- dents will have undergone two days of careM testing. This unique program, bringing poor-readers to the univer- sity, is aimed at correcting learning problems suffered by an estimated five to 25 per cent of today's pu- pils. Failure to correct this need could damage an entire life. The preliminary testing program deter- mines where the problem lies and how each child differs in learning styles and skills. Tutoring methods used include multi sensory learn- ing, the use of appealing reading and linquislic material and tapes. Teachers engaged in the tutoring and diagnostic program are enrolled in two summer courses, The Read- ing Process, which includes theory and diagnosis and The Reading Pro- training in organiza- tion and methods. Since being able to read well is important to learning, the poor read- er soon finds himself slipping behind in a variety of subjects. He grad- ually becomes sensitive to his prob- lem and seesiimself as a poor learn- er, his self concept is lowered or weakened, he loses his incentive to try and concludes he can't learn any- thing. His poor opinion of himself compounds the original learning problem and colors his attitude to- wards life in general. Detecting and correcting reading problems early can avoid this dam- aging process. It is good to know the U of L has had the foresight to offer both detection and prevention of reading problems within its campus and it is encouraging to know all 44 teachers enrolled in this program will return to their classrooms more deter- mined than ever to help Johnny learn to read. ART BUCHWALD Good news for Cambodia WASHINGTON Tung Dat, who lives in the village of Bomb A Gen outside of Phnom Penh in Cambodia, came running out of his hut the other morning and snout- ed, "Good news! Good The villagers gathered round. "What is your good asked No Dong. "I just heard on the radio that Fresh dent Nixon and Congress have reached a compromise and we can only be legally bombed by United States planes until Aug. 15." "That's good Nu Dong said. "Well, it could have been worse. You see, Congress didn't want to let the presi- dent bomb at all. At the same time the president insisted he needed the bomb- ing to implement the Indochina ceasefire, ft reached a point where there was going to be a constitutional crisis. "Fortunately, cooler beads prevailed and everyone agreed it was all right for the president to bomb us for another month and a half and that was it." "What happens if the B-52B bomb our village in the next the schoolteacher Won Low asked. "I goess that's just tough Tung Dat said. "Loot, I would just as soon the president stopped the bombing tomorrow, but he had to save face with Congress. If be agreed to cease the raids because of pressure from The EiH, it would have made him look vsry weak. The question that we all have to answer in this village is: Do we want our homes intact, or do we want a weak president of the United "You make the choke very difficult for us, Tung an old man said. "I would rather have my mother Ling Lang said. "Hush, old Tung Dat said, "do you realize that this extension of the bomb- ing for another month-and-a-half could af- fect the entire peace of the wwW? If Cam- bodia falls to the Communists, then they win be encouraged to foment other civil wars in other countries. The security of the Free World could depend on what Am- erican air power does with their bombs in the next monthnand-a-balf. Be proud that Nixon has chosen us to defend his doc- trine in Southeast Asia. If he can go through what he's been going through for the last few weeks in the Watergate bearings, we can put up with a few hun- dred thousand-ton bombs." Sing Fom, the priest said, "we have been bombed for a year and it hasn't seemed to do any good. How can we believe that another month-and-a-half of bombing our village is going to change the course of the said Tung Dat "if Nixon and Kissinger know they have only a month-and- a-half to bomb, they're going to bomb like they've never bombed before. You give them a deadline like that, and they'll blank- et the skies with E-52s. I wouldn't be sur- prised if by August you are not able to recognize Cambodia." "And we're supposed to be happy with Nu Dong asked. "Why can't you people understand? If the president had been prohibited from bomb- ing us as of this week, be intended to veto an the money bills sent to him by Con- gress. Nobody would have been paid in the United States. The entire government ma- chinery in America would have ground to a hall. Would any of you have wanted that on your 'Td rather have that on my conscience than those Grandmother Ling "You can ssy that, old Tung Dat retorted, "but you're iwt an Ameri- can and you wouldn't have to suffer." Grandmother Ling Lang was about to re- ply when the villagers beard the roar ol the airplanes. "Here Ibey come Nu Dong cned. Everyone ran to their bomb shelters. Phase one of the Nixon-congressional com- promise bad begun. By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commeoUtor Kafka himself, at very top of his bent for morbid tasy, could not have invented a more fitting end to the Am- erican military involvement in Southeast Asia. The agreement between the president and the Congress to continue bombing of Cambodia until Aug. 15 ex- presses to the full tho moral ab- surdity in this country's role in the Indochina war. For the continued bombing can only have the most mar- ginal impact on the range of possible outcome. It is a pure lace-saver for the American of- ficials who have staked their reputations on the efficacy of bombing as an instrument of diplomacy. The end result in Cambodia has been a foregone conclusion for months. Eventually there will be a huddle among the various Canadian factions sup- ported by the different interest- ed parties in the outside world. The result of the Cambodian huddle will be a political ex- pression of what has been achieyed in three years' fight- ing on the ground. A share of authority can probably be re- tained for the present Ameri- can-backed government under General Lon Nol which holds the capital, Phnom Penh. Some piece of the action will prob- ably have to be accorded, at least temporarily, to a govern- ment under Prince Norodom Sihanouk who has the diplomat- ic support of Communist China and some backing from the North Vietnamese regime in Hanoi. But the lion's share of au- thority will have to go to the Khmer Rouge, a Communist in- surgency backed in varying de- grees by Hanoi, Moscow and "I'm sorry but this is the only responsible course open to me." Quebec looks at Manitoba's election By Rob Boll, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL Central Can- ada seems to be taking more notice of Western Canada these days and it is probably about tune. The new attention is indicated by several straws in the wind the approaching Western Economic Opportunities Con- ference, the request by Ontario and Quebec to send observers 'to it, and the wide play given the Manitoba election by maj- or French-language dailies. Historically, Quebec's French language newspapers have maintained staff writers outside the province only in Ottawa, depending on wire ser- vices for day-to-day coverage of other Canadian 'events. Occasionally they send porters out on roving assign- ments. During the Manitoba election, Quebec City's Le Soteil and Montreal's Le De- voir and La Presse all had their own newsmen assigned to the event and all three papers commented at length- on their editorial pages. Why the interest in Mani- toba? Claude Ryan, publisher of Le Devoir, said in an editorial: "Thursday's general election in Manitoba assumes a special interest because, of the three New Democrat governments which have come to power in the West since 1969, that of Mr. Ed Schreyer was the first to return to the people. "A strong feeling of sym- pathy has been shown in the West towards the NDP. The re- cent election was the first chance to prove if it is a pass- ing or lasting phenomenon. "Even if Mr. Schreyer has not won the decisive victory which observers predicted, the election results show that the West remains a most interest- ing political laboratory. "Perhaps from there wfll emanate sooner or later the elements of a renewal in depth of the Canadian political alter- native." Mr. Ryan, with editorial writ- ers in La Presse and Le Sofefl, noted of the Lib- erals and Progressive Conser- vatives during the campaign. "Mr. Schreyer would prob- ably have carried off a more eloquent Mr. Ryan wrote, "if ft had not been for some last minute cnms and factors, one of which surely contributed to the defeat of cabinet minister Larry Des- jajdms in St Boniface. "It is, one worid goess, thorny question of assistance to private confessional schools. "Mr. Schreyer pledged him- self in 1969 to settle this ques- tion on which an Manitoba governments have come to grief. Four years later, having had to face serious disagree- ment within his own govern- ment, he must have admitted he was powerelss to act. "There is nothing astonishing in the fact that thousands of Roman Catholic voters wanted to show disappointment in Mr. Schreyer. Nevertheless, one wonders if they could have hoped to get more from the other parties." For Raymond Dube, an edi- tonal writer in Le Soleil, the main thing to be learned from the election is that "socialism no longer appears to be the black beast which it was in the fairly recent past. "Numerous Canadians, parti- cularly those in the west of the country, are less and less hesi- tant to elect candidates with this ideology." Predicting that Mr. Schreyer may, with his latest mandate, practice a more doctrinaire so- cialism, be said: "It is obvious mat the West is the mam home of socialism and that socialism is slowly penetrating the East. This is the complete reverse of earlier days when the trend was from Liberals in a hurry By AaUwny Westell, Tomto Star commentator Tbe re-election of the Schre- yer government in Manitoba was a victory for mildly pro- gressive liberalism, rather than for socialism. Premier Ed Schreyer long ago announced mat he was not a socialist, but a social demo- crat. Hie conceded in a recent interview that the record of his government and bis platform for the future might reasonably be described as left-wing liber- alism. This is frightening news for regular Liberals who like to think of themselves as being in the middle of the political spect- rum. They see their role being steadily taken over by the New Democrats in many parts of Car.ida. At the provincial leveL the Liberals are barely a fringe force in British Columbia be- cause the NDP has the reform mandate. In Alberta, they hardlyexist Sadutlchewan Lib- erals survive only as a right- wing opposition to the New Democrats. In Manitoba, they appear to be finished, squeezed bet Mien the Schreyer brand of liberalism and the Conservative alternative, Ontario Liberals are fighting for existence, always in danger of falling into third place behind the NDP. Throughout the Atlan- tic provinces, they irmain a po- tent in some areas, conservative in at least partly because the New Democrats have not yet devel- op0d into as effective ptrty. It is only in Quebec that Liberals seem to have an as- sured future, for reasons of his- tory rather than achievement or ideology. As long as the Liberals can make this claim to be the spokesman for Quebec, they win have an important role in federal politics. But it is worth noting that the Trudeau govern- ment survives only by carrying out what have been identified as NDP policies. That great politician. Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King, used to speak kindly of the old CCF as Liberals-in-a-hurry, denting the impression that there was really no need to vote for those good-hearted but in- experienced of the left The NDP may now be turning the tables by creating the impression that Liberals are merely New Demo- crats. The only people who can fairly object to this NDP en- croachment on the Liberals are the real left-wingers, the social- ists. They have been without an effective voice in organized party politics since the Waffle movement was suppressed. But there is now talk among the old Waf flers of breaking away from the NDP to form a genuine so- cialist party. We may yet hear that great politician, Prime Minister Schreyer, assuring the House of Commons that the handful of socialist members pressing his government for action are social democrats in a east to west." While socialism, be wrote, has already penetrated 'Ontar- io, "before it reaches the At- lantic shores it has a severe obstacle to clear: Quebec, where resistance to socialism is still supreme among the mass of people." Cyrflle Felteau, writing in La Presse, said that on general principles it is good that Mr. Schreyer and his government did not gain the vast majority predicted for them. "Too often, crushing majori- ties are dangerous gifts for par- ties. They tempt governments to allow themselves to slide down the slippery slope of satis- faction which feads to arro- gance, always a bad adviser. "We have had several exam- ples of this in recent years in Ottawa, Quebec City and else- where." But Mr. Ryan said Premier Schreyer's importance in Cana- dian political life has been in- creased with his victory and this is good for Quebec. "It will not be without inter- est to recall that Mr. Schreyer, in the last four years, has shown himself to be one of the first ministers most open to the French fact and the particular aspirations of Quebec. "Witbout forgetting that as a good provincial leader be will have to consider first the inter- ests of his own fellow-citizens, we are happy to know that Mr. Schreyer wpl still be present when Canadian ministers meet" And Mr. Felteau said that as a result of the election "one thing is certain. 'In coming years Manitoba politics win continue to retain the attention of many observ- ers across the country The victory of Ed Schreyer per- mits one to foresee the deploy- ment of provincial and region- al policies capable of better meeting the many challenges which equality and social pro- gress pose for Canada in a cli- mate of democratic liberty." Peking. The Khmer Rouge has built an army of men from what used to be a ragged force of They have come to control most of the country, and if they wanted they could probably take Phnom Penh. A part of the territory held by the Khmer Rouge Is adjacent to the Vietnamese border. Those lands have been available as a sanctuary for Communist troops hostile to the Saigon regime in South Viet- nam. Thus a Cambodian settle- ment is sure to raise the threat already posed to the Saigon government. Still the Saigon government, with a force of one million men and the latest armaments, is powerful in its own right. More- over, there is operating as a diplomatic constraint against any major Communist offensive in Vietnam, the rivalry between Peking and Moscow. In these circumstances, there was division inside the admini- stration when the Congress fin- ally began passing measures forbidding the use of funds to American bombing in Cambodia. The highest ranking state department profession- als, both in tba Saigon embassy and in Washington, did not think continued bombing of Cambodia was that important to the ultimate settlement. They were prepared to stop (he bombing right away. But the three top foreign pol- icy men in the White House President Nixon, Dr. Heray Kis- singer and General Alexander Haig saw it differently. They had widened the war to include Cambodia back hi 1970 precisely to rub. out the Communist sanc- tuaries which are now being re-established. More important, they continue to believe that the bombing of North Vietnam brought the ceasefire agree- ment which, they claim, was far better than any other agree- ment that mightbave been work- ed out after the bombing. They have, in other words, staked their reputation on .the efficacy-of bombing as the bringer of peace in Vietnam. So in the face of congression- al action, the president and his men hung tough on the right to bomb. For a brief time a constitutional crisis threatened. Then the administration and the Congress came up with a compromise which ends aH bombing, unless there is furth- er congressional approval, on Aug. 15. As an instrument of foreign policy the extension of the tombing until Aug. 15 is virtu- ally meaningless. If the bomb- ing made aU that difference, the Communists could easily put off the Cambodian huddle until after Aug. 15 when the bombing would have stopped. But in domestic American politics the continued bombing is a victory for the president He and his aides can claim that the settlement which was in the works was produced by their bombing. Only a few churlish moralists will note that inno- cent people are being killed so that the president and a couple of his men can look good. Maybe history will understand what Mr. Nixon had in mind when be was pleased to talk about peace with honor. What he meant was an exit, bomb- ing. 'Crazy Capers' It was such nice day I de- cided to take baby The Lethbridge Herald _____ tw Stt St S, beflfcrUge, LEIHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD, Piopieuiii and Pn UV-UM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN MM OHi MM HtytaiMan Ma. tea cwwnan fnm ma fht f AMKttflen M Aoart Bonn ef OLEO W MOWCIK, E4ftu- ma PtOWor THOMAS hurry. AflKuJtfMl Etffltf' K. WMJEM ;