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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 1971 William Millinsiiip Freedom of press defended by court .n nn. Hie executive branch As the pot burns The two year old government ap- pointed committee on youth, one of Secretary of State Pelletier's many babies, is currently advocating the legal use of pot for citizens 18 yeais of age and over. It also proposes a new drug authority in the health and welfare department to supervise mar- keting and distribution of marijuana. The youth committee which is made up of a corp of about 60 and has managed in its brief term to spend S500 000, will doubtless come up win many fine recommendations to aid the cause of youth, but in the mat- ter of drug use and abuse the LelJain commission labored long and exten- sively to sift through all the cause and effect issues of the entire Cana- dian drag scene. Perhaps the youth committee sought information from the LeDam report in order to come up with its recommendations, but the fact that its proposals scooped the commis- sion's must be a source of embarrass- ment to the government as well as the commission itself. Two govern- ment agencies working on the same problems seems to indicate overlap- ping and lack of communication. To date the LeDain commission has not indicated its support for the youth committee's recommendations either on the non medical use of drags or the distribution and marketing of marijuana, so obviously it is not pre- pared to do so. This means the drag question is not likely any nearer a solution than it ever has been. Per- haps it would be a good idea if Mr. PeUelier and Health Minister Munro got their heads together and also their committees together to find out just what they are doing and what their mutual goals should be. WASHINGTON To most pnn American eyes, VPP decision of the United Rates Supreme Court to allow the New YorK Times and Hit Washington Post to resume publication of articles based on top secret Pentagon documents is an extraordinary event. To American journalists, though not necessarily to all Ameri- cans, the innovation was the Government's success in delaying the publication of ar- ticles for a fortnight. The case of the leaked Penta- gon papers is an historic one, if only it convinces the world that there is something special about the American conception of democracy. The fact that freedom of the Press is set down in black and white in a written constitution is some- thing very peculiarly Amer- ican. In Britain, which has no written constitution, the publi- cation of top secret documents on the scale undertaken in a huge flood by the New York Times, with promise of more to come, would very likely have led to the arrest of a well- known editor. In France, which has a writ- ten constitution, the entire issue of the newspaper concern- ed would have been seized a practice which became very common during the Algerian war. It is only against the back- ground of wonderment that non Americans can begin to comment on the extraordinary debate that has been going on in the United Slates in the past few weeks. It is a remarkable fact that, in almost 200 years of inde- pendence, no American Admin- istration has sought to prevent, in advance, the publication of articles in an American news- paper. This, in itself, made the cases of the New York Times and the Washington Post very special. One must admit, however, that the journalistic enterprise involved was also unusual. The New York Times had been given almost pages of secret documents, and even that bulky publication could not accommodate its entire report in a single issue. Its attempt to compress all it wanted to say in five or six numbers no doubt proved indigestible to most of its readers. But this procedure gave Ihe adniuiisiralion an op- portunity, indeed challenged it, to take court aclion. As Ihe case ground ils way up lo Ihe Supreme Court, which was recognized from the start as the only court in the United Slates that could reach a final conclusion, the administralion was rebuffed at alrnosl every s'age. The lower courts did not find thai Ihe Government had proved that continued publica- tion would cause immediate and irreparable harm to the United States. Publication of the secrets mighl cause em- barrassment and inconveni- ence lo officials, bul govern- ment lawyers failed lo con- vince Ihe lower courts that more than this was at stake. What the judges at the local level saw was an attempt by Aboriginal tennis Early last Spring, Col. Patrick Montgomery secretary of the anti- slavery society took a look at the Australian hinterland where most of the nation's pure blood aborigines live and work on cattle stations. He issued a shocking report of condi- tions and said that he had found a very high rate of illiteracy, drink- ing gambling and crime. He said that these original inhabitants of Australia, who had probably lived there for years before the coming of the white man, had drift- ed into hopeless lethargy through the indifference of white society to I heir rights and needs. (It should be a familiar story to Canadians who are at last becoming aware of the result of similar indifference to the plight of their own native Then along comes Miss Evonne Goolagong, whose parents are aborigines, though not in the "pure" sense of the word. Her father, a sheep shearer "looks like an Aus- tralian farmworker" and is "ac- cepted" in the local pub. Her moth- er has the face of the true aborigine and is illiterate. Miss Goolagong was discovered by an employee of an Australian tennis school whose director Mr. Vic Edwards took her, when she was only 11 years old, into his own home, supervised her edu- taught her to play an almighty game of tennis. Now at the age of 19, Miss Goolagong, part aborigine, has astonished the world by winning the championships at Wimbledon, defeating the "unbeat- able" Mrs. Court. Mr Edwards has played Profes- sor Higgins to Miss Goolagong's Eliza, and between the two of them they have demonstrated magnif- icently the latent potential of the original people of Australia, who have been treated with such con- tempt by the whites. Her great suc- cess on 'the tennis courts, may have a spinoff effect of vast importance to her own people particularly if, when she reaches more mature years, she uses her prestige and au- thority in their service. Breach of contract There comes a time when breach- ing the law of contract is justified. Last February Canada signed a con- tract for shipment of jet fighter parts for Pakistan. Since then the government of Pakistan has revealed itself as a ruthless destroyer. A gov- ernment which has totally ignored the wishes of the people of East Pakistan by disregarding the result of electors "there. Reports of ruthless killings by the West Pakistani army of defenceless people in'West Ben- gal, of brutal treatment which has forced millions of starving refugees to flee across the border into India, are so consistent, that there is no longer room for doubt. Ottawa is right, under the circumstances, to place a hold order on the aircraft parts. Suspending shipment is in line with the World Bank's aid-to- Pakistan consortium (of which Can- ada is a It has post- poned any discussion for further as- sistance until President Kayha Khan changes his tune and puts forth some kind of plan for political settlement with the East Pakistanis. "The way he explained it to me, it's some sort of secret project he's doing for the departmentof health and welfare! Bruce Hutchison A typical weekend in the wilderness __ 11 _ rtu in T i-QTi rvri C1T1 CTl V PTinilPh. liii.le L WE WASHED our feet, some years ago, my wife and I, before we were allow- ed to enter the Golden Temple of the Sikhs at Amritsar. We have washed our feet since, but it has been optional. There has been no risk of being reduced to bite- size chunks by an angry mob because we tried to enter a sanctum sanctorum with tootsies unlaundered. I was reminded of the chilly foot trough in the Punjab when I drove my family to the Oregon coast, last long week- end, so that the children could have their first look at real Pacific surf. "No pollution I cried, as the ma- jestic combers came into view. "Look at that crystal-clear water! Breathe that pure salt air! Look and breathe or Daddy will thump you." I mortgaged my retirement years to pay for the motel accommodation right on the beach. As I was repocketing my gutted wallet, I noticed the sign beside the door lo our unit: PLEASE WASH YOUR FEET. My first thought was that we had stum- bled onto a northern outpost of one of those weird religious culls for which southern California is celebrated. I had an cxhil. arating i f fleeting vision o f encounter groups in which nude young female novitiates tried to communicate with me by playing footsie. Then I the box holding the large can of solvent and the rather grubby rag. I also noticed the black footprints splotching the expensive rug before our door. Oil. We had hit oil, miles from Okla- homa. Lucky old us, we had wildcatted black gold within easy reach of to quote the motel brochure "the ocaan-fronting private patio" and within earshot of "soothing surf murmurs." Murmuring unsoothingly as I unloaded our bags from the trunk of the car, I pass- ed a fellow vacationer squatted in front of his unit, glumly swabbing the stained spud cf his heel. "It's in little bubbles under the he said. "We've learned to take it in our stride." We both chuckled Ihe death rattle chuckle of our time, and I went into the motel bathroom sanitized for my protec- tion to sit down and have a good cry. .Venturing out on the golden sand fouled by tarry blobs, I conjectured about the source of the obscenity. No sinking tankers were visible on the horizon. The surf boom- ed in without a hint of marine disaster. I picked up no dying seabirds, for which I was greatful, given a full schedule of "everchanging beach activities." But I still felt hostile towards somebody, somewhere, for mucking up the sand. Japan, for instance. I glared across the 500 miles of open ocean at the offending fac- tories that had sold me a camera so that I could take photos of my kids slathed in sludge. 1 may even have shaken my fist at Uie land of the rising scum. If I wasn't an hysterical environmentalist before our family went to the Oregon coast, 1 came back a bona fide eco-nut. Henceforth the oil company that tries to enter my mind with its pitch for progress will kindly wash its mouth out with solvent and stuff an oily rag in its yawp. (Vancouver Province Features) A bombshell Ily Doug Wrtkcr Louis Svrcck dropped a n bombshell recently. He casually rc- .-.jntly. He casually marked that his next project would very likely be the building of a garage. Ilcrn he K making plans for n garage and I haven't even got a fence yet. In fuel, 1 haven't even gut a garbage can stand to restrain the receptacle from roaming when the wind blows. All my life I have heard about people trying to keep up will] Ihe Joneses. It can't nearly as bad as keeping up with Ilio Svrccks Helen with her gardcninc and lxniis with his enterprising. it rains in the Pacific coast jungle, as it rains nowhere else in Canada, for- tunate is the man who owns a snug rustic cabin full of week- end guests from the city. Full, too, of innocent laughter, rev- elry and suffocating wood smoke. Full of sympathy for those underprivileged _ urban dwellers who cannot enjoy the great Canadian folk festival, the old midsummer night's dream. Rain it turns every trail into a river, it dimples the lake and wreathes the moun- tains in liquid loveliness, it patters softly on the roof to soothe the human spirit, it drips through the ceiling to make gleaming puddles on the floor. Who cares ahout such minor inconveniences? Certainly not the guests. They enjoy the mighty spectacle of nature. They feel around them the naked presence of elemental things as it is never felt in the concrete, rainproof prison of the city. Besides, they all wear ram coats indoors and the host has thoughtfully provided umbrel- las for the ladies. Ah, the blessed rain from Heaven it has been falling for a month now on the just and unjust, es- pecially on the cabin and its lucky inmates. Here, if the unjust of the city could see it, is a native Cana- dian tableau that no foreign artist could paint. Huddled beneath their um- brellas the ladies play bridge for small, friendly stakes. A dozen cards are missing from the ancient pack but. substitutes have been made of cardboard, each readily recognizable by the opposing players to in- crease the hazards of the game. The players' voices rise in shrill dispute over every deal but it is all good clean fun be- neath the umbrellas with pauses now and then for re- freshments, cosmetics and hy- sterics. At another table two rich businessmen from Vancouver, their wealth and Worries for- gotten, their clolhcs steaming merrily, try lo put together a jigsaw puzzle, as carefree as boys on a holiday. They don't know yet that the puzzle can never be put together because it contains pieces from several others mixed in the same box last autumn. The host knows because he mixed them by ac- cident but he says nothing lest he spoil the pleasure of his dis- tinguished guests. If someone prefers books to cards or puzzles he is welcome to read the late Justice Mor- timer Binks' classic work on the English Common Law of Tort, published in 1887. If he relishes something lighter there is a volume of Frois- Not as we do service IN a letter lo Volunteer, the magazine of Ihe Peace Corps, former volunteer Ella Doran recalls that when she was sent to Bolivia in 1964, she and other corpsmen were in- structed to try to motivate and educate Ihe Indians to do the following things: 1. To wear shoes or sandals so they wouldn't get worms. 2. To cut down on their chew- ing of cacao leaves because it dulled their initiative. 3. To be sanitary in order to eliminate disease. 4. To learn better nutrition. To respect other people's properly so thai Ihere would be no nee'l for vicious dogs, adobe walls with broken glass en- crusted on lop, elc. Three years after her Peace Corps service she became a resident director in a girl's dormitory r.t Kent Stale Uni- versity and encountered edu- cated students in a highly civ- ilized country who do the fol- lowing: 1. Go barefoot everywhere bill l.o class. 2. Smoke pot. 3. Throw garbage out Ihe win- dows. 4. Eal mostly hamburgers, pizzas and French fries. 5. Steal university properly and from each other without any real personal need. "My question she writes, "Can wo loll other people in oilier countries, 'Do what I tell you, not whal 1 sari's Chronicles, in French, a collection of Browning's poems and even, for lower, modern tastes, some deteclive stories published in 1920 with only a few pages devoured by mice, the murderers remaining for- ever unknown. A silent gentleman from Vic- toria lies on a soggy but com- fortable couch reading the Law of Tort and sipping an amber beverage which may be ginger ale, and may not. Hour after hour he absorbs the law and the beverage in equal quanti- ties, his face turning a deeper red, probably from Ihe excite- ment of Justice Sinks' masler- piece. Al length he can contain his boyish enthusiasm no longer, lie leaps to his feel, hurls llvj book across Ihe room, surveys Ihe rain through the clouded window and delivers a speech perhaps not as eloqucnl as Lin- coln's at. Gettysburg but lorx'rr and louder, with many refer- ences to divine Providence, Ihe weather and Ihe tax policies of the Trudeau government. Lin- coln would admire the sincere passion of his oratory. If Mr. Trudeau could hear it he would resign. Unfortunately the host has missed it He is out in the bush gathering wet cordwood for the kitchen stove, soaked to the skin but refreshed by healthy exercise and secretly cheered by Ihe thought of the luckless people in the city. Aboul this time they will be going lo lunch in some dry and noisy restaurant while his eye feasts on the beauty of Ihe wilderness and he looks forward to a hearty meal cooked lo pcrfec- lion on a wood slove by a lady who has volunteered her ex- pert, services and deserves Ihe cordon bleu. Bui there is a slight, hitch in these arrangements. Hie cook cannot make the fire burn, is overcome by smoke and weeps quietly in the kilchcn, un- noticed by the jolly guests in the living room. No mailer, Ihe host, has prepared for all even- tualities. He opens a few cans of beans and serves them cold a banquet exactly fit for Ihe occasion, as all Ihe agree with gratitude bill, sur- ap- prisingly enough, petile. They are Ihinking, no doubt, of higher things and pitying the deprived majority of the na- tion, Ihe prisoners of Ihe cily who cannot share their simple pleasures. Alas, society, even with its new budget and tax re- forms, is still unjust. So passes this typical Cana- dian week-end of glorious mid- summer in the best of all pos- sible climates. So comes the night in the snug cabin and with it the latesl cloudburst. The oil lamps are lighted. The hysterics subside. The guests sleep the sleep of the just, the hungry and Ihe damp. On Monday morning Ihey rise before daylight to face with horror but grim courage their return lo Ihe city. They don't even wait for breakfast. As their cars move down the road the dripping hosl observes, that they travel at a high rale of speed. How he pilics his guests, poor devils. (Herald Special Service) the executive branch of gov- ernment to institute a form oE censorship in what is legally peace lime (despite the Viet- nam war which Ihe documents are all And this seem- ed lo clash wilh the First Amcndmenl of Ihe Conslilution guaranteeing freedom of the Press. The Supreme Court, which agreed lo expedite considera- tion of the case, since every day of delay constituted in ef- fect one more day of "prior re- s'rainl" (censorship) of the press, was obviously embar- rassed at having to consider the problem in this form. It betrayed a reluctance to de- cide what, in effect, was a political question of foreign policy, more properly worked out between Congress and the White House. Four of the nine justices were prepared lo rejecl the Governmenl case without so much as a healing, on the grounds that Ihe First Amend- ment ruled out censorship. The other five were less sure that the Constitulion ruled put "prior restraint" in any situa- tion. In the final vote, six justices found in favor of the news- papers and three dissented, largely because they consider- ed the whole case had been dealt with with injudicious haste and without giving the court the time to consider fully the facts. Among those who dissented were Chief Justice Burger and Justice Blackmun, bolh recent appointees to Ihe court. The Uvo deciding voles were those of Justice White and Justice Stewart. Mr. Stewart pointed out that Ihe TJonstilulion had already given the execulive "enormous power" in defence and foreign affairs, a power which "has been pressed lo the very hilt since the advent of the nuclear missile age." He went on: "For heller or for worse, the simple fact is that a President of the United States possesses vastly greater constitutional independence in these two vital areas of power than does, say, a Prime Minis- ter of a country with a parlia- mentary form of government" The only effective restraint on such power lay in "an en- lighlened citizenry" and "with- out an informed and free Press there eannol be an enlightened people." Mr. Justice White went furth- er. He said that he could not "deny that revelation of these documents will do substantial damage to public interests." He nevertheless found that the Government had "not satisfied the very heavy burden which it musl meel lo warrant an in- junction in these cases The decision, though it has not ruled out any censorship ever, was a substantial defeat for an Administralion that has repeatedly put Ihe burden of polilical decision on Ihe Su- preme Court. Two of the Njxon Government's most spectacu- lar political defeals were, in- deed, in its politically moti- vated attempts to appoint southern conservatives la the Supreme Court. More recently, the Attorney- General, Mr. John Mitchell, ap- pealed to the Supreme Court for authorily lo order a group of anti-war veterans from an area in the centre of Washing- ton, only then to decide it was not worth enforcing the order. But. pulling aside the politi- cal meaning of this new failure, non Americans can only admire if not envy a sys- tem which places freedom of speech above the certain em- barrassmenl of governmenl of- ficials pasl or present (Written for The Herald and The Observer in Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 A preliminary esti- mate of the census department released today places the 1921 population of Canada at Western Canada's pop- ulation this year is against the 1911 figures o t 633.542. 1931 Close to ten million dollars in provincial assets with nearly a half million a year in interest for three years will be coming into Alberta as a result of the seltlcmcnt of the school lands funds case, States farmers expect to harvest their most valuable crop of grain since 1929. Its estimated value is or more than last year. ceased to he in a state of war with Germany as from today, Foreign Secre- tary Herbert Morrison told the House of Commons. 1W.I "Axis Mildred Gillars, was released from prison today after serving 12 years for treason. Miss Gillars was convicted in 1949 for her part in conducting Nazi broad- casts beamed to U.S. troops. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Rr-rjlstratlon No. 0015 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspatw Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CtEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mannncr JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Mannoinq Edllnr Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advcrllslnq Mananer editorial Pone Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;