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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thundoy, July 9, 1970 Cart T. Rowan New Negotiator The United States has a new nego- tiator at the Paris peace talks. Presi- dent Richard Nixon has appointed Ambassador David Bruce who is a skilled and experienced diplomat. Ambassador Brace is not likely to be successful in bringing about a ne- gotiated settlement of the Vietnam war. A new formula as well as a new negotiator would be necessary for that to happen. Negotiations have not been stalled because the wrong man was repres- enting the U.S. in Paris. A deadlock exists because the two sides have mutually exclusive positions. Judging by the fact that President Nixon ruled out most of the elements available for a new formula when he announced the nomination of Ambas- sador Bruce, the new negotiator is doomed to a frustrating experience. On neither of the major issues in- sisted upori1 by Hanoi is President Nixon prepared to yield. He is not willing to change his stand on full support of the Saigon government. And he is not going to fix any date for total withdrawal of U.S. forces. Obviously the intransigence of the North Vietnamese is being matched by that of the United States. Indeed, it begins to look suspiciously as though President Nixon is following the same will-o-lhe-wlsp as his pre- decessor in thinking that military pressure will bring the North Viet- namese to a mood for negotiation. By claiming that the Cambodian operation has put the U.S. in a com- manding position of strength Mr. Nixon discloses his faith in eventual- ly being able to force Hanoi to capit- ulate. Everything that has happen- ed in the past should have warned him against that kind of confidence. For years the enemy has continued to corne back in strength after each American-South Vietnamese assault. President Nixon's description of the recent Cambodian exercise as a de- cisive turning point is hard to coun- tenance. The capturing of rice sup- plies and arms'is not likely to ham- per the Communist forces very long. Supplies of rice appear to be readily available in other parts of Cambodia and the arms suppliers beyond Hanoi are still in business. In fact, the Communists appear to be far from collapse and have now overrun a large part of Cambodia. Ambassador Bruce thus seems to have little hope of moving the Paris peace talks off dead centre. He may be nothing more than a sop to the American people to win more time from dissent for the military program called Vietnamization. Arms For South Africa South Africa will get arms from. Britain. This is almost a certainty. For one thing, the Conservatives promised during the election cam- paign that sale of arms would be re- sumed. Of course election promises cannot always be wit, the already announced inability to re- duce taxes although it was a major promise to British voters. The promise to sell arms will be kept, however, because South Africa has become Britain's second most important trading customer. From the profits made on trading with Bri- tain, South Africa has been able to buy ample supplies of arms .from France. Britain might as well have the business.'The Labor government gave the Tories the argument when supplying arms to Nigeria that is, if we don't supply them, someone else will. An .attempt, of course, is being made to cloak the arms sale with respectability. The arms are for de- fence only external defence, that is. They are not intended to be used in the rhaint e n a n c e of apartheid which Britain will continue to offi- cially deplore. When the racial conflict cauldron finally boils over perhaps even be- fore it does the distinction be- tween "external" and "internal" mil disappear. People in the Afro-Asian nations know this; the white supre- macists in South Africa know it; the delegates to the United Nations know it; and so, doubtless, do the members of the British Tory government. Bri- tain will thus be lining up unequivo- cally on the side of humanity's white minority in willy-nilly defence of apartheid! Principles have a hard time com- peting with profits. Moral men are often overwhelmed by the immoral- ity of their institutions especially governments. Rays Of Hope Willingness to take even a slight reduction in wages and benefits by union agreement is something that has come to be almost totally un- expected. Yet this has happened in at least two instances recently. Faced with declines in commercial and industrial construction, general contractors and unions in London, On- tario have negotiated a new residen- tial collectiye agreement and moved into the residential field. Wage rates remain the same but there have been agreed-upon reductions in the rate of vacation pay and in overtime pay. Workers at Wear Ever Aluminum Inc. in Chillicothe, Ohio have voted to forgo wage and benefit increases due them in the third year of their labor contract. The labor contract in this instance was the result of indus- try-wide bargaining that showed lit- tle regard for local conditions. Wear- Ever was running at least an hour more in wages and benefits than the competing cookware industry and was faced with the prospect of hav- ing to close. In both these instances it appeared that it was a question of sticking to agreements or being unemployed. It would not seem to require much cog- itation to recognize the path of wis- dom. Yet there are many instances of businesses ceasing operation with resulting unemployment for the lack of willingness to compromise in rec- ognition of local conditions. These two instances give cause for hope that a new reasonableness is entering the labor scene. Unions will not necessarily have to give up their legitimate quest for justice by the admission of a measure of common- sense. You Can't Beat City Hall A By William Hay, Herald Associate Editor seems to be a sinister plan in this city that as soon as we get a decent paved street or avenue, someone has to come along and dig trenches for gas lines, telephone lines, storm sewers or something. City taxpayers have put out good money over the years to improve our streets and it appears a bit ridiculous that someone, somewhere doesn't know the pavement will be mutilated before it has really set. Planning must enter into this problem somewhere but a lack of comnrunication between departments and firms installing services appears very evident. Why spend good money improving streets then dig them up and slap on a patch? Most of these patches either sink in places or heave and break up dxiring the winter with the result that many of our thoroughfares deteriorate into a bumpy, roller coaster type experience for motorists. Perhaps the powers-that-be should take a leaf out of the book of early-day coun- cils of this city and look a little farther than the end of their noses. You cannot al- ways build just for today and this is borne out by the fact that nearly every new school built in recent years has required an expensive addition, every year the city has to make repairs to the Henderson Lake swimming pool, council rejected an offer to sell the City Hal! annex on Fourth Ave- nue and now that the various depart- ments housed there have moved or are moving elsewhere, another buyer will like- ly be sought. Is it necessary to have all this bureaucracy and red tape and lack of vis- ion to run even a small city? Escalation in costs of contract jobs may be unavoidable but it always seems the taxpayer is the guy who's stuck with it, witness the extra for the LCI addi- tion and at least a couple of thousand more to increase the clearance on the Ninth Street overhead bridge, to cite two exam- ples. Trees are planted along boulevards and1 median strips, they grow for 20 years and add to the beauty of the city then all of a sudden they're a menace! For two or three weeks in tht year cotton comes floating down and the homeowners in the area squawk. The trees are cut down and torn out, city crews labor over redigging the area, new, tiny trees of a different vari- ety are planted and staked, new grass sown and another generation will have to wait till the new plantings mature to their full beauty. Why plant cottonwoods in the first place? There seems to be a major concern in tliis city for ths big projects in the hun- dreds of thousands or millions but that 40 or 60 feet of entrance roadway into the ex- hibition grounds cannot be paved because the Exhibition Board has no money! Did you ever try to get the city to spread a couple of loads of gravel on a water-filled lane (their or get a few over- hanging tree branches cut off? Not enough money, too few staff! The large projects are important we agree, but the smaller, less spectacular and less expensive jobs are the ones the tax- payers really appreciate. Most of us find to our chagrin that you just can'l beat City Hall. Too Much Hard-Sell On Cambodia WASHINGTON Those twin perils of the Poto- mac, pride and politics, have lured President Nixon into some boasts and claims that he will probably regret where Cambodia is concerned. Many of us who disagreed with the Cambodian vent u r e were prepared, nonetheless, to accept a presidential statement that Cambodia was about to go down the drain and that U.S. troops were sent in after Mr. Nixon picked what he thought the best of two horrible choices. Elementary fairness would require acceptance of that ex- planation because it is true. No honest man is going to hang a president because his judge- ment differs when faced with two woefully unpalatable choices, as the president often is. But like his predecessor, Lyn- don B. Johnson, and so many other officials who have got their egos caught up in this Asian tragedy, Mr. Nixon in- sisted on making a maggot pie look like a plum pudding. It wasn't enough of an ex- cess that Vice President Ag- new should speak of Cambodia as "tile greatest military vic- tory of the President Nixon had to compare Cambo- dia with D-Day and (he Battle of Stalingrad and suggest that someday it may be viewed as "decisive" in the South east Asian conflict. It simply strains the credu- lity of all but the blindest Nix- on partisan when the presi- dent concedes on the one hand that there can be no military victory, and vows that he does not seek one, but then speaks of a very dubious military op- eration as potentially "deci- sive." True, the Pentagon has com- piled for the president's argu- ment a very imposing set of statistics about weapons seiz- ed, supplies destroyed, enemy soldiers k i 11 e d or catpured. This compilation is almost to make you forget that as the last GIs left Cambodia the Lon Nol regime faced a grave military crisis, that the Communists were in solid con- trol of at least a third of the country, elsewhere the government had real con- trol of only cities and towns, and Communist bands were able to stage forays at will across the countryside. Still, we might accept the president's explanation fully and happily (we want him to be right) if this were 1964 or 1965, and we had not' g o n e through all those bloody years in which American officials have let pride and politics push them into putting a rosy face on everything, including some terrible setbacks. Not only Were there monot- onously disappointing cries about "light at the end of the but even when the en- emy delivered what everyone knew was a stunning blow dur- ing the 1968 Tet offensive, President Johnson would stand before the press with a straight face and label these massive attacks on some 30 South Viet- namese provincial capitals "a complete failure." More disturbing than the claims that Cambodia was a great military victory is Pres- ident Nixon's suggestion that finally the allies may have bloodied the Communists' noses enough to make them see the "Oh-oh, something tells me we might be next in line for the rotating wisdom of a negotiated peace. "In Cambodia, the futility of expanded aggression has been the president asserted. He said Cambodia has emphasized to the enemy that "Hie word of the United States whether given in a promise or a warning was still good." As if to lend substance to this notion (hat Cambodia may have taught Hanoi that now is the time to negotiate, Mr. Nix- on named Ambassador David K. E. Bruce as new chief nego- tiator at the Paris peace talks. The time for "learning les- sons" did not begin with Cam- bodia, and one lesson which the last five years should have taught everyone is that tbe de- livery of a military setback does not induce the other side to negotiate. It provokes the other side to stall until it can pull off some military counter- coup that will enable it to "bar- gain from strength." Ths U.S. and South Vietnam would not have thought of slinking to a peace table, tail between the legs, in the wake of the Communists' Tet offen- sive. It is utterly unrealistic to expect the Communists to rush into "meaningful negotiations" in Paris in the wake of what American officials claim has been a devastating allied vic- tory. After every such boast by the American military the Communists have summoned all their cunning and zeal to mount assaults to prove that they have not been rendered militarily impotent. There is no reason to assume that the pat- tern will change now. The one pleasing develop- ment in this whole mess is Mr. Nixon's naming of a new chief negotiator'. The peace talks were not making progress when Henry Cabot Lodge resigned last November, and they are not likely to go far for many months, but it was an ill-ad- vised cut-off-the-noss to-spite- the face action when Mr. Nixon downgraded the peace talks by failing to replace Lodge with a prominent negotiator. Hanoi re- sponded pettily, of cour'se, by withdrawing its chief negotia- tor. Perhaps the lesson Mr. Nixon got out of Cambodia is that the American people will not go the military route with him, so he had better re emphasize negotiations, however slow and frustrating they may be. If that is so, then something good did come out of-Cambodia. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Georgean Harper Japan: A Country To Be Reckoned With As. (Fourth in a series) A NATION Japan has made phenomenal strides since the Second World War. Seeing the country, visiting Expo, riding on the world's fast- est train, it is hard for me as a western Canadian to appre- ciate the progress made in 25 years. But it has been Hard work and a painful change. Historically, Japanese society had always been ruled by the military in one guise or another. The militarists1 were able to have their way with force. The Cabinet had to include army and navy officers, and these men were able to influence Cabinet decisions. Though the Parliament was supposedly in favor of the emperor, in actual fact many assassinations of public figures and prime minis- ters went on. Immediately after the Second World War the Japanese people reversed their militaristic opin- ions, and democratic beliefs were adopted. As a reaction to the policies of the militarists, pro-democratic manifestations evolved. Some post-war Japan- ese felt the Americans were not all bad and a segment of the Japanese public went to the extreme of admiring everything American. Some Japanese did not feel this at all and retained their traditional ideas. In the process, part of the militaristic and part of the American ideo- logy were incorporated. It is difficult for a tourist, even talk- ing to knowledgeable people to decide whether the country is a democracy or not. When we were in Kyoto there was great activity going on in campaigns for the governorship of Kyoto prefecture. Informa- tion had it that the governor elected by the people for the last term of office was very popular with the masses, and had instituted policies honoring the wishes of the people. This governor was not favored by the establishment and as a re- sult there was great publicity and pressure to elect another man who was the choice of the power group. The intellectuals of the country were hoping that the common voter would not be swayed to ths point cf voting out the present governor who had done such an excellent job. Internationally Japan certain- ly is a country to be reckoned with. She has 'the third highest gross national product in the world. Her exports are high and her markets are worldwide. She exports such things as steps, textiles, chemicals, machinery, and closer to home the things we are aware of such as cars and electronics radio, TV sets and washing machines. Here in Lethbridge there is a noticeable increase in advertis- ing for Japanese products. Even though the country has progressed industrially to be- come a leading world trader, there is strife in the factories. Just after the war, due to poor working conditions, the Ameri- cans started and encouraged labor unions. These unions have since developed to the point that laborers have fought for and now have better working condi- tions with a higher standard of living and the workers refuse to return to the old ways. Thus costs of production are increas- ing because of increased wages and other factors. With increased capital on hand the Japanese are now branching out into other coun- tries to produce goods or utilize raw materials. A good example lies here in South Alberta. Japan uses Canadian coal from the Kaiser development in the Crowsnest Pass area. Japanese have a controlling interest in Letter To The Editor Day Care Centre In reply to the costly adver- tisement submitted in the public interest by the private owners cf day care centres in Leth- bridge, I would like to draw attention to a major misrepre- sentation. The confusion be- tween primary and pre-schcol education indicates a complete misunderstanding of the prin- ciples of Day Oare Centres, which should not occur, partic- ularly with those who provide this service. The remaining misconceptions raised by the advertisement will be answered in full at the public meeting to be held this evening, and all interested pccple are urged to attend. BARBARA A. LACEY, Lethbridge. Crestbrook Timber in .B.C. and are manufacturing wood prod- ucts using Canada's natural re- sources. Japan also has large interests in British Columbia's mines. Japan right now is an amal- gamation of western and tradi- tional culture. It is in a state of transition and it is difficult for the authorities at this point to say what will happen. I talked to one Japanese about the emperor and his fam- ily. In 1946 the emperor pro- claimed that he was no longer a divine being and stepped down from that role. People were no longer forced to bow constantly in his presence or to bow in the presence of his pic- ture. This humanizing of the emperor really hasn't had much of an effect on the people them- selves. As mentioned before, historically, all power was in the hands of the military. With EO much money needed for run- ning the country I wondered why the Japanese just didn't dispense with the emperor as their figurehead. When I put this question to a Japanese the answer I received was simply delightful. "We Japanese spend lots of money on many foolish things, and the emperor and his family are one of the less fool- ish, so why not just keep them it's easier that way." One might pose the same question and get the same answer of the British Royal Family. To me Japan cannot help but continue to be a very powerful country. She has the manpower, literacy, and production needed. At the same time there is a growing dislike abroad for the Japanese because they are so successful and are capitalizing on other nations' lack of develop- ment. Never once did I hear any reference to the power of the military. I wonder about democracy and its function- ing in the country. In many ways I was lead to believe that there is still a very strong cen- tral power group controlling most of the big money in Japan. I felt there was no national belligerence as there was 30 years ago. I did feel a tremen- dous national pride and an ag- gressive spirit. Japan is leading the world in some instances. I had the feeling that should they have their way. they could lead the world wherever possible. There were two opposing groups one group was tired of everything about Japan and was looking elsewhere. The other section was happy to be Japanese and proud of all the country's accomplishments. How is this going to affect Ca- nadians in the future? Perhaps this is a fairly easy question to answer when you consider the problems Canada has living north of its powerful neighbor, the United States. It may be a similar situation with Japan. Our friendly relations with Japan are bound to cool in a few instances. Our government may become much more wary of foreign investment Japan- ese or otherwise in our coun- try. Japan is strongly opposed to foreign economic control, al- lows Sony only one third foreign ownership. It is very easy to be- come jealous and suspicious of someone more powerful and wealthier. This may happen with Canadian-Japanese rela- tions in the future. One cannot disregard the transition in Japan. Politically Japan is changing from a tradi- tional to a democratic system with many problems in between. Socially, family culture is de- clining. The young are tired'of tradition and want change. Though little information filters through to Canada there is stu- dent unrest and some universi- ties have closed their doors due to demonstrations. Because the whole hierarchi- cal system is modifying, coupled with the pressure of producing salable goods for in- ternational markets, one won- ders whether the internal rev- olution taking place will remain subtle or not. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1921) Lack of accommoda- tion in the high school and tile public schools In the city is proving a headache to mem- bers of the school beard. Space outside the high school is be- ing sought for commercial classes, so that another room would be available for regular high school classes. 1930 According to City Solicitor Ball, the city is not liable for damages claimed by Miss Yvonne Le Tous, who was bitten by a muskrat while swimming in Henderson Lake. London Times to- day apparently viewed the ad- vent of tea rationing as the most important news story of the day. At the top of the front page devoted to highlights of page devoted o highlights of the news appeared: "Tea sup- plies rationed today." Truman has named General Douglas Mac- Arthur as commanding gen- eral of the United Nations forces in Korea. I960 A Camas, Wash, man considered himself very lucky as he lay in a Cardston hos- pital after being mauled by a grizzly bear in Glacier Na- tional Park. He tried to climb a tree, but. the branches gave way and the bear started to chew on his left hand, then took a bite out cf his thigh- He said "I just stayed' still and let her chew." Finally her atten- tion was taken by her cubs and she wandered off. flic Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Hail Registration Number 0012 Th' Canadian Presi and the Canadian Dally Newniptr Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publishtr THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manager JOE BAIM WILLIAM RAY Managins Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKEi Aclvcrlising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;