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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIOQE HERALD July 1974 IJMIOIUALS Rising expectations Profits not only side to transportation The allegation that the real basis of inflation can be found in the rising expec- tations of people is becoming more com- mon every day as the subject continues to preoccupy businessmen and even writers. so the argument simply want more than they should reasonably given a theoretical world-wide allocation of this planet's resources is of that expec- tations differ around the world. In a rising expectation may be for one meal a while in Canada it may mean a home of one's The sacrificial goat in this argument is usually government Government spends too much government gives in to the demands of people for old age for for for health for unemployment in- for postal service and for all the other benefits which make life more en- joyable. Although this of the root cause of inflation is sometimes made by a representative of the industrial and com- mercial sector of the there is littie evidence that private business feels much responsibility for these rising ex- pectations. if any segment of this nation has led people to want more than they if anything has stimulated the demand which is implied by the it is the private Nuclear sale to Iran The Shah of Iran is rapidly emerging as the foremost political strategist in the Middle East One evidence of this is the timing of his recent visit to France. While the attention of an alarmed world has been diverted by the dangers inherent m the U S promise of nuclear technology to Egypt and on the prospects of a nuclear giveaway in the Shah has been quietly visiting French nuclear research and production centres His interest is ostensibly peaceful. Iran already has a general agreement to buy five French nuclear power stations. His hosts have also indicated that Iran may be asked to invest in a uranium dif- fusion plant they are planning to build in southern France with additional help trom Spam and Belgium. Such a plant would produce the enriched uranium necessary for their reactors. Since the Indian nuclear any transfer of nuclear technology between nations has become suspect. On the eve ot the Shah's a French magazine quoted him as saying that his country would have nuclear weapons sooner than anyone believed. Embassy officials in Paris denied that he had made such a statement and another French paper reported an interview in which the Shah himself seemingly contradicts it by stressing that he was prepared declare our zone non-nuclear the idea that Iran will soon be a nuclear power is not far- fetched The Iranian ruler is known to be proud and scornful of western decadence It is not likely that he will willingly any more than the French in a bipartite monopoly of world power by the U S and Russia. It should be remembered that France is not a signatory of the 1968 non- proliferation treaty which prohibits adhering nations from transferring weapons material and information to other countries. of course the limited nuclear test-ban treaty of 1963 was signed only by the Bri- tain and As a the French sell their nuclear power plants with no strings with no inspec- tion safeguards to prevent the sidetrack- ing of fuel into military programs The New York Times reports that Japan is currently building the type of chemical separation plant which enabled India to extract weapons-grade plutonium from its reactor fuel without international scrutiny and made its atomic explosion possible. The Times adds that pilot plants are reportedly un- der construction in both Spain and Argen- which was recently offered nuclear assistance by India. There is certainly no assurance in the deal between France and the Shah may not have such a process in mind. Financing it would be no problem for his oil-rich country. While the world is concerned about nuclear weapons in the hands of the more volatile Arab countries for a real in the hands of Uganda's Am in the Shah is quietly pursuing his avowed intention of establishing Iran as the number one power in the Middle East. His unspoken ambitions remain to be seen And France is being scolded considerably less than the U S. for its part in the whole affair ART BUCHWALD Lowering moral standards WASHINGTON The Environmental Morality Agency has just announced that it was lowering its moral standards for the next two years. Fosdick Fleigenheimer told feel we can lower the moral level of the country without its becoming hazardous to anyone's health I protested. whole idea behind the Environmental Morality Agency mandate was to clean up the political pollu- tion in the don't like to lower the Fleigenheimer we have no choice. If we raise the levels of morality in we could cause massive unemployment on Capitol Hill in November. We also feel that Congress and the administration need more time to study the best way of doing away with political pollution. I assure you the agency is still very concerned about the but we do have to consider the about the They were counting on higher moral standards after done some extensive testing in our and we've discovered that the average American can take far more lying from his government than anyone thought he could. We know that we can increase the dose of false statements and contradictions three times the present and people could still live with it. While cleaning up the Watergate atmosphere is an ideal Congress and the president do not want to throw out the baby with the bath well I told Fleigenheimer. aren't you going to have to do something within the next two years to show the country you are sincere about instituting higher moral standards in the assure you we're doing everything we can within reason. The do-gooders want us to destroy the whole system in the name of morality. But it can't be done overnight. The important thing to remember is that we have been living very well with low morality levels for a long time. Some people have even thriv- ed on sets the morality standards for the I asked. president of the United States. He is in the best position to know just how much morality the country can according to the the president was shown to have very low moral standards. Isn't it dangerous to let one man have that much But as Father who is the White House put 'Who wants a saint in the White true. But in 1968 President Nixon said he would clean up the political climate produced by the Democrats by 1972. Now it turns out the atmosphere is so baa you can choke on Fleigenheimer said defensively. the president of the United States can live with lower moral so can the rest of the Ralph Nader or John Gardner sues your agency for not carrying out the provisions of the Political Clean Air Act. What will you do have to defend ourselves. We'll tap their audit their income break into their offices and steal their doc- tors' should do I said. Fleigenheimer 'You have to keep in mind political expediency in Washington must always have priority over unrealistic moral standards. Otherwise everyone in this town would be out of a By Bruce syndicated commentator with its washing insurance trips to Hawaii and countless other items to sell. Regardless of who is responsible for these the argument that they are the root cause of inflation has an appealing simplicity to it. It bypasses the more complex factors of bad high commodity fixed versus floating rates of international exchange which a Canadian professor is currently making the public scene by defying conventional economic and other unresolved and almost esoteric disputes over current account stagflation and symptoms for which names have yet to be devised. Simplicity is not always truth and a cause is not a cure. there is at least a germ of truth in this simple analysis Whether or not the desires of people to be more affluent or more secure or more educated or less hungry provided the original spark for the inflationary these factors are political considerations and must be taken into account when cures are proposed. Economic theory does not exist in a vacuum and no attack on inflation will work if it will not work politically. From this fact another simplicity emerges. If inflation is everyone's the solu- tion is everyone's responsibility. While the search for broad solutions for transportation's problems is barely out of the car the Trudeau ad- ministration has launched a program to preserve or rescue the last vestiges of rail passenger and freight service. Few important enterprises have started life with more urgent need. To the proposed governmental corporation will fall the thankless task of taking over passenger runs from railroads. Guided quite justifiably by need rather than revenue the agency will operate the passenger trains formerly run by the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian National. Almost all passenger trains turned over to this new agency according to present railroad money losers. There may be some merit in this contention but the public is convinced that the present operation manage- ment has had no interest or desire in seeing that these operations continued or even cared if they were profitable. there is an im- portant job for the new passenger train corporation to do keep the skeleton of a passenger system in being and then add some substance to the meagre framework. These requirements must be met. travel by air and automobile in and around most Canadian urban centres is approaching some limits in pleasure if not in congestion. we will have to go back to that most efficient of all means of moving the steel wheel on the stsel rail. Ineffective in its efforts to make the railroads market oriented the National Tran- sportation Act of 1967 which relaxed has become outmoded and almost That which looked for all the world as the best and most logical approach according to pure economic has not worked. Perhaps the intran- sigence of railroad manage- ment was not discounted suf- or the history of Canada itself was ignored. In their attempt to found a transcontinental and to operate it on precepts acceptable to Canadians have had to take extravagant attitudes toward overhead costs in transportation. We had developed a basically under-utilized railroad tran- sportation network in relation to other modes of moving passengers and freight. The management of our railroads became accustomed to asking and receiving more and more as this will reverse things your wife's baggage will arrive at her destination and she will be Peron's death leaves political vacuum By James London Observer commentator BUENOS AIRES When Juan Domingo Peron died July even his enemies had tears in their eyes But few of them were weeping for the man they were star- ing into an abyss that contain- ed civil war and the distant but real threat of a military coup as brutal as the one that brought down Salvador Allende in Chile Two days before Peron died he delegated all his powers to his wife Senora a plea- sant and housewifely woman often known by the name she used as a became in theory the leader of what must be one of the most difficult countries in the world to rule With the death of Peron the Peromst movement is ex- pected to fall apart. The dis- parate elements composing it had only one thing in com- mon their real or simulated loyalty to and even the 43-year-old Isabel is regarded with suspicion by many of the late Caudillo's followers. His closest the strange mm WORLD spiritualist and ultra- rightwinger Jose Lopez is probably the most hated man in despised by non-Peromsts and detested by a large proportion of the Peromst faithful Isabel can only survive if she secures the support of both the trade unions and the armed and the only reason they would support her would be from fear of someone worse She is without political experience and her husband chose her to be vice- president to avoid splitting the movement by picking a more substantial but more controversial figure. During the last May Day rally outside the Casa Argentina's down-at-heel Government Isabel was hissed and booed by a large section of the despite the presence of her husband. With Peron gone the attacks on her from the Left are likely to become shriller and cruder. will happen' The range of possibilities is 1974 ay inc wish I could travel all over the world spendin' tax- payers' makin' MYSELF look so great that responsible Argentines are facing the future with despair. So much power was concentrated in the hands of a Peron apparently set on establishing a Fascist- style corporate state that his sudden disappearance has left an enormous vaccum For 30 years all Argentine political attitudes were determined by each individual's attitude towards Peronism Now that the man who has dominated the nation for these 30 years has Argentines are like orphans who must make their own way in a cruel world. Con- fident that Peron would always supply an few Argentines were prepared to shoulder the political respon- sibility necessary for a democratic state. One way out of the impasse would be to call an but no leading politician has yet to suggest this. The idea of an emergency coalition government is also in the but the ambitions of many Peronists would make it hard to let in outsiders It is significant that once after a hiatus of a military coups are being dis- cussed. If things get too with inflation roaring ahead and guerrilla warfare hotting the stage would be set for yet another military interven- tion. The biggest barrier to this is the military themselves. They are still smarting from the humiliations of when their election candidate got a tiny handful of votes and a military parade had to be cancelled for fear of mob violence The last military was spat upon when on his way to hand over the sash of office to his Peronist successor. The trade unions are likely to be the first to step into the vacuum caused by Peron's death. The trade unions are currently fighting a fierce grass-roots rebellion directed by and their sym- pathy for democracy is strict- ly limited. Many trade union leaders are enormously cor- rupt. Neither the armed forces nor the rest of the country is likely to let them rule the roost for long. Should the trade unions start to abuse their power too blatantly civilian politicians and desperate businessmen can be expected to start hammering on the barracks door When Peron returned to Argentina last it was evident that the aging strongman could only hope to preside over a transition period during which Argen- tina's battered institutions could solidify and the popula- tion become accustomed to the demands of democracy This proved sanguine Peron himself behaved as though he had decades in office ahead of and his followers have been so deeply involved in their own internecine squabbles that they have little time to spare for the country's numerous problems. Instead of preparing the country for a spell without a charismatic near-dictator at the Peron allowed the fragmentation of his move- ment to continue and did nothing to allow it to become self-perpetuating. The Left was openly waiting for the old man to die before making a grab for but it is likely to be pushed aside by the who have a strong flavor of primitive Fascism about them. They en- joyed the support of Peron in his last months and will make a savage attempt to maintain their position. Even would be powerless if the armed forces decided to step yet to the from a prospect most thinking Argen- tines regard with horror became the order of the day in railroads took every ad- vantage of getting out of the passenger carrying business. When they were compelled to continue they managed to convey their dis- pleasure to the travelling public in no uncertain terms. Every railroad passenger can recount endless tales of the railroads' obstinate dis- interest in the passenger carrying business. Up until the advent of the Second World Canada had the advantage of one of the best adapted transporta- tion networks in the world. The waters of the Great Lakes were and the Cana- dian Pacific along with the Canadian National performed admirably Our transportation system was widened on a con- tinental scale by the govern- ment owned CP Air and smaller trunk lines as well. In from the beginning of this century there was a fine network of local transportation electric motor and trucks and cars What has happened since then can be put briefly. Though the railroads made important technical advances with diesel more modern and longer and faster freight most of the im- provements were confined to the regional or continental while the necessary local services got a minimum of attention or equipment. The freedom of movement which all of us enjoyed before the when short distance railroad passenger service was cut back as has just about vanished. Today there is no cheap means of transportation except in the subway and bus lines and in many cases no transportation at all for those who cannot afford a motor car. It appears then that we must the railroad By heeding public clamor for action our government has just provided the outlines of a program to this wider end. For all the proposals of the Trudeau government are only piecemeal they are aimed at rescuing the human aspects of tram travel from the grip of a corporate management that would prefer to forget the whole thing Also there is an attempt to correct some of the most flagrant errors m the freight rate structure and our freight carrying capacity What is is nothing less than a new over-all aimed at providing more both inter-city and intra-city Here is one case where the new proposals cor- rectly recognize that the matter of profitability should not be unswervingly regarded as the only approach to the transportation problem. We are now certain that in many the cost of a subsidy policy in taxation dollars in fact would be overcome in the economic benefits which would accrue sub- sidies for railroads would counterbalance and possibly reduce the need for highway grants the steps announced to revitalize passenger and freight trains service appear to be a good first step toward a large long term plan. crarjr The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SL S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY f. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;