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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Joturdcy, July I, 1971 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD 3 Margaret Liickhnrsl People of the South 35 Getting ahead not easy for immigrants pioneers who spun Iho sturdy socio-economic fab- ric of southern Alberta havo come from a myriad of hack- grounds. Miners, farmers, teachers, preachers, shop-keep- ers, dc., have all contributed lo Iho present pattern of life which we have come lo regard as dislinctly western Canadian. About Ihe only thing Ihesc people may have shared initial- ly was Ihe adventurous ambi- tion lo seek out a new and bel- ler way of life. It has to be said that the Ca- nadian government In the lat- ter part of the nineteenth cen- tury and in the early part of Uiis one, did a groat deal of promoting, especially in Eu- rope and the United Kingdom, to lure emigrants to this coun- 117. Thousands upon Ihousantls of people responded and tha ships lhat piled Hie AllanlJc at that time were constantly crowded with hopefuls who possessed little other than dresms. Miss Shpychka is era hopeful who has never regretted his de- cision to come here. Yet he has had some rough times since he stepped off the boat, and lo an outsider ho seems lo lead a rather isolated and lonely life. He won't even be able to read Ihis little story about himself for he never learned to read or write either in his own nativo tongue or in English. M i k e was born in the Ukraine in 1383. His parents were farmers who grubbed a meagre existence out of a small plot of land. They had never had the opportunity of school- ing and could not read or write either. Although Mike was reg- istered in the local school, all children in the household in those days were needed to help out at home. So before he got very far with his education he had to leave and help on the farm. Life had been extremely hard for people of the Ukraine under tsarist rule. The so call- ed "peasant" c 1 a s s had been oppressed for generations and about Ihe only way a young man with a desire for freedom could achieve il was lo leave. In 1914, leaving his wife and small son behind unlil he could send for Ihem, Mike sailed for Canada. After paying his fare in steerage class, he had very liMe casn Ieft over to keep himself until he found work. In Ihose days one had lo be self-relianl. There were no help- ing handouts such as welfare, to tide people over the lean spots. Tho initiative all rested wilh the individual if ho was hungry he remained lhat way until ho found work lhal paid, lu'm in cash so Dial he could buy food. "I lived very Mike said, recalling Ihose early days after arriving in Canada. "I managed on five cenls a day." In spite of the potential Can- ada promised, however, thero were few jobs lo be had in Mon- Ireal in 1014 so Mike hopped a box car and headed wesl. Occa- sionally he picked up odd jobs bul nolhing permanent. On his travels across the country he found he could get a room in a private home for ten cents a night, "but they weren't always clean houses I had to watch out for At Lethbridge he was hired by the railway and went to work checking ties. He felt ex- ceedingly fortunate .to have a permanent job at last, but his good luck wasn't to lost long. The First World War was well under way and all "for- eigners" were under suspicion as spies. According lo Ihe lav; they were obliged lo report Iheir activilies and where- abouls to the RCMP. Mike, although unable lo read, was aware of Ihis re- quirement but confused as to ils applicalion. One day he was walking along the tracks near Slralhmorc when he was pick- ed up by the police. Unable lo justify his actions he was placed in the Prisoner of Wai camp at Lethbridge. He was to spend the next two years in- terned there. While in prison Mike worked as a laborer doing carpentry and other odd jobs. There were between 15 and 20 thousand men in the prison from time to time during the hostilities with Germany. But Mike said he didn't converse or fraternize wilh the war prisoners, only others like himself who were being held until they could clear themselves. "It wasn't too bad, although I didn't like it of c o u r s he said mildly. "We got free tobacco and cig- arettes." In 1916 Ihe roadmaster from Stralhmore saw Mike in camp, identified him and he was re- leased. He once again wenl lo work on Ihe section earning ?1 lo a day. In winter when work on the railway was scarce Mike got a job in the Taber mine. For the nest few years he followed the general pattern of working on Delicious hoax "The of Chief Red F o I (Faivcclt Crest, 95 cents, 116 on the heels of the Howard Hughes Clif- ford Irving scandal, this mem- oir by Red Fox was also al- leged to have been somewhat less than his own. And, after all the fuss this book caused, it makes you wonder what thoughts, if any, are his and what ones, if any, are someone elses. That aside, however, it is an interesting book with many humorous incidents and noteworthy statements no matter who wrote them. One interesting thought put forward in the book is the idea that, in complete reversal to everyone else's thoughts, the red man could have originated in North America and then populated Europe by means of the Aleutian Islands as a cause- way. His days spent with Ihe Buf- falo Bill Wild West Show make interesting reading, as do his stories concerning the Wounded Knee massacre and Custer's last stand. Red Fox has graced the television screen with his head- dressed countenance on numer- ous occasions, from Front Page Challenge to the Johnny Car- son Show and has proven lo be quite an entertainer. In fact he seems to be such a character and scallywag lhat one would LIKE to believe that Red Fax purposely set down this book with the idea of creating a big hoax after all, isn't it about time lhat an Indian put one over on the white man? GARRY ALLISON Difficult choices "Limbo" by Joan Silver and Linda Gottlieb. (Macmtl- lan Company of Canada, 181 pages, T IMBO is the type of story thai is hard to read without gelling involved emotionally. II is also the kind of story in Books in brief "The British Museum" by .1. Mordaunl Crook (Allen Lane The Penguin Press, S12, 251 pages, distributer! Longman Canada TVJINDFUL of tin surprise I got when I found a book on the Vatican archives to he delightful reading, I opened tho book on Lhe British Museum anticipating pleasure and was disappointed. The hook is dead- ly. It is virtually a history of buildings and building commil- tecs. Aboul the only lively Interlude in Ihe book is a ono sonlcnce account of llnndel out- rafimt: Kir linns Slpnnc (whose rullcdJon of ruriiviilira formed Iho liari.1, Iho Muse- um's treasures) by plncing a hutlered muffin on n rare hook. Ions of buildings nnd busls abound. DOUG WALKEH which Ihe aulhor makes Ihe reader choose a side and identi- fy with Lhe characters on that side. In the story there are two definite sides. The one being Lhe wives of prisoners of war or men missing In action in Southeast Asia. The other Is the Pentagon the military. As the omen of Ihe MIA men hand together to form a club, Ihree young, lovely wives begin lo lake the main roles. Caught up in Ihe choice be- tween a missing husband whose face they can hardly remember and a man who is near and demanding, each of these three women begins to live in Ihe middle of a parl-limc hell. The aulhors rum Ihe mililary Inlo a cruel fighling beasl, and LliG women become puppets who cnn do nothing wrong. Then Ilia arises: jusl how im- portant, are m.irringc vows In a situation like this? The lelters from Ihe Air Force dcparlmciil and the olh- er official documents which Ihe authors use lo begin each chap- ter of (lie book nre niitl'onlic and were received by POW and MIA families. Limbo is ono of Ihose rare novels wilh a buiding plol throughout. BERNICE MERLE. the seclion In summer and In the mines, it he was hired, in w i n I e r. But wages were low and he barely made enough to keep himself. Finally, in 1932 during one of the worst of Ihe depression years, he lost liis job with Ihe CPE and didn'l work for nearly 6 years. He had never had to depend on Ihe as- sislance of others before, but ho had lo Lhen for a long lime. During Ihe Second World War Mike was rehired by Ihe railway and wenl lo work in Ihe yard. In Ihe good years fol- lowing the war he managed lo put a little money by and when he retired at 65 with his Old Age security, his railway pen- sion- and his savings, he fig- ured he was a very fortunate man indeed. But he has never seen lus family, slill in Russia, since Ihe day he lefl in 1914. In spite of the troubles he had gelting work, landing in a POW camp, scratching a living dur- ing hard times, Mike thinks Canada is a wonderful place. He would never go back lo the oppression and the restraint in eastern Europe and feels very sorry for family and friends who had to slay Lhere. Did he ever Ihink of going on a farm when he first arrived in Canada like so many of his countrymen? Mike said firmly, "I had enough of farm life in Iho Ukraine. Always you have lo work from dark lo dark it's a very hard life and you don't make very much money." For 23 years Mike has had a small suite on the Ihird floor of a large house. He has friends who write letters to his rela- tives for him and when he re- ceives letlers in reply he seeks out someone who can read the language. From Lime lo lime he goss lo Ihe Miner's Club MIKE SHPYCHKA Photo by Phil Fauldi Book Reviews New solution to old murder "King's X: common law and tlie death of Sir Harry Oakes" by Marshall Houts (Morrow. S9.95, distributed by George J. McLeod TT is almost 30 years ago that the brutally bealen body of Canadian mining lycoon, Sir H a r r y Oakes, was found in his bed at Westbourne, his palatial home in Nassau, the Bahamas. The only other person in the house that hot July night was Oakes' friend Harold Christie who discovered the bludgeoned still warm corpse. Christie denied any knowledge of the murder and said he had heard nothing un- toward other than a thunder- storm during the night. At Ihe time, the Duke of Windsor occupied Government House in Nassau, and il fell on him lo set the investigatory process in motion. According o Marshall Houts, the author of Ihis accounl of what really hap- pcnd, the Duke made a mess of carrying out his responsbili- lies. On flimsy evidence, Oakes' Bon-in-iaw, Count Alfred de Marigny, husband of Ihe youth- ful former Nancy Oakes was accused of the crime. He was tried in Lhe Bahamas and ac- quitted. Mr. Houts has come up with a solution to the crime, which he says has been given to him by "reliable confidential infor- mants." It's a bizarre, grisly story, linking Oakes' murder with organized crime and par- ticularly to the Lansky organi- zation. Meyer Lanksy, reputedly one of America's most powerful leaders of organized crime was brought back from Israel only a few weeks ago to face charges of conspiring to evade federal income tax on money received from gamblers on junkets lo a London gambling club. The author, a lawyer and one lime professor of criminal law and evidence at Ihe Michigan State University School of Po- lice Administration, was al one Ten proves to be one "Healer of CMC Mind; a Psychiatrist's Search for Failh" cdilcd by Paul E. .1 o h n s o n Press. S7..15, 270 pages. distributed liy G. R. Welch Co., you shall seek lo fath- om Ihe soul of the sick, (o restore his spirit, through un- derstanding and compassion part of a physician's oalh, and (one would think) Lhe the- me of this hook. One would ho wrong. The book is, in fact, Iho r a L h c r monotonous reminis- cences of len doclors, some of (hem clergymen, some of them not. On the dust jacket one sees the words "Ten religious auto- biographies" and ycl in fnrl (here is only one, told I en dif- fered ways, as a clinical an- alysis of the early life of tho particular individual whose turn il is. in the words of the editor, to take up no more than twenty-five typewritten pages. Aside from the sameness of theme, Ihe book suffers [rom the fact lhat the doctors se- lected by (he editor lo try lo convey the idea lhal Ihe church and psycliialry are of value In each oilier are unable Lo gel I h c message across because (hey simply can'l. wile without Inpsing into a formal style and gelling enlanglcd wilh the spe- cialized Jargon of Ihcir profes- sion. "Dull" Is a four-letlcr word, and it applies lo Ihis book. CHAUI.KS H. CORBET (Assl. Librarian CDA Research Station) time a special agent for the FBI His qualifications lo write the book can hardly be held in question and Ihe evidence he produces lo support his belief in what he has been told really happened on the night of July 7, 1M3 at Westbourne, is im- pressive. The trial of de Marigny, Houts believes, is a tribute to the common law, and Ihe ad- versary system. His account of il is exciting mesmerizing in fact and in the end a tribute to the process by which an in- nocent man, a victim of false accusation was allowed lo go free. The Irial took place relative- ly quickly following the com- mission of Ihe crime thir- teen weeks thereafter to be exact. Mr. Houts has a motive, oth- er than producing a best-seller, in writing this fascinating ac- count of a slill unsolved crime. He goes lo great pains to point out the obstacles to Justice in those countries which adhere to civil law practises in criminal cases. Further, his concern is thai trial delays in the U.S. are entering "the judicial void and si and ready to come on with a rush as Ihe system slagnales further." He ends it all on a warning nole. he is critically short for all of us. We either rush through Ibcsc reforms of the courts and (he police or, as our common law system winds down to a stoppage, we sec the lotalllar- inn efficiencies o( a civil law system emerge, while Meyer Lanksy and his Mafia and Cosa Nostra a 5 s o c i ales gleefully await (heir own profitable take- over." All In all tliis one Is guaran- teed to keep you awake when the rest of Iho family has been in hod for hours. JANE HUCKVALE Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND with friends and he lakes ad- vantage of his railway pass by doing a little (ravelling. His health, in spile of an uncertain diet when he was young, is pretty good and it wasn'l until last year Lhal he was ever ill enough lo require hospitaliza- tion. Mike is just one of many such Candians making his contribu- tion to our way of life in his own small way. He bears no re- sentment for the injustice in- flicted on him so long ago for being a "foreigner." He as- sumed responsibility at lhat time for his own conduct. He knows his lack of education limited his employment oppor- tunities but he was happy lo get whatever work he was qualified to do. He wished only to be a good citizen, to be a part of a democratic society. It would seem lhat lie has had his wish. For Worth it's what? DART Two of the summer session at the University of Lethbridge began Monday and while Ihe values of Ihese aca- demic programs are obvious to Ihose of us closely associated with the university, Ihey may not be Lo others. Basically Ihe summer session here fol- lows a unique formal of Ihree semesters: summer session I took place during May and June, II runs from July 3 lo 25lh and 111 will pick up Ihe next day and carry on through August 18. The May-June opera- Lion this year experienced its highest en- rolment ever and indications are II and HI will be equally as successful. At a lims when there is justifiable concern alxiut un- iversity facilities ui general and (he opti- mum usage thereof, it is nice lo be able to point out lhat degree programs are of- fered at the University of Lethbridge twelve months of the year. This year's July -August program will again provide a valuable mix of arts and science and education courses to people from other locations outside this region. In past, summer session registrations have been comprised of about ninety per cent teachers and educationists. This concept has been dramatically changed at the local situation and it is now becoming obvious that in addition Lo the many teachers en- rolling for courses, increasing numbers of arts and science students arc choosing Ihe summer to lake advantage of programs lo be applied lowards their degrees. These people are cither taking their trsditional "break" in the full or spring, or are com- pleting their degroes in a continuous man- ner, without missing any of the academic sessions. In fact, the business of predicting when students mil show up is becoming in- creasingly difficult (witness the decrease hi enrolment last Seplember and increase lias spring, Since the Worth Commission on Educa- tional Planning recently released ils report A Choice of Futures it Is of interest to pro- duce a few analogies, at least as far summer session is concerned, and at a lat- er dale, to the entire operation here. The title of the report emphasizes the need for provision of alternate career and future opportunities to all citizens in Al- berta an admirable but ominous task. Basically Dr. Worth and his associates have gotten into something thai I feel very strongly about providing a wide range of secondary and post secondary educa- tional opportunities (dependent on appro- priate financial and moral encouragement) lo the widest possible audience and-or mar- ket. More imporlsnt, Ihey have sought lo break down the "ranking" of these oppor- tunities which oflen leads to unjustified social categorization and subsequent disil- lusionment and dissatisfaction. There are certain people Intended for technical schools, universities, career "or- iented" programs, etc., and there are those who aren't sounds simple enought but so many factors enter in a misjudged man- ner into individual decisions liiat the com- plex business of selection often becomes very frustrating. Increasingly, people of all ages have come, or will come lo on sound and experienced advice in UIC.T CHOICE OF FUTURES. Alberta is an excellent place in which lo live and the opportunities are many. For those people intended or ara intending to attend the universilies, there are many reasons why the programs at Ihe University of Lethbridge reflect many of the thoughts expressed in llie Worth Commission report. Summer Session 72 provides evidence of this, as do the fall and spring semesters, Ihe credil and pub- lic service programs End so on. More on what ils worth next week. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY John Banyan's Holy War year England celebrates the SOOUi anniversary of John Bunyan's release from Bedford prison. Much better lo have celebraled his imprisonment since without the imprisonment Pilgrim's Progress wouid not have been written. Bom in November, 1628, Bunyan was 32 years old when he went lo prison and was kept in that fear- ful place 12 years, yet he recorded, "I never had in all my life so great an Inlet Into the word of God as now.1' Bunyan stands as a landmark In relig- ious and political liberty. In him the two become one. For him life was a single unity. His contempt for judges and juries and for the Vanity Fair of Lhe court of King Charles II was raucous and total. When the judge threatened lo "have his neck stretched" if he continued preaching, he had to be hauled away shouting defiance. Bunyan had a complete independence lo the bribes of money or pleasure. This makes nonsense out of Aneurin Bevan's fantastic notion expressed in a radio talk with Malcolm Muggeridge that Bunyan's burden was his poverty! Bevan never read Bunyan, who had the shepherd boy sing, "He that is down needs fear no fall, He that is low, no pride; He that is humble ever shall have God to be his guide. I am content with what I have, Little be it or much; and Lord, contentment shall I crave because Thou savest such." Bunyan de- scribed such detachment "the herb called an essential element of free- dom and a statement of the truth that the best goods are unavailable to the passion- ate and greedy. Bunynn was a psychological genius. Giant Despair is married to a woman called Diffidence and Ihey live in Doubling Cas- lie. The Valley of Humiliation holds much blessedness and the loveliest flowers. Al- fred Noyes In one of his bright, brittle es- says, "Bunyan scoffs at him. The critics of his time disowned him. As Macauly says, the common people have triumphed over the educated minority. Louis Cazamian In his classic history of English literature praises Bunyan's gift for dramatic effect-, his ability to lell a story, his ease, lucidity, and order, but his great- esl genius consists in lhat he is llie faith- ful mouthpiece of a people." Cazamian speaks of his sublimity in spiritual exalta- tion and lha astounding psychological in- sight and linguistic power which lifts him "to an equal footing wilh the scholarly translators of the Bible." He can write poetry seldom surpassed by Shakespeare, "Who would true valor see Let him come thither; One here will constant be; Come wind, come wealher Follow the Master." Every child knows Ihe song. Malcolm Muggeridge eloquently praises John Bunyan as standing among Ihe select few who have combined genius of words wilh inspiralion and revealed how life may be lived nobly and not meanly. He was one of Iho architects of British liberty and democracy. But Kipling in The Holy War described Bunyan best, "A pedlar from a hovel, the lowest of the low, The Father of the novel, Salvation's first but greater still, Bunyan was one of the heroes of the race and no man reads him without getting iron in his blood. French alive in Quebec Jean Pcrrin, Montreal La Prcssc TJREMTER Bourassa has just revealed that the work of Ihe Gendrou commis- sion, charged with sludying the status of the French language in Quebec, is going to cost million. For a province whose an- nual budget now reaches billion, this sum sounds like peanuts. But if you imagine that the commission- whatever report it submits will nol be able Lo tell us anything lhal ws already do not know, it seems justified to rise up against the expense, if only on principle. French-speaking Quebecers have known for n long time about (heir slalus in North America. They know Ihey are only a min- ority, but tliis nu'nority, kepi itself Logdhcr and remains a majority in a specific com- er of Ihe country Quebec At every turn prophet arises lo an- nounce the imminent death of French in Quebec, bul the language survives. Not only does It survive hut il grows and in- creases Its ground Never has Quebec! hnd an Imago as French as today. But Ihe progress of French obviously docs not replace English in Ils continental hegemony. The report of the Gendron commission is going to touch all these points If the commission admits the fscls, it will find Itself sanctioning a policy already in pf- fect and proving its complete uselessness. If it proves lhat Ihose wiio seek an ab- solute and imposed uniligualism are right, It will receive Ihe congralulalions of cer-t lain groups bul will slill have proven ill uselessness. The government must continue lo favor tho growth of French in Quebec, but it must do this without recourse lo conslrain- ing and vexatious legislation. A language and culture does not assert itself by con- slrainl, but by Ils chnrm and utility. The more French-speaking Quebecers succeed In making French culture attrac- tive, the more their language spread and New Canadians will find il more and more useful lo learn. A language which requires a rnilcli laws lo assert itself Is a dead language. French is not a dead lanpiafje in Quebec, (ar (rom it, and it docs it an injustice lo call and at great cosl, so many doclon lo its bedside, ;