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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, July I, 1971 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Margaret Lucklmrsl People of the South 35 Getting ahead not easy for immigrants pioneers who spun thn sturdy socio-economic fab- ric of southern Alberta havo come from a myriad of back- grounds. Miners, farmers, teachers, preachers, shop-keep- ers, etc., have all contributed to the present pattern of life which we have come to regard as distinctly western Canadian. About the only thing these people may have shared initial- ly was the adventurous ambi- tion to seek out a new and bet- ter way of life. It has to be said that the Ca- nadian government in the lat- ter part of the nineteenth cen- tury and in the early part of this one, did a great deal of promoting, especially in Eu- rope and the United Kingdom, to lure emigrants to this coun- try. Thousands upon thousands of people responded and the ships that piled the Atlantic at that time were constantly crowded with hopefuls who possessed little other than Miss Shpychka is or.s hopeful who has never regretted his de- cision to come here. Yet he has had some rough times since he stepped off the boat, and to an outsider he seems to lead a rather isolated and lonely life. He won't even be able to read this little story about himself for he never learned to read or write either in his own native tongue or in English. M i k e vas born in the Ukraine in 1388. His parents were farmers who grubbed a meagre existence out of a small plot of land. They had never had the opportunity of school- ing and could not read or write either. Although Mike was reg- istered in the local school, all children in the household iu those days were needed to help out at home. So before he got very far with his education he harl to leave and help on the farm. Life had been extremely hard for people o[ thc Ukraine under tsarist rule. The so call- ed "peasant" class had been oppressed for generations and about the only way a young man with a desire for freedom could achieve it was to leave. In 1914, leaving his wife and small son behind until he could send for them, Mike sailed for Canada. After paying his fare in steerage class, he had very little cash left over to keep himself until he found work. In those days one had to be self-reliant. There were no help- ing handouts such as welfare, to tide people over the lean The initiative all rested with the individual it he was hungry he remained that way until he found work that paid him in cash so that he could buy food. "I lived very Mike said, recalling those early days after arriving in Canada. "I managed on five cents a day." In spite of the potential Can- ada promised, however, there were few jobs to be had in Mon- treal in 1314 so Mike hopped a box car and headed west. Occa- sionally he picked up odd jobs but nothing permanent. On his travels across the country he found he could get a room in a private home for ten cents a night, "but they weren't always clean houses I had to watch out for At Lclhbridge he was hired by the railway and went to work checking ties. He felt ex- ceedingly fortunate to have a permanent job at last, but his good luck wasn't to last long. The First World War was well under way and all "for- eigners" were under suspicion as spies. According to the lav; they were obliged to report their activities and where- abouts to the HCMP. Mike, although unable to read, was aware of this re- quirement but confused as to its application. One day he was walking along the tracks near Slralhmoie when he was p'ck- cd up by the police. Unable to justify 'his actions he was placed in the Prisoner of War camp at Lethbridge. He was to spend the next two years in- terned there. While in prison Mike worked as a laborer doing carpentry and other odd jobs. There were between 15 and 20 thousand men in the prison from time to t'me during the hostilities with Germany. But Mike said he didn't comerse or fraternize with the war prisoners, only others like himself who were being held until they could clear themselves. "It wasn't too bad, although I didn't like it of c o u r s he said mildly. "We got free tobacco and cig- arettes." In 1916 the roadmaster from Strathmore saw Mike in camp, identified him and he was re- leased. He once again went to work on the section earning to a day. In winter when work on the railway WES scarce Mike got a job in the Taber mine. For the next few years he followed the general pattern of working on Delicious hoax "The Memoirs of Chief Red Fox (Fawcett Crest, 95 cents, 176 on the heels of the Howard Hughes Clif- ford Irving scandal, this mem- oir by Red Fox was also al- leged to have been somewhat less than his own. And, after all the fuss this book caused, it makes you wonder what thoughts, if any, are his and what ones, if any, are someone elses. That aside, however, it is an interesting book with many humorous incidents and noteworthy statements no matter who wrote them. One interesting thought put forward in the book is the idea that, in complete reversal to everyone else's thoughts, the red man could have originated in North America and then populated Europe by means of Difficult choices "Limbo" by Joan Silver and Linda Go'ttlieb. (Macmil- lan Company of Canada, 181 pages, T BIBO is tlie type of story that is hard to read without getting involved emotionally. It is also the kind of story in Books in brief "The British Museum" by J. Mordaimt Crook (Allen Lane The Penguin Press, 251 pages, distributed by Longman Canada TyriNDFUL of the surprise I got when I found a book on the Vatican archives to be delightful reading, I opened tlie book on the British Museum anticipating pleasure and was disappointed. The book is dead- ly. It is virtually a history of buildings and building commit- tees. About the only lively interlude in the book is a ono sentence account of Handel out- racing Sir TTans Slomie (whose ccllpdjon of formed nans of I ho Kntif.li Muse- um's treasures) by placing a buttered muffin on a rare book, lllusl rations of buildings nnd busts abound. DOUG WALKER the section In summer and in the mines, if he was hired, in w i n t e r. But wages were low and he barely made enough to keep himself. Finally, in 1932 during one of the worst of the depression years, he lost bis job with the CPR and didn't work for nearly 6 years. He had never had to depend on the as- sistance of others before, but ho had to then for a long time. During the Second World War Mike was rehired by the railway and went to work in the yard. In the good years fol- lowing the war he managed to put a little money by and when he retired at 65 with his Old Age security, his railway pen- sion' and his savings, he fig- ured he was a very fortunate man indeed. But he has never seen his family, still in Russia, since the day he left in 1914. In spite of the troubles he had getting work, landing in a POW the Aleutian Islands as a cause- way. His days spent with the Buf- falo Bill Wild West Show niake interesting reading, as do his stories concerning Wounded Knee massacre and Custer's last stand. Red Fox has graced the television screen with his head- dressed countenance on numer- ous occasions, from Front Page Challenge to the Johnny Car- son Show and has proven to be quite an entertainer. In fact he seems to be such a character and scallywag that one would LIKE to believe that Red Fox purposely set down this book with the idea of creating a big hoax after all, isn't it about time that an Indian put one over on the white man? GARRY ALLISON which the author makes the leader choose a side and identi- fy with the characters on that side. In the story there are two definite sides. The one being the wives of prisoners of war or men missing in action in Southeast Asia. The other is tlie Pentagon the military As the omen of the MIA men band together to form a club, three young, lovely wives begin to take the main roles. Caught up in the choice be- tween a missing husband whose face they can hardly remember and a man who is near and demanding, each of these three women begins to live in the middle of a part-time hell. The authors turn the military Into a cruel fighting beast, and the women become puppets who cnn do nothing wrong. Then HIB question arises: just how im- portant are mnrnnge vows In a situation like Ibis? The letters from the Air Force department and the oth- er official documents which the authors use to begin each chap- ter of the book are authentic and were received by POW and MIA families. Limbo is ono of those rare nmpls with a binding plot throughout. BERNICE ILERLB. camp, scratching a living dur- ing hard times, Mike thinks Canada is a wonderful place. He would never go back to the oppression and the restraint in eastern Europe and feels very sorry for family and friends who had to stay there. Did he ever think of going on a farm when he first arrived in Canada like so many of his countrymen? Mike said firmly, "I had enough of farm life in tho Ukraine. Always you have to work from dark to dark it's a very hard life and you don't make very much money." For 23 years Mike has had a small suite on the third floor of a large house. He has friends who write letters to his rela- tives for him and he re- ceives letters in reply he seeks out someone who can read the language. From time to time he goes to the Miner's Club with friends and he takes ad- vantage of his railway pass by doing a little travelling. His health, in spite of an uncertain diet when he was young, is pretty good and it wasn't until last year that he was ever ill enough to require hospitaliza- tion. Mike is just one of many such Candians making his contribu- tion to our way of life in his own small way. He bears no re- sentment for the injustice in- flicted on him so long ago for being a "foreigner." He as- sumed responsibility at that time for his own conduct. He knows his lack of education limited his employment oppor- tunities but he was happy to get whatever work he was qualified to do. He wished only to be a good citizen, to be a part of a democratic society. It would seem that he has had his wish. MIKE SHPYCHKA Photo by Phil Fauldl Book Reviews New solution to old murder "King's X: common law and tlie death of Sir Harry Oakcs" by Marshall Houts (Morrow, S9.95, distributed by George J. McLeod TT is almost 30 years ago 1 that the brutally beaten body of Canadian mining tycoon, Sir H a r r y Oakes, was found in his bed at Westbourne, his palatial home in Nassau, the Bahamas. The only other person in the house that hot July night was Oakes' friend Harold Christie who discovered the bludgeoned still warm corpse. Christie denied any knowledge of the murder and said he had heard nothing un- toward other than a thunder- storm during the night. At the time, the Duke of Windsor occupied Government House in Nassau, and it fell on him to set the investigatory process in motion. According o Marshall Houts, the author of this account of what really hap- pend, the Duke made a mess of earning out his responsbili- ties. On flimsy evidence, Oakes' soivin-iaw, Count Alfred de Marigny, husband of the youth- ful former Nancy Oakes was accused of the crime. He was tried in the Bahamas and ac- quitted. Mr. Houts has come up with a solution to the crime, which he says has been given to him by "reliable confidential infor- mants." It's a bizarre, grisly story, linking Oakes' murder with organized crime and par- ticularly to the Lansky organi- zation. Meyer Lanksy, reputedly one of America's most powerful leaders of organized crime was brought back from Israel only a few weeks ago to face charges of conspiring to evade federal income tax on money received from gamblers on junkets to a London gambling club. The author, a lawyer and one time professor of criminal law and evidence at the Michigan State University School of Po- lice Administration, was at one Ten proves to be one "Healer of the Mind; a Psychiatrist's Search for Faith" edited by Paul E. .1 oh n s o n (Abingdon Press. S7.35, 270 pages, distributed liy G. R. Welch Co., AND you shall seek to fath- om the soul of the sick, to restore his spirit, through un- derstanding and compassion part of a physician's oath, and (one would think) the thc- mo of this book. One would ho wrong. The book if, in fact, the rather monotonous reminis- cences of ten doctors, some of them clergymen, some of them not. On the dust jacket one sees the words "Ten religious auto- biographies" and yet in fnrt there is only one. told ten dif- ferent ways, as a clinical an- alysis of the early life of the particular individual whose turn it is. in the words of the editor, to take up no more than twenty-five typewritten pages. Aside from the sameness of theme, the book suffers from the fact that the doctors se- lected by the editor to try to convey the idea that the church and psychiatry are of value to each other are unable to get t h e message across because I hey simply can't, write without lapsing into a formal style and getting entangled with the spe- cialized jargon of their profes- sion. "Dull" is a four-letter word, and it applies to this book. CHAHLKS B CORBET lAssl. Librarian CDA Research Station) time a special agent for the FBI. His qualifications to write the book can hardly be held in question and the evidence he produces to support his belief in what he has been told really happened on the night of July 7, 1S43 at Westbourne, is im- pressive. The trial of de Marigny, Houts believes, is a tribute to the common law, and the ad- versary system. His account of it is exciting mesmerizing in fact and in the end a tribute to the process by which an in- nocent man, a victim of false accusation was allowed to go free. Tlie trial took place relative- ly quickly following the com- mission of the crime thir- teen weeks thereafter to be exact. Mr. Houts has a motive, oth- er than producing a best-seller, in writing this fascinating ac- count of a still unsolved crime. He goes to great pains to point out the obstacles to justice in those countries which adhere to civil law practises in criminal cases. Further, his concern is that trial delays in the U.S. are entering "the judicial void and stand ready to come on with a rush as the system stagnates further." He ends it all on a warning note. he is critically short for all of us. We either rush through these reforms of the courts and the police or, as our common law system winds down to a stoppage, we see the totalitar- ian efficiencies of a civil law system emerge, while Meyer Lanksy and his Mafia and Cosa Nostra a s s o c i ales gleefully await their own profitable take- over." All In all tlu's one Is guaran- teed to keep you awake when the rest of the family has been in bed for hours JANE HUCKVALE Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND For Worth it's ivhat? DART Two of the 1972 summer session at the University of Lcthbridge began Monday and while the values of these aca- demic programs are obvious to those of us closely associated with the university, they may not be to others. Basically the summer session here fol- lows a unique format of three semesters: summer session I took place during May and June, II runs from July 3 to 25th and III will pick up the next day and carry on through August 18. The May-June opera- tion tins year experienced its highest en- rolment ever and indications are II and III will be equally ss successful. At a time when there is justifiable concern alxiut un- iversity facilities in general and the opti- mum usage thereof, it is nice to be able to point out that degree programs are of- fered at the University of Lethbridge twelve months of the year. This year's July -August program will again provide a valuable mix of arts and science and education courses to people from other locations outside this region. In past, summer session registrations have been comprised of about ninety per cent teachers and educationists. This concept has been dramatically changed at the local situation and it is now becoming obvious that in addition to the many teachers en- rolling for courses, increasing numbers of arts and science students arc choosing the summer to take advantage of programs to be applied towards their degrees. These people are cither taking their traditional "break" in the or spring, or are com- pleting their degroes in a continuous man- ner, without missinf any of the academic sessions. In fact, the business of predicting when students will show up is becoming in- creasingly difficult (witness the decrease in enrolment last September and increase this spring, Since the Worth Commission on Educa- tional Planning recently released its report A Choice of Futures it is of interest to pro- duce a few analogies, at least as far aj summer session is concerned, and at a lat- er date, to the entire operation here. The title of the report emphasizes the need for provision of alternate career and future opportunities to all citizens in Al- berta an admirable but ominous task. Basically Dr. Worth and his associates have gotten into something that I feel very strongly about providing a wide range of secondary and post secondary educa- tional opportunities (dependent on appro- priate financial and moial encouragement) to the widest possible audience and-or mar- ket. More important, they have sought to break down the "ranking" of these oppor- tunities which often leads to unjustified social categorization and subsequent disil- lusionment and dissatisfaction. There are certain people intended for technical schools, universities, career "or- iented" programs, etc., and there are those who aren't sounds simple enought but so many factors enter in a misjudged man- ner into individual decisions that the com- plex business of selection often becomes very frustrating. Increasingly, people of all ages have come, or will come to on sound and experienced advice in theT CHOICE OF FUTURES. Alberta is an excellent place in which to live and the opportunities am many. For those people intended or ara intending to attend the universities, there are many reasons why the programs at the University of Lethbridge reflect many of the thoughts expressed in the Worth Commission report. Summer Session '72 provides evidence of this, as do the fall and spring semesters, the credit and pub- lic service programs end so on. More on what its worth next week. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Bunyan9 s Holy War year England celebrates the 300th anniversary of John Bunyan's release from Bedford prison. Much better to have celebrated his imprisonment since without the imprisonment Pilgrim's Progress wouid not have been written. Born in November, 1628, Bunyan was 32 years old when he went to prison and was kept in that fear- ful place 12 years, yet he recorded, "I never had in all my life so great an inlet Into the word of God as now.'1 Bunyan stands as a landmark in relig- ious and political liberty. In him the two become one. For him life was a single unity. His contempt for judges and juries and for the Vanity Fair of the court of King Charles II was raucous and total. When the judge threatened to "have his neck stretched" if he continued preaching, he had to be hauled away shouting defiance. Bunyan had a complete independence to the bribes of money or pleasure. This makes nonsense out of Aneurin Sevan's fantastic notion expressed in a radio talk with Malcolm Muggeridge that Bunyan's burden was his poverty! Bevan never read Bunyan, who had the shepherd boy sing, "He that is down needs fear no fall, He that is low, no pride; He that is humble ever shall have God to be his guide. I am content with what I have, Little it or much; and Lord, contentment shall I crave because Thou savest such." Bunyan de- scribed such detachment "the herb called an essential element of free- dom and a statement of the truth that the best goods are unavailable to the passion- ate and greedy. Bunyan was a psychological genius. Giant Despair Is married to a woman called Diffidence and they live in Doubting Cas- tle. Tlie Valley of Humiliation holds much blessedness and the loveliest flowers. Al- fred Noyes In one of his bright, brittle es- says, "Bunyan scoffs at him. The critics of his time disowned him. As Macauly says, the common people have triumphed over the educated minority. Louis Cazamian in his classic history of English literature praises Bunyan's gift for dramatic effect, his ability to tell a story, his ease, lucidity, and order, but his great- est genius consists in that he is the faith- ful mouthpiece of a people." Cazamian speaks of his sublimity in spiritual exalta- tion and the astounding psychological in- sight and linguistic power which lifts him "to an equal footing with the scholarly translators of the Bible." He can writs poetry seldom surpassed by Shakespeare, "Who would true valor see Let him come thither; One here will constant be; Come wind, come weather Follow the Master." Every child knows the song. Malcolm Muggeridge eloquently praises John Bunyan as standing among the select few who have combined genius of words with inspiration and revealed how life may be lived nobly and not meanly. He was one of the architects of British liberty and democracy. But Kipling in The Holy War described Bunyan best, "A pedlar from a hovel, the lowest of the low, The Father of the novel, Salvation's first but greater still, Bunyan was one of the heroes of the race and no man reads him without getting iron in his blood. French alive in Quebec jean Pcrrin, Montreal La Prcssc PREMIER Bourassa has just revealed that the work of the Gendrou commis- sion, charged with studying (lie status of the French language in Quebec, is going to cost million. For a province whose an- nual budget now reaches billion, this sum sounds like peanuts. But if you imagine that the commission- whatever report it submits will not be able to teU us anything that we already do not know, it seems justified to rise up against the expense, if only on principle. French-speaking Quebecers have known for a long time about their status in North America. They know they are only a min- ority, but this'minority, kept itself together and remains a majority in a specific com- er of the country Quebec At every turn a prophet arises to an- nounce tlie imminent death of French in Quebec, but the language survives. Not only does it survive but it grows and in- creases its ground Never has Quebec! hnd an imago us French as today. But the progress of French obviously docs not replace English in Its continental hegemony. The report of the Gendron commission is gouig to touch all these points If the commission admits the facts, it will find itself sanctioning a policy already in ef- fect and proving its complete uselessness. If it proves that those who seek an ab- solute and imposed uniligualism are right, it will receive the congratulations of cer-( tain groups but will still have proven its uselessness. The government must continue to favor the growth of French in Quebec, but it must do this without recourse to constrain- ing and vexatious legislation. A language and culture does not assert itself by con- straint, but by its charm and utility. The more French-speaking Quebecers succeed in making French culture attrac- tive, the more their language will spread and New Canadians will find it more and more useful to learn. A language which requires rnilch of laws to assert itself is a dead French Is not a dead language in Quebec, far from it, and it docs it an injustice to rail and at great cost, so many to its bedside. ;