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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHDRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, July 8, 19X0 Anlhony Waslell Don't Forget The Lesson The official figures on the volume of wheat on hand in the Prairies are seriously questioned in an article on page five today. The doubts are con- sistent with views frequently express- ed to Ths Lethbridge Herald, and would seem to be particularly appli- cable to southwestern Alberta. It is certainly paradoxical, if not ironical, that an inventory shortage might be considered good news. The problem lias been inability to market supposedly vast quantities of grain. If those vast quantities are found to be fictitious, then the problem is re- moved. But the farmers are no bet- ter off; indeed, having little grain on hand and in reserve, aren't they worse off? When the supposed grain surplus problem was at its most acute or most sensitive stage, which was a few months ago, a lesson was being forced on the. unreceptive minds of the government, the Wheat Board and the farmers. It would be tragic if that lesson were now forgotten. The fact still seems to be that the traditional Canadian types of wheat Day Care Centre Meeting A lot of interest must exist in Leth- bridge in day care centres as a re- sult of a long-drawn-out debate 'over a proposal to establish a community centre. The operators of privately owned centres have challenged the establishment of a community one as an unnecessary expense to the taxpayer. As a consequence a public meeting has been arranged for Thursday night in Allan Watson school, with Alberta's Minister of Social Development, Hay Speaker, in attendance. The wording of an advertisement inserted in The Herald by "privately owned day. care centres and inter- ested citizens" has given an unfor- tunate doubtless unintentional impression that the meeting is strict- ly for the purpose of protest. This arises out of the appeal: "if in- creased taxation is a concern to you, show your objection by attending the public meeting." People who might only want to hear both sides of the question in order to reach a decision of their own on the matter might be unnec- essarily deterred from attending this meeting. They might not wish to be identified as objectors through sim- ply being present at the meeting. Too often people are discouraged from participating in the democratic process by this tendency to imply pre-commitment in mere attendance. Even before television made inroads on public meetings, electioneering by this method had become a dubious exercise because of a habit of refer- ing to listeners as supporters'. That is an effective way of ensuring that only the committed will attend, thus rendering the meeting largely superfluous. The day care centre meeting is ap- parently an open one. Supporters of both sides of the issue will be present but so also will people who are un- decided and hope to gain information that will enable them to make up their minds. When music is really loud, so loud that it totally occupies our aural ca- pacities, we experience something curiously akin to deep and pervasive silence. Harvey Cox, suggest- ing that listening to rock music is the modern equivalent of reli- gious contemplation. The drugs problem has this silly glamorous angle to it, but it is still a disease that kills people and needs to be treated as such. actress Judy Geeson, on CURE, the London drug addiction centre. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON No one is quite cer- tain if and when the United States will sell Israel the 125 fighter planes it's been asking for. The rumor in Washington is that the policy for the moment will be not to give Israel any new planes, but to replace those shot down by the enemy. If this is true, we can expect to see a decided change in the communiques emanating from Tel Aviv and the Arab capitals. They may go something like this: TEL AVIV, July 10 Military spokes- men for the Israeli air force announced to- day that their planes were attacked along the Suez Canal. Twenty seven Israeli planes were shot down, the spokesmen said, and 30 more limped back to their bases. This was the largest loss of Israeli combat aircraft ever recorded. CAIRO, July 11 Egyptian army offi- cials angrily denied shooting down any Is- raeli planes in yesterday's, battle over the Suez Canal. "Our said General Ga- mal Emer, "missed the Israeli planes by miles. "We have aerial photos showing all Is- raeli planes returned safely without so much as a bullet hole in them." General Emer said he was also very dis- appointed' in the new Russian-type SAM missiles which failed to hit the Israeli at- tackers. "It's apparent there is no hope we will ever shoot down an IsraeU plane." HAIFA, Israel, July 15 A sneak-attack along the Syrian border by Israeli fighters proved to be a catastrophe, Israeli sources said today. The high command revealed that Syrian planes had shot down 23 Is- raeli fighters, bringing Israeli losses for the week to 50 planes. General Mordacai Rash- nik has been relieved of his command for allowing these defeats to take place. DAMASCUS, July 16 Syrians demon- strated in the streets today against Israeli claims that Syrian fighter planes had shot down 23 Israeli planes in yesterday's dog fight over the Golan Heights. At a giant rally in Damascus Square, Arab nationalist leaders introduced several Syrian pilots who claimed they had turned tail as soon as the Israeli planes approach- ed. "We did not engage them in Lt. Abdullah Yafed told the screaming crowd. "The Zionist pigs did not lose any planes. They shot down five of ours." The crowd cheered this news and then burned down the Jordanian Embassy. TEL AVIV, July 25 Prime Minister Golda Meir went on Israeli television to- night to regretfully announce that 30 more Israeli planes had been shot down by French built Mirages over Libya. This was the farthest penetration Israeli planes had made. When it was pointed out after the broadcast that France had not yet de- livered the Mirages to Libya, Mrs. Meir said, "I made a mistake. Our planes ran out of gas." AMMAN, Jordan, July 26 King Hus- sein demanded today that tlie United Na- tions take over the counting of Israeli planes lost in action. Charging Israel with duplicity, the king said, "We can never have peace in the Middle East as long as1 Is- rael keeps claiming plane losses it has never had." CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 1 President Nas- ser and the Soviet military command an- r.ounced jointly that all Arab planes had been grounded indefinitely and all antiair- craft guns had been silenced until further notice, to prevent the Israelis from an- nouncing any more plane losses. SOMEWHERE IN THE NEGEV, Aug. Foreign correspondents were taken on a guided tour of this top secret Israeli air base in the Negev, today. The base, which' is the home of 45 fighters, was completely empty ot aircraft. A reporter asked where the planes were and the colonel in charge of the tour said, "They were all lost this morning to small- arms lire over the Dead Sea." When it was pointed out that Israel has claimed !o have lost 125 planes in three weeks, the exact number it had requested from the United States in lire first place, the colonel replied, a coinci- dence.1' (Toronto Telegram News Service) New Areas Of Controversy For Commons no longer dominate the market. The importing countries find newer high- er yielding (and therefore more cheaply produced) wheats quite sat- isfactory, and countries which pre- viously grew or exported little wheat are now getting into the sales mar- ket that used to be the exclusive property of Canada and just three other countries. And since Canada, with her large acreages and highly efficient farm- ers, ought to he able to do a better and cheapei: job of wheat production than any other country on earth, it follows that Canada ought to be mov- ing into the wheats which the world market wants. If Canada's surplus disappears sooner than expected, part of the credit should go to the government's LIFT program. But unnecessarily large summer- fallow acreage does not make for ag- ricultural prosperity. It is the busi- ness of farmers to produce, not to non-produce. To play around with re- stricted production of outmoded types of grain is not a satisfactory agricul- tural policy for Canada. AS tiie Commons adjourns for the summer and the weary MPs straggle off to their ridings or Iheir cool cottages, the man who heaves the big- gest sigh of relief is Don Mac- Donald, 38-year-old govern- ment House leader. He has put through most of the priority bills on his pro- gram, and when Parliament returns on October 5, to clean up the old session and launch a new one, MacDonald hopes to be out of the hot seat behind1 the prime minister from which he has directed the govern- ment's legislative offensive. He originally accepted the job of House leader for two years and should be due for promotion when Pierre Elliott Trudeau shuffles his cabinet in a month or two. For MacDonald it has been a tough and often thankless task of trying-to persuade, or pressure, the Commons to ad- just to changing times by ex- perimenting with new rules and procedures. He has been involved in some flaming rows with Opposition parties, criti- cized by his own backbenchers as too rigid a manager, and help up to the country as a tyrant crushing Parliament be- neath his heel. His main rewards have been to gain understanding and feel for Parliament important to every ambitious politician, and to learn something about his Own reactions under stress including perhaps the sur- prising discovery that he can too easily lose his cool in poli- tical combat. Yet these past two years have been the honeymoon years for the Trudeau govern- ment in the Commons. A dif- ferent and more diplomatic type of House leader will be needed to handle the rising tempo of politics over the next two years, as the election draws near. In the session of 1968-69, the Opposition parties were still re- covering from bruising election defeat and disposed to give the new government room to exer- cise its mandate. The govern- ment, for its part, was mainly engaged in carrying through legislation devised before the election and, in effect, ap- proved by the voters at the polls. Trudeau was busy reorga- nizing the executive machinery "And WHO pray tell was really gonna give him an earful if he ever ventured out West of government, and MacDonald drove through the new rules which developed the Commons committee system and speeded business in the House. The 19G9-70 session DOW end- ing has been mainly one of housekeeping. Trudeau's new executive organization is be- ginning to grind out policy de- cisions, but the Commons, un- der MacDonald's direction, has been engaged in committee studies and in passing routine legislation. MacDonald can tick off more than 50 bills approved and sev- eral more likely to be com- pleted when the House returns for a week or so in October be- fore beginning the new session. But only a few items spring from the list as important leg- islative initiatives: The Arctic sovereignty and territorial sea measures, the Canada Water Act, establishment of the Law Reform Commission and per- haps a few others. The Opposition parties are justified in their criticism that it has been, on the whole, a dull session in which MacDon- ald has been able to get through most of his program simply because it was not very controversial or worth op- posing. The mood will change In the 1970-71 session as the govern- ment starts to bring forward legislation with higher political content, and the Opposition parties seek the issues on which to fight on the hustings in 1972. The Cabinet will work through July, lake holidays in August, and then return in Sep- tember to prepare the legisla- tive program in detail. But an outline of some 70 bills to be offered to the Commons has already been drafted. The agenda moves away from such foregone issues as bilingualism and regional economic develop- ment into new areas of contro- versy. Gut issues of social policy, including tax reform, urban af- fairs and foreign ownership will probably come forward in 1970-71 to dominate the Com- mons. The Tories have already promised to fight the White Paper on tax reform to closure, if necessary, and the govern- ment may very well have to use MacDonald's new closure rule, 75C, to force the legisla- tion through the House. But first there may he bitter pro- cedural battles over the validi- ty of 750 itself, before it can be used to timetable debate. The White Paper on unem- ployment insurance is already before the country and will be moving into legislation in the fall. The Cabinet will approve during the summer the long- promised paper on social policy, including its attitude to a guaranteed income program, and while'this will not lead to legislation this year, it will cer- tainly sharpen debate. Housing Minister Robert An- dras has already put some of his ideas on urban policy be- fore the Cabinet and has anr nounced the proposal for an ur- ban affairs council, to include the cities. He will be pursuing tfcat idea and others with the provinces over the next few months, and may publish a White Paper in the fall. It's hard to believe it after so many false alarms, but the legislation to create the Can- ada Development Corporation is finally in shape "For the first time in my career, I've actually seen the bill" says one minister, with his hand on his heart and will be a lively issue in the fall. At about the same time, the Cabinet should be ready with a broad statement on controls on growth of foreign invest- ment, and any legislative amendments- needed to back up the policy. Two new law reform bills to deal with corporal punishment and bail, among other things, are on the program and likely to stir up the law-and-order brigade inside and outside par- liament. Bills to change the structure of Ah- Canada and turn the post office into a crown corpor- ation are scheduled', and changes in the Canada Ship- ping Act concerning oil pollu- tion and other matters are pro- posed. House committees are work- ing on legislation to control election expenses and on a new definition of the duties of the auditor-general, both of which could be controversial. Lurking in the parliamentary wings is the possibility of emergency legislation to con- trol wages, profits and prices if the -economic squeeze and appeal for voluntary re- straint fail to slow inflation during the summer. But most ministers seem to be confident that the pressure on profits will be imposing its own discipline on wages by October, and ttiat no drastic government action will be necessary. The Trudeau government's record so far has been mainly managerial: the emphasis has been on reorganization review and bringing the affairs of the country under close control. The second half of the term must be devoted more to moving the country ahead by policy and legislative wife tives, which will tend than in the past two yeais t< focus attention on the Com mons. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Georgean Harper Japanese Breaking Away From Traditional Systems (Third of a Series) most interesting thing about Japan, or any coun- try for that matter is its peo- ple. Socially and politically things are really happening in Japan. One can't help but feel the tension. Traditionally, Japanese soci- ety is considered to be a family system, with .the father the head cf the household. This family system imported from China with ether Confucion thoughts, uses words such as duty (giri) and obligation The father's word is a com- mand. The individual prefer- ences a person might have are surrendered for the the ad- vantage gained of the stability of the household. Old people are not put into homes as they arc here. The older generation lives with (lie younger genera- tion in every aspect. Lonely people appear to be rarer in Japan than in the West, and a grandfather knows his children Mill take care of him. In many households of three generations ths grandmolher controls the purse strings and acts as chief babysitter while mother gees out to work. The children (up to age 7) are thoroughly spoiled and indulged. Adults cater to their whims and ignore the screams and wail- ings at public functions with ut- ter placidity. Visiting shrines. Expo, or waiting f-cr trains, 1 have never seen such pushy little children in my life. Thay dashed beside your legs, around your skirts with no thought they might bowl yen over. Yet, when these children reach the age of seven, they must begin to shape up to what society and the schoolmaster demands. As a Canadian ob- serving children in many in- stances, this transformation of Japanese children remains a mystery to me. The Japanese reared under this traditional system know their place in life from the be- ginning. The first sen is to head the household cnce the father dies, and with tlie pros- pect of family inheritance Soon also the added responsibility of caring for the older generation. A girl's greatest virtue is submissiveness, and she is trained to have no selfish de- sires also quite" a change from western society. Japanese women are the models of femininity so praised by the world's men. I'm not so sure the present generation of young girls will mold to this pattern. They are more independent, and are envisaging careers for themselves. They are being educated with boys and learn- ing to be self-entities. Girls I talked to had careers in mind and definite goals to strive for. High school girls were aggres- sive in asking questions, straightforward in their curi- osity about foreign visitors to their country and in no way did they match the mind's eye pic- ture I had of them. It is most necessary in Hie traditional home to have a family to carry en the family name. If a couple is childless, adoption or a permanent loan system is easy to arrange. Yet I met Japanese couples who wanted no family, row or ever. They felt no need to cany on the family system and time to fulfill their own chosen professions without the burden of children. I was lead to be- lieve a large segment -of the population felt the same way. Perhaps they are'a product of too fast a transition from con- ventional to post-war Japan. They disliked the country in terms of population, politics, living standards and the econo- my. Perhaps the bitterness and resentment was conditioned from post-war insecurity and a traditional stability that is now being questioned. To my eyes, the standard of living appeared surprisingly high and popula- tion pressure much less than I had imagined. This system of family culture carries over into many schools of learning, such as theatre, art, ballet, flower arrangement, even medicine. In each case the "head of the family" or the "father fi- gure" takes on the responsibil- ity cf education and sees that his school or "family" is suc- cessful. The performer has the distinct advantages of benefit- ting from the experience and skill of the master and is pro- tected from unemployment. Ssmetimes, the master solicits employment for his staff, rely- ing on his prestigious name. In most of the traditional arts it is impossible to perform unless you belong to one of these fam- ilies, with each particular art dominated by two or three fam- ily heads. When you join a school you inherit the "family" name and this "naming" cere- LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD opening date of the Raymond School of Agri- culture has been Set for Oc- tober 29. Housing for students is a big problem as the de- partment is not building dor- mitories. 1930 Tlie tender for the erection of the hangar at the airport has been awarded to T. Stubbs for This dees not include electric wiring, for which a separate lender will be called. Britain has re- jected Japan's demands of closure of the route through Burma to war supplies for tlie Chinese. It was stated that such aclion would be incom- patible with Britain's commit- ments to Burma and India. 1950 About 200 cattalo (a cross between Herefords and buffalo) are being moved from Waimvright by rail to Many- berries Experimenlal Station September 1. I960 Mutinying Congolese troops wrested a promise from Premier Patrice Lumumba's eight-day government to dis- miss all white offiorr.r many is an important moment in a performer's life. Secrets of the headmaster are passed on to his pupils so that in the course of years, a per- son training under a famous master will become a master himself. Same Japanese feel this is one reason why Japan- ese arts have reached such a high level cf excellence. How- ever, the modern Japanese that I talked to are very impatient with this system, particularly in the areas of theatre and ballet. They feel much time is wasted that could be utilized on actual study. Exhoribtant fees are sometimes charged to gain a well-town "family rame." Personal artistry and expression is lost in conform- ing to the rigid, single stylo demanded by the headmaster. For the same reason, that so much time for study is in- volved (five year minimum for a girl to become a geisha) this tradition is also waning in Japan. Geishas are very ex- pensive per hour to serve supper and play the samisen) so that Americanized bar girl ami -'.ance hostesses in rJght clubs are increasing in popular- ity. The night clubs we visited offered the choice of taking your own partner or being able to buy a partner for each dance and each drink while there. Probably the biggest deterrent of all to the old system of Japan is radio and television. The television programs I saw were very good from Canto- nese opera to rock and roll programs, 'by the young for the young and Japanese music is very pleasing to listen to, being much moire melodious than some of the rock and roll popular here right now. With television and radio programs comes the advertising! Through the mass media the common or middle class people in Japan are hearing and seeing the same thing as the Emperor and the upper classes. Tins shakes the hierarchical organi- zation of Japanese society. Add to this the face.that more Jap- anese people are travelling within their own country and subsequently Broadening their outlook. Visiting Japan cue could sense the tension within the people, particularly the younger generation. They are tired of the old traditional ways. They want new freedom. They are breaking away from the tradi- tional upbringing of centuries. Internationally Japan has made great strides in industrial mar- kets, population control, liter- acy and food production, to name only a few examples. At Mie same lime advancement has not kept pace with Twenti- eth Century methods in terms of social attitudes and areas of education. I have given a few personal examples of how ideas are changing in Japan. All (hese combined give (he Japanese people a feeling cf insecurity because they are no longer sure of their place in sociely. Perhaps this is true of the whole of society. flic LetMnridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN u k Sccmd CI'1S! Kcsistration Number 0012 rSm i, ?n ine Ncwipipn Publishers' ana Audit ol Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS II. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Manojmg Edllor Associate Editor SILKS DOUGLAS K. WALKEI Adverllstoi Editoriil Pin "THE HERAID S THF SO'.'TH" ;