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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHMIDOf HWALD Saturday, July 7, Equal opportunity An earlier editorial meant to alert older citizens to their opportunity to obtain federal assistance for their pro- jects has achieved its intended pur- pose. The Herald has since heard from numerous residents outlining their plans to apply for a New Hori- grant. It would appear, however, that mis- understandings regarding the New Horizons program are rampant. Some believe money is only available to groups who own their own meeting quarters with others erroneously re- porting that grants have been award- ed to certain area groups with even The Herald guilty of misleading the public by stating that to date no New Horizon grants have been awarded to Southern Alberta's senior citizens. A check with the Edmonton New Horizons office reveals that eligible groups do not have to own a building, as some would imply, but considera- tion will be given to those groups either renting or having tihe use of a building. Each project will be con- sidered on its own merit but should be initiated and carried through by the senior citizens themselves. Examples of New Horizon projects favored by the federal government are special press and magazine cov- erage for senior citizens' news, in- cluding reporters' travelling expenses, typing, and office; meajs-on-wheels; directories of services for retired peo- ple; historical research; dial-a-friend; education; lawn bowling; television opportunities and arts and crafts. Southern Alberta organizations al- ready in receipt of New Horizon grants are the Lethbridge Golden Mile group whidn received a total of for music and travel; Bar- ons' senior citizens, for inspir- ing the retired; Picture Butte Happy Oldtimers, for bringing sun- shine to senior citizens; Taber, 690 towards a historical research committee with Granum, Milk River and Warner, receiving and respectively for senior citi- zens' drop-in centres. To conclude that a suggested project is unworthy of consideration is as foolish as laboring under fte mis- understanding that it is mandatory to own a meeting hall before making application for assistance. With million still to be allocated it will be very surprising if a sizeable por- tion of this windfall doesn't come to other groups in Southern Alberta in- terested and determined enough' to make application. Applications should be sent to the New Horizons office, llth floor, Baker Centre, 10025 106th Street, Edmonton. Redistribution stalled This week's introduction of a bill to suspend the Electoral Boundaries Re- adjustment Act until the end of next year is obviously an attempt to buy time. Criticism of redistribution pro- posals from all parties has resulted m the hope that new guidelines might be found that would lead to a more agreeable result. Proportional representation, so long cherished in the democratic system, is no longer viewed as wholly satisfy- ing. In feet it has not been en- shrined in the Canadian constitutional setup where the Maritime provinces are protected against a reduction in representation below a certain mini- mum number of seats in Parliament. Today there is not only a desire to keep some kind of regional balance; there is also a concern to arrive at some sort of relationship between rural and urban representation that takes into consideration other factors besides the merely numerical. The notion that Canada should in- crease the number of seats in Parlia- ment is not really a solution since the proportional question would con- tinue to arise. Adding new urban rid- ings while maintaining present rural ones relatively unchanged points to an ever-enlarging Parliament in the future unless projected population increases should somehow be divert- ed to rural areas, contrary to current trends towards continued urbaniza- tion. Redistribution will never result in complete satisfaction. The present Parliament should have grasped the nettle and proceeded to deal with the results produced by Representation Commissioner Nelson Castonguay and his staff. When debate resumes on this troublesome matter it may be concluded that a perfect solution is not possible and the suspended act will gain passage. All the time and money (more than million has been expended) involved to this point may not be wasted after all. Weekend Meditation Put God first "Thou shalt have no other gods before the first commandment. Most people ham other gods then- country, their family, then: pleasures and sports, then- business, or their money. When these put first they lose their value, even become self-destructive. The family disin- tegrates if b put before God. The idol- atry of sports and recreation duDs mind and body and loses afl constructive value. Nothing corrupts mote than love of money. Love of country becomes a jingoism, a nationalism or apart from piling love of God first. Even of the church becomes an evil, a ruthless fanaticism, causing the ghastliest and cruelty the world has ever when love of God is not put first Love of a famfly can become a clannish exdusiveaess and separation from society. a is tragic when wealth, fame, and power become men's chief goal in living. W. B. Yeats expressed the modern predicament: "Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world; The best lack all conviction, while the worst Affc fuH of passionate intensity." It used to be flat man believed in many gods. There was a god of the sea, a god of creation, a god of war, a god of musk, a god of birth, a god of death, a god of spring, asd a god of harvest The whste earth was hffl of warring gods who must be placated, since to displease them would bring the most dire penalties. The revelation of one God was man's most eventful moment in his history. This God was a moral God, a theme to which the great prophets of Is- rael continually return. God is not to be coaxed by the gifts of man's hands "as though He needed anything. "All things be- long to Hun, come from Him, and go back to Him. He is the Beginning and the End." Now the old gods are coming back. Ven- us, the goddess of lust has her millions of worshippers. Mercury, the god of speed, has his devotees. Zeus, the god of war, has hundreds of millions. Bacchus, the god of strong drink, certainly has couoUen fol- lowers. They are as corrupting as ever. Some men make science then- god. Others make social welfare. Still others place their faith in education. They are all magnifi- cent and good in their place, but once they are elevated to the Supreme God they be- come blasphemous and evil. K God is put first, then there is a law and loyalty higher than the nation, a wis- dom beyond science and education, a love in which family love finds security, pur- ity, and serenity, and a beauty from which originates an of earth's beauty which is the delight of artists. "No man can serve two masters. You cannot serve God and mam- mon." Correct. And you cannot serve God and anything else. The service of God em- braces all other things. Thus Karl Bartfa said that "the centre of gravity" in reli- gious faith must be "the absolute claim of God on man." To speak of "God and my "God and my God and anything else is wrong if it means an additional object of worship. shaft no ottwF gods btTt'ie me, or m addi- tion to as one paraphraser puts ft. God alone is King and Lord and in Rim all things find meaning, perfection, and peace. PRAYER. 0 God, help me to love Thee with all my heart and zniad and strength and soul and my neighbor as myself. F. S M. Dedication By Deng Walker My son-in-Jaw is close to being a par golfer. Part of his secret is that'be brings dedication to the game. He has been known to be on the hnks from dawn to dusk. I'll never be a good golfer because 1 lack that the stamina, if ft most be confessed. AB Baa mate howwfc has tiie right attitude at any rate. We bad a game one evening after be had spent the day gardening. Swinging his club at the first tee be detected some stiffness in has shoulders "Boy, I'll have to give op be said, fong to "It's called 'assured mail unless one of the employees gets into a snit, misunderstanding, argument, bad mood, tantrum, rage Goodbye assembly line By Bruce WMtestone, syndicated commentator Assembly line operations have been under attack almost ever since they were first de- vised. Some have recommend- ed that they should be abolish- ed because of the psychologi- cal harm that they inflict on workers. We have known about this, hi a general way, ever since Charlie Chaplin's movie, "Mod- ern But "scientific management" as it was called, was introduced early in this century when most ordinary people had few better options. Sweatshop factories or back- breaking farm labor were not desirable alternatives so as- sembly-line recruits willingly marched to the plant gates. Now, however, recruitment is in- creasingly difficult because oth- er opportunities exist. Hence, the marginal cost of persuad- ing people to spend their work- ing lives on assembly hues is rising rapidly. Scientific management means breaking up operations into the smallest component parts so that workers with lim- ited stalls will do one small flung repeatedly and welL The task of supervision is to keep them at it and to ensure pro- ductive and profitable norms. Disruption of assembly lines is to be avoided at afl costs. Even though Canada has only recently approached anything like high employment levels, workers ready to accept the current terms of assembly line mass production have become an increasingly scarce re- source. It is possible to draw a cost curve showing that the employ- ee costs decline sharply from a very small organization to a labor force of about fifty. After that labor costs rise, but, of course, this has to be set against the other economies of large-scale operations. There is no way of costing the dissatisfaction inherent hi a working life on the assembly line, but discontent has gather- ed sufficient momentum to force employers to experiment in job structuring. This has meant putting together a more humane way to operate a plant. In Sweden a major automobile manufacturer has introduced a new approach. Assembly teams work autonomously and allo- cate work among their own members so that each person does not necessarily repeat the same process, but rather car- ries on making a complete com- ponent from beginning to end, such as a carburetor or an en- gine block. These are still mod- est exerdses, but no one can deny that they may be the be- ginning of a major trend. Work- ing in teams is said to increase the feeling of individual re- sponsibility and to reduce bore- dom by cniMng the team members to rotate jobs. There were many industries, even m the 1940s, which veered away form mass production principles. Among them are some of the most efficient ones, for instance, the modern cotton in whici1 one worker may manage a great many looms and a good many chemical in- dustries where one worker may perform a number of different functions. There are three immediate questions posed by these trends. Will a changed'system work? In other words, can the same level of production be maintained without a produc- tion line? Some large compan- ies are willing to experiment with new methods or attempt to find a better way of achiev- ing the same result. The second question is what costs will be entailed by aban- doning tiie assembly line? En- gine assembly plants in Swe- den found that their plant costs were 10 per cent higher than more conventional plants. Along with this problem would be the timing of the phasing in of new plants. They al cannot be rebuilt at once and the pro- cess would take billions of dol- lars. Redesigning jobs could in- crease productivity but no one knows for sure. The third question concerns the management of these new production plants run on job structuring. Supervision' would not be with individuals but with work teams and would emphasize support and advice rather than the role of task- master. Management would have to adapt Letters Appreciates RCMP Congratulations to Walter Rattier tod the Lethbridge Herald tor the fuB page pic- ture of tbe loet little boy find- ing security In the person of a RCMP officer (I have too much respect for our force to refer to their men at May wt always be able to see (he prowl care with the la- aigoia and the tottem RCMP on the white door. Tbto it a free Canada. Thank you for helping to to- still national pride in your rea- ders. JEAN 8W1HART Fort Madeod A glorified hole Taxpayers prepared. The to "Wonderful Wa- torton" are not erupting but are flying about in piles behind the fish ponds liter- ally millions of beautiful rocks, large and email (hot don't touch, they belong to the gov- ernment of Actually, Waterton is being presented with an estimated CELLAR Theatre, to be built eight feet below the surface of the ground. Here, when com- pleted the naturalists expect for two months each year to bold forth on the beauties and wonders of our park. This "great" creation is to have a 15-30 foot roof, (good- bye, you lovely mountain view) presumably to hold in all the hot air or to deaden the sound of the loud speakers as they blare away each night within a few feet of residents' back doors. Those of us who suffered through a flood of 1964 reaem- -ber well the struggle, over the past years, of reconstruction of this very small delta. We are shocked now to see tee green lawns and trees, which were such a struggle to get grow- ing again, being ruthlessly tossed in the air after an the patience, time, labor and money expended to create beauty over that rockpile of 1964. Now, not by the forces of nature, but by man's desire, we are faced with another rock- pfle, mess and noise starting every holiday morning at 7 a.m. No longer do we wake to the song of a bird, the chatter of a squirrel or children's laughter but to a constant hum of bull dozers and crashing rock. For what purpose? Every- one, except the seven or more naturalists, in this small park, loved the romantic. Hide thea- tre in its lovely, secluded set- ting by the lake, tt bored with the program, one could enjoy the moonlight on the lake, the stars above and the delectable woodsy fragrance. In the cot- tages and tents were exciting preludes, as children and older folk, too, donned parkas, grab- bed blankets, a thermos of cof- fee and went gaily off to the "Nature Show." That was "Wonderful Waterton." But who wants to sit in a dark cellar, eight feet down in the earth? The idea resembles the gov- ernment thinking used in the design of houses built for war- dens and other park officials architecture quite out of place in this area but which might be adaptable to the Maritimes. So don't complain about in- flation, rising food costs, the ghastly roads of Southern Al- berta, unstocked lakes, fallen down shelters at the upper lakes, and the dangerous office steps in the village just think, instead, of sitting hi a cellar to see the "hidden" beauties of the park on a screen. Obviously with stacks of money to experiment with, the national parks' board might have come up with a method of efficient garbage disposal as well as how to handle tourists who insist on feeding the wild animals. Then these beautiful creatures would not have to be carted off hi "bear traps" or the sheep and deer die an early death because of people's food and litter. Again, too, for several years tourists have been pushed into "overflow camps" of slum pro- portions with the hazard of major epidemic and no regis- tered park's doctor to take care of the cases. Something along this line might have been a more ap- propriate memorial to our new superintendent than this glori- fied "hole" in the ground. MARIAN VIRTUE Waterton Lakes Mockery to Parliament Further to The Herald's pro- abolition editorial of June, 28. E should be pointed out that the amendments proposed by Solicitor-General Warren All- mand would have negated the basic principle of the bill which bad already been debated and approved by the House. The bill would extend for another five years a ban on capital pun- ishment except for the killers of policemen and prison guards. Mr. AUmand's so-called amendments would have perm- anently abolished capital pun- ishment for all types of murder. Had the ampnflnwnfa' been ac- cepted and passed by the com- mittee, the House would have had a bill returned to ft foi final reading completely difter- ent from the one it approved in principle and had sent to committee for clause-by-clause study. That would constitute mockery of the authority of Parliament and subvert the princples of parliamentary government. Magrath L E. FINEKIL e m i, m "On second thought, I dont think I want to feacft There seems to be a great deal of doubt about toe answers to any of these questions. Then is little certainty that job en. ricbment can be applied uni- versally, or even that ft would affect significantly the working hves of those involved. There may be the danger of substi- tuting one form, of mass pro- duction, the assembly fine, with another version, the work team, with life going on pretty much as before. It seems thus that another al- ternative must be considered along with job structuring. What is needed now is to carry the bask economic principle even further, the principle of the cheapest possible produc- tion compatible with tolerable working conditions. This should be solvable by basically mech- anical means. Modern technol- ogy and automation should be utilized to the utmost, contin- uing existing trends In these directions. However treacherous so- cial jungle of mass production society may be, Jt wiil not be more formidable than the nine- century evils which it vanquished. Regardless of oth- er developments, we should con- tinue our attempts to push tech- nology further so that the ma- chine becomes more the servant of man and frees Mm so that be can follow other porsuHs if he so wishes. Workers apparent- ly are more interested in a bet- ter life outside the factory so any internal changes may do very tittfe to Curse of monotony By Don Oakley, NBA service All the talk about a national four day work weak being the corner just isn't true. So says one student of the matter, anyway. "Actually, business and In- dustry are moving more slow- ly in that direction than the beadhnes would management consultant Roy W. Walters toU an American Management Association work- shop in Chicago the other day. He points out that in the last years, the average work has ben cut only 3.4 hoars. The prospect fc that it wiQ be out by only two or three additional bom ia tha next 10 years. The whole idea of a four-day week HHBB toindfcato that we 9 _ Jfjialf are giviug up on won nseu aa a aource of in- terest and uwKive growth in favor of more tasore HIM, This is faulty leasunlng, saya Wal- ters. Instead of trying to stretch the weekend, he believes man- agement should be concerned with what motivates work- ers. The best thing a business- man can do to alleviate em- ployee dissatisfaction or bore- dom is to take a long, hard look at the jobs his employees are being asked to pstfuiiui "Asking people, eepedafly young people, who an meaningless work lives for eight hours a day, five days a week, to do the very same thing for 10 hours a day, four daya a week, doesn't solve anything. What do you do for an euuuie go to a labour, three day work When WWKCIS are dissatisfied with jobs, four days atead of five won't help much, he says. Many, in fact, wffl take OB a second job that ia nwi6 rewarding, or to flseutoe up for lost overtime, thus add- ing to job shortages and creat- ing new economic problems. TheUtWnldgeHcraU HERALB 00. LTD., Proprietors and 1MB-UM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN NO. ton ;